2017年1月31日 星期二

Pea soup, or a pea souper, make an impression on sb


Image result for pea-soupers
Pea soup, or a pea souper, also known as a black fog, killer fog or smog is a very thick and often yellowish, greenish, or blackish fog caused by air pollution that contains soot particulates and the poisonous gas sulfur dioxide.

Pea soup fog - Wikipedia


make an impression on sb
to cause someone to notice and admire you:
He made quite an impression on the girls at the tennis club.

Harvard University Press
"In Victorian times it was our love for home fires that politicians were reluctant to upset; today it is our love for cars and other private means of transport. It took many decades to act on the knowledge that pea-soupers cost lives. How many decades will it take in our own time?"


Writers and artists were inspired by the pea-soupers but smog cost thousands of lives
WWW.THEGUARDIAN.COM

2017年1月30日 星期一

staging a walkout over Trump’s immigration ban

2,000 Google employees just went out to protest the immigration ban.


Walking off the job in eight offices worldwide
THEVERGE.COM|作者:CASEY NEWTON

walkout
noun [C]
the act of leaving an official meeting as a group in order to show disapproval, or of leaving a place of work to start a strike:
Senior union workers staged (= had) a walkout this afternoon at the annual conference over the proposed changes in funding.
See also walk out.2012年4月5日 星期四

edible, Face OWS-Like Walkout

 AT&T Faces Possible Walkout
AT&T could see 40,000 wireline employees walk off the job Sunday morning if the union can't reach an agreement with the telecommunications giant for a new contract.




Harvard Students Stage Walkout in OWS-Like Protest Intro econ class walks out, criticizes professor as favoring the rich.

wálkòut[wálk・òut][名]

1 ストライキ(strike)
stage a walkout
ストライキをする.
2 ((主に米略式))(抗議のための)退場, 欠場.

the possible and the probable, price fixing, read sth into sth



Science fiction inspired him—though his first job after leaving school was in the down-to-earth British civil service, which gave him plenty of time to think and write. From there, imagining the possible and the probable gradually took over.
In a statement late Monday, Yahoo said: "We have been informed that the Justice Department, as they sometimes do, is seeking advice from an outside consultant, but that we should read nothing into that fact. We remain confident that the deal is lawful."

FOXBusiness - USA
SAN FRANCISCO -- Japan's Hitachi Displays Ltd. will plead guilty and pay a $31 million fine for its role to fix prices in the sale of thin film ...


price fixing
also n.
  1. The setting of commodity prices artificially by a government.
  2. The result of an unlawful agreement between manufacturers or dealers to set and maintain specified prices on typically competing products.

read sth into sth phrasal verb
to believe that an action, remark or situation has a particular importance or meaning, often when this is not true:
Don't read too much into her leaving so suddenly - she probably just had a train to catch.

possible

(pŏs'ə-bəlpronunciation
adj.
  1. Capable of happening, existing, or being true without contradicting proven facts, laws, or circumstances.
  2. Capable of occurring or being done without offense to character, nature, or custom.
  3. Capable of favorable development; potential: a possible site for the new capital.
  4. Of uncertain likelihood.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin possibilis, from posse, to be able.]
adj. - 可能的, 合理的, 可允許的, 有可能的, 合適的, 尚可的
n. - 可能性, 可能的事物

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 可能性, 適当なもの, 可能性のあるもの
adj. - 可能な, 起こりうる, 有り得る, 満足できる, 可能な限りの


SYNONYMS possible, workable, practicable, feasible, viable. These adjectives mean capable of occurring or being done.
Possible indicates that something may happen, exist, be true, or be realizable: “I made out a list of questions and possible answers” (Mary Roberts Rinehart). 

Workable
 is used of something that can be put into effective operation: If the scheme is workable, how will you implement it?

Something that is practicable is capable of being effected, done, or put into practice: “As soon as it was practicable, he would conclude his business”

Feasible
 refers to what can be accomplished, brought about, or carried out: Making cars by hand is possible but not economically feasible.

Viable implies having the capacity for continuing effectiveness or success: “How viable are the ancient legends as vehicles for modern literary themes?” (Richard Kain).
 (George Eliot).

probable

(prŏb'ə-bəlpronunciation
adj.
  1. Likely to happen or to be true: War seemed probable in 1938. The home team, far ahead, is the probable winner.
  2. Likely but uncertain; plausible.
  3. Theology. Of or relating to opinions and actions in ethics and morals for whose lawfulness intrinsic reasons or extrinsic authority may be adduced.
[Middle English, plausible, from Old French, from Latin probābilis, from probāre, to prove. See prove.]
pronunciation When it is not in our power to determine what is true, we ought to follow what is most probable.— Rene Descartes (1596-1650), French mathematician, physiologist, physicist and philosopher.

adj. - 很可能發生的, 很有希望的, 很可能成為事實的, 有充分根據的
n. - 有希望的候選人, 可能的事情
idioms:
  • probable cause 合理的根據

日本語 (Japanese)
adj. - ありそうな, 有望な
n. - 起こりそうなこと, 予想される勝者
idioms:
  • probable cause 考えられる原因, 相当の根拠

in the flesh, investigative journalist/ reporting

NPR
6小時
"This effort is not a response to the administration in Washington, but it's certainly well-timed," said CNN Vice President Andrew Morse.

The new effort will be guided by two legendary investigative journalists, will involve at least a dozen new hires and the creation of a new digital home for the new unit.
NPR.ORG


China’s greatest fear is that Trump will encourage, if not support, moves toward Taiwan’s independence. This potentially threatens the geopolitical integrity of the country, as it could strengthen similar movements in other separatist regions, such as Hong Kong and Xinjiang. Already on alert after Trump’s unprecedented phone call with Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, Beijing warned against allowing Tsai to stop over in the United States this month during an international trip. More threateningly, the government has stated that any attempt by Trump to change the status quo over Taiwan would cross a “red line” and incur “revenge.” A meeting in the flesh between Trump and Tsai would cause the most serious crisis in U.S.-China relations since normalization in 1979.


in the flesh
phrase of flesh
  1. 1.
    in person or (of a thing) in its actual state.

    "they decided that they should meet Alexander in the flesh"



flummox, gravel, gavel, macho, to "man up", Go Under the Gavel

China’s leaders are undoubtedly flummoxed by Trump.

Molenbeek has been known as a hotspot for IS activity ever since the Paris bombings. Yet security forces failed to penetrate its jihadist networks


The gavel never stood a chance against former Army Staff Sgt. Ryan Pitts.
WASHINGTONPOST.COM

Give the Ref a Gavel

By ELDON L. HAM
The real obstacle to prosecuting excessive violence in sports may be our culture's macho conception of athletes, who are expected to "man up" in the face of threats to their safety.



Everyone here is flummoxed about why the president is in such a fine mood.

Chislehurst (pronounced /ˈtʃɪzəlhɜrst/) is a suburban settlement in south east London, England and an electoral ward of the London Borough of Bromley.
Etymology
The name "Chislehurst" is derived from the Saxon words "cisel" which means gravel and "hyrst" which means wooded hill.

Mansions Go Under the Gavel 
By GERALDINE FABRIKANT
With the real estate market in the doldrums, many owners of multimillion-dollar homes are being pushed by creditors or courts to use auctions.




gav·el1 (găv'əl)
n.
  1. A small mallet used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer to signal for attention or order or to mark the conclusion of a transaction.
  2. A maul used by masons in fitting stones.
tr.v.-eled also -elled-el·ing -el·ling-els -els.
To bring about or compel by using a gavel: “The chairman . . . tries to gavel the demonstration to an end” (New Yorker).
[Origin unknown.]


gravel Show phonetics
noun [U]
small rounded stones, often mixed with sand:
a gravel path

gravelled, US USUALLY graveled Show phonetics
adjective

gravelly Show phonetics
adjective
gravelly soil

gavel
(găv'əl) pronunciation
n.
  1. A small mallet used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer to signal for attention or order or to mark the conclusion of a transaction.
  2. A maul used by masons in fitting stones.
tr.v., -eled, also -elled, -el·ing, -el·ling, -els, -els.
To bring about or compel by using a gavel: "The chairman . . . tries to gavel the demonstration to an end" (New Yorker).

[Origin unknown.]

gav·el2 (găv'əl) pronunciation
n.
Tribute or rent in ancient and medieval England.

[Middle English, from Old English gafol.]


flummox
verb [T] INFORMAL
to confuse someone so much that they do not know what to do:
I have to say that last question flummoxed me.Meaning #1: be a mystery or bewildering to


flummoxed
adjective INFORMAL

He looked completely flummoxed.

vet, positive vetting, Veterinary, diktat, Maginot line, word-vetting, NOT VETTED BY CNN




NOT VETTED BY CNN





Ilegal Lawfulness: Taiwanese Citizen Occupying Parliament

  A Founder of the Revolution Is Barred From Office, Shocking Iranians

By THOMAS ERDBRINK

A vetting panel rejected former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and an ally of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's.


The group, called Google Ventures, is expected to invest up to $100 million over the next 12 months. It will be overseen by David Drummond, who will continue in his role as senior vice president of corporate developing and chief legal officer at Google. Investments will be vetted by William Maris, who joined Google about a year ago, and Rich Miner, a co-founder of Android, a mobile software startup that Google acquired in 2005.

Aides Say Obama Chose a Partner in Leadership
By JEFF ZELENY and JIM RUTENBERG
As world events shifted, Senator Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s stock rose through one of the most rigorous vice presidential vetting processes Democrats could recall.

States Join Feds In Vetting Google, Yahoo Deal
WebProNews - Lexington,KY,USA
Search advertising by Google, search results by Yahoo, and a lot of scrutiny at the federal level received another layer of interest, this time from state ...



"Andy Burnham, the chief secretary to the Treasury, is coordinating a move to end one of the defining characteristics of the Blair years by scrapping all but 30 top-down targets used to vet performance."


Near A Quarter Million Taiwanese Gathered to Protest for Human Rights Violation in Its Military

Near A Quarter Million Taiwanese Gathered to Protest for Human Rights Violation in Its Military

Near a quarter million Taiwanese marched and gathered in front of the Presidential Office Building on the night of August 3rd (local time) demanding justice for the tragic death of young Corporal Hung Chung-Chu (洪仲丘) and the improvement of human rights issues in the country’s military, Republic of China Army (RCA).

The mysterious death of Corporal Hung has been the center of this island’s attention for a month since its reporting in early July. Though the government and its military police have vowed to investigate thoroughly, many have not yet been satisfied with the results. Corrupted key evidences and many statements with either incomplete or suspicious information released by the military police investigation unit only fueled people’s anger and frustration toward the government.

The protest on August 3rd was aimed to pressure the government for more detailed and open investigation into Hung’s tragedy and improvements for soldiers’ rights in RCA. A Facebook group named "Citizen 1985" organized and called for the protest.

Over hundreds of thousands of users showed their support online by sharing the information of this event via Facebook, YouTube, and other social media channels. The majority of the event participants are believed to be young men and women in their 20s. Many perceived this event as a new milestone of social movement activity for young Taiwanese.

The government sopekeman and the President of the Executive Yua, Chiang Yi-Huah (江宜樺), held a press conference later at night responding to the protest. Chiang reassured the public that the government will devote its effort to provide a practical and swift improvement plan for the human rights issues in the military and the military court justice system. However, Chiang also stated that the government will respect the investigation results done by the military police and the will not interfere nor involve with the case further.

Many are skeptical about such announcement due to the lack of government action to face these issues in the past. It is fair to say that more protest events are to be expected in the following weeks if there is no sign of change or progress on Hung's case.

Photo Courtesy of local Internet user jake0000

vet當動詞至少有兩義:
v.tr.

1. To subject to veterinary evaluation, examination, medication, or surgery.獸醫相關的檢驗等或

2. 仔細檢驗或評估 To subject to thorough examination or evaluation: vet a manuscript.

Vetting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vetting
Vetting is the process of performing a background check on someone before offering them employment, conferring an award, etc. A prospective person or ...Veterinary
本港缺乏動物護理的課程,理大與英國倫敦大學皇家獸醫學院合辦動物護理學士課程,課程主任高文宇有信心課程可吸引逾千人報讀。 高文宇表示,課程由理大與英國倫敦大學皇家獸醫學院(RVC)教員任教,RVC將派出4名教員長駐本港。參與實習的機構包括香港賽馬會、海洋公園、漁 ...The Royal Veterinary College is a veterinary school in London, UK which provides undergraduate and postgraduate teaching, research and scholarship, ...

vet (EXAMINE)
verb [T] -tt-
to examine something or someone carefully to make certain that they are acceptable or suitable:
During the war, the government vetted all news reports before they were published.
The bank carefully vets everyone who applies for an account.


外交上有positive vetting-pv 積極調查 相對於消極調查(只包括調查既有的資料是否不利於"安全")


Definition of vet
noun

chiefly British
  • a veterinary surgeon.

verb (vets, vetting, vetted)

[with object]
  • make a careful and critical examination of (something):proposals for vetting large takeover bids
  • British investigate (someone) thoroughly, especially in order to ensure that they are suitable for a job requiring secrecy, loyalty, or trustworthiness:each applicant will be vetted by police (as noun vetting)the vetting of people who work with children

Origin:

mid 19th cent: abbreviation of veterinary or veterinarian



Maginot line (MAZH-uh-no lyn)

noun
An ineffective line of defense that is relied upon with undue confidence.
マジノ線:第二次世界大戦前に仏独国境に築かれたフランスの要塞(ようさい)線.

Etymology
After Andr? Maginot (1877-1932), French Minister of War, who proposed a line of defense along France's border with Germany. Believed to be impregnable, the barrier proved to be of little use when Germans attacked through Belgium in 1940.

Usage
"France has no shortage of linguistic generals who seek to regiment French and see an enemy lurking behind every new word or phrase. Yet what security do they bring? Franglais continues to infiltrate French ranks, despite a Maginot line of laws, word-vetting committees and diktats from the Academie Francaise." — Ado Cherche Appart, The Economist (London), May 11, 1996.

"Absent some sober rethinking, forward engagement is likely to produce an American Maginot Line around Asia's rim, as myopic demands to stay there automatically lead to costly missile defenses." — Paul Bracken, America's Maginot Line, The Atlantic Monthly (Boston), Dec 1998.

diktat
(dĭk-tät') pronunciation
n.
  1. A harsh, unilaterally imposed settlement with a defeated party.
  2. An authoritative or dogmatic statement or decree.
[German, from Latin dictātum, from neuter past participle of dictāre, to dictate. See dictate.]

2017年1月29日 星期日

Chart shows 'what the British say, what they really mean, and what others understand'

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/chart-shows-

Chart shows 'what the British say, what they really mean, and what others understand'

The table claims that when British people say it's 'quite good' - it's really 'a bit disappointing'

A chart that claims to show the differences between what British people say, what they really mean - and what non-British people understand by it - is being shared widely on social media.
But what is behind its success?
The three-part table was first reported in 2011, and is split into three columns. It details examples such as, "I hear what you say", a phrase commonly used by British people in a range of social and business situations.
Contrary to what Britons think they are saying, however, what they really mean when they use the expression is, "I disagree and do not want to discuss it further" - according to the chart. 
And as for what people from outside of Britain understand, it's another translation entirely.
The chart claims that rather than picking up on a lack of enthusiasm, non-native English speakers or those from other parts of the EU or beyond are actually likely to take Britons at face value and assume they are saying, "I accept your point of view".
And rather than realising that when British people murmur, "That's not bad" - and really mean "That's good" - non-Brits think they've done a terrible job.
What's more, the chart claims the phrase "very interesting", when spoken by a British person, really means "This is clearly nonsense" - while a fellow European would read it as, "they are impressed". 
language-web.jpg
The chart discusses veiled language and cultural stereotypes
The nuances of such loaded conversations, which have also been analysed by Business Insider, may seem rather baffling. 
Dr Matthew Melia, a senior lecturer in Performance and Screen Studies at Kingston University, who teaches about cultural linguistics and stereotypes, told The Independent the truth behind what we say and what we really mean may depend a little on individual - and regional - characteristics. 
"I’m from Liverpool and we just say what we mean," he said. "I teach television and in our first year classes we talk about how meaning is constructed and how an image can show you one thing and say something else.
"The thing that really pops into my mind is the kind of phrase you hear a lot, such, ‘I’m not racist, but…’. When people say that, it’s a subsconscious recognition that what you’re about to say is, actually, incredibly racist. And it shows that very often, people don't say what they're really thinking or what they mean because they're scared of being judged."
Dr Melia also said that the kind of language we use may depend on our career or the kind of business we're involved in. 
"When I’m with my students and giving them feedback I tend to be direct," he said. "If it’s bad, it’s bad – if it’s good then it’s good. As a lecturer and tutor I have a duty to be direct with students, whereas in business there’s likely to be a whole lexicon of sayings and language, such as the phrase, ‘blue sky thinking’. 
"As someone who works within academia, I don’t think it’s good to be indirect. Students need to be able to be on the same page and you can’t give them mixed messages. For me, the same rules apply with friends and family, which is probably why my mouth gets me into trouble sometimes!"
Dr Melia criticised the chart, however, for propagating an "us vs them" mentality. 
"By labelling these columns, 'what the British say' and making it appear differently to those from other parts of the EU, very much marks it out as an 'us vs them' mentality," he said.
"Whereas what we say depends very much on the situation, and I would question how applicable this chart is to a wider set of social interactions.
"The first column of the chart appears to me to be a very antiquated, softened, white middle-class, polite and decorous way of making a point. It's a very loose version of what we say, and disregards all nuance."
Dr Melia said he did recognise some of the phrases that the chart claims British people use often, but that he felt more familiar with the second column. 
He said: "I recognise the first column, certainly - but these kind of phrases are often ways of disguising someone making a bad point. From my own experience, I recognise the second column, 'What the British mean', much more.
"I think it is always better to be direct and to let people know where you stand. It kind of annoys me when people sugar the pill. There are occasions when it needs to be done – when you're trying to be sensitive or delicate. But if you’re down the pub with your mates and someone says something clearly ridiculous then you should make your case and challenge it directly. If you do that by going around the houses then it lacks impact.
"Language doesn’t have a fixed point, it changes, it’s culturally coded."
But as for the chart's popularity, Dr Melia says that while we may think we're comfortable with stereotypes, the reality is a little different. 
"Are we comfortable with stereotypes?" he says.
"Or is it actually cliche? The reason we are comfortable with cliché is because the words we say, or hear, have a recognised meaning to them."