2015年7月31日 星期五

capstone, bijou, trinket, light up, fumed,

But Steven A. Ballmer, his predecessor, was determined to push the deal through as a capstone to his long tenure as chief executive. 

Europe Places Capstone In Bank-Crisis Bulwark1

 So it was predictable that a firestorm broke several years ago after plans circulated for a convent and new visitors’ center at the site of the chapel. Renzo Piano was the designer. Big-name colleagues like Richard Meier, Rafael Moneo and Cesar Pelli signed an online petition denouncing the $16 million project. The Fondation Le Corbusier, keeper of the architect’s flame, fumed.

The Quest for Cheaper, Better Lights
Soraa plans to disclose the benefits of an unusual technology for manufacturing LEDs, which have found applications in areas such as traffic signals but aren't widely used to light up homes or offices.

I’D like to bring up one more little bijou about the economic crisis. I read that Lawrence H. Summers — wonderful guy, fine economist, former Harvard president, high-ranking economic adviser to Mr. Obama — was paid about $5 million last year by a large hedge fund, D. E. Shaw. Some other high-ranking Obama advisers were also fantastically well paid by the finance sector.

For example, initially, all rewards to contributors were in the form of donations to one of seven worldwide charities. Over time, the team heard that some contributors “would personally want some trinket,” he said. And now small gifts are awarded as well.


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[fjúːm]
(1) ((しばしば〜s))(においの強い, または有毒な)ガス, 煙, 煙霧, 蒸気
car exhaust fumes
the fumes of choice tobacco
(2) におい;香気
a room filled with fumes of incense
2 理性[判断力]を鈍らせるもの;もやもや, のぼせ
the fumes of sleep
3 立腹, いらだち
be in a fume
run on fumes
run on EMPTY
1 〈煙・蒸気などを〉出す, 放つ.
2 …をいぶす, 蒸す, 燻蒸(くんじょう)する.
1 〈煙・蒸気などが〉立ち昇る, 出る, 煙[蒸気, 香気]を出す, 煙[蒸気]となって出る.
2 ((米))(…に)腹を立てる, 怒る, いきまく((away/at, about, over ...))
fume at obstinate government officials
fume about a bill

  1. A small ornament, such as a piece of jewelry.
  2. A trivial thing; a trifle.
[Origin unknown.]

bi·jou ('zhū') pronunciation

A small, exquisitely wrought trinket.
[French, from Breton bizou, jeweled ring, from biz, finger.]

It's a little gem, this pretty gift from the Breton language to English. That's the present-day meaning of bijou, which was nicely delivered to our language by the French as early as 1668. An English document of that date refers to "Perfumed gloves, fans, and all sorts of delicate bijoux for each lady to take att her pleasure."
Reflecting our awareness of its foreign charm, we have kept the French pronunciation of bijou (with a zh sound for the middle consonant) and the strikingly French x to mark the plural. To the French, centuries before the English, it was also a charming import. It came from Breton, a Celtic language spoken in the region of northern France appropriately called Brittany.
In Breton, the word biz means "finger." The related word bizou means "ring for the finger." By the 1500s the French had learned the word and generalized it to mean any kind of small jewel or gem, as it does in our language today.
English speakers have generalized the word still further. Anything that can be a little gem can have the exotic sparkle of bijou, whether a book, a painting, a farm, or a house. In Ulysses (1922), recently said to be the greatest novel of the twentieth century, James Joyce wrote of "the most prominent pleasure resorts, Margate with mixed bathing and firstrate hydros and spas, Eastbourne, Scarborough, Margate and so on, beautiful Bournemouth, the Channel islands and similar bijou spots." For a time in the mid-twentieth century, Bijou was a favorite name for an elegant movie theater.
Breton is a member of the Celtic branch of the Indo-European language family, along with Welsh, Scottish, and Irish. Northwestern Europe was once dominated by Celts; the name Britain as well as Brittany attests to the former importance of Celtic languages. Nowadays there are still about 700,000 speakers of Breton, mostly in France.
Aside from place names, only a few words of Breton have made their way into English; the conquering French and English speakers did not have to learn the language of the peoples they subjugated. In the nineteenth century, however, interest in antiquity brought two more Breton gems into English: menhir (1840) and dolmen (1859), both referring to mysterious stone formations raised by humans in prehistoric times. A menhir is a lone tall upright stone, also called a standing stone in Britain; a dolmen is a man-made cavern, a structure of two or more upright stones with a capstone on the top.

Word Tutor: bijou
--> pronunciation
IN BRIEF: A small, intricate trinket or piece of jewelry.

pronunciation The beautiful bijou sparkled in the light.

WordNet: bijou
Note: click on a word meaning below to see its connections and related words.
The noun has one meaning:
Meaning #1: a small and delicately worked piece

The adjective bijou has one meaning:
Meaning #1: small and elegant


Syllabification: (cap·stone)
Pronunciation: /ˈkapˌstōn/


  • a stone fixed on top of something, typically a wall.
  • Archaeology a large, flat stone forming a roof over the chamber of a megalithic tomb.


cáp • stòne
capstones (複数形)
1 (石柱・壁などの)かさ石, 冠石.
2 最高の業績;絶頂, 極致(acme).

half-blood, to kowtow, dome, work in progress, genuflexion and prostration

The girl carried out the ritual prostration, historically performed before the Chinese Emperor, 10-20 times, saying “I know I did wrong, I’m sorry.”
From forcing your child to spend hours at music practice to demanding...

  The radical Islamic Hamas movement in the Gaza Strip has fired barrages of rockets at populated areas in Israel. But Israel's advanced 'Iron Dome' missile defense system has intercepted most of them.

He also criticised the US for imposing increased checks on US-bound flights but not on its own domestic services, saying the UK should stop "kowtowing" to US security demands.

Admittedly, that old dual-headed structure had been a work in progress: for the first 127 years of its life HSBC had no chief executive at all. But it had served the bank well enough since 1992, when the takeover of Midland in the UK meant HSBC had to kowtow to local rules.

上文 work in progress的翻譯是錯誤

work in progress
n., pl., works in progress.
A yet incomplete artistic, theatrical, or musical work, often made available for public viewing or listening.

To kowtow to


To accept the authority of another; to act in a subservient manner.


To kowtow toI've understood the meaning of 'to kowtow to' for as long as I can remember but it is only recently that I came to wonder how the expression originated. 'Kowtow' (and, in case you've not come across it before, kowtow is pronounced to rhyme with 'cow' + 'how') is an odd word and, for no better reason than the sound of it, I thought it might have something to do with cows. Apparently not.
'Kowtow' sounds odd to our ears because it is a Chinese word. To kowtow is to kneel and touch the ground with the forehead as an act of worship or submission. The practice first came to the attention of the English-speaking world late in the 18th century, when westerners began to visit China. The word is an Anglicised version of the Chinese 'kētóu', which derives from 'kē' (knock')+ 'tóu' (head).
The British explorer Sir John Barrow was well placed to observe kowtowing at first hand. In 1792 he was appointed as an aide to Viscount Macartney, the British ambassador in Peking. Barrow subsequently wroteTravels in China, 1804, in which he was the first to explain kowtowing to the west:
The Chinese were determined they should be kept in the constant practice of the koo-too, or ceremony of genuflexion and prostration.
There were several degrees of kowtowing, depending on the difference in rank of the participants, the highest level requiring a full face down prostrate pose with arms held wide.
To kowtow toMacartney was given his £15,000 a year job as ambassador to head a trade mission to negotiate a deal between Britain and China. In 1793 he was presented to Emperor Qianlong, or 'son of heaven' as he preferred to be called, but the viscount pointedly refused to perform the obligatory kowtow. To the disbelief of the aghast Chinese court, Macartney would only go down on one knee, as he would to the British ruler. This event was recorded by the satirical cartoonist Gillray. Qianlong left in a huff, the trade mission was abandoned and Macartney was sacked.
Prices in the UK have increased about 500 times since 1793. Macartney might have felt that he had retained his dignity but, had he known it was going to cost him a £7.5 million a year job, he might have thought that a quick kowtow would have been prudent.

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pros • trate
prostrating (現在分詞) • prostrates (三人称単数現在)
  1. [動] 〔prɑ'streit | prɔstréit〕 (他)
  2. 1 ((~ -self))ひれ伏す,平伏する.
  3. 2 〈人などを〉(地面などに)横たえる;…を地面にたたきつける,倒す.
  4. 3 ((通例受身))((形式))〈人を〉屈服させる,めいらせる,〈人を〉衰弱させる
    • be prostrated with sorrow
    • 悲しみで打ちひしがれる.
  1. ━━[形] 〔prɑ'streit | prɔ's-〕
  2. 1 〈人などが〉(うつぶせに)倒れた;長々と横たわった;〈樹木などが〉打ち倒された.
  3. 2 ひれ伏した,平伏した.
  4. 3 打ちひしがれた;屈服した;疲れ果れた
  5. 4 《植物》〈植物・茎が〉地をはう,ほふく性の.
  1. [ラテン語prōstrātus (prō-前に+sternere広げる,伸ばす+-tus過去分詞語尾=前に身を投げる). △STRATUMSTREET


gen • u • flect
genuflecting (現在分詞) • genuflects (三人称単数現在)
  1. [動](自)
  2. 1 (敬意を表したり礼拝のために)片ひざを折る;うやうやしくひざまずく.
  3. 2 卑屈な態度をとる.
  1. gèn・u・fléc・tion
    • [名]
  1. gén・u・flèc・tor
    • [名]
  1. gèn・u・fléx・ion

  • 〔káutáu〕

1 (旧中国式の)叩頭(こうとう)の礼を行う.
2 ((略式))(…に)へつらう((to ...)).

《哈利波特-混血王子的背叛》( Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince)


━━ a., n. 腹違いの(兄・弟・姉・妹); =half-breed.
half-blooded a.half-blood; 混血の.

also n.
    1. The relationship existing between persons having only one parent in common.
    2. A person existing in such a relationship.
  1. Offensive. A person of mixed racial descent, especially a person of Native American and white parentage.
  2. A half-blooded domestic animal.


domes (複数形) • domed (過去形) • domed (過去分詞) • doming (現在分詞) • domes (三人称単数現在)
1 ドーム, 円蓋(えんがい);丸屋根[天井];方形屋根[天井];((the D-))(ロンドンの)Millennium Dome
the dome of the Capitol Building
2 半球形[丸天井形]の物[建物]
the dome of the sky
3 《結晶》ドーム, 庇面(ひめん).
4 ((俗))(人の)頭, はげ頭.
5 ((古))壮麗な建物.
1 …にドームをつける.
2 …を半球形にする.
[中フランス語←教会ラテン語domus(教会, 神の家)]

faculty, impairment charge, in good company

Microsoft is also in good company. Google abandoned its foray into smartphones when it sold Motorola Mobility to Lenovo last year. But it has written off just $378 million related to the $12.5 billion Motorola acquisition. Amazon wrote off an even more modest $170 million last October, acknowledging that its Fire phone was a flop.

雖然鄂蘭一生曾在諸多大學中講課,但她從不認為自己是個學者。她始終秉持自己是思想者。縈繞在她的思想體系中,尤其關注思考的本質與目的:思考對政治倫理的影響、對善惡之間的潛質、以及人類意識的共同基礎。在其著作《心智生命》2 (The Life of the Mind)中,鄂蘭區分了「在獨處下進行的思考」及「與別人構成『思想對話』的思考」。在這兩者之下,不同的觀點與立場,以鄂蘭的話說,都是「內在對話或與別人一起思考的『表現』」,因為思考不但影響著自己的內省,也對外影響著別人:「根自於共同的經驗中,不是少數的特權,而是每個人日常的官能。」思考是尋常的,而它聯結了我們跟自己,也聯結了我們跟別人。 - See more at: http://www.philomedium.com/report/79152#sthash.JFnfMR2I.dpuf

The chief executive of Sony recently announced that the company would take a $1.7 billion impairment charge on the value of its mobile-phone unit, because of lowered expectations for sales of smartphones. For the first time since 1958, when Sony was first listed, the firm will not pay a dividend this year http://econ.st/1swzQjC

Impairment Charges: The Good, The Bad And The Ugly


"Impairment charge" is the new term for writing off worthless goodwill. These charges started making headlines in 2002 as companies adopted new accounting ...

[動](他)((形式))…を悪くする;〈能力などを〉減じる,弱める,〈機能などを〉害する,損なう. ⇒SPOIL[類語]

impaired hearing


impair one's health through overwork



[中フランス語←ラテン語impēiōrāre (im-強意の接頭辞+pēiorより悪い+-āre不定詞語尾=より悪くする)]

impairment Line breaks: im¦pair|ment
Pronunciation: /ɪmˈpɛːm(ə)nt /


The state or fact of being impaired, especially in a specified faculty:a degree of physical or mental impairment[COUNT NOUN]: a speech impairment
facultyLine breaks: fac|ulty
Pronunciation: /ˈfak(ə)lti/

Definition of faculty in English:
noun (plural faculties)
1An inherent mental or physical power:her critical facultiesthe faculty of sight
1.1An aptitude for doing something:his faculty for taking the initiative
2A group of university departments concerned with a major division of knowledge:the Faculty of Artsthe law faculty
2.1[IN SINGULAR] The teaching or research staff of agroup of university departments, or (NorthAmerican ) of a university or college, viewed as a body:there were then no tenured women on the faculty
2.2dated The members of a particular profession, especially medicine, considered collectively.
3A licence or authorization from a Church authority:the vicar introduced certain ornaments without thenecessary faculty to do so


Late Middle English: from Old French faculte, from Latinfacultas, from facilis 'easy', from facere 'make, do'.

[名](複 -ties)
1 [C][U](…に対する実務の)(先天的・後天的)能力,才能,手腕((for, of ...))
great faculty for arithmetic
have the faculty of making friends quickly
▼芸術的な才能には通例talent, giftを用いる.
2 ((しばしば-ties))(精神・身体の)機能,能力
exercise one's mental faculties
be in full possession of all one's faculties
lose one's faculties
develop one's critical faculties
the faculty of medicine
the four faculties
(中世の大学の)四学部(DivinityLawMedicine, Arts).
4 (知的職業の)同業者団体;((the F-))((英略式))医者仲間
the legal faculty
5 (国家・上司などから得た)権限,特権;《教会》(聖職者が告白を聞く)権能,特別権限.
[中フランス語←ラテン語facultāt(facul容易に+-TY2)能力. △FACILE

on a roll. flailing, jump ship, partly cloudy,wheel, steamroll,bust

  中國近期「暴力救市」措施成效不大,卻反被質疑是干預市場自由。諾貝爾經濟學獎得主克魯明(Paul Krugman ) 今日在《紐約時報》中撰文,就炮轟中國賭上了自己的信譽,更諷刺道:「從這個過程足以證明,儘管中國在過去25年以來取得了驕人的成績,但其國家領導人根本不知道自己在幹甚麼」。


Amazon is on a roll.

The Seattle-based Amazon Studios will produce and acquire original films for showing in theaters and on its Amazon Prime Instant Video subscription service.

Urban Dictionary: on a roll


on a roll. in the midst of a series of successes. Man,


As Ukrainian President Flailed, Allies Jumped Ship1


China Tackles Rumors Fed by Its Flailing on Cash Squeeze 12




Editorial: A Big Storm Requires Big Government
But Mitt Romney wants to give FEMA’s central emergency responsibilities to 50 flailing states.

The Olympics shows what can be done with volunteers—a welcome win for Mr Cameron’s flailing “Big Society” agenda. Yet it also shows the limitations of such schemes. Despite all the free labour, the London games hugely bust their original budget. What works stunningly well for a fortnight is impossible to replicate over a longer period. And, like all those Olympic athletes, the games organisers toiled for seven long years to achieve two glorious weeks in 2012.

Spain Holds a Trump Card in Bank Bailout Negotiations

The euro zone’s fourth-largest economy is too big to fail and possibly too big to steamroll, changing the balance of power in any deal to rescue Spain’s banks.

Forecast for Microsoft: Partly Cloudy

RAY OZZIE, the chief software architect at Microsoft, bristles when asked whether people think that new versions of his company’s flagship software — like Windows and Office — are exciting.
“It’s tremendously exciting,” he exclaims defensively, wheeling back from an office table and allowing his hands to flail. “Are you kidding?”

 Opinion: Leaders grasp problems, flail for answers

Japan's Public Debt Hits 1 Quadrillion Yen as the Nikkei Takes a DiveDailyFinance
Japan's Nikkei stock index walked straight into a steamroller this week, falling a painful 5.9% over the past five days. The Nikkei's performed exceptionally well ...



Pronunciation: /ˈstiːmrəʊlə/

Translate steamroller | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


  • a heavy, slow-moving vehicle with a roller, used to flatten the surfaces of roads during construction:after each truckload of earth fell, a steamroller flattened it
  •  an oppressive and relentless power or force:victims of an ideological steamroller


[with object]
  • (of a government or other authority) forcibly pass (a measure) by restricting debate or otherwise overriding opposition:the government’s trying to steamroller a law through
  •  force (someone) into doing or accepting something:an attempt to steamroller the country into political reforms
1 (道路工事用)スチームローラー;((俗に))ローラー付きの動力車両.
2 圧倒的な力, 強引な圧力.
1 …をスチームローラーでならす[押しつぶす].
2 ((略式))…を制圧する;〈反対を〉押し切る, 〈議案などを〉押し通す;…を強制する.

A manual threshing device consisting of a long wooden handle or staff and a shorter, free-swinging stick attached to its end.

v., flailed, flail·ing, flails. v.tr.
  1. To beat or strike with or as if with a flail: flailed our horses with the reins.
  2. To wave or swing vigorously; thrash: flailed my arms to get their attention.
  3. To thresh using a flail.
  1. To move vigorously or erratically; thrash about: arms flailing helplessly in the water.
  2. To strike or lash out violently: boxers flailing at each other in the ring.
  3. To thresh grain.
[Middle English, from Old English flegil and from Old French flaiel, both from Late Latin flagellum, threshing tool, from Latin flagrum, whip.]

Definition of flail
  • a threshing tool consisting of a wooden staff with a short heavy stick swinging from it.
  • a device similar to a flail, used as a weapon or for flogging.
  • a machine having an action similar to a flail, used for threshing or slashing: [as modifier]:a flail hedge trimmer


  • 1 wave or swing or cause to wave or swing wildly: [no object]:his arms were flailing helplessly [with object]:he flailed his arms and drove her away
  • [no object] flounder; struggle uselessly:I was flailing about in the water he flailed around on the snow
2 [with object] beat; flog:he escorted them, flailing their shoulders with his cane
1 …を殻ざおで打つ, 連打する.
2 〈腕などを〉激しく振り回す((about, around)).

jump ship

(of a sailor) leave the ship on which one is serving without having obtained permission to do so: he jumped ship in Cape Town figurative three producers jumped ship two weeks after the show’s debut

v., wheeled, wheel·ing, wheels.
  1. To roll, move, or transport on wheels or a wheel.
  2. To cause to turn around or as if around a central axis; revolve or rotate.
  3. To provide with wheels or a wheel.
  1. To turn around or as if around a central axis; revolve or rotate.
  2. To roll or move on or as if on wheels or a wheel.
  3. To fly in a curving or circular course: A flock of gulls wheeled just above the dock.
  4. To turn or whirl around in place; pivot: "The boy wheeled and the fried eggs leaped from his tray" (Ivan Gold).
  5. To reverse one's opinion or practice: Don't be surprised if the boss wheels about on that idea.
The Olympics shows what can be done with volunteers—a welcome win for Mr Cameron’s flailing “Big Society” agenda. Yet it also shows the limitations of such schemes. Despite all the free labour, the London games hugely bust their original budget. What works stunningly well for a fortnight is impossible to replicate over a longer period. And, like all those Olympic athletes, the games organisers toiled for seven long years to achieve two glorious weeks in 2012.