2013年1月31日 星期四

saver, lifesaver, Canine Lifeguards Hit Italy's Beaches


Food alone isn’t the cure for badly malnourished children, who are prone to infections.
Paula Bronstein/Getty Images
Food alone isn’t the cure for badly malnourished children, who are prone to infections.
Cheap antibiotics given with nutritional treatment could save tens of thousands of lives a year, researchers found.


Canine Lifeguards Hit Italy's Beaches

By Jeff Israely / Pula
This summer, a new breed of hero is protecting swimmers at Italy's beaches -- dogs trained to spot, and then save, people who are drowning


sav • er
savers (複数形)
1 ((主に複合語))節約するもの[装置]
a labor-saver
2 貯蓄家;節約家
a regular saver
3 格安の物;((英))割引切符.
4 救助者, 救済者, 救い主.

ret, scutch, soften, compromise

The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation has been probing such media incidents for more than a year and considers the hacking a national-security matter. Investigators see it as part of a long-running pattern by a foreign entity to compromise the security of major U.S. companies, people familiar with the matter said.

美國聯邦調查局(Federal Bureau of Investigation)一年多以來一直在調查這類媒體遭網絡入侵的事件﹐並將其視為損害美國利益的國家安全案件。知情人士說﹐調查人員認為這些活動是外國實體危害美國主要公司安全的長期行動的一部分。

Apple Makes Rare Compromise
Apple is softening its approach as it faces challenges winning over advertisers for its iAd mobile ad service and loses ground to Google.

('fən, sŏf'ən) pronunciation

v., -ened, -en·ing, -ens. v.tr.
  1. To make soft or softer.
  2. To undermine or reduce the strength, morale, or resistance of.
  3. To make less harsh, strident, or critical: softened the last paragraph of the letter.
To become soft or softer.

softener soft'en·er n.

Word of the Day:

verb tr.
To soak or expose to moisture (flax, hemp, etc.) to remove fiber from softened wood.

From Middle English reten, perhaps from Middle Dutch

"Deep in the city's culture memory is the experience of the linen trade. As Robert Johnstone writes, 'The fibres came to the hacklers retted, dried and scutched, like long, flaxen hair which would comb through metal brushes.'" — Tom Paulin; The Vernacular City; The Guardian (London, UK); Feb 23, 2002.


retired; returned.

scutch (skŭch) pronunciation
tr.v., scutched, scutch·ing, scutch·es.
To separate the valuable fibers of (flax, for example) from the woody parts by beating.

An implement used for scutching.

[Obsolete French escoucher, from Anglo-Norman escucher, from Vulgar Latin *excuticāre, frequentative of Latin excutere, to shake out : ex-, ex- + quatere, to shake.]
scutcher scutch'er n.



1 [U][C](相互の)妥協, 歩み寄り, 互譲
reach a compromise
makearrange] a compromise with ...
2 妥協[折衷]案;折衷したもの, 中間物
a compromise between a pen and a writing-brush
thrash outwork out] a compromise
3 (評判・信用などを)危うくすること
a compromise of character
1 〈紛争などを〉妥協して解決する, 示談にする.
2 〈信用・名声・評判などを〉危うくする, 傷つける, 汚す;〈能力を〉弱める
compromise oneself [=be compromised]
compromise one's reputation
compromise the relationship
3 〈主義・理想などを〉曲げる.
1 (…で;…と)妥協[和解]する, 歩み寄る((on, over ...;with ...)).
2 (…で)恥ずべき譲歩をする, 屈従する((with ...)).
[中フランス語←ラテン語. COM-共に+PROMISE約束する]

2013年1月30日 星期三

libero, cycle, spick and span,Sexagenary Cycle

ELSEWHERE in the developing world, towns grow before the infrastructure is quite ready to support them. Things are different in Shenzhen, China’s original Special Economic Zone (SEZ), a stone’s throw from Hong Kong.

The subway station at Qianhai bay, on the city’s west coast, is spick and span, with a full complement of signs, announcements and billboards, including one for a performance by the BBC National Orchestra of Wales, sponsored by Classy Kiss milk. But only one exit is open. And it surfaces in the middle of a wasteland of dirt, scrub and puddles. It is, surely, the best connected nowhere anywhere.

《惡之華》中所謂莎巴伽詩篇 ( The Sabatier Cycle ) ,包括從第四十首到第四十八首的〈永遠一樣〉、〈她的一切〉、〈今晚你說什麼……〉、〈活火炬〉、〈恩賜〉、〈告白〉、〈心靈的黎明〉、〈夕暮的諧調〉、 〈香水瓶〉,以及第六十二首〈憂愁與放浪〉等。


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[sáikl]
1 周期, 循環期, 一巡, 一回り
a business cycle
the cycle of decay and regrowth of vegetation
in a thirty-year cycle
complete the cycle of changes
2 長年月, 一時代.
3 (の…)1団, 1群((of ...));(同一主題・同一人物を巡る)作品群
the Arthurian cycle
4 自転車(bicycle);三輪車(tricycle);オートバイ(motorcycle).
5 《物理学》サイクル;サイクル毎秒.
6 《数学》サイクル, 巡回置換.
7 《コンピュータ》サイクル:コンピュータが1回の処理を完了するのに必要な最小の時間間隔.
1 自転車[三輪車, オートバイ]に乗る[で旅行する].
2 循環する, 反復する, 回帰する.
[後ラテン語←ギリシャ語kýklos(円). △CYCLONE, CYCLOPS


baike.baidu.com/view/58765.htm - 頁庫存檔 - 轉為繁體網頁
社会发展的趋势是实现人的全面而自由的发展,社会以自由人联合体为基本组织原则。另外在足球领域中,自由人(libero, 亦使用过freeman),又被称作进攻型清 ...

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Libero is an Italian word meaning "free". It can refer to:
Other uses:

Spick and span


Entirely new - fresh or unused.


The noun spick has various meanings, or rather it had various meanings, as it is now rarely used outside of spick and span. These include: a side of bacon, a floret of lavender, a nail or spike, a thatching spar.
Likewise span has/had several meanings, including: the distance from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the little finger, a measure of butter, a fetter or chain, a chip of wood (as the Norse word spann-nyr).
Just from those meanings, and there are more, we could generate sixteen possible combinations to form spick and span. It isn't clear which, if any, of those words were used when coining the phrase. Some clue might come from the fact that the phrase is very old and was originally spick and span-new. This is cited in Sir Thomas North's translation of Plutarch's Lives of the noble Grecians and Romanes, 1579:
"They were all in goodly gilt armours, and brave purple cassocks apon them, spicke, and spanne newe."
The alliteration in the phrase suggests the possibility that that one of the two words alluded to cleanliness and freshness and that the other just followed along. Which one is most associated with the qualities of spick and span? The suggestions most frequently made are that spick is a variant of spike or nail. In the 16th century nails were made of iron and soon tarnished. It is quite plausible that new nails would have become synonymous with cleanliness. We have the phrase as neat as a new pin, which has just that meaning. The old Dutch word spikspeldernieuw refers to newly made ships. The OED suggests that this is the origin of spick, although they offer no reason for that belief and none of the early citations of the phrase refer to shipping. As for span, chips of wood also display the same fresh, sharp-edged qualities and seem to be a plausible source for the use of the word here.
Note: the word spoon, which was originally a wooden item, derives from spon - a variant of span. It has been suggested that the early American term for a knife and fork was spike and spon and that this relates to keeping clean by using utensils rather than fingers. That takes no account of the use of the phrase prior to the colonization of America by English-speaking people though.
Spicke, and spanne newe later migrated into simply spick and span which is first found in Samuel Pepys' Diary, 1665:
"My Lady Batten walking through the dirty lane with new spicke and span white shoes."
All in all, the derivation of the term isn't clear and our best efforts to explain it so far are little more than informed guesses.
spick and spanMany American readers will know Spic and Span as the cleaning product marketed by Prestige Brands Inc. This has the strapline 'The Complete Home Cleaner', so, next time you want to clean a complete home you know what to use.
The use of spic in that product name is just an alternative spelling of spick. This has no connection to spic as used for the offensive term for Spanish-speaking American residents, also called spiggoties or spigs. That term originated in the early 20th-century and is cited in Harry Franck's Zone Policeman, 1913:
"It was my first entrance into the land of the panameños, technically known on the Zone as 'Spigoties', and familiarly, with a tinge of despite, as 'Spigs'."


sex • ag • e • nar • y
seksǽdʒənèri | -nəri
1 60の, 60に関する, 60ずつの, 60単位の.

The Chinese sexagenary cycle (Chinese: 六十花甲; pinyin: liùshí huājiǎ), also known as the Stems-and-Branches (Chinese: 干支; pinyin: gānzhī), is a cycle of sixty terms used for recording days or years.[1] It appears, as a means of recording days, in the first Chinese written texts, the Shang dynasty oracle bones from the late second millennium BC. Its use to record years began around the middle of the 3rd century B.C.[2] The cycle, and variations on it, have been an important part of historical calendrical systems in other, Chinese-influenced Asian states, notably those of Japan, Korea and Vietnam. This traditional method of numbering days and years no longer has any significant role in modern Chinese time keeping or the official calendar. However, the sexagenary cycle continues to have a role in contemporary Chinese astrology and fortune telling.[citation needed]


 藏历第四轮饶回(公元1207至1266年)间,萨迦八思巴大师东行至此弘扬佛法;第五轮饶回(公元1267至1326年)间,大元帝师雄努桑盖到此拓展仙洞 ...

worse for wear, the bonnet and boot,bootlicker

  A dozen years ago in this newspaper he referred to would-be Communist reformers as “boot lickers.”12年前,他在《紐約時報》上公然說後來共產黨的改革派是“諂媚小人”。

Shuttle Glides Safely Home in Spite of Damage
The space shuttle Endeavour glided to a safe landing at the Kennedy Space Center, apparently not much worse for wear.

Nina:I felt a bit embarrassed when I took part in the last show jumping event.
Margaret:I can't understand why. You came second after all.
Nina: Well, that's true, but my riding boots looked the worse for wear
compared with theirs.
Margaret:If they fit and feel comfortable, why worry?
Nina:No, you've got to look the part these days. I'm off to buy a new pair.
Margaret:I'll come with you. I need to buy a noseband for my daughter's pony.

多學一點點 殘舊的馬靴
妮娜參加障礙騎馬賽後說:My riding boots looked the worse for
。這個wear不解作「穿(衣服等)」,而是「磨損」的意思,是名詞,作動詞也可以,例如:(1) The table/ hat is
showing (signs of) wear(桌子╱帽子已見殘舊)。(2) I wore a hole in my

《中英對照讀新聞》London police explode illegally parked car 倫敦警方引爆違規停車的汽車
A British man said police told him they blew up his car because it was parked illegally near the prime minister’s office and raised terrorism fears.
Michael Raphel, 28, of Oxford, England, said he was visiting London to celebrate a friend’s birthday and parked his car Nov. 7 in an area that police later informed him was less than a quarter mile from 10 Downing Street, Prime Minister Gordon Brown’s residence and office, and was along the route of parade due to take place the following day, The Daily Telegraph reported Monday.
Raphel said he returned to his car at 2 a.m. to find it surrounded by anti-terrorism police.
"They explained that because I was seen running from the car, and because of the parades the next day, it had heightened their suspicions," he said.
He said police told him they carried out two controlled explosions on the car.
"When I got back to the car, the driver and passenger windows had been blown out and the bonnet and boot had come open with the force," Raphel said.
route︰名詞,路線、航線。例句:The car took the shortest route.(這輛車抄了一條最短的捷徑。)
take place︰片語,發生、舉行。例句︰The match takes place on Sunday.(比賽定於週日舉行。)
blow out︰片語,使爆裂、炸開。例句:The flat’s windows have been blown out by the explosion.(爆炸震破了這間公寓的窗戶。)

  1. Protective footgear, as of leather or rubber, covering the foot and part or all of the leg.
  2. A protective covering, especially a sheath to enclose the base of a floor-mounted gear shift lever in a car or truck.
  3. Chiefly British. An automobile trunk.
    1. A kick.
    2. Slang. An unceremonious dismissal, as from a job. Used with the.
    3. Slang. A swift, pleasurable feeling; a thrill.
  4. A Denver boot.
  5. A marine or navy recruit in basic training.
  6. Computer Science. The process of starting or restarting a computer.
  7. boots An instrument of torture, used to crush the foot and leg.

boot·lick  (btlk)
v. boot·licked, boot·lick·ing, boot·licks
To behave toward in a servile or obsequious manner.
To behave in a servile or obsequious manner. See Synonyms at fawn1.

bootlicker n.

    1. A hat of cloth or straw, held in place by ribbons tied under the chin, that is worn by women and children.
    2. Scots. A brimless cap worn by men or boys.
  1. A removable metal plate over a machine part, such as a valve.
  2. Chiefly British. The hood of an automobile.
    1. A windscreen for a chimney.
    2. A cover for a fireplace.
  3. Nautical. A strip of canvas laced to a fore-and-aft sail to increase sail area.
tr.v., -net·ed, -net·ing, -nets.
To put a bonnet on.

[Middle English bonet, cap, from Old French, material for a headdress, perhaps from Medieval Latin obbonis, probably of Germanic origin.]

Worse for wear


Shabby or worn through use; drunk.

2013年1月28日 星期一

tit,teat, mamma, mammary, "a milk cow with 310 million tits."

2010  President Obama's National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform released an outlined plan to tackle the nation's fiscal problems Wednesday, but the New York Times' Paul Krugman says the commission's claims to bipartisanship are paper-thin. Krugman faults the panel's Democratic co-chairman, Erskine Bowles, for harboring small-government sympathies while noting that his Republican counterpart has described Social Security as "a milk cow with 310 million tits."


  1. A titmouse.
  2. Any of various small, similar or related birds.
adj. New England & Upstate New York
Small; undersized.

[Short for TITMOUSE. Adj., Middle English tit-, as in titmose, titmouse. See titmouse.]
REGIONAL NOTE Tit is an old Germanic word for "small" and is used in various northern European languages to refer to small objects, animals, or people, especially girls-for example, titta is a Norwegian dialect word for "little girl." The word is most common in American English in combinations that denote various small birds, such as the titmouse or tomtit. A titman in the 19th century could mean a small or stunted person, as Henry David Thoreau indicates when he calls his generation "a race of tit-men." Tit and titman are still used in New England, mostly by farmers to refer to the runt of a litter of pigs.

tit2 (tĭt) pronunciation
  1. Vulgar Slang. A woman's breast.
  2. A teat.
[Middle English, from Old English titt.]
1 ((卑))((〜s))乳房, おっぱい;乳首(teat).
2 ((英俗))(機械操作用)ボタン.
3 ((英俗))ばか者.
get on a person's tit(s)

[名]1 (動物の雌の)乳首(▼人の乳首はnipple);((主に英))(ほ乳瓶の)乳首(((米))nipple).2 乳首状の物.
[名]1 (複-mae 〔-mi〕)《解剖学・動物学》哺乳(ほにゅう)器官, 乳房.2 (複 〜)((複数扱い))《気象》乳房雲.
[名]哺乳(ほにゅう)類, 哺乳綱.Mam・ma・li・an[形][名]
[形]((限定))《解剖学・動物学》乳房の;乳腺(せん)の;乳房状の the mammary gland乳腺.


Agile Tit-Tyrant (Anairetes agilis) Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Tyrannidae
Genus: Anairetes
Reichenbach, 1850 Species
8, see text

(tĭt) pronunciation
  1. A titmouse.
  2. Any of various small, similar or related birds.
adj. New England & Upstate New York
Small; undersized.

[Short for TITMOUSE. Adj., Middle English tit-, as in titmose, titmouse. See titmouse.]
REGIONAL NOTE Tit is an old Germanic word for "small" and is used in various northern European languages to refer to small objects, animals, or people, especially girls-for example, titta is a Norwegian dialect word for "little girl." The word is most common in American English in combinations that denote various small birds, such as the titmouse or tomtit. A titman in the 19th century could mean a small or stunted person, as Henry David Thoreau indicates when he calls his generation "a race of tit-men." Tit and titman are still used in New England, mostly by farmers to refer to the runt of a litter of pigs.

wolf, scarf or force down, steak tartare

The waitress brought his filet mignon and steak frites at the same time. Mr. Kobayashi ate slowly, for him. He did not wolf, scarf or force down the food on his plates. He said he preferred the filet mignon, but he finished the steak frites first.
He ate five French fries in one bite, but they were small ones.
Someone at the other end of the table passed along half of an uneaten portion of steak tartare. He ate that, too.
Then it was time for dessert.
“I don’t know if I’m full or not,” he said before ordering the chocolate cake — with ice cream on top.


scarf3 (skärf) pronunciation
tr.v. Slang, scarfed, scarf·ing, scarfs.
To eat or drink voraciously; devour: "Americans scarf down 50 million hot dogs on an average summer day" (George F. Will).

2013年1月24日 星期四

equitable, iniquity, income inequality, parity, disparity,

Free SAT test prep from Khan Academy is another way the Internet is making education more equitable.


Obama to Draw an Economic Line in State of the Union

President Obama will use his election-year address to argue that it is the role of government to promote a prosperous and equitable society, setting a stark contrast between parties.

Income inequality

Who exactly are the 1%?

The very rich in America increasingly work in finance, marry each other and care passionately about politics

Income Inequality
Differences in income between individuals or families, or between different groups, areas, or countries. Inequalities between individuals are accounted for by differences in earning ability, and in property. Individuals who are economically inactive, through age, ill health, or inability to find a job usually have low incomes even after taking account of social security benefits, and those who can work have very varied earning power. Property is also unevenly distributed: inequalities in earned and property incomes are highly correlated and there is also a tendency for high-income earners to intermarry. This means that families or households also show great inequality of incomes. Inequality can be measured either before or after taking account of direct taxes and social security payments: these tend to reduce income inequality but fall far short of eliminating it. Measures of inequality include the Atkinson index and the Gini coefficient . Regional and national income differences are similarly caused by differences in earning ability and national capital stocks. .

However, the use of purchasing-power parity is better to gauge incomes and living standards. It works less well as a measure of economic influence, since goods in the real world have to be paid for with currencies at actual exchange rates.

PERISH. 'Let the authority of the English government perish rather
than be maintained by iniquity,' ii. 121.

6祭肉,應在你們祭獻的當天或第二天吃盡;有剩下的,到第三天應用火燒了。6You shall eat it on the same day it was offered, and the next day: and whatsoever shall be left until the third day, you shall burn with fire.
7若還有人在第三天吃,這肉已不潔,必不蒙悅納。7If after two days ally man eat thereof, he shall be profane and guilty of impiety:
8那吃的人,必負罪債,因為他褻瀆了上主的聖物;這人應由民間剷除。8And shall bear his iniquity, because he hath defiled the holy thing of the Lord, and that soul shall perish from among his people.

1 Corinthians 13:1 [hb5] 我若能說萬人的方言、並天使的話語、卻沒有愛、我就成了鳴的鑼、響的鈸一般。
[kjv] Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.
[bbe] If I make use of the tongues of men and of angels, and have not love, I am like sounding brass, or a loud-tongued bell.
13:2 [hb5] 我若有先知講道之能、也明白各樣的奧祕、各樣的知識.而且有全備的信、叫我能夠移山、卻沒有愛、我就算不得甚麼。
[kjv] And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.
[bbe] And if I have a prophet's power, and have knowledge of all secret things; and if I have all faith, by which mountains may be moved from their place, but have not love, I am nothing.
13:3 [hb5] 我若將所有的賙濟窮人、又捨己身叫人焚燒、卻沒有愛、仍然與我無益。
[kjv] And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
[bbe] And if I give all my goods to the poor, and if I give my body to be burned, but have not love, it is of no profit to me.
13:4 [hb5] 愛是恆久忍耐、又有恩慈.愛是不嫉妒.愛是不自誇.不張狂.
[kjv] Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up,
[bbe] Love is never tired of waiting; love is kind; love has no envy; love has no high opinion of itself, love has no pride;
13:5 [hb5] 不作害羞的事.不求自己的益處.不輕易發怒.不計算人的惡.
[kjv] Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil;
[bbe] Love's ways are ever fair, it takes no thought for itself; it is not quickly made angry, it takes no account of evil;
13:6 [hb5] 不喜歡不義.只喜歡真理.
[kjv] Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth;
[bbe] It takes no pleasure in wrongdoing, but has joy in what is true;
13:7 [hb5] 凡事包容.凡事相信.凡事盼望.凡事忍耐。
[kjv] Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
[bbe] Love has the power of undergoing all things, having faith in all things, hoping all things.
13:8 [hb5] 愛是永不止息.先知講道之能、終必歸於無有.說方言之能、終必停止、知識也終必歸於無有。
[kjv] Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away.
[bbe] Though the prophet's word may come to an end, tongues come to nothing, and knowledge have no more value, love has no end.
13:9 [hb5] 我們現在所知道的有限、先知所講的也有限.
[kjv] For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
[bbe] For our knowledge is only in part, and the prophet's word gives only a part of what is true:

Business and Economics
In economics, equality in price, rate of exchange, purchasing power, or wages. In international exchange, parity exists when the exchange rate between two currencies makes the purchasing power of both currencies equal. Adjustments to maintain parity can occur in the marketplace as prices change in response to supply and demand, or through the intervention of national governments or international agencies such as the International Monetary Fund. In U.S. agricultural economics, the term parity is used for a system of regulating the prices of farm commodities, usually by government price supports and production quotas, to guarantee farmers the purchasing power they had in a past base period. Parity is also used in personnel administration to establish equitable wage rates for various classes of employees.

n. pl. Inequalities .
[L. inaequalitas.]
1. The quality of being unequal; difference, or lack of equality, in any respect; lack of uniformity; disproportion; unevenness; disparity; diversity; as, an inequality in size, stature, numbers, power, distances, motions, rank, property, etc.
There is so great an inequality in the length of our legs and arms as makes it impossible for us to walk on all four.
Notwithstanding which inequality of number, it was resolved in a council of war to fight the Dutch fleet.
Sympathy is rarely strong where there is a great inequality of condition.
2. Unevenness; lack of levelness; the alternate rising and falling of a surface; as, the inequalities of the surface of the earth, or of a marble slab, etc.
The country is cut into so many hills and inequalities as renders it defensible.
3. Variableness; changeableness; inconstancy; lack of smoothness or equability; deviation; unsteadiness, as of the weather, feelings, etc.
Inequality of air is ever an enemy to health.
4. Disproportion to any office or purpose; inadequacy; competency; as, the inequality of terrestrial things to the wants of a rational soul. South.
5. (Alg.) An expression consisting of two unequal quantities, with the sign of inequality (inequality 2
6. (Astron.) An irregularity, or a deviation, in the motion of a planet or satellite from its uniform mean motion; the amount of such deviation.

in·iq·ui·ty (ĭ-nĭk'wĭ-tē) pronunciation
n., pl., -ties.
  1. Gross immorality or injustice; wickedness.
  2. A grossly immoral act; a sin.
[Middle English iniquite, from Old French, from Latin inīquitās, from inīquus, unjust, harmful : in-, not; see in-1 + aequus, equal.]

Pronunciation: /ˈɛkwɪtəb(ə)l/ 

Definition of equitable in English:


1Fair and impartial:the equitable distribution of resources
2Law Valid in equity as distinct from law:the difference between legal and equitable rightsthe beneficiaries have an equitable interest in the property


in • iq • ui • ty
iniquities (複数形)
[名]((形式))[U]ひどい不正[不法];邪悪, 非道;[C]不正[不法, 邪悪]な行為, 悪行;罪

2013年1月22日 星期二

muff, go under, make good

make good
1. Carry out successfully, make sure of, as in He made good his escape. This usage was first recorded in 1606.
2. Fulfill, as in She made good her promise. This usage was first recorded in Miles Coverdale's 1535 translation of the Bible (II Chronicles 6:16): "Make good unto my father, David ... that which thou hast promised him."
3. Compensate for, make up for, as in They made good the loss. This usage first appeared in William Langland's Piers Ploughman (1377).
4. Succeed, as in He made good as a writer. [c. 1900]

go under
1. Suffer defeat or destruction; fail. For example, We feared the business would go under after the founder died. [Mid-1800s]
2. Lose consciousness. For example, Ether was the first anesthetic to make patients go under quickly and completely. This usage dates from the 1930s.
3. Submerge, sink, as in This leaky boat is about to go under.

Mr. Obama's recitation of the oath of office on Monday was to be his fourth─matching President Franklin D. Roosevelt's mark─delivering it twice in 2009 and now twice in 2013. In 2009, he repeated the oath in a private ceremony after lawyers concluded that the muffing of the exact words during the public event by both Chief Justice John Roberts and then Mr. Obama could create a challenge to his authority.奧 巴馬週一念的就職誓詞是他的第四次──和羅斯福(Franklin D. Roosevelt)總統一樣──他在2009年念了兩次﹐2013年又念了兩次。2009年﹐律師認定公開就職典禮上最高法院首席法官羅伯茨(John Roberts)和奧巴馬念就職誓言時吐字不清﹐可能給他的權威帶來挑戰﹐於是他在私人典禮上又念了一遍誓詞。

聽力保護具 閱Ear Muff(耳罩);Industrial Ear Plugs(工業用耳塞)。
(mŭf) pronunciation

v., muffed, muff·ing, muffs. v.tr.
  1. To perform or handle clumsily; bungle. See synonyms at botch.
  2. Sports. To fail to make (a catch).
To perform an act clumsily.

  1. A clumsy or bungled action.
  2. Sports. A failure to make a catch.
[Origin unknown.]

muff2 (mŭf) pronunciation
  1. A small cylindrical fur or cloth cover, open at both ends, in which the hands are placed for warmth.
  2. A cluster of feathers on the side of the face of certain breeds of fowl.
  3. Vulgar Slang. The vulva.
[Dutch mof, from Middle Dutch moffel, from Old French mofle, mitten, from Medieval Latin muffula, perhaps of Germanic origin.]


  • 発音記号[mʌ'f]
1 マフ:女性用の円筒状の手袋.
2 耳羽(じう):鳥の側頭部の羽毛の房.
3 失敗, やりそこない;《スポーツ》落球
make a muff of the business
4 無器用な人;運動競技のへたな人;能なし, まぬけ.
5 ((俗))女性器
a muff diver
━━[動](他)((略式))〈仕事・芝居の役などを〉しくじる, 失敗する, とちる((up));《スポーツ》〈ボールを〉落とす
muff it (up)

2013年1月20日 星期日

brush, brush aside, brushfire?/ A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush

German handballers beat Montenegro

Germany's handball team has brushed Montenegro aside by a score of 29-21.
Coach Martin Heuberger's team did the damage with seven unanswered goals
early in the second half. Germany face France next.

A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush


It's better to have a lesser but certain advantage than the possibility of a greater one that may come to nothing.


bird in handThis proverb refers back to mediaeval falconry where a bird in the hand (the falcon) was a valuable asset and certainly worth more than two in the bush (the prey).
The first citation of the expression in print in its currently used form is found in John Ray's A Hand-book of Proverbs, 1670, in which he lists it as:
A [also 'one'] bird in the hand is worth two in the bush
By how long the phrase predates Ray's publishing isn't clear, as variants of it were known for centuries before 1670. The earliest English version of the proverb is from the Bible and was translated into English in Wycliffe's version in 1382, although Latin texts have it from the 13th century:
Ecclesiastes IX - A living dog is better than a dead lion.

"It does not require a majority to prevail, but rather an irate, tireless minority keen to set brush fires in people's minds."Samuel Adams

Passengers tell of their brush with death aboard BA Boeing 777
18/01/2008 15:07:30
Passengers gave vivid descriptions of the seconds before near-disaster aboard the Boeing 777 that crash landed at Heathrow. Jason Johnson said: "We came in very, very fast. Once it landed, it spun 90 degrees. I felt like I was in a washing machine

After brush with extinction, cuckoo clocks are back

Ten years ago it was thought the famous Black Forest cuckoo clocks would
disappear - sales plummeted and several old clockmakers went broke. Now,
new features and modern designs have e


1 ブラシ, はけ
a paint brush
2 ブラシ[はけ]をかけること;絵筆を使うこと;((the 〜))画法, 画技
the brush of Manet [=Manet's brush]
give one's hat a brush
3 (…との)小衝突, 小ぜり合い((with ...))
a brush with the police [the law]
4 (乗馬での)疾走, 疾駆;スピード競走.
5 《電気》(発電機・電動機の)ブラシ, 刷子(さっし);ブラシ放電(brush discharge).
6 (動物, 特にキツネの)ふさふさした尾;房状のもの;(男の帽子の)房飾り;穀粒の先の毛.
7 軽く触れること, かすること
get the brush from ...
8 ((米俗))すげない拒絶(brush-off)
give ... the brush
…を袖にする, ふる
get the brush
at a brush
have a brush with death
1III[名]/V[名][形]]…にブラシをかける, を(はけで)こする, 掃く, 塗る;〈歯・床などを〉磨く, 掃いて[磨いて](…の状態に)する
brush one's hair
brush one's teeth clean
brushed denim
2 …を軽くかすめる, かする, とすれ合う.
3 …を(ブラシ・手などで)払いのける, のほこり[どろ]を払う((away, off))
brush away the dust
1 歯を磨く
Brush after every meal.
2 髪にブラシをかける.
3 (…を)かすめて通る((against, across, over ...));(…に)すれすれに通る((past, by, through ...)).
4 疾走する, 突進する.
brush ... aside [away]/brush aside [away] ...
(1) …を払いのける, はねのける, 払い落とす. ⇒(他)3
(2) 〈困難・反対などを〉無視する, 軽くあしらう.
brush ... down/brush down ...
brush off
(自)(ブラシで)とれる, 落ちる.
[brush ... off/brush off ...]
(1) ⇒(他)3
(2) ((略式))〈提案などを〉無視する, 拒否する;〈人と〉関係を断つ, 〈人を〉はねつける.
brush over ...
[brush ... over/brush over ...]
(1) …をざっと塗る.
(2) …に丹念にブラシをかける.
brush round
brush ... up/brush up ...
(1) ブラシなどで…に磨きをかける((on ...)).
(2) 〈忘れかけた外国語・知識などを〉磨き直す, 復習する
I must brush up (on) my English.
(3) 〈人の〉身繕いをする.
brush (up) against ...
(1) ⇒(自)3
(2) 〈問題などに〉ぶつかる.

An instance of contact with something undesirable or dangerous: a brush with the law; a brush with death.n.
    1. A device consisting of bristles fastened into a handle, used in scrubbing, polishing, or painting.
    2. The act of using this device.
  1. A light touch in passing; a graze.
  2. An instance of contact with something undesirable or dangerous: a brush with the law; a brush with death.
  3. A bushy tail: the brush of a fox.
  4. A sliding connection completing a circuit between a fixed and a moving conductor.
  5. A snub; a brushoff.

v., brushed, brush·ing, brush·es. v.tr.
    1. To clean, polish, or groom with a brush.
    2. To apply with or as if with motions of a brush.
    3. To remove with or as if with motions of a brush.
  1. To dismiss abruptly or curtly: brushed the matter aside; brushed an old friend off.
  2. To touch lightly in passing; graze against.
  1. To use or apply a brush.
  2. To move past something so as to touch it lightly.
phrasal verbs:
brush back Baseball.
  1. To force (a batter) to move away from the plate by throwing an inside pitch.
brush up
  1. To refresh one's memory.
  2. To renew a skill.
[Middle English brusshe, from Old French brosse, brushwood, brush. See brush2.]
brusher brush'er n.
brushy brush'y adj.
SYNONYMS brush, flick, glance, graze, shave, skim. These verbs mean to make light contact with something in passing: Her arm brushed mine. I flicked the paper with my finger. The arrow glanced off the tree. The knife blade grazed the countertop. A taxi shaved the curb. The oar skims the pond's surface.

brush2 (brŭsh) pronunciation
    1. A dense growth of bushes or shrubs.
    2. Land covered by such a growth.
  1. Cut or broken branches.
[Middle English brusshe, from Old French brosse, brushwood, from Vulgar Latin *bruscia, perhaps from Latin bruscum, knot on a maple.]
brushy brush'y adj.

━━ n. ブラシ, はけ; 画筆; (キツネなどの)尾; (ブラシ・毛筆での)ひとなで; 擦過; (小さい)けんか; 〔米〕 (折り取った)小枝, しば; やぶ; 未開拓地; 【コンピュータ】ブラシ ((コンピュータグラフィクスで影づけなどをする機能)).
at a brush 一挙に.
━━ vt. はけでこする; 払い落とす, 払って落ちる; (こすって)みがく; かする ((against)); 疾走する.
brush against …といざこざを起こす.
brush aside [away] 払いのける; 無視する.
brush down (ブラシ・手で)…からほこり[汚れ]を払い落とす.
brush off 素っ気なく拒絶する, 冷たくあしらう.
brush over 軽く彩色する.
brush up ブラシをかける; みがきをかける, (学問など)やり直す.
brush up on …をやりなおす.
brush border 【細胞】刷子[毛]縁 ((動物の上皮細胞の表面膜にある繊維構造)).
brush discharge 【電気】ブラシ放電 ((ブラシ状の放電)).
brushed ━━ a. けばを立てた, 起毛した.
brushfire ━━ n., a. (低木林の)山火事; 小競り合い(の).
brush-off (そっけない)拒絶; 解雇.
brush-up 〔英〕 身づくろい; (勉強などを)やり直して磨きをかけること.
brush・wood やぶ; しば, そだ.
brush・work 筆づかい, 画法.
brush・y ━━ a. ブラシのような; やぶに覆われた.