2016年4月20日 星期三

insane overuse, popping and smacking, compulsively, antibiotics in livestock feed


Overfishing, tourism and pollution are the most immediate perils disrupting reefs’ ecosystems
Though pollution and overuse are damaging corals, their biodiversity offers…
ECON.ST


《中英對照讀新聞》Chewing gum can lead to wrinkles around mouth: experts 專家:嚼口香糖足以讓嘴巴四週出現皺紋
◎陳成良
If you’re a gum chewer, annoying your coworkers with those popping and smacking sounds may be the least of your worries.
如果你是愛嚼口香糖的人,發出令同事討厭的劈啪聲,可能是你最不需擔心的事。
More and more evidence is supporting the idea that people who chew gum compulsively are likely to develop wrinkles around their mouth, reports MSNBC.com.
難以控制地嚼口香糖的人,很可能在嘴巴附近長出皺紋,越來越多證據支持這種看法,據MSNBC.com報導。
Dr. Joel Schlessinger, a dermatologist and cosmetic surgeon from Omaha, Neb., says that many of his patients who chew gum regularly have developed these wrinkles. "I think the gum is responsible to some degree for it," he told MSNBC.
內布拉斯加州奧瑪哈市的皮膚學者暨美容外科醫生喬爾.史雷辛格博士表示,他經常嚼口香糖的病患有不少人都長出了皺紋。「我認為口香糖要為此負某種程度的責任。」
So what exactly is the connection between gum and wrinkles? Cosmetic surgeon Dr. Hema Sundaram, of Washington, D.C., told MSNBC that chewing gum causes people to overuse their jaw muscles.
那麼口香糖與皺紋之間的確切關係為何?華盛頓特區的美容外科醫生赫瑪.桑達蘭告訴MSNBC說,嚼口香糖致使人們過度使用下巴肌肉。
"I believe chewing gum promotes muscle over-activity and potentially breaks down support tissue within the skin, contributing to volume loss and perhaps loss of skin elasticity," she said.
「我相信嚼口香糖促使肌肉過度活動,有可能使皮膚內的支撐組織斷裂,造成(面部)容積減少,甚或使皮膚失去彈性。」
新聞辭典
compulsively :副詞,強制地;禁不住地。He cleaned his shoes compulsively after every walk. (每次散步之後,他總是忍不住去清理他的鞋子。)
dermatologist:名詞,皮膚學者;皮膚科醫生。
contribute:動詞,意指「促成」。例句:Exercise contributes to better health.(運動可以強身。)


Indeed, during my visit, Dr. Anderson’s 13-year-old daughter, Lily, showed me a MRSA rash inflaming her knee.
“I’ve had it many times,” she said.
So what’s going on here, and where do these antibiotic-resistant infections come from? Probably from the routine use — make that the insane overuse — of antibiotics in livestock feed. This is a system that may help breed virulent “superbugs” that pose a public health threat to us all. That’ll be the focus of my next column, on Sunday.



Sep 23, 12:07 am
"Cloud computing" is the latest buzz term sweeping through the information-technology industry, but it's losing whatever meaning it once had as an increasing number of companies apply the label to their wares.




overuse Show phonetics
verb [T]
to use something too often or too much:
I tend to overuse certain favourite expressions.

overuse Show phonetics
noun [U]
The overuse of X-rays may be causing 250 deaths each year.



overuse  
verb [T]
to use something too often or too much:
I tend to overuse certain favourite expressions.

overuse  
noun [U]
The overuse of X-rays may be causing 250 deaths each year.

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)

over・use             ━━ vt. …を使いすぎる, 乱用する, 酷使する.━━ n. 使いすぎ,   [さらに]

Consulting Firm Warns Companies Not To Overuse Lean & Six Sigma
NewsReleaseWire.com (press release) - USA
Lean and six sigma are powerful approaches which have generated extraordinary gains for practitioners; however, contrary to Jack Welch's assurances, ...


compulsive
adj.
  1. Having the capacity to compel: a frightening, compulsive novel.
  2. Psychology. Caused or conditioned by compulsion or obsession.
n.
A person with behavior patterns governed by a compulsion.

  • [kəmpʌ'lsiv]

[形]
1 〈人・行為などが〉何かに駆り立てられたような, やむにやまれぬ;精力的な
a compulsive drinker
酒を飲まずにはいられない人.
2 〈本・番組などが〉人の心をとらえて離さない
compulsive reading
おもしろくてやめられない読み物.
3 《心理学》衝動強迫の;強迫観念に支配された
a compulsive eating disorder
過食症(bulimia)
You're compulsive.
気まじめ[神経質]すぎる.
4 強制的な, 無理じいの.
━━[名]《心理学》強迫神経症の人.


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