2017年7月31日 星期一

sisterly, fluke, cesspool, negativity, befit, befitting, fighter,

According to MIT physicist Jeremy England, the existence of life is no mystery or lucky break, but rather follows from general physical principles and “should be as unsurprising as rocks rolling downhill.”
Take chemistry, add energy, get life. The first tests of Jeremy England’s…

Cities can’t win. When they do well, people resent them as citadels of inequality; when they do badly, they are cesspools of hopelessness. So how can they evolve?

For a city to thrive, it has to change. But how?

North Korea says President Barack Obama is “recklessly” spreading rumours of a Pyongyang-orchestrated cyber attack of Sony Pictures, as it warns of strikes against the White House, Pentagon and “the whole US mainland, that cesspool of terrorism”.

Pyongyang labels US ‘cesspool of terrorism’ and accuses Barack Obama of spreading rumours about cyberattack on Sony Pictures

 As befits two disciplines, neither of which is clearly defined and both of which address themselves to the whole of human life and thought, anthropology and philosophy are more than a little suspicious of one another.

Fighters' Yoh enjoying spotlight with Taiwan at WBC
The Japan Times
Daikan Yoh was surrounded by a mob befitting a rock star. Most eyes had been trained on the Taiwanese outfielder during his team's practice session at Tokyo Dome on Friday, and finally they'd caught up to him. The Hokkaido Nippon Ham Fighters ...

Stronger, Faster, Nastier

Will the London Olympics one day be remembered as a cesspool of social media negativity?

These findings are no fluke; other studies have come to similar conclusions. But why would having a sister make you happier?
The usual answer — that girls and women are more likely than boys and men to talk about emotions — is somehow unsatisfying, especially to a researcher like me. Much of my work over the years has developed the premise that women’s styles of friendship and conversation aren’t inherently better than men’s, simply different.

sisterly talk

Meaning #1: like or characteristic of or befitting a sister
Synonyms: sisterlike, sororal
Antonym: brotherly (meaning #1)

Of, relating to, or resembling a sister; sisterly.

[From Latin soror, sister.]

fluke3 (flūk) pronunciation
  1. A stroke of good luck.
  2. A chance occurrence; an accident.
  3. Games. An accidentally good or successful stroke in billiards or pool.
[Origin unknown.]


Pronunciation: /bɪˈfɪt/
Translate befit | into Italian

verb (befits, befitting, befitted)

[with object]
  • be appropriate for; suit:as befits a Quaker, he was a humane man

Spelling rule

If a verb ends with a single vowel plus a consonant, and the stress is at the end of the word (as in refer), double the last letter when adding -ing or -ed: (befits, befitting, befitted).


be • fit • ting
[形]適した, ふさわしい, 適当な, 似合う
in a befitting manner


  • ˈsɛspuːl/
    1. an underground container for the temporary storage of liquid waste and sewage.
      • a disgusting or corrupt place.
        "the town is not the cesspool you portrayed"
1 汚物[汚水]だめ.
2 不浄の場所
a cesspool of infamy
悪の巣. (またcéss・pìt)


  • 発音記号[négətivəti]

[名][U]消極性, 陰性.

2017年7月29日 星期六

pashmina, hopscotching, Klezmer, tolerate 'roughing up' prisoners

Law enforcement agencies rejected Trump's recent remarks.
President Trump advised New York officers: "don't be too nice" during arrests.

Guaranteed to make you want to stand in a meadow somewhere, gazing nobly into the middle distance.

Klezmer - Wikipedia


Klezmer is a musical tradition of the Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern Europe. Played by professional musicians called klezmorim in ensembles known as kapelye, the ...

Dictionary: hop·scotch (hŏp'skŏch'pronunciation
A children's game in which players toss a small object into the numbered spaces of a pattern of rectangles outlined on the ground and then hop or jump through the spaces to retrieve the object.
To move in or as if in a series of irregular jumps: “hopscotching across dozens of new cable channels” (Harry F. Waters).
[HOP1 + SCOTCH1, a score, line.]
Wikipedia article "Hopscotch".

n. - 跳房子遊戲
v. intr. - 像跳房子遊戲那樣跳

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 石けり遊び
LONDON — Created 60 years ago as a cornerstone of the British welfare state, the National Health Service is devoted to the principle of free medical care for everyone. But recently it has been wrestling with a problem its founders never anticipated: how to handle patients with complex illnesses who want to pay for parts of their treatment while receiving the rest free from the health service.
Although the government is reluctant to discuss the issue, hopscotching back and forth between private and public care has long been standard here for those who can afford it. But a few recent cases have exposed fundamental contradictions between policy and practice in the system, and tested its founding philosophy to its very limits.

Paying Patients Test British Health Care System

The Latest Dispute
Between Pakistan
And India: Pashmina
January 10, 2008
NEW DELHI -- In their 60 years as nations and neighbors, Pakistan and India have frequently quarreled -- over cricket, over land, over nuclear testing. The latest area of contention: pashmina.
[A Kashmiri woman weaves traditional handcrafted pashmina on a spinning wheel.]
A Kashmiri woman weaves traditional handcrafted pashmina on a spinning wheel.
An handicrafts association backed by the Indian government has applied to register a Geographical Indicator tag for "Kashmiri Pashmina" as a mark for the rare soft wool from the underbelly of the capra hircus goat. It wants the Kashmiri original -- the wool Westerners call "cashmere" -- to be easily distinguished from imitations as the popularity of pashmina has soared and the word itself has become synonymous with a large scarf of thin wool. In effect, they want the same protection for Kashmiri Pashmina that champagne makers have for their bubbly.
But as a special tribunal in the southern Indian city of Chennai considers the application, the process has hit a snag. The reason: Pakistani authorities say they don't want pashmina from the Pakistani-administered portion of Kashmir to be excluded, or to face recriminations if merchants there use the term. The disputed territory of Kashmir, where producing the prized wool has been among the biggest businesses for centuries, straddles India and Pakistan and has been a key cause of three wars between the two South Asian powers since 1947.
[Pashima shawls come in an array of colors and styles.]
Pashima shawls come in an array of colors and styles.
Zulfikar Abbasi, president of the Jammu and Kashmir Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the part of Kashmir currently occupied by Pakistan, claims the Indian government has been trying to pull the wool over its neighbor's eyes by seeking to obtain exclusive rights to the "Kashmiri Pashmina" name without consulting Pakistanis. He adds that the quality of the wool on both sides of the border is the same.
The Indians aren't so sure. "We don't want to comment on the quality of the pashmina produced on the other side," says M.S. Farooqi, director of the Craft Development Institute in Srinagar, a city in Indian-occupied Kashmir, which filed the application.
The tribunal is expected to decide on the issue as soon as mid-January. It may stitch together a compromise and allow both India and Pakistan to use the term. Or it may ask India to refile a joint application with Pakistan. Or it could sour relations further by declaring a victory for India.



  1. Fine, downy wool growing beneath the outer hair of feral Himalayan goats.
  2. A soft fabric made of this wool.
[Persian pashmīne, woolen garment, pashmina, from pashmīn, made of wool, from pashm, wool, down.]
A fashion statement in medieval Europe was to wear clothes made of a new cloth, imported from central Asia. The cloth was called "scarlet" and it was the pashmina of its time: vastly popular, frequently imitated but at its highest quality extremely expensive—at least four times the price of ordinary cloth.

『在中世紀歐洲的時尚之最......這是當時 的 pashmina: 普遍受歡迎, 頻繁地被仿效 但最高質量的這異常昂貴....


earworm, f-bomb, sexting, flexitarian, obesogenic, energy drink, life coach, tirade

Try not to let this one get stuck in your head.

The Listening Service's top 10 👂🐛👇

We've rounded up 10 of the most hummable tunes from the 2017 season.



  • 1A catchy song or tune that runs continually through a person's mind.

An exploration of why some tunes refuse to go away.
noun   drop an f-bomb to use the word fuck in a situation where this might cause great offence [an allusion to the explosive impact of a bomb]

(flĕk'sĭ-târ'ē-ən) pronunciation
One who normally maintains a vegetarian diet but occasionally makes exceptions and eats meat or fish.

Of or relating to a diet that is primarily vegetarian but includes meat or fish on occasion.

adjective   medical causing obesity
The power of the 'obesogenic environment' is apparently such that it disempowers us from making choices over what we eat, duping us all the time into thinking that we are making choices when in fact we are just riding the junk-food wave (Spiked)
Life coaching is a practice that helps people identify and achieve personal goals.

(SEX texTING) Sending erotic messages or photos via text messaging. In 2010, a British survey revealed that some 20% of sexting messages were sent to the wrong person. Oops! See SMS and smexting.


  • 発音記号[táireid | –]

[名](…への)長く手きびしい非難[攻撃, 演説]((against ...));(…についての)長い熱弁, 長広舌((about ...)).

Earworm - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


An earworm, sometimes known as a brainworm, is a catchy piece of music that continually repeats through a person's mind after it is no longer playing. Phrases ...

F-bomb makes it into mainstream dictionary
Associated PressNEW YORK — It's about freakin' time.
The term "F-bomb" first surfaced in newspapers more than 20 years ago but will land Tuesday for the first time in the mainstream Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, along with sexting, flexitarian, obesogenic, energy drink and life coach.
In all, the company picks about 100 additions for the 114-year-old dictionary's annual update, gathering evidence of usage over several years in everything from media to the labels of beer bottles and boxes of frozen food.
So who's responsible for lobbing F-bomb far and wide? Kory Stamper, an associate editor for Merriam-Webster, said she and her fellow word spies at the Massachusetts company traced it back to 1988, in a Newsday story that had the now-dead Mets catcher Gary Carter talking about how he had given them up, along with other profanities.
But the word didn't really take off until the late '90s, after Bobby Knight went heavy on the F-bombs during a locker room tirade.
"We saw another huge spike after Dick Cheney dropped an F-bomb in the Senate in 2004," and again in 2010 when Vice President Joe Biden did the same thing in the same place, Stamper said.
"It's a word that is very visually evocative. It's not just the F-word. It's F-bomb. You know that it's going to cause a lot of consternation and possible damage," she said.
Many online dictionary and reference sites already list F-bomb and other entries Merriam-Webster is only now putting into print. A competitor, Oxford University Press, has F-bomb under consideration for a future update of its New Oxford American Dictionary but beat Merriam-Webster to print on a couple of other newcomers: mash-up, added to the Oxford book in 2005, and cloud computing, included in 2010.
No worries, Stamper said. The dictionary biz isn't a race.
Merriam-Webster's Collegiate gets a cover-to-cover overhaul every decade or so in addition to yearly upgrades. The Springfield, Mass.-based company also picks a defining word of each year closer to Thanksgiving. Among the company's other additions this year, including online at Merriam-Webster.com, and various apps:
The Oprah-inspired "aha moment," the Stephen King-popularized earworm, as in that truly torturous tune you can't get out of your head, and man cave, brain cramp and bucket list.
King, in a 2009 column for Entertainment Weekly headlined "The Trouble With Earworms," wrote of waking up in the middle of the night for a glass of water when he found himself singing a snippet of a lyric.
"My friend the Longhair says that's what you call songs that burrow into your head and commence chewing your brains. The dreaded earworm can turn even a great song into something you'd run from, screaming at the top of your lungs. If only you could," he wrote.
Stamper said the word, a translation of the German ohrwurm, surfaced in English in the late '80s as a way to describe untranslatable words. As a tune that won't leave your head, "It just solidified itself in the national linguistic consciousness in America," she said.
Earworm isn't actually a new word for Merriam-Webster but the definition is to differentiate from the once-sole description of a specific blight on ears of corn.
The first reference found by Merriam-Webster for "aha moment" dates to 1939 in a book of psychology. Its use was sporadic until the '90s, when Oprah Winfrey began using it on her no-longer-on-the-air TV show.
"In fact, aha moment is so closely associated with Oprah that in 2009, she and Mutual of Omaha got involved in a legal imbroglio over Mutual of Omaha's use of the phrase, with Oprah claiming that aha moment was her catchphrase and she had the rights to it," Stamper said.
The case was settled out of court in 2009.
The word "tweet" led last year's new-word highlights from Merriam-Webster. This year's additions are more eclectic, Stamper said.
"This is a list of really descriptive and evocative, fun words. Some years, not so fun. Some years it's a lot of science words. Some years it's a lot of words around really heavy topics," she said.
There are a few of those this time around: copernicium among them.
It's a short-lived, artifically produced radioactive element that has 112 protons and is the most recent addition to the Periodic Table of Elements. It was first created in a German lab in 1996 and named for the astronomer Copernicus.
The recession blues are represented.
Merriam-Webster added "systemic risk" and a new definition for "underwater," to describe the heartbreaking realization that you owe more on your mortgage than your property is worth. Among other new economic terms is an extra definition for "toxic," as it relates to an "asset that has lost so much value that it cannot be sold on the market."
Flexitarian, traced to 1998, is defined as "one whose normally meatless diet occasionally includes meat or fish," while obesogenic (dating to 1986) is an adjective for "promoting excessive weight gain: producing obesity."
Stamper calls flexitarian one in a long line of "you are what you eat" entries.
"As our society has become more aware of our eating patterns, we've seen a proliferation of its use," she said. "There are people who object to the very idea of being a flexitarian, and therefore to the existence of the word."
Obesogenic remains a term more restricted to technical writing, Stamper said. It refers to an environment where something or some pattern — food deserts in a city, for example — is suspected of putting people at risk for obesity.
"Over the last few years, it's showed up quite a bit in more general sources, like The New York Times," she said.
Merriam-Webster leads the dictionary market, said John Morse, president of the privately held company who wouldn't release sales figures. He also wouldn't release a full list of new entries, in part to put off competitors.
"Let them find their own new words," he joked. "It's not a cutthroat business but we like to say it's a bare knuckles business." Morse did acknowledge: "It's harder for some paper dictionaries to stay in business in the era of online dictionaries."
And he allowed for a sneak peak at the Top 25, rounded out by:
Craft beer, e-reader, game changer, a new definition for "gassed" as slang for drained of energy, gastropub, geocaching, shovel-ready (a construction site ready for work) and tipping point.

presto! 2-way, mustache, mustachioed, pyro/ pyromaniac, pyrotechnician, firework, town fire chief

The University of Chicago

Artist Cai Guo-Qiang 蔡國强 has amazed audiences around the world with his pyrotechnic artwork, including at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and with his celebrated work Sky Ladder.

In honor of #nuclear75, he will debut a new pyrotechnic piece Saturday at 3:20 p.m. above Regenstein Library at #UChicago. The piece will symbolize "the paradoxical nature of employing nuclear energy."

RSVP: http://bit.ly/2itXZPR




'The president is a pyromaniac': the week Trump set fire to the White House

'The president is a pyromaniac': the week Trump set fire to the White House

What went wrong? Take your pick: healthcare, transgender troops, the…


漫畫來源: Ted Goff

Personally, if I had a stylishly mustachioed batman I would happily delegate to him the task of spending all day, every day, doing nothing but unsubscribing to email "alerts" that, with a sardonic psychic violence, always send you one final piece of spam to alert you that you have successfully opted out of their useless alerts.

Chinese Internet giant Tencent wants to attract more mobile gamers with new video-game characters like mustachioed barbarians and pyromaniac wizards. The company is in early talks to buy a Finland-based maker of the farm simulator game “Hay Day” and combat simulator “部落衝突 Clash of Clans” from Japanese telecommunications and Internet giant ソフトバンク(SoftBank).

Chinese Internet major Tencent Holdings Ltd. is in talks with SoftBank…

Smartphone? Presto! 2-Way Radio
Smartphone? Presto! 2-Way Radio
Instant Mustache

Instant Mustache

What's the fastest way to grow a mustache? You don't need to drive a Harley to sport a mustache anymore. Nowadays it is very trendy to grow hair in the middle of your face. The most popular styles include the thin pencil 'stache, the bushy "Mexican" cut, or the infamous Dali twirl that twists up at the ends. If you want a mustache and you want it fast, there's only one way to go about it: grow a Chia stache. It's just like a Chia pet, but for your face. The kit includes specialized biotin seeds that are spread onto the upper lip and a packet of nutrient powder to stimulate hair follicle growth. Mix the powder with water and spray onto the mustache twice a day for 6 days. Presto! By the weekend you'll have such a luscious mustache you'll be able to braid it! (Or, you could always leave the braiding to your pet unicorn).

"I've grown this mustache which saves me from having to glue on one every day in the heat." Keith Carradine



A Light Approach to a Grim Issue: Suicide Prevention

A public service campaign aimed at potentially suicidal men introduces a fictional therapist, Dr. Rich Mahogany, a "manly" mustachioed cross between Dr. Phil and Ron Burgundy.

Yannick Grandmont for The New York Times

A French entry opened the Montreal international fireworks competition this year.

Published: June 27, 2008
LATE last Saturday evening, La Ronde, an amusement park that’s just a stone’s throw from downtown Montreal on an island in the St. Lawrence River, seemed an unlikely venue for a world-class competition. Teenagers with the giggles and other signs of roller-coaster overexposure contemplated yet another ride on the Super Manège or Le Monstre.

"This UN appointment is like making a pyromaniac into the town fire chief"

Three of the world's top 5 executing countries sit on the U.N.'s human...


n. Slang., pl. -ros. A person who has a compulsion to set fires; a pyromaniac.
A display of pyrotechnics.

Pyrotechnicians Light Up the Montreal Sky

希臘語 傷殘 變形

photoAwaiting an explosive summer (TAKESHI IWASHITA/ THE ASAHI SHIMBUN)
Hundreds of fireworks dry outside a pyrotechnics factory in Toyohashi, Aichi Prefecture, where production is reaching its peak ahead of the summer festival season. The factory plans to produce about 30,000 fireworks, ranging in diameter from 6 to 30 centimeters, for festivals and events mainly in the eastern part of the prefecture.(IHT/Asahi: May 22,2009)

 mus·ta·chio also mous·ta·chio  (m-stsh, -stsh-, -stäsh, -sh-)

n. pl. mus·ta·chios also mous·ta·chios
A mustache, especially a luxuriant one.

[Ultimately from Italian dialectal mustaccio, mustache; see mustache.]

mus·tachioed (-stshd, -stsh-d, -stäshd, -sh-d) adj.


Pronunciation: /məˈstɑːʃɪəʊd/ 

(also mustachioed)


Having a moustache, typically a long or elaborate one:the moustachioed Belgian sleuth Hercule Poirot


Pronunciation: /ˌpʌɪrə(ʊ)ˈmeɪnɪə/ 


An obsessive desire to set fire to things.


Pronunciation: /ˌpʌɪrə(ʊ)ˈmeɪnɪak/ 


A person suffering from pyromania:a ten-year-old pyromaniac




pres·to (prĕs') pronunciation
  1. Music. In a very fast tempo, usually considered to be faster than allegro but slower than prestissimo. Used chiefly as a direction.
  2. So suddenly that magic seems involved; right away.
n. Music, pl., -tos.
A passage or movement that is performed presto.

[Italian, from Late Latin praestus, quick, from Latin praestō, at hand.]
presto pres'to adj.