2012年11月29日 星期四

size up, facet, let up, drum up, burn up, hard up, lenient


 Bad-Loan Leniency Sparks Concern in U.K.
British regulators are increasingly concerned that U.K. banks are being too lenient with struggling borrowers in an effort to mask souring loans on their balance sheets.

The fire has burned up more than 233,000 acres of national forest, and wind is dispersing the smoke.

Congress has been too lenient on Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

Editorial

No Time to Let Up on the Fight

AIDS funding slows just as the need and opportunities expand.



The Strauss-Kahn Case: Sizing Up a Legal Clash's Many Facets

By JOHN ELIGON and JOSEPH GOLDSTEIN
With no eyewitness or other direct evidence of a forcible attack, the case between Dominique Strauss-Kahn and prosecutors is shaping up to be a battle of she-said, he-said.
Rumor: Apple already drumming up parts for iPad 3
CNET
Citing industry sources, DigiTimes said that Apple has begun certifying components for the next-generation iPad, a process that's triggered quick responses from many Taiwan-based hardware manufacturers. The sources said that Radiant Opto-Electronics ...


hard up
In need, poor, as in Unemployment is rising and many families are hard up, or With widespread emigration, Russia is finding itself hard up for scientists and other professional people. [Colloquial; early 1800s]

drum up
1. Bring about by persistent effort, as in I'm trying to drum up more customers, or We have to drum up support for this amendment. This expression alludes to making repeated drumbeats. [Mid-1800s]
2. Devise, invent, obtain, as in He hoped to drum up an alibi. [Mid-1800s]



size up
Make an estimate, opinion, or judgment of, as in She sized up her opponent and decided to withdraw from the election. This usage transfers measuring the size of something to broader meaning. [Late 1800s] 

let up

l

1. See let down, def. 2.

2. Cease, stop entirely, as in The rain has let up so we can go out. [Late 1700s]

3. let up on. Be or become more lenient with, take the pressure off, as in Why don't you let up on the child? [Late 1800s]





lenient

 
音節
le • ni • ent
発音
líːniənt
レベル
社会人必須
[形]寛大な;(人に)哀れみ[情け]深い((to, toward, on, with ...));(事を)大目に見る((about ...)).
[ラテン語lēniēns(lēnisやわらかい+-ēns現在分詞語尾=やわらかくする). △LENIS
le・ni・ent・ly
[副]


2012年11月27日 星期二

bearish, pwssimistic, cutter, brushcutter

Fire at Taiwan's Formosa to have bearish impact on naphtha: traders
Platts3 naphtha-fed steam crackers at Mailiao remained uncertain, demand from the Taiwan refiner -- one of the biggest naphtha buyers in the region -- would remain capped or soften further in the wake of the fire, dealing a further blow to an unsteady ...


Coast guard officials from a dozen Asian and African nations, at right, joined a training cruise around Tokyo Bay aboard a Japanese Coast Guard cutter.
Ko Sasaki for The New York Times
Cautiously, Japan Raises Military Profile
TOKYO — Japan’s resolve to become more of a regional player comes as China stakes its own claims in Asia. Above, a Japanese Coast Guard cutter.
cutter
[名]
1 (仕立屋の)裁断師;(映画・テレビの)フイルム[ビデオテープ]編集者;裁断器(の刃);《解剖学》切歯
a meat cutter
肉切り器.
2 《海事》カッター.
(1) 1本マストの帆船の一種.
(2) 軍艦付属の小艇.
3 税関監視船.
4 ((主に米))小型馬そり.
5 切り違いれんが.

bearish

(bâr'ĭsh) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Clumsy, boorish, and surly.
    1. Causing, expecting, or characterized by falling stock-market prices.
    2. Pessimistic: "Whether or not the [Coast Guard] cutter's presence made bearish the prospects of illicit trade in the outlying islands, there was a prompt mass migration of their inhabitants to the mainland" (Springfield MA Sunday Republican).
bearishly bear'ish·ly adv.



Husqvarna Professional Products Recalls RedMax Brushcutter Due to Fire Hazard

WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed. It is illegal to resell or attempt to resell a recalled consumer product.
Name of Product: RedMax brushcutter / trimmer
Units: About 10,500
Manufacturer: Husqvarna Zenoah Co. Ltd. is an affiliate of Husqvarna Professional Products Inc., Charlotte, N.C.
Hazard: Some fuel tanks allow leakage at the fuel cap, posing a fire hazard to consumers.
Incidents/Injuries: No reports of fire, personal injury or property damage.
Description: The recalled brushcutter / trimmer is a RedMax model TR2350S. Recalled brushcutters have shaft serial numbers ranging from 10215377 to 10625892, and engine serial numbers ranging from 10115390 to 10425910. The product is powered by a 2-cycle gasoline engine and cuts grass or weeds through the use of a spinning black trimmer head containing a spool of filament line. Model number and shaft serial number are located on a label on the shaft halfway between the trimmer head and the engine. The engine serial number is located on the bottom of engine between the two screws that secure fuel tank to the engine. See illustration below.
Sold at: Authorized RedMax dealers and distributors throughout the U.S. and Canada for about $260.00.
Manufactured in: Assembled in U.S.
Remedy: Consumers should immediately stop using the product and return it to their local RedMax dealer for repair.
Consumer Contact: For additional information, please contact Husqvarna toll-free between 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. ET Monday through Friday at (877) 257-6921 or e-mail recalls@husqvarna.com
Picture of recalled RedMax Brushcutter / Trimmer TR2350S Brushcutter
RedMax Brushcutter / Trimmer TR2350S


come up short, emeritus

IN NASHVILLE AND NOW NEW YORK, PAY-FOR-PERFORMANCE MODEL IS COMING UP SHORT
Daniel H. Pink posted an article on his blog entitled ‘Does giving teachers bonuses improve student performance?’ He references the first comprehensive study of this approach, from Nashville Public Schools, which showed that merit pay had little effect on classroom achievement. Now, a new study is out from Roland Fryer. Fryer examined the effects of pay-for-performance in New York City public schools.
As part of a PBS NewsHour series about Race to the Top, Learning Matters produced a report on the Nashville plan, as well as a podcast with Nashville Schools Superintendent Jesse Register talking about pay-for-performance. Both can be viewed on the Learning Matters website.


come up short
期待はずれに終わる, 物足りない.



e·mer·i·tus (ĭ-mĕr'ĭ-təs) pronunciation
adj.
Retired but retaining an honorary title corresponding to that held immediately before retirement: a professor emeritus.

n., pl., -ti (-tī').
One who is retired but retains an honorary title corresponding to that held immediately before retirement.
[形]名誉退職の, 前職礼遇の
a professor emeritus [=an emeritus professor]
名誉教授.
━━[名](複 -ti 〔-tài, -tì〕)名誉教授;前官待遇者.
[Latin ēmeritus, past participle of ēmerērī, to earn by service : ē-, ex-, from; see ex- + merērī, to deserve, earn.]

2012年11月26日 星期一

brood, broodmare, mare, who’s who of stallions

Although Zenyatta retired with a 19-1 record, her success as a broodmare is anyone’s guess.
Luke Sharrett for The New York Times

Pressure Builds for Zenyatta’s Mr. Right

A who’s who of stallions awaits the retired racehorse after a thrilling career on the racetrack. But how she will fare as a broodmare is anyone’s guess. 


 His second large brood graduate.

brood

 
音節
brood
発音
brúːd
レベル
社会人必須
broodの変化形
broods (複数形) • brooded (過去形) • brooded (過去分詞) • brooding (現在分詞) • broods (三人称単数現在)
broodの慣用句
brood above, brood over, (全2件)
[名]((単数扱い, ((英))複数扱い))
1 ((a 〜))((集合的))(…の)一かえりのひな, 一腹(ひとはら)の子(⇒LITTER);((おどけて))(人間の)一家の多数の子供たち((of ...))
a brood of chickens
一かえりのひよこ.
2 ((a 〜))(…の)種類, 種, 群れ, 種族;((軽蔑))衆, やから, 連中((of ...)).
━━[動](他)
1 〈鳥が〉〈卵を〉抱く;〈ひなを〉温める, 保護する.
2 …を熟考する.
━━(自)(←(他))
1 巣につく.
2 じっと[くよくよ]考える.
brood above [over] ...
…におおいかかる;…の上に(ぼうっと)浮かび上がる;〈雰囲気が〉…を満たす, にみなぎる.
brood over [about, on] ...
…をくよくよ考え込む.
━━[形]繁殖のために飼っている
a brood mare
繁殖用雌馬.
[古英語brōd. △BREED(子をつくる)]
brood・less
[形]


broodmare

(brūd'mâr') pronunciation
n.
A mare used for breeding.

mare

[名]
1 雌馬, 成熟したロバ・ラバなどの雌. ⇒HORSE, DONKEY
Money makes the mare (to) go.
((ことわざ)) 地獄のさたも金次第.
2 母馬.

stallion
[名]種馬.

2012年11月24日 星期六

comb, resemble, pretzel, tarmac


Fruit juices with suspended chia seeds at Janie Hoffman's home in Bonsall, Calif.
Sandy Huffaker for The New York Times

After Ubiquitous Pets, Second Life for Chia

With Chia Pets, a mix of seeds and water in an animal-shaped figurine could sprout a plant resembling green hair. Now, chia is becoming a nutritional “it” item.



The New Rules of Airport Delays
This summer puts new rules on tarmac-wait times to the test, as airports stock up on water and pretzels, and deploy buses to unload those who want off long-delayed flights.
Spotlight:

What came first, the soft pretzel or the hard one? The soft pretzel came first. Pretzels have been traced back to seventh-century Europe. Legend has it that a monk took some scraps of leftover dough and twisted them to resemble arms crossed in prayer. He baked them and gave them to children as rewards for learning their prayers. The treats were called "pretiola " ("little prayers). Pretzels made their way to the US in the mid-1800s. Julian Sturgis, a baker in Lititz, PA, offered a meal to a drifter, who, in thanks, gave him a recipe for European pretzels. The popularity of the snack led Sturgis to open the first pretzel bakery in the US, the Sturgis Pretzel House, which remains in operation today. In 2003, Pennsylvania governor Ed Rendell declared April 26 National Pretzel Day, honoring the pretzel and its place in Pennsylvania's history and economy. By the way, hard pretzels supposedly came about when a baker left the tray of soft pretzels in the oven too long.
Quote:
"I wake up every morning in a bed that's too small, drive my daughter to a school that's too expensive, and then I go to work at a job for which I get paid too little. But on pretzel day... well, I like pretzel day."Stanley Hudson, The Office (US version)



 combs sites
Google introduced a new service that aims to make its Internet-search results timelier, using a "real-time" search approach that better combs sites such as Twitter and Facebook.




comb

n.
    1. A thin toothed strip, as of plastic, used to smooth, arrange, or fasten the hair.
    2. An implement, such as a card for dressing and cleansing wool or other fiber, that resembles a hair comb in shape or use.
    3. A currycomb.
    1. The fleshy crest or ridge that grows on the crown of the head of domestic fowl and other birds and is most prominent in the male.
    2. Something suggesting a fowl's comb in appearance or position.
  1. A honeycomb.

v., combed, comb·ing, combs. v.tr.
    1. To move a comb through (the hair) so as to arrange or groom: combed her hair with a comb; combed his hair with his fingers.
    2. To move though or pass across with a raking action: The wind combed the wheatfields.
  1. To card (wool or other fiber).
  2. To search thoroughly; look through: combed the dresser drawers for a lost bracelet.
  3. To eliminate with or as with a comb: combed the snarls out of his hair.
v.intr.
  1. To roll and break. Used of waves.
  2. To make a thorough search: combed through the file for the contract.
[Middle English, from Old English.]


pret·zel (prĕt'səl) pronunciationn.
A glazed, brittle biscuit that is usually salted on the outside and baked in the form of a loose knot or a stick.

[German Brezel, Pretzel, from Middle High German brēzel, prēzel, from Old High German brezitella, from Medieval Latin *brāchitellum, diminutive of Latin bracchiātus, branched, from bracchium, arm, from Greek brakhīōn, upper arm.]
WORD HISTORY The German word Brezel or Pretzel, which was borrowed into English (being first recorded in American English in 1856) goes back to the assumed Medieval Latin word *brāchitellum. This would accord with the story that a monk living in France or northern Italy first created the knotted shape of a pretzel, even though this type of biscuit had been enjoyed by the Romans. The monk wanted to symbolize arms folded in prayer, hence the name derived from Latin bracchiātus, "having branches," itself from bracchium, "branch, arm."



resemble


 
音節
re • sem • ble
発音
rizémbl
レベル
大学入試程度
resembleの変化形
resembles (複数形) • resembled (過去形) • resembled (過去分詞) • resembling (現在分詞) • resembles (三人称単数現在)
[動](他)[III[名]([副])]…に似ている, (…の点で)…のようである((in ...)). ▼ふつう進行形・受身不可. ⇒LIKE1[類語]
An avocado resembles a pear in shape but not in taste.
アボカドはナシと形は似るが味は似ていない
Pat and Lynda resemble each other.
パットとリンダは似ている(▼each otherは省略不可)
Mary closely resembles her mother.
メアリーは母親によく似ている(▼ふつう進行形不可だが推移を表す場合は可:Mary is resembling her mother more and more. ますます母親に似てきている).
[中フランス語resembler (re-強意+ラテン語simulāreまねる). △SIMILAR, ASSIMILATE, FACSIMILE, SIMULTANEOUS, SIMULATE


kite, specter, 'ghost ship' sunk off

Kite With the Wind
A Quest to Reclaim the World Speed Record


  Tsunami 'ghost ship' sunk off US
The US Coast Guard uses cannon to sink a crewless Japanese ship that had drifted to Alaska after being washed away by the 2011 tsunami.



From Nikolai Gogol: The Government Specter


Specter
(spĕk'tər) pronunciation
n.
  1. A ghostly apparition; a phantom.
  2. A haunting or disturbing image or prospect: the terrible specter of nuclear war.
[French spectre, from Latin spectrum, appearance, apparition. See spectrum.]



sink[sink]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[síŋk]
[動](sank 〔sǽk〕 or((時に))sunk 〔sk〕, sunk or((まれ))sunk・en 〔skn〕, 〜・ing)(自)[I([副])]
1 〈物が〉(水面下に)沈む, 沈没する, (雪・泥などの中へ)落ち込む;〈歯が〉食い込む((in, into ...))
The vessel sank.
船は沈没した
Our feet sank in the deep snow.
足が深い雪の中にめり込んだ
The front teeth of the dog sank into the palm of Sanders' hand.
その犬の前歯がサンダースの手のひらに食い込んだ.
2 徐々に下がる, しだいに低くなる, ゆっくり下降する;下方に傾斜する((to, from ...))
The land sinks toward the sea.
土地は海のほうへ傾斜している
The kite was sinking to the ground.
たこは地上にゆっくり落ちていった.
3 〈建造物・地面などが〉しだいに沈下する, 傾く
The foundations are sinking.
土台が沈下している.
4 〈太陽・月などが〉水平線[地平線]に近づく[没する], 沈む
watch the sun sink below the horizon
地平線に日の沈むのを見る.
5 (衰弱などで)くずれるように倒れる;(…に)座る, もたれる, 横たわる((into ...))
sink to one's knees
ひざまずく
She sank onto a bench in exhaustion.
疲れはててベンチにどさっと座った
He sank back into his seat and closed his eyes.
腰をおろして目を閉じた.
6 (ある状態に)陥る, ふける, 熱中する((in, into ...))
sink into a coma
昏睡(こんすい)状態になる
sink into chaos
混乱に陥る
sink down in despair
絶望に沈む.
7 (身分・評価などが)下がる, 落ちぶれる, (名声などの点で)下がる, 落ちる((in ...));〈人が〉(…するほど)落ちぶれる((to doing));(質が)悪くなる, 悪化[下落]する
sink into abject poverty
落ちぶれて赤貧の状態となる
The samurai class sank in prestige after the Edo era.
江戸時代が終わると武士階級の権威は失墜した.
8 衰弱する, (病人の)容態が悪化する, 元気がなくなる;〈心などが〉沈む;〈勢いなどが〉弱まる((down))
The old man is sinking fast.
老人の容態はどんどん悪化している
His heart [spirits] sank.
がっくり気落ちした.
9 (量・価が)減る;(音量などが)低く[弱く]なる;(…まで)減る, 弱まる((to ...))
The price of steel sank.
鉄鋼の値段は下がった
The applause sank when the music began.
音楽が始まると拍手は鳴りやんだ
The population there sank to 500.
そこの人口は500人にまで減った.
10 (心に)しみ込む, 理解される;〈水などが〉(…に)吸い込まれる((in/into ...))
Their warning sank into my mind.
彼らの警告は胸にしみた.
11 〈ほお・目などが〉落ち込む, くぼむ((in)). ⇒SUNKEN
━━(他)
1III[名]([副])]…を沈める, (穴に)落とす((in, into ...))
sink an enemy's boat
敵の船を沈める.
2 …の水平面の高さを下げる.
3 〈くいなどを〉(…に)打ち込む, 〈歯・つめなどを〉(…に)食い込ませる((into ...));〈導管などを〉埋める, 敷設する
He sank his fist into his opponent's stomach.
相手のみぞおちに一撃を加えた.
4 〈穴・井戸などを〉掘る
sink a well
井戸を掘る.
5 …を悪化させる;…をいっそう低い地位にする.
6 〈人を〉破滅させる;〈計画などを〉だめにする
Speculating on the stock market sank him.
株の投機で彼は身を滅ぼした.
7 〈…の量・価・程度などを〉(…に)減らす;〈音などを〉低く[弱く]する((to ...))
He sank his voice to a murmur.
彼は声をひそめてもごもご言った.
8 …を隠す, 隠して言わない, 不問に付す;…を無視する;…を省く
sink one's antagonisms and work for the common good
小異を捨てて大同につく.
9 〈資本を〉(…に)投資する, 注ぎ込む((in, into ...))
sink all one's money into real estate
全財産を土地に投資する.
10 《スポーツ》〈ボールを〉(ゴールに)入れる;《ビリヤード》玉をポケットに入れる
sink a putt
(グリーンでホールに)パットを沈める
He sinks shots one-handed.
彼は片手でシュートを決める.
11 〈公債などを〉減債する, 償還する.
12 〈船が〉〈海岸などを〉見失う.
13 ((英略式))〈酒を〉素早く飲む.
be sunk
((略式))たいへんなことになる.
sink or swim
生きるも死ぬも[うまくいくもいかないも]自分の力しだいだ;一か八(ばち)
Sink or swim, I will try.
のるかそるかやってみよう.
━━[名]
1 (台所などの)流し;((米))洗面台(((英))wash basin)
a sink unit
台所設備一式.
2 水はけの悪い低地;下水溝;汚水だめ.
3 ((文))(悪の)巣窟(そうくつ), 掃きだめ.
4 吸い込み:システム内においてエネルギーを処置する装置・場所.
5 (大気圏粒子の)自然降下.
6 炭酸ガスを吸収する森林.

2012年11月23日 星期五

trumpet, Leninist dogma, bury,recollection, clarion call

Juran is raising the clarion call for businesses and agencies to refocus on customers and integrity.

Editorial

Words Not Spoken

The Democratic Party's principles are worth trumpeting, but many are going unmentioned at its convention.



Posts on social networking sites indicated the change in tone came from the Communist Party’s central propaganda department, which directs and censors coverage of major news events.
If it was a classic response, born of Leninist dogma that dictates that bad news be buried and the state’s heroism trumpeted, it was still understandable after a week of what were apparently copycat crimes.


day of recollection:退省日;避靜日:暫時放下日常工作,從容檢討精神生活、宗教問題之日。

20091125
"The cataracts blow their trumpets from the steep





" No more shall grief of mine the season wrong;
I hear the Echoes through the mountains throng,
The Winds come to me from the fields of sleep."

William Wordsworth, Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of


Early Childhood.


Op-Ed Columnist

The Unquiet American

By ROGER COHEN
Richard Holbrooke's untimely death is a clarion call to America to set aside smallness in the name of values that can still inspire.

Pioneer is in talks with Mitsubishi Electric, Alpine Electronics and Clarion on a possible tie-up in car navigation and other auto equipment operations, the Nikkei business daily reported on Sunday.




尖音小號或小喇叭:clarion call——感人的號召或演講
trumpet call——緊急呼喚

clarion (KLAR-ee-uhn)

adjective: Loud and clear.
noun: An ancient trumpet used as a signal in war.

Etymology
From Latin clarion- (trumpet), from clarus (clear). Earliest documented use: around 1384.

Usage
"'For survivors, Tullia Zevi was a clarion voice that warned against the dangers of neo-Nazism,' said Elan Steinberg." — Prominent Anti-fascist Dies Aged 91; Belfast Telegraph (Ireland); Jan 23, 2011.





rec·ol·lec·tion (rĕk'ə-lĕk'shən) pronunciation
n.
  1. The act or power of recollecting.
  2. Something recollected.

recollection[rec・ol・lec・tion]

  • 発音記号[rèkəlékʃən]

[名]((形式))
1 [U]回想, 記憶(力)
to the best of one's recollection
記憶する限りでは
be beyondpast] recollection
思い出せない
be outside one's recollection
記憶にない, 忘れている
be withininone's recollection
記憶している
I had a dim recollection of that fuss.
あの騒ぎのことはぼんやりした記憶しかなかった.
2 [U]瞑想(めいそう);平静, 沈着.
3 ((しばしば〜s))思い出, 追憶
recollections of one's school days
学校のころの思い出.


trumpet
n.
    1. Music. A soprano brass wind instrument consisting of a long metal tube looped once and ending in a flared bell, the modern type being equipped with three valves for producing variations in pitch.
    2. Something shaped or sounding like this instrument.
  1. Music. An organ stop that produces a tone like that of the brass wind instrument.
  2. A resounding call, as that of the elephant.

v., -pet·ed, -pet·ing, -pets. v.intr.
  1. Music. To play a trumpet.
  2. To give forth a resounding call.
v.tr.
To sound or proclaim loudly.

[Middle English trumpette, from Old French trompette, diminutive of trompe, horn, from Old High German trumpa.]

2012年11月22日 星期四

take effect, placebo effect, deleterious, ethicist

 

 Israel, Hamas Cease-Fire Takes Effect

A cease-fire agreement between Israel and Hamas took effect, capping a furious round of international diplomacy to end more than a week of fighting.
 
 

 

Chuck Klosterman Will Be NYT's New Ethicist

The pop culture critic has been tapped to take over the Sunday magazine's advice column. 

 

 

But Mr. Slater makes a convincing case that "A Christmas Carol" marked an even more important phase in Dickens's writing, one in which he began to draw self-consciously on his own biography for his fiction. Dickens's Christmas story "actually turns on memory," Mr. Slater writes, "specifically on the deleterious consequences of blanking out one's past, as he himself had perhaps often fantasized about doing." In particular, Dickens might have wished to blank out his childhood. An early idyll was shattered, around the age of 12, when his father was consigned to debtors prison.

Half of Doctors Routinely Prescribe Placebos

By GARDINER HARRIS
Published: October 23, 2008

Half of all American doctors responding to a nationwide survey say they regularly prescribe placebos to patients. The results trouble medical ethicists, who say more research is needed to determine whether doctors must deceive patients in order for placebos to work.

The study involved 679 internists and rheumatologists chosen randomly from a national list of such doctors. In response to three questions included as part of the larger survey, about half reported recommending placebos regularly. Surveys in Denmark, Israel, Britain, Sweden and New Zealand have found similar results.
The most common placebos the American doctors reported using were headache pills and vitamins, but a significant number also reported prescribing antibiotics and sedatives. Although these drugs, contrary to the usual definition of placebos, are not inert, doctors reported using them for their effect on patients’ psyches, not their bodies.
In most cases, doctors who recommended placebos described them to patients as “a medicine not typically used for your condition but might benefit you,” the survey found. Only 5 percent described the treatment to patients as “a placebo.”
The study is being published in BMJ, formerly The British Medical Journal. One of the authors, Franklin G. Miller, was among the medical ethicists who said they were troubled by the results.
“This is the doctor-patient relationship, and our expectations about being truthful about what’s going on and about getting informed consent should give us pause about deception,” said Dr. Miller, director of the research ethics program in the department of bioethics at the National Institutes of Health.
Dr. William Schreiber, an internist in Louisville, Ky., at first said in an interview that he did not believe the survey’s results, because, he said, few doctors he knows routinely prescribe placebos.
But when asked how he treated fibromyalgia or other conditions that many doctors suspect are largely psychosomatic, Dr. Schreiber changed his mind. “The problem is that most of those people are very difficult patients, and it’s a whole lot easier to give them something like a big dose of Aleve,” he said. “Is that a placebo treatment? Depending on how you define it, I guess it is.”
But antibiotics and sedatives are not placebos, he said.
The American Medical Association discourages the use of placebos by doctors when represented as helpful.
“In the clinical setting, the use of a placebo without the patient’s knowledge may undermine trust, compromise the patient-physician relationship and result in medical harm to the patient,” the group’s policy states.
Controlled clinical trials have hinted that placebos may have powerful effects. Some 30 percent to 40 percent of depressed patients who are given placebos get better, a treatment effect that antidepressants barely top. Placebos have also proved effective against hypertension and pain.
But despite much attention given to the power of placebos, basic questions about them remain unanswered: Are they any better than no treatment at all? Must people be deceived into believing that a treatment is active for a placebo to work?
Some studies have hinted at answers, but experts say far more work is needed.
Dr. Howard Brody, director of the Institute for the Medical Humanities at the University of Texas Medical Branch, in Galveston, said the popularity of alternative medical treatments had led many doctors to embrace placebos as a potentially useful tool. But, Dr. Brody said, doctors should resist using placebos, because they reinforce the deleterious notion that “when something is the matter with you, you will not get better unless you swallow pills.”
Earlier this year, a Maryland mother announced that she would start selling dextrose tablets as a children’s placebo called Obecalp, for “placebo” spelled backward.
Dr. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, one of the study’s authors, said doctors should not prescribe antibiotics or sedatives as placebos, given those drugs’ risks. Use of less active placebos is understandable, he said, since risks are low.
“Everyone comes out happy: the doctor is happy, the patient is happy,” said Dr. Emanuel, chairman of the bioethics department at the health institutes. “But ethical challenges remain.”


More Expensive Placebos Bring More Relief
By BENEDICT CAREY
In a recent study, researchers found that a $2.50 placebo works better than one that costs 10 cents.
(紐約時報)安慰劑越貴似乎效果更大



 take effect
to start working The medicine takes effect in less than a half hour. New voter registration laws took effect last year.



placebo Show phonetics
noun [C] plural placebos1 a substance given to someone who is told that it is a particular medicine, either to make them feel as if they are getting better or to compare the effect of the particular medicine when given to others:
She was only given a placebo, but she claimed she got better - that's the placebo effect.

日文
━━ n. 偽薬 ((心理的効果,新薬テストなどに用いる)); 気休めの薬; (一般に)気休め.
placebo effect 偽薬による心理的効果.



This was to become a recurring theme; Mr. Barzun even considered science to have had a deleterious effect on university education. While he maintained that modern science was “one of the most stupendous and unexpected triumphs of the human mind,” he attacked, again and again, any hint of “mechanical scientism,” which he said had baleful consequences.

deleterious

adj.
Having a harmful effect; injurious: the deleterious effects of smoking.

[From Greek dēlētērios, from dēlētēr, destroyer, from dēleisthai, to harm.]
deleteriously del'e·te'ri·ous·ly adv.
deleteriousness del'e·te'ri·ous·ness n.




ethics[eth・ics]

  • 発音記号[éθiks]
[名][U]
1 ((単数扱い))倫理, 道徳原理の体系;((通例単数扱い))倫理学, 道徳学. ⇒MORAL[類語]
2 ((通例複数扱い))(特定の階級・集団・文化などに認められる)行為の規範;個人の倫理, 道徳, 道義
medical ethics
医師道
professionalbusiness] ethics
職業[商業]倫理
Christian ethics [=the Christian ethic
キリスト教倫理.
e・thi・cian, -i・cist〔eθín〕
[名]

assessment, personalisation,carefirst


 'Social Risk' Test Ordered by China for Big Projects
New York Times
BEIJING — The cabinet of China has ordered that all major industrial projects must pass a “social risk assessment” before they begin, a move aimed at curtailing the large and increasingly violent environmental protests of the last year, which forced ...


Just a reminder
A Vanguard novice was putting together a system picture for adult social care. She observed that they had all the things that would get you ticks from the Audit Commission but, as ever, the performance was dire. Compliance leads to a de-facto purpose. In her words, the system pictures reveals:
Putting People First = putting people last (record keeping and meeting targets come first)
Carefirst = data entry first, care last
Single Assessment Process = extra assessment process on top of existing assessment processes
Personalisation = help us meet our targets





PersonalisationPersonalization involves using technology to accommodate the differences between individuals. Once confined mainly to the Web, it is increasingly becoming a factor in education, health care (i.e. personalized medicine), television, and in both "business to business" and "business to consumer" settings.




assessment

 
音節
as • sess • ment
発音
əsésmənt
レベル
大学入試程度
assessmentの変化形
assessments (複数形)
[名][U][C]
1 課税, 賦課;査定;評価, 課税のための資産評価
a tax assessment
課税額の査定
environmental assessment
環境アセスメント.
2 査定額;課税額;評価された価値.

2012年11月21日 星期三

lend a hand, Imagologie

France lends Greece a hand
France and Germany are working together on a possible plan to help Greece resolve its budget problems, according to a person close to French President Nicolas Sarkozy.




Some small-business owners, overwhelmed by the time commitment required of marketing their products and services via social media, are hiring consultants to lend a hand.


 您好!本會與輔仁大學合辦之第三屆東亞比較文學會議將於二○○九年十二月十二至十三日(週六、週日)舉行,大會主題為 "Literary Imagologie in East Asia: East Asian Images of Each Other "

The study of the phenomenon of literary images of each other in East Asia is still at an early stage of development, unlike in Europe, where Imagologie had an important role in the establishment of Comparative Literature as an academic discipline. This conference will bring together scholars from East Asia and elsewhere who are working on the conference theme.


lend a hand

Also, lend a helping hand. Be of assistance, as in Can you lend them a hand with putting up the flag, or Peter is always willing to lend a helping hand around the house. [Late 1500s]

2012年11月19日 星期一

GIF, omni-, omnishambles, anthology, omnibus, verbal, omnivorously


A telling part of our modern recapping tradition is choosing “words of the year.” In 1789, lexicographers probably would have gone with guillotine. In 1912, iceberg surely would have been a contender. And for 2012, Oxford Dictionaries settled on GIF.
That’s GIF the verb, derived from GIF the file extension. These days, people often GIF snippets of movies or speeches to create funny little moving pictures on Tumblrs like this one. “The GIF, a compressed file format for images that can be used to create simple, looping animations, turned 25 this year,” notes Oxford University Press’ Katherine Martin, “but like so many other relics of the 80s, it has never been trendier.” (You know, like Betty White.)
(MORE: The 2011 Word of the Year: ‘Squeezed Middle’)
Runners-up included superstorm, super PAC and Eurogeddon, shorthand for the feared financial collapse of countries using the Euro. Oxford Dictionaries, a trendy scion of the honorable Oxford English Dictionary, also announced their British “Word of the Year”: omnishambles. Officially defined as a situation “characterized by a string of blunders and miscalculations,” this pithy counterpart to Murphy’s Law has become a favorite in the U.K. for describing politics.
Last year, Oxford Dictionaries chose squeezed middle, a reference to people between the super-rich and super-poor who are supposed to be particularly vulnerable to financial shifts. It was, as one observer put it, a “sober list for sober times.” The phrase told us that the economy, and the struggles it caused, were the number-one story in 2011, at least so far as one band of wordsmiths was concerned.
So what does GIF tell us about 2012? Given that dictionary additions and buzzword lists have been dominated by technology-related terms in recent years, it may just be a sign that things are getting back to normal. Of course, the runners-up bring a certain amount of sobriety to the field. But the selection still seems to herald a post-recession era — a world where instead of counting pennies, we’re free to goof off on Reddit all day.
MORE: Thanks, Sarah Palin: ‘Refudiate’ Dubbed 2010 Word of the Year


Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/11/12/and-oxford-dictionaries-word-of-the-year-is/#ixzz2CioW57Cg

And Oxford Dictionaries’ Word of the Year Is …



Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/11/12/and-oxford-dictionaries-word-of-the-year-is/#ixzz2CioQaifK

And Oxford Dictionaries’ Word of the Year Is …



Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/11/12/and-oxford-dictionaries-word-of-the-year-is/#ixzz2CioQaifK

And Oxford Dictionaries’ Word of the Year Is …

dictionary
Getty Images
A telling part of our modern recapping tradition is choosing “words of the year.” In 1789, lexicographers probably would have gone with guillotine. In 1912, iceberg surely would have been a contender. And for 2012, Oxford Dictionaries settled on GIF.
That’s GIF the verb, derived from GIF the file extension. These days, people often GIF snippets of movies or speeches to create funny little moving pictures on Tumblrs like this one. “The GIF, a compressed file format for images that can be used to create simple, looping animations, turned 25 this year,” notes Oxford University Press’ Katherine Martin, “but like so many other relics of the 80s, it has never been trendier.” (You know, like Betty White.)
(MORE: The 2011 Word of the Year: ‘Squeezed Middle’)
Runners-up included superstorm, super PAC and Eurogeddon, shorthand for the feared financial collapse of countries using the Euro. Oxford Dictionaries, a trendy scion of the honorable Oxford English Dictionary, also announced their British “Word of the Year”: omnishambles. Officially defined as a situation “characterized by a string of blunders and miscalculations,” this pithy counterpart to Murphy’s Law has become a favorite in the U.K. for describing politics.
Last year, Oxford Dictionaries chose squeezed middle, a reference to people between the super-rich and super-poor who are supposed to be particularly vulnerable to financial shifts. It was, as one observer put it, a “sober list for sober times.” The phrase told us that the economy, and the struggles it caused, were the number-one story in 2011, at least so far as one band of wordsmiths was concerned.
So what does GIF tell us about 2012? Given that dictionary additions and buzzword lists have been dominated by technology-related terms in recent years, it may just be a sign that things are getting back to normal. Of course, the runners-up bring a certain amount of sobriety to the field. But the selection still seems to herald a post-recession era — a world where instead of counting pennies, we’re free to goof off on Reddit all day.


Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/11/12/and-oxford-dictionaries-word-of-the-year-is/#ixzz2CioLNUP9

And Oxford Dictionaries' Word of the Year Is ...
A telling part of our modern recapping tradition is choosing "words of the year"
A telling part of our modern recapping tradition is choosing “words of the year.” In 1789, lexicographers probably would have gone with guillotine. In 1912, iceberg surely would have been a contender. And for 2012, Oxford Dictionaries settled on GIF.
That’s GIF the verb, derived from GIF the file extension. These days, people often GIF snippets of movies or speeches to create funny little moving pictures on Tumblrs like this one. “The GIF, a compressed file format for images that can be used to create simple, looping animations, turned 25 this year,” notes Oxford University Press’ Katherine Martin, “but like so many other relics of the 80s, it has never been trendier.” (You know, like Betty White.)


Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/11/12/and-oxford-dictionaries-word-of-the-year-is/#ixzz2CiodITrq
A telling part of our modern recapping tradition is choosing “words of the year.” In 1789, lexicographers probably would have gone with guillotine. In 1912, iceberg surely would have been a contender. And for 2012, Oxford Dictionaries settled on GIF.
That’s GIF the verb, derived from GIF the file extension. These days, people often GIF snippets of movies or speeches to create funny little moving pictures on Tumblrs like this one. “The GIF, a compressed file format for images that can be used to create simple, looping animations, turned 25 this year,” notes Oxford University Press’ Katherine Martin, “but like so many other relics of the 80s, it has never been trendier.” (You know, like Betty White.)
(MORE: The 2011 Word of the Year: ‘Squeezed Middle’)
Runners-up included superstorm, super PAC and Eurogeddon, shorthand for the feared financial collapse of countries using the Euro. Oxford Dictionaries, a trendy scion of the honorable Oxford English Dictionary, also announced their British “Word of the Year”: omnishambles. Officially defined as a situation “characterized by a string of blunders and miscalculations,” this pithy counterpart to Murphy’s Law has become a favorite in the U.K. for describing politics.
Last year, Oxford Dictionaries chose squeezed middle, a reference to people between the super-rich and super-poor who are supposed to be particularly vulnerable to financial shifts. It was, as one observer put it, a “sober list for sober times.” The phrase told us that the economy, and the struggles it caused, were the number-one story in 2011, at least so far as one band of wordsmiths was concerned.
So what does GIF tell us about 2012? Given that dictionary additions and buzzword lists have been dominated by technology-related terms in recent years, it may just be a sign that things are getting back to normal. Of course, the runners-up bring a certain amount of sobriety to the field. But the selection still seems to herald a post-recession era — a world where instead of counting pennies, we’re free to goof off on Reddit all day.
MORE: Thanks, Sarah Palin: ‘Refudiate’ Dubbed 2010 Word of the Year


Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/11/12/and-oxford-dictionaries-word-of-the-year-is/#ixzz2CioW57Cg

And Oxford Dictionaries’ Word of the Year Is …

dictionary
Getty Images
A telling part of our modern recapping tradition is choosing “words of the year.” In 1789, lexicographers probably would have gone with guillotine. In 1912, iceberg surely would have been a contender. And for 2012, Oxford Dictionaries settled on GIF.
That’s GIF the verb, derived from GIF the file extension. These days, people often GIF snippets of movies or speeches to create funny little moving pictures on Tumblrs like this one. “The GIF, a compressed file format for images that can be used to create simple, looping animations, turned 25 this year,” notes Oxford University Press’ Katherine Martin, “but like so many other relics of the 80s, it has never been trendier.” (You know, like Betty White.)
(MORE: The 2011 Word of the Year: ‘Squeezed Middle’)
Runners-up included superstorm, super PAC and Eurogeddon, shorthand for the feared financial collapse of countries using the Euro. Oxford Dictionaries, a trendy scion of the honorable Oxford English Dictionary, also announced their British “Word of the Year”: omnishambles. Officially defined as a situation “characterized by a string of blunders and miscalculations,” this pithy counterpart to Murphy’s Law has become a favorite in the U.K. for describing politics.
Last year, Oxford Dictionaries chose squeezed middle, a reference to people between the super-rich and super-poor who are supposed to be particularly vulnerable to financial shifts. It was, as one observer put it, a “sober list for sober times.” The phrase told us that the economy, and the struggles it caused, were the number-one story in 2011, at least so far as one band of wordsmiths was concerned.
So what does GIF tell us about 2012? Given that dictionary additions and buzzword lists have been dominated by technology-related terms in recent years, it may just be a sign that things are getting back to normal. Of course, the runners-up bring a certain amount of sobriety to the field. But the selection still seems to herald a post-recession era — a world where instead of counting pennies, we’re free to goof off on Reddit all day.


Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/11/12/and-oxford-dictionaries-word-of-the-year-is/#ixzz2CioLNUP9

GIF

 
音節
GIF
発音
gíf
[名]《コンピュータ》静止画像を圧縮するための規格.
[Graphics Interchange Format]
A telling part of our modern recapping tradition is choosing “words of the year.” In 1789, lexicographers probably would have gone with guillotine. In 1912, iceberg surely would have been a contender. And for 2012, Oxford Dictionaries settled on GIF.
That’s GIF the verb, derived from GIF the file extension. These days, people often GIF snippets of movies or speeches to create funny little moving pictures on Tumblrs like this one. “The GIF, a compressed file format for images that can be used to create simple, looping animations, turned 25 this year,” notes Oxford University Press’ Katherine Martin, “but like so many other relics of the 80s, it has never been trendier.” (You know, like Betty White.)


Read more: http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/11/12/and-oxford-dictionaries-word-of-the-year-is/#ixzz2CiodITrq

'Omnivorously curious'

even years later, shortly after the Olympic Games were held in Berlin, Beckett returned to Germany, this time to conduct a grand tour of galleries and museums.


Inspired Minds: One-to-One with Susan Howe

Howe’s poems have appeared in Anthology of American Poetry, The Norton
Anthology of Contemporary American Poetry and Poems for the Millennium. She
has received two American Book Awards from the Before Columbus Foundation
and was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1999.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew2lxqI44va89pI0

USA Today leads with a look at how the $410 billion omnibus spending bill contains $227 million for pet projects requested by lawmakers who aren't even in Congress anymore.



The 4th volume, The World of C.Y. Tung, contains an anthology of articles, letters, reports and speeches by C.Y. Tung. It also features various interviews with C.Y. Tung's friends and counterparts by Alice King, C.Y.'s eldest daughter, in the last four years. They are themselves valuable verbal history records. Commentaries on C.Y. from around the world are included to complement the collection.


《董浩雲的世界》是《董浩雲日記》的姐妹篇,收錄董浩雲各 個時期所發表的重要論文、報告、書信及演講;長女金董建平於過去 四年,更專誠走訪她父生前友好 及部屬,記錄各人對董浩雲的印象和評價,均為寶貴的口述史料。在此基礎上,本書又選編了當時海內外各界對他的評論,冀能從不同的層面揭示出這位世界船王的 內心世界與傳奇人生。

pronunciation The original Greek meaning of the word anthology is a collection or gathering of flowers in bloom. — Jane Garmey.

an・thol・o・gy



-->
━━ n. 名詩選, 名文集, 詞華集.
an・thol・o・gist ━━ n. その編者.
an・thol・o・gize ━━ v. 詩文選を編む[に収録する].

anthology
noun [C]
a collection of artistic works which have a similar form or subject, often those considered to be the best:
an anthology of modern quotations/American verse
This Bob Dylan anthology includes some rare recordings of his best songs.
Compare omnibus (SEVERAL PARTS).omnibus (SEVERAL PARTS)tics
noun [C]
1 a book consisting of two or more parts that have already been published separately
Compare anthology.

2 UK a programme consisting of two or more parts that have already been broadcast separately:
the omnibus edition of a soap opera


omnibus (TRANSPORT) Show phonetics
noun [C] OLD USE
a bus
the man/woman on the Clapham omnibus UK OLD-FASHIONED
an imaginary person whose opinions or ideas are considered to be typical of those of ordinary British people:
The man on the Clapham omnibus probably knows nothing about Rwanda.


omnivore
(ŏm'nə-vôr', -vōr') pronunciation
n.
  1. An omnivorous person or animal.
  2. One that takes in everything available, as with the mind.
[From New Latin Omnivora, omnivores, from neuter pl. of Latin omnivorus, omnivorous. See omnivorous.]



Omnivorous(ŏm-nĭv'ər-əs) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Eating both animal and vegetable foods.
  2. Taking in everything available, as with the mind: an omnivorous reader.
[From Latin omnivorus : omni-, omni- + -vorus, -vorous.]
omnivorously om·niv'o·rous·ly adv.
omnivorousness om·niv'o·rous·ness n.




verbal (SPOKEN) Show phonetics
adjective
spoken rather than written:
a verbal agreement/description/explanation
Airport officials received a stream of verbal abuse from angry passengers whose flights had been delayed.

 (中央社倫敦13日綜合外電報導)英國媒體四分五裂,政府又失態連連,英國牛津字典(Oxford Dictionaries)今天選出的年度風雲字:「全脫序」(omnishambles),似乎很能貼切形容現今狀況。

牛津大學出版社(Oxford University Press)2012年度風雲字「全脫序」,意為:「一種完全失控的狀況,特徵是老捅漏子、頻頻誤判。」

牛津大學出版社每年都會追蹤英語如何改變,挑選最能反映年度氣氛的字,通常英式英語與美式英語各選一字。今年美式英語年度風雲字是「gif」,也就是「圖形交換格式」(Graphics Interchange Format)的縮寫。

「全脫序」這個新字出自英國諷刺喜劇「幕後危機」(The Thick of It),可用來形容政府公關疏失、倫敦奧運準備工作危機重重,各種情況都適用。

牛津大學出版社編者鄧特(Susie Dent)說,「全脫序」是因為普及性以及「語言學創造性」獲選。

她說,此字來自「羅姆尼脫序」(Romneyshambles),美國總統候選人羅姆尼(Mitt Romney)質疑倫敦主辦奧運能否成功時,英國媒體以此字嘲諷。

「全脫序」擊敗的其他入選字包括:「師奶鹹濕文學」(Mummy Porn, 美式英語寫作 "mommy porn"),形容暢銷書「格雷的50道陰影」(50 Shades)代表的文學類型,以及意指阿富汗軍警攻擊外國軍隊這種中立部隊發動的「綠對藍」(green-on-blue)軍事攻擊。

奧運相關字有多項入選,包括用作動詞的「奪牌」(medal),以及稱呼數千名奧運志工的「奧運締造者」(Games Marker),長距離跑者法拉(Mo Farah)的勝利之舞「法拉機器舞」(Mobot)也有入圍。

歐洲金融危機貢獻結合「歐洲」(Europe)與「末日決戰」(Armageddon)的「歐洲末日戰」(Eurogeddon),科技用詞則有形容看電 視同時用電腦、電話或平板的「第二螢幕觀看」(second screening),另有社群媒體上常見的「你只能活一次」(YOLO)入選。

最後一個入圍的是老字新用的貶抑詞「死老百姓」(Pleb)。據說英國內閣部長密契爾(Andrew Mitchell)曾用這個形容中下階層庶民的貶意詞辱罵警察,密契爾否認,但他後來請辭。(譯者:中央社鄭詩韻)1011113

omni-[om・ni-]
  発音記号[ɑ'mni- | ɔ'm-]

「すべて(all)」
omnicompetent
全権を有する
omniparity
万物平等.


shambles[sham・bles]
 

  • 発音記号[ʃǽmblz]

[名]
1 ((通例a 〜))((略式))混乱状態
make a shambless of ...
…をめちゃくちゃにする.
2 と場.
3 ((英方言))肉屋の売り台[店].