2012年10月29日 星期一

hunker down, Superstorm Land falls, Concerning Hurricane

Superstorm Sandy Land falls

Special Update Concerning Hurricane Sandy

We hope you and your family are safe as Hurricane Sandy arrives in the New York region. WQXR will provide continuous classical music and regular news updates, working closely with our sister station, WNYC, at 93.9 FM or WNYC.org.  

Hurricane disrupts UK passengers
Thousands of passengers face disruption with the cancellation of flights between Britain and the east coast of the US as Hurricane Sandy hits. 

 US East Coast hunkers down for Hurricane Sandy

US and Chinaf hunker down or talks on way forward on North Korea

With the region still in a stir following the death of Kim Jong-Il, senior US and Chinese officials have held high-level talks in Beijing to discuss stability in the reclusive North.


(hŭng'kər) pronunciation

  • 発音記号[hʌ'ŋkər]

1 しゃがむ((down)).
2 気合を入れる, 気を引き締める, 本腰を入れる((down)).
3 強い抵抗姿勢を示す, 頑として譲らない, 徹底抗戦する((down)).
on one's hunkers
うずくまって, しゃがんで.

intr.v., -kered, -ker·ing, -kers.
  1. To squat close to the ground; crouch. Usually used with down: hunkered down to avoid the icy wind.
  2. To take shelter, settle in, or hide out. Usually used with down: hunkered down in the cabin during the blizzard.
  3. To hold stubbornly to a position. Usually used with down: "As the White House hunkered down, G.O.P. congressional unity started crumbling" (Time).
n. hunkers
The haunches.

[Perhaps of Scandinavian origin, akin to Old Norse hokra, to crouch.]

2012年10月28日 星期日

parson, parsonage, rectory

IN HIS own mind, George McGovern was as straightforward an American as you could wish to see. He was born in a parsonage and brought up on the South Dakota prairie. He fell in love in college (Dakota Wesleyan) and stayed married to Eleanor “for ever”.

'A more profligate parson I never met.' George IV

 我再引第一部「在瑪麗格倫」(AT MARYGREEN)第一節最後處,
"I shan't forget you, Jude," he said, smiling, as the cart moved off. "Be a good boy, remember; and be kind to animals and birds, and read all you can. And if ever you come to Christminster remember you hunt me out for old acquaintance' sake."
The cart creaked across the green, and disappeared round the corner by the rectory-house. The boy returned to the draw-well at the edge of the greensward, where he had left his buckets when he went to help his patron and teacher in the loading.




  • 発音記号[réktəri]

1 教区牧師の居宅, 牧師[司祭]館.
2 ((英))教区司祭の収入, 司祭禄.

[名]1 ((略式))聖職者;(プロテスタントの)牧師(clergyman).2 ((古風))(英国国教会の)教区主任司祭.[中ラテン語persōna. 原義は「俳優の面」. やがて「要人」, ...


  • 発音記号[pɑ'ːrsənidʒ]


2012年10月26日 星期五

admiralty, get off your high horse

Government leases historic Admiralty Arch

Photo: Admiralty Arch26 October 2012
The Government has leased for 99 years London's landmark Admiralty Arch to Prime Investors Capital Limited (PIC), Francis Maude, Minister for the Cabinet Office, announced today. The deal will raise £60 million for taxpayers and marks the beginning of one of the largest and most exciting restoration projects in recent years.
London-based PIC were selected following a competitive bid process. They have assembled a team of British specialist companies and consultants with an extensive track record of working with historic properties to undertake the sensitive restoration of Admiralty Arch to the designs of its original


  • 発音記号[ǽdmərəlti]

1 [U]admiralの職[権限].
2 ((英))((the A-))海軍本部;((もと))海軍省(の建物)(((米))the Department of the Navy)
the Board of Admiralty
the First Lord of the Admiralty
3 海事審判所
the Court of Admiralty
4 [U]海事法.
5 [U]制海権.

get off your high horse

Fig. to become humble; to be less haughty. It's about time that you got down off your high horse. Would you get off your high horse and talk to me? .

A request to someone to stop behaving in a haughty and self-righteous manner.
'High' has long been a synonym for 'powerful'; 'remote from the common people'. This usage isn't limited to being on one's 'high horse' but has also persisted in terms like 'high and mighty', 'high-handed' and 'high finance' and in job titles like 'high commissioner'.
When we now say that people are on their high horse we are implying a criticism of their haughtiness. The first riders of high horses didn't see it that way; they were very ready to assume a proud and commanding position, indeed that was the very reason they had mounted the said horse in the first place. The first references to high horses were literal ones; 'high' horses were large or, as they were often known in mediaeval England, 'great' horses. John Wyclif wrote of them in English Works, circa 1380:
Ye emperour... made hym & his cardenals ride in reed on hye ors.
Get off your   high horseMediaeval soldiers and political leaders bolstered their claims to supremacy by appearing in public in the full regalia of power and mounted on large and expensive horses and, in sculptural form at least, presented themselves as larger than life.
The combination of the imagery of being high off the ground when mounted on a great war charger, looking down one's nose at the common herd, and also being a holder of high office made it intuitive for the term 'on one's high horse' to come to mean 'superior and untouchable'.
By the 18th century, the use of such visual aids was diminishing and the expression 'mounting one's high horse' migrated from a literal to a figurative usage. In 1782, Admiral Sir Thomas Pasley recorded his Private Sea Journals. These have ultimately failed to live up to their name as, in 1931, they were published by his great, great great grandson:
"Whether Sir George will mount his high Horse or be over-civil to Admiral Pigot seems even to be a doubt with himself".
Deference to people in positions of power has diminished over the years and we tend nowadays to mock high and mighty people as being 'on their high horse' when they affect a superior and disdainful manner - the term is now rarely used for people who actually are powerful and remote.

2012年10月24日 星期三

ungodly, mega- , indecipherable, megahit

<strong>Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark </strong>Reeve Carney in the title role and Patrick Page as the Green Goblin in this reworking, which finally opened Tuesday at the Foxwoods Theater.
Sara Krulwich/The New York Times
Theater Review | 'Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark'

1 Radioactive Bite, 8 Legs and 183 Previews

The mega-expensive musical is no longer the ungodly, indecipherable mess it was in February. It’s just a bore.


  1. Large: megadose.
  2. Surpassing other examples of its kind; extraordinary: megahit.
  3. One million (106): megahertz.
  4. 1,048,576 (220): megabyte.
[Greek, from megas, great.]

(noun) A product or event, such as a movie or concert, that is exceedingly successful.
Synonyms:smash hit, blockbuster
Usage:After a series of flops brought the film studio to the brink of bankruptcy, it released several megahits that restored its solvency.


(ŭn-gŏd') pronunciation
adj., -li·er, -li·est.
  1. Not revering God; impious.
  2. Sinful; wicked.
  3. Outrageous: had to leave for work at an ungodly hour.
ungodliness un·god'li·ness n.

fast-forward, audiologist, up-close, close-up

The Hunt for an Affordable Hearing Aid

As with many other services, online retailers offer lower prices than private audiologists and most bricks and mortar stores that have more overhead.

To fast-forward means to move forward through an audio or video recording at a speed faster than that at which it would usually flow. The term "fasten forward" is also used instead of fast-forward.

Cool | 22.09.2009 | 18:30

Dresden Drum Festival

As part of our five minute festival series, we take a look at the Dresden Drum Festival. Part concert, part workshop extravaganza, the festival attracts top musicians from around the world.

For aspiring drummers, the Dresden Drum Festival is a chance to see their heroes up close, ask questions and learn new techniques. For the professionals, it's a gig not to be missed.
Reporter: Cinnamon Nippard

  1. A photograph or a film or television shot in which the subject is tightly framed and shown at a relatively large scale.
  2. An intimate view or description.
closeup close'-up' adj. ; adv.

  1. Being at very close range: provided up-close views of rare fish.
  2. Exhibiting or providing detailed information or firsthand knowledge: "up-close glimpses of the big money, big deals, and big decisions of America's entrepreneurial giants" (Harvard Business Review).
upclose up' close' adv.

n. or fast forward
    1. A function on an electronic recording device, such as a videocassette or tape player, that permits rapid advancement of the tape.
    2. The mechanism, such as a button, used to activate this function.
  1. Informal. A rapidly changing situation or series of events: "The trial was on fast forward" (Nelson DeMille).

v., -ward·ed, -ward·ing, -wards. v.intr.
To advance a tape rapidly on an electronic recording device.

To advance (a tape) rapidly on such a device.

2012年10月22日 星期一

mariner, or seaman, authorities, acrimonious, good sailor,

Japan saves 64 Chinese seamen from burning freighter
TOKYO — Japan's Coast Guard saved all 64 Chinese seamen from their burning cargo ship, as the two nations remain locked in an acrimonious dispute over contested islands. The coast guard was alerted by Taiwan authorities late Saturday about a fire on ...

A sailor, mariner, or seaman is a person who navigates water-borne vessels or assists in their operation, maintenance, or service. The term can apply to professional mariners, military personnel, and recreational sailors as well as a plethora of other uses. Etymologically, the name preserves the memory of the time when ships were commonly powered by sails, but it applies to the personnel of all vessels, whatever their mode of locomotion.
Professional mariners hold a variety of professions and ranks which are fairly standard, with the exception of slight naming differences around the world. Common categories by department include the Deck department, the Engineering department, and the Steward's department. Mariners can also be categorized by status as senior licensed mariners or unlicensed mariners.
A number of professional mariners have left the industry and led noteworthy lives in the naval services or on the shore. For example, Traian Băsescu started his career as a third mate in 1976 and is now the President of Romania. Arthur Phillip joined the Merchant Navy in 1751 and 37 years later founded Sydney, Australia. Merchant mariner Douglass North went from seaman to navigator to winning the 1993 Nobel Prize in Economics.

  1. One who serves in a navy or works on a ship.
  2. One who travels by water.
  3. A low-crowned straw hat with a flat top and flat brim.
  4. a goo/bad sailor ---good SAILOR:不怕風浪者

a good sailor
出處 董顯光著《日笑錄‧胡適序》台北:大林,1955/1977二版,頁四
The New Oxford American Dictionary : ( a good /bad sailor ) a person who rare (or often) becomes sick at sea in rough weather.


IN BRIEF: Seaman, a person who is at the helm or a passenger in a boat or ship.

pronunciation A woman knows the face of the man she loves like a sailor knows the open sea. — Honore de Balzac (1799-1850), French writer.

2012年10月21日 星期日

cosplay, hereafter, hereby, hereabout

電視影集「星艦迷航記」(Star Trek)的粉絲今天創下新猷,在「星艦迷航記倫敦終點站」大會中,打破最多人Cosplay(角色扮演)紀錄。估計有1083名行頭齊全的星艦迷齊聚倫敦艾格色中心(ExCel centre),以些微差距擊敗先前寫下的1040人紀錄。先前紀錄是在場子更大、 ...

Cosplay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosplay - Cached
Cosplay (コスプレ, kosupure), short for "costume play", is a type of performance art in which participants don costumes and accessories to represent a specific ...


[副]このあたりに[で], この近くで[に]
somewhere hereabout(s)


1 ((文修飾))((形式))((時間))このあと, これから先, 今後, 将来;((順序))このあとに[で], 以下で(は)
You must be more careful hereafter.
2 ((形式))来世で(は), あの世で(は).
1 ((the 〜))来世, あの世.
2 [U]今後, 将来, 未来.



pliable, pliant, thorn, pliancy, bigwig

 If so, it was not about that. Sihanouk—as he always called himself, in the third person—was shocked that the French, Cambodia’s colonial rulers, had chosen him as king. He was disturbed, too, that they expected him to be a figurehead like his father, pliant and cuddly, a little lamb. True, he stayed giggly all his life, with a penchant for making films, playing saxophone, fast cars and pretty women. Elvis might have played him, he thought. When excited, betraying his French education, he would cry “Ooh la la!” in his high child’s voice. But underneath he was a tiger.

Though many Londoners were cross about being elbowed aside for Olympic bigwigs, a diverse city of individuals not known for their pliancy listened. Many stayed at home, whereas others travelled early or late to avoid crowds. West End firms gripe about the loss of trade. With an eye on the faltering economy, even Mr Cameron has started urging people to return to the capital and eat and shop.

Turkey Goes From Pliable Ally to Thorn for U.S. By SABRINA TAVERNISE and MICHAEL SLACKMANTurkey has recently asserted a new approach in the Middle East, its words and methods as likely to provoke Washington as to advance its own interests.


[名]((略式))大物, (特に官界の)重要人物. ▼昔, 重要人物は大きなかつらをかぶっていたことから.
Easily bent or shaped. See synonyms at malleable.
Receptive to change; adaptable: pliable attitudes.
Easily influenced, persuaded, or swayed; tractable.
[Middle English, from Old French, from plier, to bend. See pliant.]
pliability pli'a·bil'i·ty or pli'a·ble·ness n.pliably pli'a·bly adv.


  • 発音記号[pláiənt]

1 よく曲がる, 柔軟な, しなやかな.
2 すなおな;言いなりになる;影響されやすい
a pliant character
-an・cy, ・ness

2012年10月20日 星期六

imam, citation, recitation, hold up against

California in My Mind

Memories of grilled shrimp, vinyl records and surf culture pull a writer back to the Orange County coast of his youth. How do the beach towns of today hold up against those memories?

Rome court upholds CIA 'imam kidnap' convictions

Italy’s highest court has upheld guilty verdicts against 23 US operatives
convicted of abducting an Egyptian imam in Milan in 2003. It also ordered a
retrial for five Italian ex-operatives accused of being involved.

On Tuesday, the Florida Highway Patrol closed its investigation and issued Woods a citation for careless driving, for which he will receive a $164 fine and four points against his driver's license. Police also said no claims of domestic violence were made in the case, providing no reason to issue a subpoena for medical evidence.

On Monday, Woods withdrew from his own golf tournament, scheduled to begin Thursday, citing his injuries.

W. Deen Mohammed, 74, Top U.S. Imam, Dies

Imam W. Deen Mohammed, a son of the Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad, who renounced the black nationalism of his father’s movement to lead a more traditional and racially tolerant form of Islam for black Muslims, died on Tuesday in Chicago. He was 74.

recitation━━ n. 暗誦, 朗読(詩文); 〔米〕 (学課の)復誦; 詳しい話(をすること); (名前などの)列挙.


━━ n. 【イスラム教】イマーム (((1)モスクの礼拝先導者;(2)スンニ派の学者などの敬称;(3)シーア派の最高指導者)).

also I·mam n. Islam.
    1. In law and theology, the caliph who is successor to Muhammad as the lawful temporal leader of the Islamic community.
    2. The male prayer leader in a mosque.
    3. The Muslim worshiper who leads the recitation of prayer when two or more worshipers are present.
    1. A male spiritual and temporal leader regarded by Shiites as a descendant of Muhammad divinely appointed to guide humans.
    2. An earthly representative of the 12 such leaders recognized by the majority form of Shiism.
  1. A ruler claiming descent from Muhammad and exercising authority in an Islamic state.
    1. Any one of the founders of the four schools of law and theology.
    2. An authoritative scholar who founds a school of law or theology.
  2. Used as a title for an imam.
[Arabic ’imām, leader, imam, from ’amma, to go before, lead.]

━━ n. 引用(文); 【法】召喚(状); (勲功などの)表彰, 感状.

  1. The act of citing.
    1. A quoting of an authoritative source for substantiation.
    2. A source so cited; a quotation.
  2. Law. A reference to previous court decisions or authoritative writings.
  3. Enumeration or mention, as of facts, especially:
    1. An official commendation for meritorious action, especially in military service: a citation for bravery.
    2. A formal statement of the accomplishments of one being honored with an academic degree.
  4. An official summons, especially one calling for appearance in court.
citational ci·ta'tion·al adj.
citatory ci'ta·to'ry ('tə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ē) adj.

switchback, hair-pin turns,sheer overhangs, Rail, Maritime and Transport




In Colorado, Switchbacks and 'The Shining'

The author negotiates daunting cycling trails and haunted hotel history on a trip to Estes Park, Colo.



Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT)

The National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT) is a trade union in the United Kingdom which unionises transport workers. It has more than 80,000 members, and its current general secretary is Bob Crow. It is one of Britain's fastest growing trade unions, increasing its membership by more than a third in the first five years of Crow's leadership.[1]

倫敦地鐵罷工 數百萬乘客受害
(中央社記者黃貞貞倫敦4日專電)不滿地鐵司機會員被開除,倫敦地鐵工會宣布,5月16日起一連5天及6月13日起一連5天,將分別發動大規模罷工,地鐵癱瘓將使數百萬名通勤族受到嚴重影響。 鐵路海事運輸工會(The Rail Maritime andTransport,RMT)指出,2名司機會員被資方不 ...
  • [mǽrətàim]
1 (航海・海運業の)海に関する, 海事の;(一般に)海の
maritime insurance
maritime law
a maritime history
maritime life
2 海に接する;海岸に生息する;海にすむ
a maritime city
a maritime people
3 船乗り特有の.
[ラテン語maritimus(海の(近くの). -timusは最上級語尾. △MARINE, ULTIMATE

Crossing the Carpathians using just pedal power

Großansicht des Bildes mit der Bildunterschrift: The Carpathian mountains provide a steep challenge to cyclists Cycling up the highest mountain pass in Romania, a treacherous stretch of road that includes hair-pin turns and sheer overhangs, might not be everyone's idea of fun. But that's exactly what Tom Wilson did!

Road D2204 ascends to the Col de Braus using hairpin bends in the Alpes Maritimes in the French Alps (43°41′58″N 7°22′50″E / 43.69944°N 7.38056°E / 43.69944; 7.38056)

The type of hair pin (bobby pin) from which a 'hairpin turn' takes its name.

Some of the 48 hairpin turns near the top of the northern ramp of the Stelvio Pass in Italy.

Hairpin turn on the Mont Ventoux in France

One of the most famous NASCAR tracks with hairpin turns was the old Riverside International Raceway in Riverside, California.
A hairpin turn (also hairpin bend, hairpin corner, etc.), named for

A hairpin turn (also hairpin bend, hairpin corner, etc.), named for its resemblance to a hairpin/bobby pin, is a bend in a road with a very acute inner angle, making it necessary for an oncoming vehicle to turn almost 180° to continue on the road. Such turns in ramps and trails may be called switchbacks in American English, by analogy with switchback railways. In British English 'switchback' is more likely to refer to a heavily undulating road—a use extended from the rollercoaster and the other type of switchback railway.


v., -hung (-hŭng'), -hang·ing, -hangs. v.tr.
  1. To project or extend beyond.
  2. To loom over: The threat of nuclear war overhangs modern society.
  3. To ornament with hangings.
To project over something that lies beneath. See synonyms at bulge.
n. (ō'vər-hăng')
  1. A projecting part, such as an architectural structure or a rock formation.
  2. An amount of projection: an overhang of six inches.
  3. Nautical. The part of a bow or stern that projects over the water.
  4. A supply of a commodity in excess of what can easily be disposed of: An unusually warm winter created an overhang in oil stocks.


1 ジグザグ[つづら折り]の山道;((英))上り・下りの多い道.
2 《鉄道》スイッチバック.
3 ((英))=roller coaster.

page, pages, grift, grifter, dispiriting, chimera, Chimerica

胡適到國立編譯館演講「編譯」 的事體一個多鐘頭。胡送平說「今日的演講似無紀錄。」(p. 3262)

王邦維〈論陳寅恪在佛教研究方面的成就及其在學術史上的意義〉p. 365-377,李慶新教授〈陳寅恪先生與佛學〉p. 378-406

複數頁要採用 pp.105-12 等方式表達 單數用p.
1 (本などの)ページ(▼pまたはp. と略す;複数形pagesppまたはpp. と略す);(新聞などの)欄;(印刷物の)1枚, 1葉

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary 以前有此解釋 現在拿掉....

Why Google's grifter is our problem
Washington Post (blog)
Borker is exploiting the neutrality of Google's search algorithm. Simplified a bit (well, a lot), Google ranks pages by counting links to them. ...

Cables Depict Heavy Afghan Graft, Starting at the Top

Corruption in Afghanistan is dispiriting for American officials trying to build support for the government.


Meaning #1: destructive of morale and self-reliance
Synonyms: demoralizing, demoralising, disheartening
Meaning #2: causing dejection
Synonyms: blue, dark, depressing, disconsolate, dismal, gloomy, grim

(grĭft) pronunciation

  1. Money made dishonestly, as in a swindle.
  2. A swindle or confidence game.

v., grift·ed, grift·ing, grifts. v.intr.
To engage in swindling or cheating.

To obtain by swindling or cheating.

[Perhaps alteration of GRAFT2.]
grifter grift'er n.

Revamped Microsoft Office Will Be Free on the Web
New York Times
By ASHLEE VANCE Microsoft has created a chimera in its new Office 2010 software, part desktop software and part Web app. This latest version of Office, ...

Working paper: The End of Chimerica
Download the PDF. For the better part of the past decade, the world economy has been dominated by a unique geoeconomic constellation that the authors call "Chimerica": a world economic order that combined Chinese export-led development with U.S. overconsumption on the basis of a financial marriage between the world's sole superpower and its most likely future rival. For China, the key attraction of the relationship was its potential to propel the Chinese economy forward by means of export-led growth. For the United States, Chimerica meant being able to consume more, save less, and still maintain low interest rates and a stable rate of investment. Yet, like many another marriage between a saver and a spender, Chimerica was not destined to last. In this paper, economic historians Niall Ferguson of HBS and Moritz Schularick of Freie Universität Berlin consider the problem of global imbalances and try to set events in a longer-term perspective.

chi·me·ra chi·mae·ra (kī-mîr'ə, kĭ-) pronunciationalso
    1. An organism, organ, or part consisting of two or more tissues of different genetic composition, produced as a result of organ transplant, grafting, or genetic engineering.
    2. A substance, such as an antibody, created from the proteins or genes of two different species.
  1. An individual who has received a transplant of genetically and immunologically different tissue.
  2. A fanciful mental illusion or fabrication.
[Middle English chimere, Chimera, from Old French, from Latin chimaera, from Greek khimaira, chimera, she-goat.]

Chimerica is a term coined by Niall Ferguson and Moritz Schularick describing the symbiotic relationship between China and the United States, with incidental reference to the legendary chimera.[1][2][3][4][5]


  • 発音記号[kimíərə, kai-]
1 ((しばしばC-))《ギリシャ神話》キメラ:ライオンの頭・ヤギの体・蛇の尾を持ち, 火を吐く怪獣.
2 (装飾・意匠に使う)怪物;架空の怪物;妄想, 根拠のない幻想, 非現実的な考え.
3 《生物》キメラ:別々の発生系統から成る生物体.

loin, surloin, boundary, live up to, ordnance, booby-trap

Syrians Place Booby-Trapped Ammunition in Rebels’ Guns

DEIR SONBUL, Syria — The Syrian government has salted ammunition with ordnance that explodes inside fighters’ guns, killing or wounding them while destroying their weapons.

Yulia hasn't yet worn sirloin steak to an awards ceremony like Lady Gaga (although her DJ career did begin at a night club called Meat in Shinjuku, Tokyo), but she is keen to test her own and everybody else's boundaries.

Scrutinizing Google’s Reign

Google’s slogan may be don’t be evil, but U.S. and European antitrust regulators want to know if the company, led by Eric Schmidt, has lived up to that creed.

Some web users have criticized the plan as "discrimination against the poor," saying Hong Kong was a much fairer and more modern city than Guangzhou, where people could not be expected to live up to such high standards.

live up to︰片語,遵守、落實。例句︰The politician failed to live up to his promises.(這名政治人物沒有實踐他的承諾。)
1. Live or act in accordance with; also, measure up to. For example, Children rarely live up to their parents' ideals, or This new technology has not lived up to our expectations. [Late 1600s]
2. Carry out, fulfill, as in She certainly lived up to her end of the bargain. [First half of 1800s]

[名]1 [C][U](牛・豚・羊の)腰肉. ⇒BEEF(図)2 ((〜s))((主に文))腰, 腰部;(生殖力の源としての)下腹, 股(また) the fruit of one's loins...
[名]下帯;(熱帯地方の人の)腰布, 腰巻き.

(sûr'loin') pronunciation
A cut of meat, especially of beef, from the upper part of the loin just in front of the round.
[Middle English surloine, from Old French surlonge, *surloigne : sur, above (from Latin super) + longe, loigne, loin; see loin.]

bóoby tràp[bóoby tràp]
An explosive device designed to be triggered when an unsuspecting victim touches or disturbs a seemingly harmless object.
A situation that catches one off guard; a pitfall.booby-trap boo'by-trap' (bū'bē-trăp') v.

1 ((略式))偽装爆弾, 仕掛け爆弾[地雷].
2 まぬけだまし:戸をあけたとたんに物が落ちるようないたずら.
[動](他)…にbooby trapを仕掛ける.


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[ɔ'ːrdnəns]

1 ((集合的))砲.
2 兵器;軍需品;軍需品部
Ordnance Corps
3 ((英))陸地測量(部)
an ordnance map
an ordnance datum

2012年10月19日 星期五

forthright outspeaking, cogent

The spirit of Dr. Middleton, as Clara felt, had been blown into Vernon, rewarding him for forthright outspeaking.

In the 1960s and early 1970s, as socialism advanced around the world and capitalism seemed increasingly under siege, Milton Friedman offered the most cogent and passionate defence of the idea that free markets and free peoples are not only more efficient than centrally planned systems but morally superior.


v., -spoke (-spōk'), -spo·ken (-spō'kən), -speak·ing, -speaks. v.tr. Archaic
To speak better or more cogently than (another).

To speak out.

[動](-spoke, -spoken)(他)
1 …を言い負かす.
2 …を大胆[率直]に言う.
━━(自)はっきり意見を述べる, 大声で言う.

 ('jənt) pronunciation
Appealing to the intellect or powers of reasoning; convincing: a cogent argument. See synonyms at valid.

[Latin cōgēns, cōgent-, present participle of cōgere, to force : co-, co- + agere, to drive.]
cogency co'gen·cy (-jən-sē) n.
cogently co'gent·ly adv.


  • 発音記号[kóudʒənt]

1 ((形式))〈理論・議論などが〉説得力のある.
2 適切な, 的を射た.

2012年10月16日 星期二

figures of speech, high-concept, amorous,

Presidential figures of speech

Oct 15th 2012, 14:31 by The Economist online

The use of language in the first round of America's presidential debates
POLITICANS are often criticised for not saying what they mean, but a look at the literal meaning of what they say can be revealing. The first round of America's presidential debate is no exception, awash with vivid metaphors and colourful expressions. Mitt Romney's use of language was more consistent. He outlined America's current problems and then presented voters with a choice. American families were weighed down, being “buried”, “crushed” and “hurt”. The candidate offered a “very different path”. The president, by contrast, used a wider variety of metaphors. Initially Mr Obama was a chef seeking “a recipe for growth” and a bartender concerned with who would “pick up the tab” for debt. At other times he was a sailor who had helped to “weather” the recession or a boxer willing to “fight every single day”. For Mr Obama, opportunity could be reached up ladders, on frameworks, through doors and gateways. Of course, no journalist would muddy the waters of a message with such a mixed bag of metaphors. As both candidates prepare for tomorrow's town hall debate, The Economist humbly offers this link to the section on the correct use of metaphor in our style guide.

 weigh in with her intellectual heft


Designed to appeal to a mass audience, as by incorporating popular, glamorous features: a high-concept screenplay.
Weight; heaviness; bulk.

v., heft·ed, heft·ing, hefts. v.tr.
  1. To lift (something) in order to judge or estimate its weight.
  2. To hoist (something); heave.
To have a given weight; weigh.

[Middle English, from heven, to lift. See heave.]

figure of speech
1 《修辞学》比喩(的表現), 文彩:直喩(simile), 隠喩(metaphor)など.2 言葉のあや.


  • 発音記号[ǽmərəs]

1 好色な, 多情な
amorous affairs
2 (人に)ほれ込んでいる, 恋いこがれている((of ...)).
3 〈態度などが〉色っぽい, なまめかしい, あだっぽい
amorous glances
色目, 秋波.

2012年10月14日 星期日

CPI, wholesale, self-interest, self-destruction, superrich, mobility

The Self-Destruction of the 1 Percent
America’s superrich are eliminating the social mobility that creates wealth.

The wheels will grind on: FATF will evaluate progress (more rigorously, it says) and name and shame laggards. The European Union will shortly start work on a new anti-money-laundering directive, its fourth and toughest to date. But for the time being, self-interest has trumped efforts to clean up company law.

Metropolitan Police Commander Ali Dizaei has been sentenced to four years for assaulting and falsely arresting a man in a dispute over £600.
Southwark Crown Court was told Waad Al-Baghdadi was arrested by Dizaei in a row over work on the officer's website.
Dizaei, 47, was convicted of both misconduct in a public office and perverting the course of justice.
Prosecutor Peter Wright QC said he was guilty of a "wholesale abuse of power" motivated by self-interest and pride.

Producer Price Index
(PPI) 生產者物價指數
「生產者物價指數」是用來衡量生產者在生產過程中,所需採購品的物價狀況;因而這項指數包括了原料,半成品和最終產品等(美國約採3000種東西)三個生產階段的物價資訊。(過去或稱躉售物價指數wholesale price index WPI)它是消費者物價指數(CPI:以消費者的立場衡量財貨及勞務的價格)之先聲。
)增速的局面並沒有導致利潤收縮。如果我們以淨利潤總額對銷售額的比率來表示中國企業的平均利潤率﹐那麼可以看到﹐2003年以來中國企業的利潤率開始上升。而近年來雖然原材料成本大增﹐但利潤率仍處於週期高位。從經驗性研究來看﹐企業利潤率和PPI-CPI增速差額之間存在明顯的正相關關係﹐這與許多人認為的情況恰恰相反﹐而且下游產業同樣存在這種正相關關係。如果說企業利潤率和PPI-CPI增速差額之間確實存在著經驗性因果關係﹐那麼從數據來看﹐事實是PPI增速的加快往往意味著利潤增速的上升。" (梁紅)

Fleet Street (London) was for centuries the home of the newspaper industry and the name is still used to describe the national press. It ran from the Fleet river, a noisome ditch, to the Strand—strategically between the city and the court. In the 1980s there was a wholesale exodus of newspapers to less-congested sites elsewhere.
The sale of goods in large quantities, as for resale by a retailer.
  1. Of, relating to, or engaged in the sale of goods in large quantities for resale: a wholesale produce market; wholesale goods; wholesale prices.
  2. Made or accomplished extensively and indiscriminately; blanket: wholesale destruction.
  1. In large bulk or quantity.
  2. Extensively; indiscriminately.

v., -saled, -sal·ing, -sales. v.tr.
To sell in large quantities for resale.
  1. To engage in wholesale selling.
  2. To be sold wholesale.
wholesaler whole'sal'er n.


  • レベル:社会人必須

1 利己主義, 利己心.
2 私利, 私欲.

2012年10月13日 星期六

overstate, understate, subcommittee, anarchy, failure rate

J. K. Rowling: By the Book

The author of "Harry Potter" and, now, "The Casual Vacancy" says her favorite literary character is Jo March: "It is hard to overstate what she meant to a small, plain girl called Jo."

Goldman Plans to Fight Back Against Senate Report
Goldman, trying to counter a Senate subcommittee report that is fueling investigations and suspicion of the firm, plans to accuse the subcommittee of drastically overstating the firm's bets against the housing market in 2007.
Goldman Plans to Fight Report on Mortgage Bets
Goldman Sachs Group Inc. plans to accuse the U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of drastically overstating Goldman's bets against the housing market in 2007, according to people familiar with the situation, in an attempt to counter a report from that subcommittee that is fueling investigations and suspicion of the securities firm.

It helped that our motion, “Print media is dead” (it should have been “are dead”, of course), was overstated. Print clearly isn’t dead. On my train to Scotland, as many people were lost in newspapers and books as in laptops and iPads.

Accounting Information as Political Currency

http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5920.htmlCorporate donors that gave at least $10,000 to closely watched races in the U.S. congressional elections of 2004 were more likely to understate their earnings, say Harvard Business School's Karthik Ramanna and MIT colleague Sugata Roychowdhury. Such "downward earnings management" may have functioned as a political contribution. In this Q&A, Ramanna explains how accounting and politics influence each other.

 anarchy, failure (rate).

When the Obama administration was seeking to drum up support for its education initiatives last spring, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan told Congress that the federal law known as No Child Left Behind would label 82 percent of all the nation’s public schools as failing this year. Skeptics questioned that projection, but Mr. Duncan insisted it was based on careful analysis. President Obama repeated it in a speech three days later. “Four out of five schools will be labeled as failing,” Mr. Obama said at Kenmore Middle School in Arlington, Va., in March. “That’s an astonishing number.” Now a new study, scheduled for release on Thursday, says the administration’s numbers were wildly overstated. The study, by the Center on Education Policy, a Washington research group headed by a Democratic lawyer who endorses most of the administration’s education policies, says that 48 percent of the nation’s 100,000 public schools were labeled as failing under the law this year. The article is in The New York Times.

由於麥克拉倫擅於宣傳,Sex Pistols迅速上位,憑首張單曲Anarchy in the UK一炮而紅,反建制歌曲God Save The Queen更成為Punk壇經典,

on Page 3: " ... co-operate with any form of authority rather than submit to anarchy. For a generation, these notions continued to work on people's minds, bestowing a sense ... "

failure rate
(′fāl·yər ′rāt)或故障失敗的比率
(engineering) The probability of failure per unit of time of items in operation; sometimes estimated as a ratio of the number of failures to the accumulated operating time for the items.


  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[féiljər]

1 (…での)失敗, しくじり, 不首尾((in, of ...));失敗者, 落後者, 失敗した企て, 不できな物
a failure in business
the failure of a plan
2 怠慢, (…の)不履行((in ...));(…)しない[できない]こと((in ..., to do))
a failure in duty
a person's failure to appear
(人が)姿を見せないこと, 欠席, 欠勤.
3 (…の)不足, 欠乏, 不十分((of, in ...))
failure of nerve
failure of issue
4 (特に活力・力などの)衰弱, 減退, (機能の)停止, 故障((of, in ...));(臓器の)不全
a mechanical failure
5 破産, 倒産
bank failure
6 (学校で)落第(生);落第点, 不可. ▼通例Fマーク. ⇒GRADE[名]3

(fāl'yər) pronunciation
  1. The condition or fact of not achieving the desired end or ends: the failure of an experiment.
  2. One that fails: a failure at one's career.
  3. The condition or fact of being insufficient or falling short: a crop failure.
  4. A cessation of proper functioning or performance: a power failure.
  5. Nonperformance of what is requested or expected; omission: failure to report a change of address.
  6. The act or fact of failing to pass a course, test, or assignment.
  7. A decline in strength or effectiveness.
  8. The act or fact of becoming bankrupt or insolvent.
[Alteration of failer, default, from Anglo-Norman, from Old French faillir, to fail. See fail.]

noun [U]
lack of organization and control, especially in society because of an absence or failure of government:
What we are witnessing is the country's slow slide into anarchy.
The country has been in a state of anarchy since the inconclusive election.
If the pay deal isn't settled amicably there'll be anarchy in the factories.

Milligan's anarchic humour has always had the power to offend as well as entertain.


n., pl. -chies.
  1. Absence of any form of political authority.
  2. Political disorder and confusion.
  3. Absence of any cohesive principle, such as a common standard or purpose.
[New Latin anarchia, from Greek anarkhiā, from anarkhos, without a ruler : an-, without; see a–1 + arkhos, ruler; see –arch.]


━━ n. 無政府(状態), (社会の)無秩序.
an・ar・chic, an・ar・chi・cal ━━ a.
an・ar・chism ━━ n. 無政府主義[状態], 無秩序.
an・ar・chist, an・arch
 ━━ n. 無政府主義者[党員].

tr.v., -stat·ed, -stat·ing, -states.
To state in exaggerated terms. See synonyms at exaggerate.

overstatement o'ver·state'ment n.

v., -stat·ed, -stat·ing, -states. v.tr.
  1. To state with less completeness or truth than seems warranted by the facts.
  2. To express with restraint or lack of emphasis, especially ironically or for rhetorical effect.
  3. To state (a quantity, for example) that is too low: understate corporate financial worth.
[動](他)〈数・量・程度などを〉少なく[小さく, 弱く]言う;控えめに述べる[する].
To give an understatement.