2014年5月31日 星期六

sweetheart, in exchange for daughter's hand in marriage

Is this the world's toughest father-in-law? British businessman challenges future son-in-law to North Pole expedition in exchange for daughter's hand in marriage

  • Hannah and Jake have been sweethearts since childhood
  • Father-in-law Steve wanted Jake to prove commitment to marriage
  • Also saw it as a way of induction into the close family
  • Pair navigated 100kg sledges through the moving ice of the Arctic Circle
  • Temperatures dropped as low as -50 degrees Celsius
  • Raised over £30,000 for the Colourful Life Foundation and National Osteoporosis Society

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2642868/


Line breaks: sweet|heart
Pronunciation: /ˈswiːthɑːt


  • 1A person with whom someone is having a romantic or sexual relationship: the pair were childhood sweethearts
  • 1.1Used as a term of endearment or affectionate form of address: don’t worry, sweetheart, I’ve got it all worked out
  • 1.2A particularly lovable or pleasing person or thing: he is an absolute sweetheart
  • 1.3 [as modifier] informal Denoting an arrangement reached privately by two sides, especially an employer and a trade union, in their own interests: he cut a sweetheart deal with a politically well-placed union to get their endorsement in his re-election campaign
    More example sentences
    • Arguably, the only reason the Valentia consortium won was due to a sweetheart deal with the trade unions.
    • Political watchdog groups have described it as a sweetheart arrangement for corporations close to the Bush administration.
    • Laing has signed a sweetheart deal with the Ucatt union under which workers will be brought onto a contract (rather than be considered self employed) - but at a loss of pay.

2014年5月30日 星期五

waistline, hips, bum , thighs, behinds

Waistlines are widening everywhere. The percentage of adults who are overweight or obese has swelled from 29% in 1980 to 37% in 2013, according to a new study. People in virtually all nations got larger, with the biggest expansions seen in Africa, the Middle East and New Zealand and Australia. Today's ‪#‎Dailychart‬ looks at the ever-expanding world http://econ.st/SUEg9q

《中英對照讀新聞》Big bum and thighs are healthy 大臀與粗腿是健康的
Carrying extra weight on your hips, bum and thighs is good for your health, protecting against heart and metabolic problems, UK experts have said.
Hip fat mops up harmful fatty acids and contains an anti-inflammatory agent that stops arteries clogging, they say. Big behinds are preferable to extra fat around the waistline, which gives no such protection, the Oxford team said.
Science could look to deliberately increase hip fat, they told the International Journal of Obesity. And in the future, doctors might prescribe ways to redistribute body fat to the hips to protect against cardiovascular and metabolic diseases such as diabetes.
The researchers said having too little fat around the hips can lead to serious metabolic problems, as occurs in Cushing’s syndrome.
Evidence shows that fat around the thighs and backside is harder to shift than fat around the waist. Although this may sound undesirable, it is actually beneficial because when fat is broken down quickly it releases a lot of cytokines which trigger inflammation in the body, say experts. These cytokines have been linked to cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and diabetes.

新聞辭典 mop up:動詞片語,把某樣東西用完。例句:Buying clothes for the kids usually mops up any spare money I have at the end of the month.(為小孩買衣服通常會把我月底剩的錢花光。)clog:動詞,阻塞。例句:Eating too much fat causes your arteries to clog(up).(吃太多脂肪會讓動脈阻塞。) behind:名詞,指屁股,前文的bum也是同樣意思。例句:Why don’t you get off your behind and do something!(你為什麼不移開屁股,做點事情!)
股関節(こかんせつ)は寛骨臼と大腿骨頭よりなる球関節(関節部分が球形(股関節の他に肩関節))であり、荷重関節(体重などがかかる関節 (他に膝関節など))である。大腿骨頭は半球を上回る球形で、寛骨臼は深く大腿骨頭を収納するように形成されている。また、大腿骨頭が容易に脱脱臼できな い仕組みになっている。━━ n. しり; 腰; 股(こ)関節.
on the hip 不利な条件[立場]で.
hip・bath 腰湯.
hip・bone 【解】無名骨, 座骨.
hip flask, hip・flask (しりポケット用)酒の小びん.
hip-hop ━━ n., a. ヒップホップ(の) ((rap音楽にダンスを組み合わせた音楽様式(の若者文化))).
hip・hugger ━━ a., n. 〔米〕 (pl.) ローウェストの(ズボン[スカート]) ((腰ではくような股上が浅くて細身)).
hip joint 股関節.
hipped ━━ a. ((特に複合語で)) しりが…の; 〔話〕 とりつかれた.
hip pocket (ズボンの)しりポケット.
hip roof 【建】寄せ棟屋根.

1. The external angle at the junction of two sloping roofs or sides of a roof.
2. The rafter at the angle where two sloping roofs or sides of roofs meet.
3. The joint of a bridge truss where the top chord meets the inclined end post.
hips, 1 (flush panel type)

hip-shooting ━━ a. 行き当たりばったりの, 向こう見ずな, 衝動的な.
hip-shooter n. 行き当たりばったりに発言する人, 向こう見ず.

a la British, à la, gastropub,gastronomy, culinary, velour or velours, stile

 While English food typically gets a bad rap, there are certain things that the English do really well when it comes to eating and drinking. They invented the Scotch Egg, they eat a lot of pie and they've made drinking outside part of their daily routine. London is home to some of the best restaurants in the world, other countries -- especially our own -- are imitating the English gastropub at every turn, and hearty, simple fair à la the English Sunday Roast is more fashionable than ever. More and more, the reputation of bad English food is unfair and outdated.

WikiLeaks: Prince Andrew's "Rude language a la British"
The royal's "cocky" behavior at a 2008 brunch surprised an American diplomat who relayed his assertion that "Americans don't understand geography. Never have."

Liberty, Equality, Gastronomy: Paris via a 19th-Century Guide

A food-obsessed traveler uses the Zagat guide of the Napoleonic era to explore the culinary wonders of this city in the 21st century.
cu·li·nar·y (kyū'lə-nĕr'ē, kŭl'ə-) pronunciation
Of or relating to a kitchen or to cookery.

[Latin culīnārius, from culīna, kitchen.]
culinarily cu'li·nar'i·ly (-nâr'ə-lē) adv.

gas·tron·o·my (gă-strŏn'ə-mē)
n., pl., -mies.
  1. The art or science of good eating.
  2. A style of cooking, as of a particular region.
[French gastronomie, from Greek gastronomiā : gastro-, gastro- + -nomiā, -nomy.]
 velour or velours

絲絨, 天鵝絨

A pink velour bathrobe made of 100% polyester
Velour or velours is a plush, knitted fabric or textile. It is usually made from cotton but can also be made from synthetic materials such as polyester. Velour is used in a wide variety of applications, including clothing and upholstery[citation needed]

Frequent uses

Velour is a knit fabric, allowing it to stretch. It combines

stile1 (stīl) pronunciation
  1. A set or series of steps for crossing a fence or wall.
  2. A turnstile.
[Middle English, from Old English stigel.]

stile2 (stīl) pronunciation
A vertical member of a panel or frame, as in a door or window sash.

[Probably from Dutch stijl, doorpost, from Middle Dutch, possibly from Latin stilus, pole, post.]
台湾美食展(Taiwan Culinary Exhibition)

à la

Line breaks: à la
Pronunciation: /ɑː lɑː
, a la



French, from à la mode.

à la a la (ä' lä, ä' lə, ăl'ə) pronunciation
In the style or manner of: a poem à la Ogden Nash.

[French, short for à la mode de, in the manner of.]


Line breaks: gastro|pub
Pronunciation: /ˈgastrəʊpʌb


  • A pub that specializes in serving high-quality food: we’ve built our reputation on searching out obscure ethnic restaurants, gastropubs, cutting-edge bars, and superlative food venues


1990s: from gastro- in gastronomy + pub.

agar, mouthfeel, globules, gelling agent, appetizers—escargots provencal, Blow Your Taste Buds Out Of Your Mouth

You're about to get really, really hungry.

This was after the appetizers—escargots provencal and a few bites of a salad.

 《中英對照讀新聞》Chocolate and agar recipe can halve the fat 巧克力加石花可減半脂肪

Chemists have found a new way to halve the fat of chocolate using liquids which does not change the "mouthfeel". Low-fat preparations of chocolate are well known, but their textures tend not to match the real thing.
A report at an American Chemical Society meeting described a method using the popular gelling agent agar to make tiny "sponges" that displace fat.
Normal chocolate gets much of its velvety feel from an emulsion of fat globules suspended within the solid.
Replacing those is tricky - any substitutes have to remain dispersed throughout the chocolate as it is heated and cooled to a solid, and they have to remain small.


Pronunciation: /ˈglɒbjuːl/
Translate globule | into Italian | into Spanish


  • 1a small round particle of a substance; a drop:globules of fat
  • 2 Astronomy a small dark cloud of gas and dust seen against a brighter background such as a luminous nebula.





mid 17th century: from French, or from Latin globulus, diminutive of globus 'spherical object, globe'


Pronunciation: /ˈeɪgɑː/
(also agar-agar /eɪgɑːrˈeɪgɑː/)


[mass noun]
  • a gelatinous substance obtained from certain red seaweeds and used in biological culture media and as a thickener in foods.


early 19th century: from Malay

textures:名詞,觸感。例句:This artificial fabric has the texture of silk.(這種人造纖維有絲的觸感。)
velvety:形容詞,天鵝絨般光滑的。例如under a wonderful velvet sky(絲絨般的美好天空下)
substitutes:名詞,替代品。例句:Tofu can be used as a meat substitute in vegetarian recipes.(烹調素食時,豆腐可做為肉類替代品。)

es·car·got (ĕs'kär-gō') pronunciation
n., pl., -gots (-gō').
An edible snail, especially one prepared as an appetizer or entrée.

[French, from Old French escargol, from Old Provençal escaragol, probably from variant of dialectal escarabol (perhaps influenced by Occitan cagarol, caragol, snail), from Latin scarabaeus, beetle. See scarab.]

taste bud

Line breaks: taste bud


(usually taste buds) Any of the clusters of bulbous nerve endings on the tongue and in the lining of the mouth which provide the sense of taste: he’ll tantalize your taste buds with his imaginative pizzas

2014年5月29日 星期四

ropeway, swoop, savoir faire, (emergency) beacon, inter-galactic travel

A Merger of Galactic Proportions

News of two stars in the Andromeda galaxy colliding turned out to be a false alarm, but measurements show the Milky Way and Andromeda will collide in about two billion years.

British Inquiry Ties 787 Fire to Beacon

American aviation officials said they would review recommendations by British authorities to disconnect batteries in the emergency transmitters on all Boeing 787s.

 The summit looks out over a 360-degree view of the Central and Northern Alps and the Yatsugatake range, but the only way there is by a ropewat (sic) which runs from late April through mid-November and is well worth the ¥1,600 round-trip ticket. Swooping up and over the forest, I watched through blue-tinted windows as the Yatsugatake range’s volcanic slopes emerged in a sweeping panorama, the houses below reduced to tiny red-roofed toys. On the down side of the cable, couples, families with dogs (yes, they are allowed) and hardy mountain bikers in helmets worthy of inter-galactic travel floated past, each in their own blue bubble.

An Air Canada jet and an Air New Zealand aircraft swooped down to 4,000ft to assist rescuers in the search for the solo yachtsman who had activated his emergency beacon.

In France, Chinese Swoop In To Buy Stake in Savoir-Faire
(By Edward Cody, The Washington Post)

A navigational beacon denoting the presence of Orontes Bank off Port Vincent, South Australia.
A beacon is an intentionally conspicuous device designed to attract attention to a specific location.
Beacons can also be combined with semaphoric or other indicators to provide important information, such as the status of an airport, by the colour and rotational pattern of its airport beacon, or of pending weather as indicated on a weather beacon mounted at the top of a tall building or similar site. When used in such fashion, beacons can be considered a form of optical telegraphy.

savoir faire
(SAV-wahr-fayr) noun
The ability to say or do the right thing in any situation; tact.

From French
savoir-faire (know-how), from savoir (to know) + faire (to do).

"In a cascade of thanks, C.S. Richardson bows gracefully to all those elegant Londoners, full of savoir faire." Peter Wells; The A to Z of Life; New Zealand Herald (Auckland); Jul 7, 2008.

Weekly theme: French terms


swoops (複数形) • swooped (過去形) • swooped (過去分詞) • swooping (現在分詞) • swoops (三人称単数現在)
[動](自)〈鳥などが〉さっと舞い降りる, 急降下する, (獲物・場所を)突然襲う, 急襲する((down/on, upon ...)). ⇒FLY1[類語]
The guerrillas swooped down on the village.
━━(他)…をさっと捕らえる[持ち上げる], ひったくる((up, away, off))
I swooped up the child in my arms.
━━[名]不意の襲撃, 急襲;急降下
the swoop of a hawk [a typhoon
atinone (fell) swoop
一撃のもとに, どっと
make a swoop

 Intergalactic travel, travel between galaxies in science fiction and speculation

Definition of ropeway  纜車


a transport system for materials or people, used especially in mines or mountainous areas, in which carriers are suspended from moving cables powered by a motor.


Line breaks: gal¦ac|tic
Pronunciation: /gəˈlaktɪk


  • 1Relating to a galaxy or galaxies, especially the galaxy containing the solar system: the search for a black hole at the galactic centre
  • 1.1 Astronomy Measured relative to the galactic equator: the south galactic pole





mid 19th century: from Greek galaktias (variant of galaxias 'galaxy') + -ic.

2014年5月28日 星期三

chattering class/ Silent Majority,bando, “aha moment’’, FANGIRL, AUTOTUNE

Merriam-Webster announces new dictionary words: 'Selfie,' 'tweep,' 'Yooper' and more
NEW YORK (AP) - Da "Yoopers" up dere in da U.P., Michigan's Upper Peninsula, have hit it big with inclusion of their nickname in Merriam-Webster's ...

Merriam-Webster Adds "Steampunk," "Spoiler Alert," and "Fangirl" to the English Dictionary
Merriam-Webster announced the addition of one hundred fifty new words to its celebrated dictionary of American English, from “Auto-Tune” (to adjust ...

The chattering classes is a generally derogatory[1] term first coined by Auberon Waugh[2] often used by pundits and political commentators to refer to a politically active, socially concerned and highly educated section of the "metropolitan middle class,"[1] especially those with political, media, and academic connections. It is sometimes used to refer to a liberal elite, but its first use by British right wing polemicist Frank Johnson in 1980 appeared to include a wider range of pundits.[1] Indeed, the term is used by people all across the political spectrum to refer to the journalists and political operatives who see themselves as the arbiters of conventional wisdom.[3] As such, the notion of 'chattering classes' can be seen as an antonym to the older idea of an unrepresented Silent Majority (made famous by the U.S. Republican President Richard Nixon).
In the United States, the term has come to be used by both the right and left-wings to describe political opponents, with Stephen Perrault of the Merriam-Webster dictionary suggesting that the term has "connotations of idleness, of useless talk, that the noun 'chatter' does. [...] These people don't amount to much — they like to hear themselves talk."[4]


Calling all bandos! The word “bando’’ has made its way into the open online Merriam-Webster dictionary under “new words and slang.’’ The definition?
The UMass marching band at the memorial service earlier this month for band director George Parks. The UMass marching band at the memorial service earlier this month for band director George Parks. (Essdras M Suarez/Globe Staff)
Bando: (noun) : a member of a marching band.
The entry refers to a tribute I wrote to my former UMass marching band director, Mr. Parks, who died suddenly on a band trip in September: “We bandos experienced that feeling time and time again at exhibitions in Pennsylvania, Canada, at Giants Stadium (to name a few), and at every single football game at our home in Amherst.’’
My bando friends and I have had many “aha moments’’ through the years with Mr. Parks — including at the huge Homecoming reunion this month where more than 900 alumni performed with 400 members of the UMass Minuteman marching band in honor of our late leader — so it seems fitting that “bando’’ is a new word right along with:
“aha moment’’ (noun): a set of circumstances or series of events that lead to recognition or insight.
Aha, bandos. You’re in!

2014年5月27日 星期二

refinement, refiners eye force majeure clause, malfeasance, "crying wolf", tsunami, find, refined, full-scale

Arrests in China Show Limits of War on Graft
BEIJING — The arrests and harassment of activists suggest a lack of resolve among leaders to fight malfeasance.

Japan refiners eye force majeure clause for Iran contracts
By Osamu Tsukimori | TOKYO, March 2 (Reuters) - Japanese buyers of Iran crude may ask Tehran to include a force majeure clause in contracts if they are unable to pay Iran or lift Iranian oil due to lack of insurance cover for tankers under European ...

"crying wolf",  tsunami, find,  refined,   full-scale
Quake Finds Tsunami Forecasts Still Limited
Forecasters in Hawaii admit that their computer models, while better than they were in the past, were not refined enough to declare whether a full-scale evacuation was really needed.

Japan agency "sorry" after tsunami less than feared
By Linda Sieg TOKYO - Japan's weather agency apologized on Monday for "crying wolf" when it urged some 1.5 million people to evacuate ahead of a possible ...

"crying wolf",狼來了 tsunami 海嘯

Force majeure (French, pronounced: [fɔʁs maʒœʁ][1]) or vis major (Latin) "superior force", also known as cas fortuit (French) or casus fortuitus (Latin) "chance occurrence, unavoidable accident",[2] is a common clause in contracts that essentially frees both parties from liability or obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance beyond the control of the parties, such as a war, strike, riot, crime, or an event described by the legal term act of God (such as hurricane, flooding, earthquake, volcanic eruption, etc.), prevents one or both parties from fulfilling their obligations under the contract. In practice, most force majeure clauses do not excuse a party's nonperformance entirely, but only suspend it for the duration of the force majeure. [3][4]
However, force majeure is not intended to excuse negligence or other malfeasance of a party, as where non-performance is caused by the usual and natural consequences of external forces (for example, predicted rain stops an outdoor event), or where the intervening circumstances are specifically contemplated.

不可抗力〈Force Majeure〉是法律術語,一項免責條款,解作一種人們不能預見、不可避免、不能克服的自然、社會現象客觀情況。自然現象包括但不限於天災人禍如地震、颱風、洪水和海嘯;社會現象則包括但不限於戰爭、市政工程建設和其它政府政策。 在很多情況中,合約中也會列明如因不可抗力的發生而阻礙賣方的交貨義務或履行合約,違約方可部分或者全部免除違約責任。


Syllabification: (mal·fea·sance)
Pronunciation: /malˈfēzəns/

Definition of malfeasance


  • wrongdoing, especially by a public official.



Pronunciation: /-ˈfēzənt/

noun & adjective


late 17th century: from Anglo-Norman French malfaisance, from mal- 'evil' + Old French faisance 'activity'. Compare with misfeasance


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re • fine • ment
refinements (複数形)
1 [U]洗練,上品,高尚,優雅;教養;[C]洗練された態度[趣味など]
a man of refinement
2 [U]精錬,精製;純化.
3 微妙な点,微細な区別;精緻(ち)な思考;[U](論理・推論の)精緻,微妙.
4 [U][C]凝った工夫;改良,改善;極致
the refinements in new model stereos
refinements of torture

winnow, body, resomation, moratorium, inhumation, cremation

· Matthew 3:12 His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will ...
His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor and gather his wheat into the barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.”

 Obama Lifts Moratorium on Transfer of Detainees


It was not clear whether President Obama's aim of shuttering the prison in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, would be achieved soon, but he began a renewed push to winnow down its population.

All eyes on energy companies, as nuclear moratorium ends

The moratorium on nuclear power announced by Chancellor Angela Merkel ended
on Wednesday. Eight of the country's nuclear power plants were turned off
in mid-March. Now it looks like the closure will be permanent.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article

An unprecedented architecture encyclopedia
Unlike most architecture encyclopedias, which tend to concentrate more on buildings and floor plans than their designers, this tome puts the architects in the spotlight, profiling individuals to give readers a clear overview of their bodies of work.
With more than 270 entries, this book covers not only architects but also groups, movements, and styles from the 18th to the 21st century.
Modern Architecture A–Z is a comprehensive resource that no architecture professional, fan, or student should be without.

Adolescents "are confronted by the need to re-establish [boundaries] for themselves and to do this in the face of an often potentially hostile world."[6] This is often challenging since commitments are being asked for before particular identity roles have formed. At this point, one is in a state of 'identity confusion', but society normally makes allowances for youth to "find themselves," and this state is called 'the moratorium':
The problem of adolescence is one of role confusion—a reluctance to commit which may haunt a person into his mature years. Given the right conditions—and Erikson believes these are essentially having enough space and time, a psychological moratorium, when a person can freely experiment and explore—what may emerge is a firm sense of identity, an emotional and deep awareness of who he or she is.[7]

Resomation meets stiff resistance in Belgium

What we want to happen to our bodies once we die can be a very touchy
subject. For some the thought of decomposing is intolerable, for others the
idea of cremation is profane. So what about being reduced to liquid?

The DW-WORLD.DE Article

Resomation (別名 アルカリ加水分解)従業者によってもっと生態学上好ましいより主張される人間の残物の処分のためのプロセスはある、 火葬. プロセスは従来の選択への代わりとしての世界的に販売されている 埋葬 または火葬。 2007年の夏にように1,000人以上でresomatedあったことが要求される 米国,[1] ほとんどの源が引用するが イギリス 会社「Resomation限った」は[2] プロシージャの後ろの原動力として。
Resomationでは(言葉自体はある特定の領域で登録商標であると信じられる)ボディは絹袋、自体に金属のおりフレームの内に置かれて置かれる。 これはおよそ3時間resomation機械にそれから荷を積まれる。 機械は水の混合物で満ちている 水酸化カリウム (大体水の500lおよび水酸化物の20l)、および高い温度(およそ160の摂氏温度)に、しかし沸くことを防ぐ高圧で熱されて。 その代り、ボディは化学部品に効果的に分解する。
最終結果はおよび骨のようであるが手で白着色された塵を形作るために容易に押しつぶされる骨のカルシウム隣酸塩「影として」、(cremulatorが一般には使用されるが)記述されているか何が緑茶色の染められた液体の少しである(アミノ酸を、ペプチッド、砂糖および塩含んでいる)。[3] 液体および塵は両方死んだのの親族の次に戻すことができ庭に埋められるか、または適用されるかもしれない。
resomationプロセスは何人かの生態学的な運動をするグループ現在挑まれている、[4] そしてまたあるイギリスのcrematoriumの場所の代わりのオプションとして示されている。[5] 但し、5月2008日の国家でニューハンプシャーの立法者は練習を禁止した。[6]

Resomation is a specific alkaline hydrolysis process for the disposal of human remains, which is claimed by its creators to be much more ecologically favourable than cremation. The process is being marketed worldwide as an alternative to the traditional options of burial or cremation. As of the summer of 2007 it is claimed that more than 1,000 people have been resomated in the United States of America.[1]
Most sources cite the British company 'Resomation Limited' as the driving force behind the procedure; the company has a pending patent on the procedure and owns the international trademark on the word "Resomator".
In resomation the body is placed in a silk bag, itself placed within a metal cage frame. This is then loaded into a Resomator. The machine is filled with a mixture of water and potassium hydroxide, and heated to a high temperature (around 160 degrees Celsius), but at a high pressure, which prevents boiling. Instead, the body is effectively dissolved into its chemical components and ash, which takes about three hours.
The end result is a small quantity of green-brown tinted liquid (containing amino acids, peptides, sugars and salts) and soft, porous white bone remains (calcium phosphate) easily crushed in the hand (although a cremulator is more commonly used) to form a white-coloured dust. The white ash can then be returned to the next of kin of the deceased. The liquid is recycled back to the ecosystem for example by being applied to a memorial garden or forest.
The Resomation process is currently being championed by a number of ecological campaigning groups,[2] for using less energy and producing less carbon dioxide and pollutants than cremation. It is being presented as an alternative option at some British crematorium sites.[3] The process is currently legal in Minnesota, USA, where a similar process is being used to dispose of donated bodies at the Mayo Clinic.[4] The process was legal in New Hampshire, USA until a recent 1 year moratorium was imposed on the legislation to allow the technology claims to be studied and validated before public use. A commercial Resomator is about to be installed at a Florida funeral home where the process is also legal.[4]


  • [mɔ`ːrətɔ'ːriəm | mɔ'r-]
[名](複-ri・a 〔-ri〕, 〜s)
1 《金融》モラトリアム:金融危機などの際における預金その他債務の一時的支払猶予.
2 ((ふつう単数形))(敵対・危険活動の)一時停止;(危険物の)一時製造[使用]禁止((on ...))
call for a moratorium on nuclear testing
3 承認された延期期間.


Translate moratorium | into Italian
Definition of moratorium

noun (plural moratoriums or moratoria /-rɪə/)

  • a temporary prohibition of an activity:a moratorium on the use of drift nets
  • Law a legal authorization to debtors to postpone payment: the debt was to be subject to a five-year moratorium


late 19th century: modern Latin, neuter (used as a noun) of late Latin moratorius 'delaying', from Latin morat- 'delayed', from the verb morari, from mora 'delay'

Definition of winnow


  • 1 [with object] blow a current of air through (grain) in order to remove the chaff: a combine cuts, threshes, and winnows the grain in one operation
  • remove (chaff) from grain:women winnow the chaff from piles of unhusked rice
  • 2 remove (people or things) from a group until only the best ones are left:guidelines that would help winnow out those not fit to be soldiers
  • find or identify (a valuable or useful part of something):amidst this welter of confusing signals, it’s difficult to winnow out the truth
  • 3 [no object] literary (of the wind) blow:the autumn wind winnowing its way through the grass
  • [with object] (of a bird) fan (the air) with its wings: the emperors of the sky winnowing the air





Old English windwian, from wind (see wind1)



[名](複 -ies)
1 体, 肉体, 身体(⇔mind, soul, spirit)
the strength of the body
body heat [temparature]
the body beautiful
build up one's body
▼「私は体は健康です」はI am healthy. で×My body is healthy. とはいわない.
2 死体

His body was found.
3 《解剖学》(手・足・首を除いた)胴体;(物・道具の)本体, 主要部;(楽器の)共鳴部;(植物の)幹;車体, 船体, 飛行機の胴体;《建築》主要部分;(教会堂の)内陣

the body of a gun
the body of a tree
the body of a ship [an airplane, a car]
船体[機体, 車体].
(1) (演説・文書の)本文, 本論

the body of a letter [a will]
(2) 《インターネット》(Eメールの)本文.
5 《印刷》(活字の)ボディー.
6 《幾何学》立体;《物理学》物体, …体

a regular body
a solid [a liquid, a gaseous] body
固体[液体, 気体].
7 (軍隊・住民などの)主力;大多数

The body of the army surrendered.
(1) ((略式))人. ▼通例女性

a quiet sort of body
(2) 《法律》人

an heir of the body
9 ((単数・複数扱い))団体, 組織体, 法人

a self-governing body
a legislative body
a diplomatic body
10 (惑星・恒星などの)天体

heavenly bodies
11 (…の)かたまり, 集まり((of ...));一団の人々

the student body
a body of water
a body of laws
a body of facts [information]
a body of cold air
in a body
12 [U][C]濃度, 密度;(酒・味などの)こく;(油などの)粘性[度];(整髪料などの)こし, ハードなこと

wine of good body
13 (衣類の)胴部;(女性用の)胴着(bodice).
14 (陶器の)素地, 生地;粘土.

body and soul(1) 肉体と精神

give one's body and soul to the work
own a person body and soul
(2) ((one's 〜))((米俗))恋人.

give body to ...…を具体化する, 具現する.

in body自身で, 親しく(⇒in PERSON);(気持ちはともかく)体は(⇔in spirit).
keep body and soul together((通例おどけて))(逆境にめげず)生きていく, 命をつなぐ.

know where the bodies are buried((米俗))(犯罪・スキャンダルなどの)秘密を知っている.
over my dead body((話))(そんなことは)絶対にさせない
“I'm going to throw out this chair. ” “Over my dead body (you will)!”
「このいすは捨てますよ」「絶対だめだ」.sell one's body肉体を売る, 売春する.
━━[動](bod・ied, 〜・ing)(他)
1 …に形態を与える.
2 …を具体化する;…を如実に示す((forth)).


  • 発音記号[ìnhjuːméiʃən | -hjuː-]
[名][U]埋葬, 土葬. ⇒CREMATION 1


  • 発音記号[kriméiʃən]
1 火葬.
2 (書類などの)焼却.