2011年3月30日 星期三

flow( n.) of bad news, flow of opinion

Japan’s Confidence Slips in Nuclear Crisis

The flow of bad news has undermined optimistic statements by officials.

    1. The act of flowing.
    2. The smooth motion characteristic of fluids.
    1. A stream or current.
    2. A flood or overflow.
    3. A residual mass that has stopped flowing: a hardened lava flow.
    1. A continuous output or outpouring: a flow of ideas; produced a steady flow of stories.
    2. A continuous movement or circulation: the flow of traffic; a flow of paperwork across his desk.
  1. The amount that flows in a given period of time.
  2. The rising of the tide.
  3. Continuity and smoothness of appearance.
  4. A general movement or tendency: a dissenter who went against the flow of opinion.
  5. The sequence in which operations are performed.
  6. An apparent ease or effortlessness of performance: "An athlete must learn to forget the details of his or her training to achieve the instinctive sense of flow that characterizes a champion" (Frederick Turner).
  7. Menstrual discharge.

2011年3月29日 星期二

food dyes and hyperactivity/ Food Coloring Warnings

F.D.A. Panel to Consider Food Coloring Warnings

Studies suggest a link between food dyes and hyperactivity in children.

hyperactivity 過動

atténtion dèficit disòrder/ ADHD

Study 'finds ADHD genetic link'

Researchers say they have found the first direct evidence of a genetic link to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Women with such disorders outnumber men by 10 to 1

Experts say that while eating disorders are first diagnosed mainly in young people, more and more women are showing up at their clinics in midlife or even older. Some had eating disorders early in life and have relapsed, but a significant minority first develop symptoms in middle age. (Women with such disorders outnumber men by 10 to 1.)

eating disorder, anorexia nervosa or bulimia

backscatte rscanners, ultrasonography

Airport Body Scanners Are Safe, Study Concludes
Researchers say the dose of radiation travelers receive from the controversial backscatter scanners isn't much different than what we're exposed to "through normal daily living."

    a backscatter X-ray system
In physics, backscatter (or backscattering) is the reflection of waves, particles, or signals back to the direction they came from. It is a diffuse reflection due to scattering, as opposed to specular reflection like a mirror. Backscattering has important applications in astronomy, photography and medical ultrasonography.

non-traditional students as game-changers

Roughly 40 percent of America’s college students are non-traditional students. They are workers who’ve gone back to school, former members of the military embarking on new careers and single parents wanting to do better for their families. They could also be one of the most important game-changers in the ongoing national discussion on college completion and the continuing dialogue at College Inc. about how to fix higher education. The article is from the Washington Post’s blog.

readied, in a state of “maximum alert.”disguising price rises

Food Inflation Kept Hidden in Tinier Bags

In downturns, companies reduce the size of some products, disguising price rises and avoiding size comparisons on packages.

Japan Tries to Stop Leak of Radioactive Water

Workers piled sandbags and readied emergency storage tanks on Tuesday, as Prime Minister Naoto Kan said his government was in a state of “maximum alert.”


(rĕd'ē) pronunciation
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
  1. Prepared or available for service, action, or progress: I am ready to work. The soup will be ready in a minute. The pupils are ready to learn to read.
  2. Mentally disposed; willing: He was ready to believe her.
  3. Likely or about to do something: She is ready to retire.
  4. Prompt in apprehending or reacting: a ready intelligence; a ready response.
  5. Available: ready money.
tr.v., read·ied, read·y·ing, read·ies.
To cause to be ready.


at the ready

  1. Available for immediate use: soldiers with machine guns at the ready; students with notebooks at the ready.
make ready
  1. To make preparations.

[Middle English redy, from Old English rǣde.]

readiness read'i·ness n.

2011年3月27日 星期日



(mĭl'yərd, -yärd', mĭl'ē-ärd') pronunciation
n. Chiefly British
The cardinal number equal to 109.

[French, from Old French milliart, from milion, million. See million.]

[名]((英))10億. ▼((米・カナダ))ではbillionという.

teetotum spins, took ballet to task

teetotum (tee-TO-tuhm)

A spinning top.

From T-totum. Originally a teetotum was a kind of die used in a game of chance. It had a stick put through a six-sided die so that only four sides could be used. One of the sides had the letter T representing Latin totum (all), implying take the whole stake from the pot. Other sides had letters A aufer (take one stake from the pot), D depone (put one stake), and N nihil (do nothing). A dreidel is a form of teetotum

A picture of a teetotum antiquegamblingchips.com/site/PutTakeForSale.jpg.

1 (指で回す)小さいこま.
2 四角ごま:側面に違った頭文字をしるしたこま;これをまわして賭(か)け(put-and-take)を行う.
"In 1890s London, George Bernard Shaw 's music reviews frequently took ballet to task. How weary he was of illogical plots and the empty virtuosity of what he referred to as 'teetotum spins'." — Deborah Jowitt; Nothing Left to Lose; The Village Voice (New York); Jan 18, 2000.

take ballet 上芭蕾舞課 可能表示" teetotum spins"如芭蕾舞.....

favorite household chore is ironing


"My second favorite household chore is ironing. My first being hitting my head on the top bunk bed until I faint."


(chôr, chōr) pronunciation
  1. A routine or minor duty or task. See synonyms at task.
  2. chores Daily or routine domestic tasks, especially a farmer's routine morning and evening tasks, such as feeding livestock.
  3. An unpleasant or burdensome task.

[Variant of CHAR3.]

1 雑用, はんぱ仕事.
2 ((〜s))(家・農場の)日常の雑用
do household chores
3 辛い[いやな]仕事.

1 アイロンがけ
I've been doing the laundry and the ironing all day.
2 アイロンがけをした[する]衣類.

ironing board

2011年3月26日 星期六

goer, cinemagoer

Former Czech President Vaclav Havel debuts as film director

Czech cinemagoers have been queuing up for an unusual new release this
week: the first film directed by the country's former president, Vaclav

The DW-WORLD.DE Article

One that goes, especially a person who goes to a specified place frequently or regularly. Often used in combination: beachgoer; clubgoer.

2011年3月24日 星期四

single out

Singled Out
Singled Out
How Two Million British Women Survived Without Men After the First World War


single out
Choose or distinguish from others, as in We singled him out from all the other applicants. This idiom was first recorded in 1629.

fending for themselves in isolated pockets

The ability of the people of Hadenya to survive by banding together in a way so exemplary of Japan’s communal spirit and organizing abilities is a story being repeated day to day across the ravaged northern coastline, where the deadly earthquake and tsunami left survivors fending for themselves in isolated pockets. Some are still awaiting relief.


(fĕnd) pronunciation

v., fend·ed, fend·ing, fends. v.tr.
  1. To ward off. Often used with off: fend off an attack.
  2. Archaic. To defend.
  1. To make an effort to resist: fend against the cold.
  2. To attempt to manage without assistance: had to fend for ourselves until we were rescued.

[Middle English fenden, short for defenden, to defend. See defend.]

1 ポケット
an inside pocket
2 さいふ, 懐中(物);資力;こづかい銭, 所持金
a deep pocket
beyond one's pockets
pick a [a person's] pocket
3 ポケット状のもの;(かばんの)ポケット;(自動車のドア内側の)物入れ.
(1) (周囲と異なる)小地域[グループ], 遊離地帯
a pocket of poverty
(2) 《軍事》孤立地帯;孤立軍.
5 《鉱物》(鉱内での, 鉱石・岩石の)一時的貯蔵所.
(1) 《ビリヤード》(テーブルの)ポケット, 穴.
(2) 《ボウリング》ポケット:ストライクをとるための的(まと)になる空間.
7 《アメフト》ポケット:クォーターバックがパスを繰り出すエリア.
8 《陸上競技》ポケット:競走で他の走者に囲まれて前進がはばまれる位置.
9 《野球》(ミットの)ポケット, 受球部.
10 《航空》=air pocket.
a pocket of ...
わずかな…, いくばくかの….
be [live] in each other's pocket
((主に英略式))〈2人が〉いつもいっしょにいる, 互いにべったり頼りきっている.
be in [out of] pocket
((英略式))金がある[ない], (一定金額を)得する[損する]
I'm £20 out of pocket.
dip into one's pocket
have deep pockets and short arms
have a person in one's pocket
in one's pocket
line one's pockets
live in a person's pocket
━━[形]((限定))ポケット型[版]の, 小型の
a pocket camera
a pocket calculator
1 …をポケットに入れる[隠す].
2 …を(しばしば不正に)自分のものにする, 着服する
pocket a bribe from a gangster
3 〈侮辱などを〉じっとがまんする[こらえる];〈感情などを〉隠す, 抑える.
4 《ビリヤード》〈玉を〉ポケット[穴]に入れる.
5 ((米))〈大統領などが〉〈議案を〉握りつぶす.
6 (競走で)〈人を〉囲んで前進をはばむ, 妨害する.
7 …にポケットをつける.
8 …を取り囲む, 閉じ込める;《軍事》〈敵を〉包囲して孤立させる.
[アングロフランス語←古北フランス語poque. 原義は「袋」. △POKE2

2011年3月21日 星期一

mission statement, mission profile, strategy, tactics

譬如說 任務說明書/陳述 mission statement,
“As stated in the United Nations mission statement.
­..this is a "human rights" mission...­to SAVE the people of Libya from it's leader who just might wipe out most of it's population if nothing is done.”

mission profile,

strategy, tactics 戰略戰術

capital :AT&T vs at& t

AT&T said it was buying T-Mobile USA for $39 billion in cash and stock, a move that would create the U.S.'s largest wireless carrier and shift the competitive landscape of the industry.

capital : 大文字, 頭文字;((〜s))キャピタル体(活字).
妙的是在世紀末 各大公司感覺用小寫字母寫公司也沒什麼
所以 ibm 也通
現在 at& t 總部大樓上就用它

1 首都, 首府, 州都;(産業などの)中心地
Tokyo, the capital of Japan
日本の首都, 東京
Detroit, auto capital of the world
2 大文字, 頭文字;((〜s))キャピタル体(活字).
3 [U]((時にa 〜))資本(金), 元金, 元手
financial capital
invested capital
capital inflow
capital and interest
cost of capital
capital adequacy ratio
The company was started with a capital of $60,000.
4 [U]純資産:資産と負債の差額.
5 [U]源泉(source);力, 資本
Her intelligence is her greatest capital.
6 [U]((しばしばC-))((集合的))資本家(階級)
Capital and Labor
資本家と労働者, 労資.
7 《建築》柱頭.
make capital (out) of ...
((けなして))…を利用する, に乗じる.
1 最大限の
a capital offense [crime]
2 大文字の, 頭文字の
a capital letter
3 ((古風))すぐれた, すばらしい;第一級の
a capital idea
すばらしい考え, 名案
((古風))すてき, おみごと.
4 主要な, 主な;非常に重要な
a capital ship
a capital city
be of capital importance
5 資本の.
6 〈失敗が〉致命的な;〈過失が〉重大な, ゆゆしい
a capital error
capital murder
in capital letters/in capitals
with a capital ...
((先行する語の頭文字を大文字にして))本当の意味で(の), まさしく
life with a capital L
He is quick with a capital Q.
[ラテン語capitālis(caput頭+-AL=主要な). 中ラテン語で中性形capitāleは「富」の意を得た. △CATTLE


今天重讀此札 才恍然大悟......

Academic Writing question: A careful rereading of materials for the purpose of
finding and correcting errors? The word is proofreading.

rèréad[rè・réad] [動](-read)(他)再び読む, 読み直す.

out of place, callused, “Lawrence of Arabia,”

The executive, a boyish-looking man named Adil Naji, reached over and took hold of the wrist of one of his younger brothers, Hisham. He hoisted the brother’s rough, callused fingers in front of the curator, Navina Haidar, and, with a climactic intensity that wouldn’t have been out of place in “Lawrence of Arabia,” exclaimed, “Look, this is my brother’s hand!”

out of place
Not in the proper situation, not belonging; inappropriate for the circumstances or location. For example, A high school graduate, she felt out of place among all these academics with advanced degrees, or This velvet sofa is out of place on the porch. This idiom uses place in the sense of "a fitting position." [First half of 1800s]

Vanguard of West's War Effort,

Sarkozy Puts France at Vanguard of West's War Effort


Motivated by French failures to respond quickly to the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, President Nicolas Sarkozy brought Western allies together on Libya.

[名]((通例the 〜))
1 (運動・活動・分野などの)先頭, 指導的地位;((集合的;単数扱い))指導[先駆]者たち((of ...))
be in the vanguard of ...
2 ((集合的;単数・複数扱い))((形式))《軍事》前衛, 先兵(⇔rear guard);(軍隊などの)先頭, 先陣.
3 ((V-))バンガード:米国の人工衛星打ち上げ用三段式ロケット.
[中フランス語avant-garde(avant前の+garde警護=前を警護するもの). △GUARD

1 [U][C](…しようとする)努力((to do));(…に向けての)骨おり((at, toward ...));[C](目標達成のための)奮闘, がんばり
by effort
with (an) effort
骨おって, やっと
without (any) effort
through a person's efforts
in an effort to do ...
under combined effort
worth the effort
be an effort
make an effort [efforts] at [toward] self-control
make every effort
direct one's efforts at [toward] learning
put a lot of effort into ...
Victory will require our utmost effort(s).
[類語]effortは強い決意による裏づけのある「努力」, endeavorは長い時間にわたって継続する「努力」. 後者は改まった語で, 個人レベルより全体的なことのためという気取った感じが強い.
2 (努力の)成果, 結果;(文学・芸術などの)できばえ, 労作
literary efforts
a good [a bad] effort
3 ((主に英))募金運動.
4 《機械》作動力, 作力.
[中フランス語←中ラテン語exfortiāre(ex-外に+fortis強い+-āre=しいて力を出すこと). △FORT

2011年3月20日 星期日

homestay, homesick, The Hospitality of Circumstance

A Homestay in Guatemala: Making My Own Tortillas (but Eating Theirs)


San Juan La Laguna, a remote Guatemalan town with views of Lake Atitlan, hasn't been drastically reshaped by foreigners.

上周日(2004年8月29日)Taipei Times 有一篇由 Bradley Winterton 寫的詩集翻譯介紹:Homesick for Death:THE COMPLETE POEMS OF XAVIER VILLAURRUTIA ,Translated by D. M. Stroud,Saru Publications。篇名取為'The hospitality of circumstance'。(http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives/2004/08/29/2003200780

其實,這是翻譯者的一本詩集名稱:The Hospitality of Circumstance by D.M. Stroud(Basho Tercentenary Edition Series 日本詩人巴蕉三百周年紀念刊物之一;據Winterton之文,Stroud第一是詩人,其次才是翻譯者。而他到文化大學之前的20年都在日本。)


【想請教"taken in"這個雙關語,在本文中己點出deceived和welcome in out of the cold兩個意思,那麼在翻譯時,雙關語"taken in"似乎就不能用"符合上下文意"的國語詞彙翻譯(不能翻成"欺騙"和"進來避風、取暖"),在這種情形下,該怎麼做呢^^???

The phrase "the hospitality of circumstance" is taken from a book by the Edwardian British writer G.K.Chesterton, best-known for his Father Brown tales -- Roman Catholic polemics masquerading as detective stories, a mongrel genre, enthusiastically taken up by C.S.Lewis in his fairy stories for children (the Narnia books) that clumsily incorporated his own brand of muscular, no-nonsense Protestantism. Chesterton, writing about Dickens, punned on the phrase "taken in," meaning both "deceived" and "welcomed in out of the cold." He said this characterized holy fools, at one and the same time easily deceived and needing help and protection, and in so saying sought to publicize once more his own populist Catholicism. The chance coincidence of the phrase's two meanings was, he claimed, an instance of "the hospitality of circumstance" (or, put simpler, the luckiness of accident).】

我認真讀他題的這一困難問題時,已經有高手提出一些相關的解說:「路過( 09-01-04 ):

這篇Taipei Times的書評 ,對Chesterton原文的闡釋似乎不盡正確。Chesterton 原文 是在講狄更斯作品Pickwick Papers的主角Pickwick。他是一個像Forrest Gump般好心腸, 凡事相信, 不疑有他, 保有童稚純真的傻子,非常天真,大家都喜歡。他到哪裡都受歡迎 ,也是因為他好騙。結果傻人有傻福,看似容易上當,卻因為他的善良, 樂於助人, 隨遇而安, 往往因禍得福, 反負為正,所以不論遇到任何circumstance, 他都得到hospitality, 都能逢凶化吉, 遇難成祥, 轉危為安 他反而都turns out a winner。
任何環境對他而言, 都是正面的, 親切的, 友善的, 熱情款待的, 天時地利人和的, 諸事皆宜的.萬事如意, 皆為大吉, 環境遭遇, 永遠對他張開雙臂, 對他友好, 在哪裡都賓至如歸.」
【hc:我們經常會用到Charles Dickens (1906) - by Gilbert Keith Chesterton 的第四章(Chapter 4)之末段

首 先,我們查網路英文辭典(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary),可以知道phrasal verb take sb in有雙義:take sb in (CARE FOR) [M] to take care of someone and provide a place in your home for them:例 Several families take in foreign students.;另外take sb in (DECEIVE) to cause someone to believe something which is not true, or to trick or deceive someone:例I can't believe she was taken in by him. 這就是原書介的「Chesterton, writing about Dickens, punned on the phrase "taken in," meaning both "deceived" and "welcomed in out of the cold."」之意思,我的提議中文是:無往(網)不利。

再來解釋一下我建議將The Hospitality of Circumstance翻譯成「隨遇而安,無往不利」:
首先,《 新約 羅 馬 書(Romans) 12:13 》[hb5] 聖徒缺乏要幫補.客要一味的款待。([kjv] Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality. ) 即,hospitality 為竭盡主人善待客人之禮,而Circumstance通長翻譯成情況,它是會影響到我們的(by force of circumstance)。「路過」對於狄更斯成名作《匹克威克外傳》("THE PICKWICK PAPERS" ,有數種譯本,如北京:人民文學,莫雅平譯等)的說法大體可,不過注意我們談過的西方文學中的the fools之主題,匹克威克為一holy fool……

Winterton文中介紹Gilbert Keith Chesterton為偵探小說先驅,不過他後來又引「Chesterton was one of the rather bizarre collection of English writers cited by the now classic Argentinean writer Jorge Luis Borges as influences on his style.」其實,我們查一下Borges:a Biogragphy by E. WILLIAMSON(Viking)就可以知道Borges 的專文乃是將偵探小說看成「迷宮」,他最重要的主題。


[名][U]ホームシック, 郷愁.


[名]ホームステイ(family stay):留学生などが滞在国の家庭に住んで家族と生活を共にすること.

Homestay is a form of tourism and/or study abroad program that allows the visitor to rent a room from a local family to better learn the local lifestyle as well as improve their language ability.[1] While homestays can occur in any destination worldwide, some countries do more to encourage homestay than others as a means of developing their tourism industry.[2] Hosting a homestay participant also allows the local family to earn some additional, needed income. Having low profitability, as it is, homestay can not be regarded as strictly commercial activity, but more of cross cultural exchange.[verification needed] Students generally arrange a homestay with their school or educational institution, but can also informally arrange to stay with a family through social connections, and through a variety of private agencies. There are a number of online homestay agencies that connect students with hosts all over the world (usually for a nominal fee).

2011年3月19日 星期六

rem/roentgen equivalent in man

Water cannot be allowed to touch the thing that is deep inside the reactor: about 200 tons of melted nuclear fuel and debris, which burned through the floor and hardened, in one spot, into the shape of an elephant’s foot. This mass remains so highly radioactive that scientists cannot approach it. But years ago, when they managed to place measurement instruments nearby, they got readings of 10,000 rem per hour, which is 2,000 times the yearly limit recommended for workers in the nuclear industry.


(rĕm) pronunciation
  1. The amount of ionizing radiation required to produce the same biological effect as one rad of high-penetration x-rays.
  2. A unit for measuring absorbed doses of radiation, equivalent to one roentgen of x-rays or gamma rays.

[r(oentgen) e(quivalent in) m(an).]

[roentgen equivalent in man]

2011年3月18日 星期五

a run on baby formula,sushi

Some sushi restaurants in Asia are reportedly dropping fish from Japan from their menus. In Hong Kong there was a run on baby formula from Japan because mothers feared future supplies would be contaminated or unavailable.

a run on baby formula,搶購嬰兒奶粉

sushi 壽司/飯上加一生魚片

Backpack Blowers/Mister Dusters

Kawasaki Motor Recalls Backpack Blowers Due to Fire Hazard

WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and Health Canada, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed. It is illegal to resell or attempt to resell a recalled consumer product.

Maruyama U.S. Recalls Backpack Blowers and Mister Dusters Due to Fire Hazard

WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and Health Canada, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed. It is illegal to resell or attempt to resell a recalled consumer product.


1 ほこりを払う人[物], 掃除人[機], 集塵(しゅうじん)機.
2 ふきん, ぞうきん, はたき, ブラシ.
3 ((米))ダスターコート(((英))dust coat);((主に米))(女性用の軽いゆったりした)家庭着.
4 (殺虫剤などの)散布器.


1 ガラス吹き工.
2 送風機[装置];ヘアドライヤー.
3 ((米俗))ほら吹き;ハンカチ.
4 ((英略式・古風))電話
get on the blower
5 鯨.

Picture of recalled backpack blower

2011年3月17日 星期四

New York Times Details Pay Wall

New York Times Details Pay Wall
New York Times said it will begin charging for access to articles at the end of this month, launching its long-planned digital "pay wall" to boost revenue at its flagship newspaper.

The New York Times 2011《紐約時報》網站開始收費


A pool of water remaining after a tide has retreated. Also called tide pool.

tíde pòol[tíde pòol]

((米))潮だまり:引き潮で岩礁などにできた水たまり(((英))rock pool).

2011年3月16日 星期三






這不免讓人想起學校必須嚴肅地考慮 以外文教學作為優勢的策略!

換句話說,除了像台灣大學等學校要求研究所畢業生: 必須通過一定的英文能力檢定,才給正式學位之外,類似東海等有外國學生當老師的管道的學校,應該考慮投資,要求學生具備一定的外語能力



2011年3月15日 星期二

head coach, senior coach or manager

head coach 總教練
胡適日記全集:- Google 圖書結果 第7冊 p. 205

A head coach, senior coach or manager is a professional at training and developing athletes. They typically hold a more public profile and are paid more than other coaches. In some sports such as soccer and baseball, the head coach is usually called a manager, whilst in other sports such as Australian rules football they are generally termed a senior coach.

Other coaches are usually subordinate to the head coach, often in offensive positions or defensive positions, and occasionally proceeding down into individualized position coaches.

search-and-rescue, taking turns, humanitarian crisis

take turns

Alternate, as in Since there is only one horse, Beth and Amanda are taking turns riding. This phrase uses turn in the sense of "one of a series of actions done in succession." [Late 1300s] Also see in turn.


The UN announced late on Friday that four foreign search-and-rescue teams, from Australia, New Zealand, South Korea and the US, were on their way. Singapore is sending an urban search-and-rescue team, as is Britain; Switzerland has sent 25 rescue and medical experts, with nine sniffer dogs.

Death Toll Surges as Rescuers Scramble
Search-and-rescue efforts recovered more bodies in hard-hit areas across a broad swath of the northeastern coast of Japan's main island on Tuesday. Meanwhile, the nation's humanitarian and nuclear crisis appeared to take a turn for the worse four days after the earthquake and tsunami.

2011年3月14日 星期一

unchecked, lead to a full meltdown

The two reactors where the explosions occurred are both presumed to have already suffered partial meltdowns — a dangerous situation that, if unchecked, could lead to a full meltdown.


(ŭn-chĕkt') pronunciation
  1. Not held in check; unrestrained: an unchecked flow of water; an unchecked temper.
  2. Not checked for accuracy, efficiency, or flaws: an unchecked list.
  3. Informal. Of or relating to a square in a crossword that is part of only one word instead of two.

2011年3月12日 星期六

fireside chats

FDR shortly after giving one of his famous fireside chats

The fireside chats were a series of thirty evening radio speeches given by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944.

2011年3月11日 星期五

homo additus naturae, anthropomorphism

DEEP ETHOLOGY - research methods

Sir Francis Bacon commented on homo additus naturae, ("man added to nature") : In his "Plan of the Great Instauration" Bacon comments on the impediments to ...

[Anthropomorphism literally refers to generalizing various phenomena (including an animal's behavioral traits) from an area in which we feel confident about our understanding (our own human terms) to an area of relative ignorance. This also happens between various animals -- once I was troubled because "cold-blooded" reptiles (ectotherms, which obtain their body heat from external sources like the sun) were persistently viewed as "inferior" or "incompetent" in their temperature controls when compared to "warm blooded" animals (endotherms, which generate their own heat by metabolism). The view of reptiles was deeply misleading and I called it "endothermocentric." In fact, endothermy places an enormous energetic burden on an organism and can be a great disadvantage. Several endotherms have evolved ectothermic strategies to get through hard times.] Sir Francis Bacon commented on homo additus naturae, ("man added to nature"): In his "Plan of the Great Instauration" Bacon comments on the impediments to progress, one of the most prominent of which is that the mind "in forming its notions mixes up its own nature with the nature of things" (Greenberg, 1988:22).

[名][U]神人同形[同性]論, 擬人観.

pura cosa mentale

cosa mentale > mind matter

Italian term or phrase: cosa mentale.

Pura Cosa Mentale | Megadisc-classics

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Like the architecture of an Alberti or a Palladio, his music is conceived as a form of philosophy, pura cosa mentale. His music refers to an extra-musical ...

cross, crucify, crucifixion, sign of the cross

cross (1) 十字架;十字。 (2) 苦難:包括生活上的種種負擔、試煉等。拉丁文為 crux

cross, adoration of the :朝拜十字架(苦像):尤指聖周主受難日對十字架的特殊敬禮。又稱 cross, veneration of the

Cross, Exaltation of the :光榮十字聖架:該慶日在九月十四日。

Cross, Finding of the True :尋獲十字聖架:紀念西元 326 年君士坦丁的母親-海倫太后在聖地尋獲耶穌被釘的十字架之事蹟。

true cross

cross, pectoral :胸前十字:教會高級神長的胸前佩帶的十字苦像。

cross, processional :遊行十字:引導遊行的十字架。

cross, profession :聖願十字:發願會士所佩帶的十字苦像。

cross, the sign of the :十字聖號。

cross, to make the sign of :畫十字;請聖號:畫十字乃信仰的宣示,多用於宗教儀式前後。通常畫十字時口念:因父,及子,及聖神之名。阿們。詳閱 Sign of the Cross, to make the

sign of the cross, to make the :畫(請)十字聖號;畫十字;請聖號:十字聖號表示基督徒基本信仰之記號,因為十字乃耶穌死而復活之標幟。畫十字聖號之方式如下: (1) 小聖號:用右手姆指在額頭、口唇上及胸前各畫三個小十字,其過程是:以十字聖架號-在額頭上畫十字,天主我等主-在口唇上畫十字,救我等於我仇-在胸前畫十字。彌撒中福音前畫此聖號。 (2) 大聖號:用右手由額頭至胸,再由左肩至右肩,畫一個大十字,其過程是:因父及子-用右手由額頭轉到胸口,及聖神之名-再由左肩轉到右肩,阿們。一般祈禱前後多畫此聖號。 (3) 有時大、小聖號合用,先畫小聖號,再畫大聖號。 (4) 神父祝福或降福時,面向會眾用右手畫一大十字,又稱 bless ,主教和教宗祝福時則畫三個大十字。

crown of thorns :茨冠:指耶穌受難時所戴的茨冠。

crucifix :苦像;十字架苦像;基督受難像:吾主被釘十字架的苦像。一般基督新教只有(單調的)十字架,而天主教在其上安置被釘之耶穌像。

crucifixion :釘死於十字架;在十字架上釘死: (1) 將死刑犯釘在十字架上是羅馬帝國死刑之一,多用於對付反抗之奴隸。猶太人要求把耶穌釘死在十字架上,視基督為奴隸。 (2) 耶穌在十字架上的死亡。 Crucifixion of Jesus

(krū'sə-fī') pronunciation
tr.v., -fied, -fy·ing, -fies.
  1. To put (a person) to death by nailing or binding to a cross.
  2. To mortify or subdue (the flesh).
  3. To treat cruelly; torment: crucified the awkward child with teasing.
  4. To criticize harshly; pillory: The media crucified the politician for breaking a campaign pledge.

[Middle English crucifien, from Old French crucifier, alteration of Latin crucifīgere : crux, cruc-, cross + fīgere, to attach.]

crucifier cru'ci·fi'er n.

The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Presentation of Mary :獻聖母于聖殿(主堂);聖母奉獻日紀念:根據偽經 Apocrypha 記載,瑪利亞幼年時,其父母將她獻於聖殿;教會早在第六世紀就慶祝此節日。曾一度被取消,十六世紀又恢復,在十一月廿一日慶祝。

Presentation of the Lord :聖母獻耶穌于聖殿(主堂):慶日在二月二日。

The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (as it is known in the West), or The Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos into the Temple (its name in the East), is a liturgical feast celebrated by the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches.

The feast is associated with an event recounted not in the New Testament, but in the apocryphal Infancy Narrative of James. According to that text, Mary's parents, Joachim and Anne, who had been childless, received a heavenly message that they would bear a child. In thanksgiving for the gift of their daughter, they brought her, when still a child, to the Temple in Jerusalem to consecrate her to God. Mary remained in the Temple until puberty, at which point she was assigned to Joseph as guardian. Later versions of the story (such as the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew and the Gospel of the Nativity of Mary) tell us that Mary was taken to the Temple at around the age of three in fulfillment of a vow. Tradition held that she was to remain there to be educated in preparation for her role as Mother of God.



The Presentation of the Virgin Mary by Titian (1534-38, Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice).

The feast originated as a result of the dedication of the Basilica of Saint Mary the New, built in the year 543 by the Byzantines under Emperor Justinian I near the site of the ruined Temple in Jerusalem. Although this basilica was destroyed by the Sassanid Persians under Khosrau II after the Siege of Jerusalem (614), the feast continued to be celebrated throughout the East. The feast was celebrated in the monasteries of Southern Italy by the ninth century and was later introduced into the Papal Chapel in Avignon in the year 1372 by a decree of Pope Gregory XI.[1] It was included in the Roman Missal in 1472. But, as the fact of the "Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary" is only a pious belief, but not a defined matter of faith, it was suppressed by Pope Pius V in 1568.[2] As a result, it did not appear in the Tridentine Calendar. Pope Sixtus V reintroduced it into the Roman Calendar in 1585.[3] Pope Clement VIII made this feast a Greater Double in 1597.[4] The feast also continued as a memorial in the Roman Calendar of 1969.

Liturgical celebration

Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos into the Temple (Russian icon, 16th century).

The Eastern Orthodox Church celebrates it as one of its twelve Great Feasts on November 21 (for those churches which follow the Julian Calendar, November 21 falls on December 4 of the modern Gregorian Calendar). The first documented celebration of the feast in any calendar is the mention of the Εἴσοδος τῆς Παναγίας Θεοτόκου (Entry of the All-Holy Theotokos - i.e. into the Temple) in the 11th-century Menology of the Eastern Roman (also known as Byzantine) emperor Basil II. In the Orthodox Church the feast always falls during the Nativity Fast, and on the day of the feast the fasting rules are lessened somewhat so that fish, wine and oil may be eaten.

For the Roman Catholic Church, on the day of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, "we celebrate that dedication of herself which Mary made to God from her very childhood under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit who filled her with grace at her Immaculate Conception."[5]

November 21 is also a "Pro Orantibus" Day, a day of prayer for cloistered religious "totally dedicated to God in prayer, silence and concealment."[6]

The Presentation in art

Western depictions usually focused on the lone figure of the young Mary climbing the steep steps of the Temple, having left her parents at the bottom, and climbing towards the Chief Priest and other Temple figures at the top of the steps. The Presentation was one of the usual scenes in larger cycles of the Life of the Virgin, although it was not usually one of the scenes shown in a Book of hours.


See also


  1. ^ "The Saint Andrew Missal, with Sundays and Feasts," by Dom Gaspar LeFebvre, O.S.B., Saint Paul, MN: The E. M. Lohmann Co., 1952, p. 1684; William E. Coleman, Ed. "Philippe de Mezieres' Campaign for the Feast of Mary's Presentation," Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1981, pp. 3-4.
  2. ^ "The Saint Andrew Missal, with Sundays and Feasts," p. 1684
  3. ^ "Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), pp. 108-109
  4. ^ "The Saint Andrew Missal, with Sundays and Feasts," p. 1684
  5. ^ "Liturgy of the Hours," November 21
  6. ^ Angelus Address of Pope Benedict XVI, November 19, 2006

External links

2011年3月9日 星期三



及表現高反差及高調(high key)效果的〈裸女〉(1963)

(′hī ¦kē)

(graphic arts) A negative or print that has an overall light effect, with very few dark tones or shadows.

2011年3月8日 星期二

Organs and Street Cries Prohibited!

Full text of "The writings of Ian Hay"

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Organs and Street Cries Prohibited! We'll have a notice to that effect pinned up on your bedroom door. It will please Falconer. By the way, how is — er, ...

倫敦等地禁沿街唱歌討錢之口號 胡適1926年說 口號而已
Organs and Street Cries Prohibited!

2011年3月7日 星期一

The Grammar of Science /Politics

The White Goddess: a Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth is a book-length essay upon the nature of poetic myth-making by author and poet Robert Graves.

glam·our glam·or (glăm'ər) pronunciation
  1. An air of compelling charm, romance, and excitement, especially when delusively alluring.
  2. Archaic. A magic spell; enchantment.

[Scots, magic spell, alteration of GRAMMAR (from the association of learning with magic).]

20 世紀有些書名 The Grammar of Science /The Grammar ofPolitics

"The Grammar" 多翻譯為"典範" 不知何故

(grăm'ər) pronunciation

    1. The study of how words and their component parts combine to form sentences.
    2. The study of structural relationships in language or in a language, sometimes including pronunciation, meaning, and linguistic history.
    1. The system of inflections, syntax, and word formation of a language.
    2. The system of rules implicit in a language, viewed as a mechanism for generating all sentences possible in that language.
    1. A normative or prescriptive set of rules setting forth the current standard of usage for pedagogical or reference purposes.
    2. Writing or speech judged with regard to such a set of rules.
  1. A book containing the morphologic, syntactic, and semantic rules for a specific language.
    1. The basic principles of an area of knowledge: the grammar of music.
    2. A book dealing with such principles.

[Middle English gramere, from Old French gramaire, alteration of Latin grammatica, from Greek grammatikē, from feminine of grammatikos, of letters, from gramma, grammat-, letter.]

2011年3月6日 星期日

Morpheus, sleepless, sleep-short

Morpheus (MOR-fee-uhs, -fyoos)
, noun
1. A son of Hypnos and the god of dreams.
2. In the arms of Morpheus: asleep.

Middle English from Latin from Greek morphe + Latin -eus; coined by Ovid, with allusion to the forms seen in dreams.

"Let for the people be the first to admit a certain familiarity with sleepless nights and an envy of those who claim to fall into the arms of Morpheus the moment their head touches a pillow. But sleepless or sleep-short nights are one thing; sleepless decades are something else entirely. Decades? Yes. Nguyen Thi Tu, an elderly Vietnamese lady who lives in the southern province of Ca Mau, claims that she hasn't slept a single wink since 1967." — Stephen Goode, A woman who never dreams or sleeps a wink, Insight on the News, Nov 22, 1999.

2011年3月5日 星期六

Ash Wednesday/Lent/carnival/Mardi Gras


Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
When is Carnival in Rio de Janeiro? It's seven weeks before Easter, with Lent approaching: Carnival time. In Rio de Janeiro, the festival begins tonight and ends on Shrove Tuesday. In Malta, it began yesterday. And in New Orleans, Mardi Gras is this coming Tuesday. The festivals are celebrated with parades, masked balls, dancing and feasting. In New Orleans, celebrants traditionally eat red beans and rice and king cakes. All the festivals end on Shrove Tuesday — the day before Ash Wednesday, when Lent begins, 40 weekdays before Easter. Let the good times roll.


"You walk off the plane in Rio, and your blood temperature goes up. The feel of the wind on your face, the water on your skin, the taste of the food, the music, the sexuality." Amy Irving

carnival:(1)狂歡節;嘉年華(會):四旬期(守四十天齋期)前的歡樂期,流行於拉丁民族國家;法文稱肥週二(Mardi Gras)。(2)義賣會:教會為某善事而舉辦的義賣會。

Ash Wednesday:聖灰禮儀星期三;聖灰日:四旬(封齋)期的第一天,是日神父在教友額頭上塗以聖灰,並說:「人!你要記著,你原是土,將來仍要歸於土(創三19)。」或說:「你要悔改,信從福音。」此日應守大、小齋表示痛悔己罪。


on ice, inscribed and all

Two powerhouse corporate law firms faced off on Thursday — but not in a courtroom.

Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom and Proskauer Rose literally faced off on an ice hockey rink in Manhattan for the fourth-annual Lawyers’ Cup contest.

There is a real cup — inscribed and all — and the victorious drink beer from it as if it were the Stanley Cup.


Archaeology Dictionary


Term used to describe marks or lines forming a design, motif, image, or pattern of some kind that can been cut into stone, metal, bone, wood, ceramic, or other fairly soft material.

2011年3月4日 星期五

base path, free agent outfielder, infectious personality, stays out of trouble

NPB/ BayStars to get speedy on basepaths

Four months ago, it was looking pretty grim for baseball fans in Yokohama. The BayStars' owners, Tokyo Broadcasting System, wanted to dump the cash-strapped, second-division team, and potential buyer, JS Group Corp., wanted to change the name of the team and move it to another city.
Neither side could agree. And after weeks of acrimonious negotiations, the deal fell apart in late October, and the BayStars will remain in Yokohama--for now.
Despite the dark cloud still hanging over the team, things are considerably cheerier this year at the BayStars spring training camp in Okinawa. thanks, in part, to flamboyant offseason acquisition Hichori Morimoto.
The 30-year-old free agent outfielder left the Nippon-Ham Fighters and brought his infectious personality to the BayStars.

Hours earlier, Judge Betty Williams of Brooklyn Criminal Court had settled a case against Mr. Kobayashi that included charges of trespassing and resisting arrest. Mr. Kobayashi, 32, had been taken into custody when he rushed onto the stage at last month’s Nathan’s Hot Dog Eating Contest in Coney Island. He is a six-time winner, but he did not compete this year because he would not sign an exclusive contract with the organizers.
Judge Williams’ decision means he not only remains a free agent, he remains free. If he stays out of trouble for six months, his record will be cleared.

free agent
A professional athlete who is free to sign a contract with any team.

free agency free agency n.

base path
n. Baseball
The area within which a base runner must stay when running between bases.

grammatically correct, son or child

任何語言都很難 要有機會更正
我今天跟岳母的菲傭說英語 都將 son 講成 child...


Is it 'me and him' or 'him and I'? Ouch. In spite of the increasingly widespread use of sentence forms like "Me and him went to the ball game together," the usage is grammatically incorrect. Verbs are always preceded by nominative pronouns: I, you, he, she, they or we. This means that the pronoun is the subject (or "doer") of the sentence. Objective pronouns — me, her, him, them and us — are used as the object of the sentence or clause. So, the correct usage is "He and I went to the ballgame together." And, while we're at it, the correct syntax is "between you and me." Not "between you and I." It's National Grammar Day in the US. Remember your fifth-grade grammar teacher? Think of him or her kindly!


"I never made a mistake in grammar but one in my life and as soon as I done it I seen it." Carl Sandburg