2012年9月30日 星期日

nosing, give up, cataclysm, fightback, shunt, flinch, epitome


A love affair that didn't last the summer

With unemployment nosing past 3 million and growth flat-lining, bad news has surrounded still-fresh President Francois Hollande since the French got back from their long, paid summer holidays.

拉爾夫·愛默生的名言—「倫敦是我們時代的縮影」(London is the epitome of our times)

Riot fightback under way says PM
The Prime Minister says: "We needed a fightback and a fightback is under way," says after a fourth night of unrest that has spread across England.


  • 発音記号[ipítəmi]

1 ((the 〜))(…の)典型, 権化;((比喩))(…の)縮図((of ...))
the epitome of goodness
an epitomeof the world [=the world in epitome]
2 (特に文学作品の)要約, あらまし, 梗概(summary).
[ラテン語←ギリシャ語epitom (epí-中へ+temnein切る=重要でない部分を切ったもの→要約). △TOME
[名]要約者, 梗概作者.

(flĭnch) pronunciation

intr.v., flinched, flinch·ing, flinch·es.
  1. To start or wince involuntarily, as from surprise or pain.
  2. To recoil, as from something unpleasant or difficult; shrink.
An act or instance of starting, wincing, or recoiling.

[Obsolete French flenchir, of Germanic origin.]
flincher flinch'er n.
flinchingly flinch'ing·ly adv.

Don't give up, Japan. Don't give up, Tohoku - The Independent -

Don’t give up, Japan. Don’t give up, Tohoku
Don't give up, Japan. Don't give up, Tohoku

Towns vanish, thousands die – but a nation begins its fightback

The cataclysm was so powerful it shifted the Earth off its axis. Then the waters hit. David Randall reports on a land in crisis
Sunday, 13 March 2011

Don't give up, Japan. Don't give up, Tohoku
Don't give up, Japan. Don't give up, Tohoku

Sponsored Links

After a cataclysm so powerful it moved the Earth 10 inches off its axis, Japan woke yesterday to find itself a country that had, literally, been knocked sideways.
With the north-east coast now shunted two metres from where it was on Friday morning, neighbourhood after neighbourhood is submerged under a grotesque soup of water and debris. Homes have been flattened as if by the swiping forearm of an angry giant. Tens of thousands of once orderly acres look like the world's ugliest landfill – a jumble of broken homes, cars, boats, and concrete, with shipping containers cluttering the landscape like Lego on an unkempt nursery floor.
And somewhere, under all this vast mess, are four entire trains, small towns, villages, and a fearful number of bodies. It could be 2,000, 10,000, or many times that number. In one town alone, 9,500 people are unaccounted for.
And, as if that were not enough, only 150 miles from Tokyo, radiation leaked from a nuclear plant crippled by an explosion. Officials were swift to assert that any meltdown, if it came, would not be on anything like the scale or severity of Chernobyl, but 170,000 were evacuated, and iodine distributed to some. It would not be the first nuclear incident where initial assurances proved optimistic.
The authorities at first said that an evacuation radius of six miles from the stricken 40-year-old Daiichi 1 reactor plant in Fukushima prefecture was adequate, but, an hour later, the boundary was extended to 13 miles. Vapour, said to consist of minimally radioactive steam, could be seen rising from the plant. And then, in the early hours this morning, there came a 6.4 Richter scale aftershock. More may come.
The explosion came as the plant operator, Tokyo Electric Power Co, (Tepco) was working desperately to reduce pressure in the core of the reactor. Lest anyone think that, in this land of commercial efficiency, the assurances of little risk can be trusted implicitly, they should remember that this is the nuclear industry they are dealing with. In 2002, the president of the country's largest power utility was forced to resign, along with four other senior executives, taking responsibility for suspected falsification of nuclear-plant safety records.
But despite everything, Japan's spirit remains intact. As one blogger wrote yesterday: "Our grandparents rebuilt Japan after the war and the growth was considered a miracle around the world. We will work to rebuild Japan in the same way again. Don't give up Japan! Don't give up Tohoku [the north-east region]!"
A stupendously large task, however, faces it. Friday's quake was the most monstrous even this, the world's most tremor-prone country, has ever recorded. This was strong enough to leave a 186-mile rupture on the ocean floor, but it was the subsequent tsunami – sending 30ft-high waves barrelling into Japan's north-east coast – which has turned a disaster into a cataclysm. The wall of water, moving at an estimated 25 mph, swallowed boats, homes, cars, trees and even small planes, and used these as battering rams as it charged up to six miles inland, demolishing all that stood in its way.
The town of Rikuzentakata, population 24,700, in northern Iwate prefecture, looked largely submerged in muddy water, with hardly a trace of houses or buildings of any kind. And in Kesennuma, where 74,000 lived, widespread fires somehow burned, despite a third of the city being submerged. And then there is – or, to be more accurate, was – the port of Sendai, which had the misfortune to be only 80 miles from the epicentre of the 8.9 quake.
Here, until Friday early afternoon, was the city of a million people. Now, at least a third of it lies beneath the filthy waters and mud, and what isn't drowned is largely destroyed. The city's Wakabayashi district, which runs directly up to the sea, remained a swampy wasteland, with murky, waist-high water. Most houses were completely flattened, as if a giant bulldozer had swept through.
Police said they found 200 to 300 bodies washed up on nearby beaches, and grief-stricken residents searched for their former homes, but, faced with dark waters where streets had been, many couldn't even tell where their houses once stood. Occasionally, there was something recognisable – a chair, a tyre, a beer-cooler. In the city's dock area, cars swept away by the waves sat on top of buildings, on the top of other cars, or jammed into staircases.
Many Sendai residents spent the night outdoors, or wandering debris-strewn streets, unable to return to homes damaged or destroyed by the quake or tsunami. Those who did find a place to rest for the night awoke to utter despair. Miles from the ocean's edge, weary, mud-spattered survivors wandered streets strewn with fallen trees, crumpled cars, and light aircraft. Relics of lives now destroyed were everywhere – half a piano, a textbook, a red sleeping bag.
Rescue workers plied boats through murky waters around flooded structures, nosing their way through a sea of detritus, while smoke from at least one large fire billowed in the distance. Power and phone reception were cut, while hundreds of people lined up outside the few still-operating supermarkets for basic commodities. The petrol stations on streets not covered with water were swamped with people waiting to fill their cars.
The situation was similar in scores of other towns and cities along the 1,300-mile eastern coastline hit by the tsunami. Early yesterday morning, Atsushi Koshi, 24, a call-centre worker in the coastal city of Tagajo, about 10 miles east of Sendai, said his cousin remained trapped on the roof of a department store with 200 to 300 other people awaiting rescue. The rest of his family was safe, but he wondered what to do, since the house he shares with his parents was tilting after the quake, and a concrete block wall had fallen apart.
One hospital in Miyagi prefecture was seen surrounded by water, and, at another, television footage showed staff on a rooftop waving banners with the words "FOOD" and "HELP" on them. Rescue teams and helicopters were plucking some people to safety, but, as night fell on the second day of the disaster, many were still awaiting salvation. Large areas are still surrounded by water and unreachable.
In five prefectures, or states, more than 215,000 people are now living in 1,350 temporary shelters. At an evacuation centre in Iwate, more than 1,000 people evacuated there had next to no supplies, gas, electricity, or running water. They had only been allowed one glass of water, one onigiri rice ball, and half a piece of bread as rations yesterday – a typical allocation in evacuation centres in all the hardest hit areas. Most of all, beyond the most stricken places, people are without power; some four million have no power, one million lack water.
Although Tokyo's inner-city transport is tentatively beginning a return to normal, all highways from the capital which lead to quake-hit areas were closed, except for emergency vehicles. Tens of thousands of people had been stranded on Friday with the rail network down, and, despite the city setting up 33 shelters in City Hall, on university campuses and in government offices, many spent the night at 24-hour cafés, hotels and offices. Mobile telephone communications were patchy, and calls to the devastated areas were going unanswered.
The enormous rescue and emergency supplies operation is now beginning to gather pace. The Prime Minister, Naoto Kan, said 50,000 troops would be deployed, and a total of 190 military aircraft and 25 ships have been sent to the north-east, where more than 125 aftershocks have occurred. Many of them were above magnitude 6.0, which, in normal circumstances, would be considered strong.
The UN announced late on Friday that four foreign search-and-rescue teams, from Australia, New Zealand, South Korea and the US, were on their way. Singapore is sending an urban search-and-rescue team, as is Britain; Switzerland has sent 25 rescue and medical experts, with nine sniffer dogs.
All this, in a nation which may seem the epitome of industrial efficiency, but is the most heavily indebted major economy in the world. The first estimates of the total insured loss caused by the quake and tsunami were put yesterday at £9.3bn – a wickedly unwelcome burden on an economy just starting to show signs of revival. Japan will need all its famed organisational powers in the coming days and weeks.
Additional reporting by Midori Bills and Kyoko Nishimoto
The figures: Drowned towns, radiation leaks
Yesterday's main developments after an 8.9 magnitude earthquake that struck north-east Japan on Friday and set off a tsunami:
* More than 1,700 people officially dead or missing, with many more unaccounted for, including 9,500 people in one town.
* Radiation leaks from a damaged nuclear plant after an explosion blows off the roof, raising fears of a meltdown at the facility north of Tokyo.
* Three workers suffer radiation exposure near Fukushima nuclear plant. Nuclear safety agency rates the incident a 4 on the 1-7 International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale, less serious than Three Mile Island, a 5, and Chernobyl, a 7.
* Several large towns and cities are more than a third submerged by waters and debris.
* Some 215,000 people living in government shelters.
* Four million without power, a million with no water.
* Total insured loss could be up to $15bn, equity analysts covering the industry says.

1 〈人・物を〉わきへ押しのける, どかせる, 〈問題などを〉そらす, 回避する;〈話題などを〉(…に)転じる, 切り換える((on to, onto ...))
They shunted the conversation on to a more pleasant topic.
2 〈車両を〉(別の軌道に)入れ換える((to ...)).
3 《電気》〈電流を〉短絡する;…に分路を置く.
4 《外科》〈血液を〉(側路を作って)わきへそらす, 短絡をつくる.
5 ((俗))〈自動車を〉衝突させる.
1 わきへ寄る, どく;それる.
2 ((英))〈機関車が〉(車両を伴って)分岐線に移行する.
1 押しのけること;そらすこと;転換.
2 ((英))転轍(てんてつ)機(((米))switch).
3 《電気》分路.
4 《外科》(血流の)短絡.
5 ((米))裏道.
6 ((俗))(自動車の)衝突事故.

(shŭnt) pronunciation
  1. The act or process of turning aside or moving to an alternate course.
  2. A railroad switch.
  3. Electricity. A low-resistance connection between two points in an electric circuit that forms an alternative path for a portion of the current. Also called bypass.
  4. Medicine. A passage between two natural body channels, such as blood vessels, especially one created surgically to divert or permit flow from one pathway or region to another; a bypass.

v., shunt·ed, shunt·ing, shunts. v.tr.
  1. To turn or move aside or onto another course: shunting traffic around an accident.
  2. To evade by putting aside or ignoring: urgent problems that society can no longer shunt aside.
  3. To switch (a train or car) from one track to another.
  4. Electricity. To provide or divert (current) by means of a shunt.
  5. Medicine. To divert or permit flow of (a body fluid) from one pathway or region to another by surgical means.
  1. To move or turn aside.
  2. Electricity. To become diverted by means of a shunt. Used of a circuit.
[Middle English shunten, to flinch.]
shunter shunt'er n.


[動](自)(痛さ・こわさで)たじろぐ, ひるむ, (…から)身を引く, しりごみする((from ...))
flinch from a task
flinch at the sight of ...
━━(他)…にしりごみする, 引き下がる
flinch one's hand [glass]
━━[名]しりごみ, たじろぎ.

1 ((略式))…をにおいで知る, かぎつける;〈物に〉鼻を近づける, 〈物を〉かいでみる((out))
The detectives nosed out the criminal's hiding place.
2 …を鼻で動かす;…に鼻を押しつける;…を鼻で押して(…の状態に)する
The dog nosed the door open.
3 〈車などを〉ゆっくり注意して動かす[押す];((〜 one's wayで))〈船などが〉ゆっくり前進する.
4 《競馬》…に鼻差で勝つ((out)).
1 においをかぐ, (…を)くんくんかぐ;((略式))(鼻をきかせて)(…を)さがす;〈探偵などが〉(…を)ひそかにさがす((for ...))
nose about [((英))around
2 (注意深く)前進する;近づく((in)).
3 ((略式))(…に)干渉する, おせっかいをする, 世話をやく;(…を)詮索する((about/in, into ...))
nose intoabout insomeone else's business
4 ((英俗))密告する, 警察のスパイをする.
nose down [up]

2012年9月28日 星期五

warlord, redoubt, allied, mint, developer, launching pad

 Cape Canaveral was the launching pad for our one national moon shot. It was a hugely inspiring project that drove scientific research, innovation, education and manufacturing. But we’re not going to have a national moon shot again. Instead, Obama should aspire to make America the launching pad where everyone everywhere should want to come to launch their own moon shot, their own start-up, their own social movement.

Google Seals Its Reputation for Minting Tech Executives
Wall Street Journal
Marissa Mayer's appointment as Yahoo's new CEO cements Google's reputation as a developer and launching pad for tech managers.

Olga Kravets for The New York Times
Allied by History and Related by Marriage

Roksana Dzhenid, above, lives in Moscow with her Syrian husband, but some 20,000 Russian wives like her in Syria are living examples of the countries’ tangled relations.



More Jobs Predicted for Machines, Not People

Automation is edging into some of the last redoubts of human-only work, such as sales.

Afghan Offensive Is New War Model

KABUL, Afghanistan — The test, after allied troops clear the Taliban redoubt of Marja of insurgents, will be to keep it clear.

Congo warlord in landmark trial

A militia leader faces charges of using child soldiers in DR Congo in the first case to be heard by a permanent war crimes court.
One hint that this would be an unusual interview came when the warlord walked in wearing a button reading “Rebels For Christ.”
Then when I reached to sip the café au lait that the guerrilla leaders offered me in their jungle redoubt, they looked reproachful and quickly bowed their heads and said grace.

有洋人翻譯《史記》中的將軍等 書名 Warlords
Warlords. Edinburgh: Southside, 1974. Includes 13 chapters of the Shiji ..Warlords (tr. William Dolby &. John Scott). Edinburgh: Southside, 1974.





  • 史記捲六十一 伯夷叔齊列傳 第一
  • 史記捲六十二 列傳 第二
  • 史記捲六十三 老子韓非列傳 第三
  • 史記捲六十四 司馬穰苴列傳 第四
  • 史記捲六十五 孫子吳起列傳 第五
  • 史記捲六十六 伍子胥列傳 第六
  • 史記捲六十七 仲尼弟子列傳 第七
  • 史記捲六十八 商君列傳 第八
  • 史記捲六十九 蘇秦列傳 第九
  • 史記捲七十 張儀列傳 第十
  • 史記捲七十一 樗裡子甘茂列傳 第十一
  • 史記捲七十二 穰侯列傳 第十二
  • 史記捲七十三 白起王翦列傳 第十三
  • 史記捲七十四 孟子荀卿列傳 第十四
  • 史記捲七十五 孟嘗君列傳 第十五
  • 史記捲七十六 平原君虞卿列傳 第十六
  • 史記捲七十七 魏公子列傳 第十七
  • 史記捲七十八 春申君列傳 第十八
  • 史記捲七十九 範睢蔡澤列傳 第十九
  • 史記捲八十 樂毅列傳 第二十
  • 史記捲八十一 廉頗藺相如列傳 第二十一
  • 史記捲八十二 田單列傳 第二十二
  • 史記捲八十三 魯仲連鄒陽列傳 第二十三
  • 史記捲八十四 屈原賈生列傳 第二十四
  • 史記捲八十五 呂不韋列傳 第二十五
  • 史記捲八十六 刺客列傳 第二十六
  • 史記捲八十七 李斯列傳 第二十七
  • 史記捲八十八 蒙恬列傳 第二十八
  • 史記捲八十九 張耳陳餘列傳 第二十九
  • 史記捲九十 魏豹彭越列傳 第三十
  • 史記捲九十一 黥布列傳 第三十一
  • 史記捲九十二 淮陰侯列傳 第三十二
  • 史記捲九十三 韓信盧綰列傳 第三十三
  • 史記捲九十四 田儋列傳 第三十四
  • 史記捲九十五 列傳 第三十五
  • 史記捲九十六 張丞相列傳 第三十六
  • 史記捲九十七 酈生陸賈列傳 第三十七
  • 史記捲九十八 蒯成列傳 第三十八
  • 史記捲九十九 劉敬叔孫通列傳 第三十九
  • 史記捲一百 季布欒布列傳 第四十
  • 史記捲一百一 袁盎晁錯列傳 第四十一
  • 史記捲一百二 張釋之馮唐列傳 第四十二
  • 史記捲一百三 萬石張叔列傳 第四十三
  • 史記捲一百四 田叔列傳 第四十四
  • 史記捲一百五 扁鵲倉公列傳 第四十五
  • 史記捲一百六 吳王濞列傳 第四十六
  • 史記捲一百七 魏其武安侯列傳 第四十七
  • 史記捲一百八 韓長孺列傳 第四十八
  • 史記捲一百九 李將軍列傳 第四十九
  • 史記捲一百十 匈奴列傳 第五十
  • 史記捲一百十一 衛將軍驃騎列傳 第五十一
  • 史記捲一百十二 平津侯主父列傳 第五十二
  • 史記捲一百十三 南越列傳 第五十三
  • 史記捲一百十四 東越列傳 第五十四
  • 史記捲一百十五 朝鮮列傳 第五十五
  • 史記捲一百十六 西南夷列傳 第五十六
  • 史記捲一百十七 司馬相如列傳 第五十七
  • 史記捲一百十八 淮南衡山列傳 第五十八
  • 史記捲一百十九 循吏列傳 第五十九
  • 史記捲一百二十 列傳 第六十
  • 史記捲一百二十一 儒林列傳 第六十一
  • 史記捲一百二十二 酷吏列傳 第六十二
  • 史記捲一百二十三 大宛列傳 第六十三
  • 史記捲一百二十四 游俠列傳 第六十四
  • 史記捲一百二十五 佞幸列傳 第六十五
  • 史記捲一百二十六 滑稽列傳 第六十六
  • 史記捲一百二十七 日者列傳 第六十七
  • 史記捲一百二十八 龜策列傳 第六十八
  • 史記捲一百二十九 貨殖列傳 第六十九
  • 史記捲一百三十 太史公自序 第七十

warlord Show phonetics
a military leader who controls a country or, more frequently, an area within a country


将軍; 【史】(中国の)督軍.

  1. A small, often temporary defensive fortification.
  2. A reinforcing earthwork or breastwork within a permanent rampart.
  3. A protected place of refuge or defense.
[French redoute, from Italian ridotto, from Medieval Latin reductus, concealed place, from Latin, past participle of redūcere, to withdraw, lead back. See reduce.]
1(とりで), 要塞.
2 安全な場所[すみか].
1. A small, usually temporary fortification to defend a position.
2. Stronghold; refuge.

From French redoute, from Italian ridotto, from Medieval Latin reductus (refuge), past participle of Latin reducere (to lead back), from re- + ducere (to lead). The words conduct, produce, introduce, reduce, seduce, ductile - all are from the same Latin root.

"Annetta Nunn was only 4 years old in 1963, when thousands of Birmingham residents defied Connor's men and their nightsticks, attack dogs and fire hoses, got themselves arrested, filled the jails and brought an end to segregation in Jim Crow's strongest redoubt." — David M. Halbfinger; A Black Woman Sits in Bull Connor's Seat; The New York Times; May 3, 2003.

"Anti-Taliban ground forces and punishing U.S. air strikes pushed remaining Qaida fighters from their final mountain redoubt over the weekend and 'ended the role of Afghanistan as a haven for terrorist activity,' the U.S. secretary of state, Colin Powell, said Sunday." — Brian Knowlton; Qaida 'Destroyed,' Powell Asserts But as Mountain Redoubt Falls, bin Laden Remains at Large; International Herald Tribune (France); Dec 17, 2001.


  • レベル:最重要
[動] 〔lái〕 (-lied, 〜・ing)(他)[III[名]([副])]
1 …を(…と)同盟[縁組み]させる((with ...));((受身))((〜 -self))〈国・組織が〉(…と)同盟[提携]している;〈人が〉縁組みしている((with, to ...))
Britain has been allied with Portugal for many centuries.
He allied himself with a wealthy family by marriage.
2 [be allied to A]〈動物・物などが〉〈A(他の動物・物など)と〉同類[同族]である. ⇒ALLIED
Spanish is closely allied to Italian.
━━(自)[I[副]]〈人・国などが〉同盟[連合, 提携]する, 〈人・家が〉縁組みする
ally against the enemy
━━[名] 〔ǽlai, lái〕 (複 -lies)
1 同盟[連合]国(⇒ALLIES);同盟者, 協力者, 味方
a close ally of the United States
a dependable ally
2 同類[族], 同種のもの.
[古フランス語←ラテン語alligāre (al-へ+ligāre結ぶ). △ALLOY

recover, stuff, duffel or duffle, caulk, riches, fairs

西 Ezekiel
27:27 [hb5] 你的資財、物件、貨物、水手、掌舵的、補縫的、經營交易的、並你中間的戰士、和人民、在你破壞的日子必都沉在海中。 
     [kjv] Thy riches, and thy fairs, thy merchandise, thy mariners, and thy pilots, thy calkers, and the occupiers of thy merchandise, and all thy men of war, that are in thee, and in all thy company which is in the midst of thee, shall fall into the midst of the seas in the day of thy ruin.  
     [bbe] Your wealth and your goods, the things in which you do trade, your seamen and those guiding your ships, those who make your boards watertight, and those who do business with your goods, and all your men of war who are in you, with all who have come together in you, will go down into the heart of the seas in the day of your downfall.  

《中英對照讀新聞》Police try to match 250 stolen shoes with owners 警方試圖比對250隻失竊鞋子失主身分
Newark police on Monday are trying to match up 250 shoes recovered from a creek on Sunday with those reported stolen in the area since 2003.
A passerby spotted three large duffel bags stuffed with men’s shoes in Elk Creek near Elkton, Md., on Sunday morning and alerted police, who have been investigating a string of Newark-area burglaries in which the thief steals men’s shoes, photographs of their owners and, in at least one case, men’s underwear.
Investigators now are drying off the shoes, which were wet and muddy from the creek, and trying to figure out if they match the descriptions of any of the close to 200 pairs reported stolen in recent years, police spokesman Lt. Brian Henry said Monday.
The burglar appears to target University of Delaware students.
stuff︰名詞指原料、物品,在這裡當動詞用,指塞滿、填滿。例句︰The bus is stuffed with passengers.(這輛巴士擠滿了乘客。)v., stuffed, stuff·ing, stuffs.
    1. To pack (a container) tightly; cram: stuff a Christmas stocking.
    2. To block (a passage); plug: stuff a crack with caulking.
    3. Basketball. To block (a shot or an opponent who is shooting), especially before the ball leaves the shooter's hands.
    1. To place forcefully into a container or space; thrust: stuffed laundry into the bag.
    2. Sports. To shoot (a ball or puck) forcefully into the goal from close range.
    3. Basketball. To dunk (the ball).
    1. To fill with an appropriate stuffing: stuff a pillow.
    2. To fill (an animal skin) to restore its natural form for mounting or display.
  1. To cram with food.
  2. To fill (the mind): His head is stuffed with silly notions.
  3. To put fraudulent votes into (a ballot box).
  4. To apply a preservative and softening agent to (leather).
To overeat; gorge.

dry off︰片語,弄乾、烘乾。例句︰The wind dried the ground off.(風吹乾了地面。)
figure out︰片語,弄懂、理解、明白。例句︰I can’t figure out why he said that.(我弄不懂他為什麼要說那句話。)

duf·fel or duf·fle (dŭf'əl) pronunciation
  1. A blanket fabric made of low-grade woolen cloth with a nap on both sides.
  2. Clothing and other personal gear carried by a camper.
[Dutch, after Duffel, a town of northern Belgium.]
Meaning #1: a large cylindrical bag of heavy cloth; for carrying personal belongings
Synonyms: duffel bag, duffle bag, duffle
Meaning #2: a coarse heavy woolen fabric
Synonym: duffle


  • 発音記号[kɔ'ːk]


feed on/feed into, riot out, machine


 New Labor Attitudes Fed Into China Riot

Workers at China's huge Foxconn factory said tensions over strict rules helped spur this week's rioting, in events that raise questions about the sustainability of China's manufacturing machine.


In Euro Zone, Banking Fear Feeds on Itself

Questions continue to mount about the ability of Europe's banks to ride out the debt crisis, as some are having a harder time securing loans needed for daily operations.

ride out
Survive, outlast, as in They rode out the storm, or Times were hard during the depression, but we managed to ride it out. [First half of 1500s]


  1. To eat: pigs feeding at a trough.
  2. To be nourished or supported: an ego that feeds on flattery.
    1. To move steadily, as into a machine for processing.
    2. To be channeled; flow: This road feeds into the freeway.

1 〈牛・馬が〉物を食べる;((略式・おどけて))〈人が〉食べる, 食事する
The horses are feeding in the clover.
2 (…を)えさにする, 常食にする;(…で)生きている((on, off ...))
feed on grass
Love feeds on jealousy.
3 〈情報などが〉(コンピュータなどに)入力される((into ...));(コインなどを)入れる((in ...)).

feed on ...
(1) ⇒(自)2
(2) 〈人の〉食客となる.
(3) 〈視線などが〉(…に)注がれる.


  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[məʃíːn]

1 機械;機械装置[仕掛け]. ▼小さく単純なものはinstrument
a sewing machine
a washing machine
a knitting machine
like a well-oiled machine
That machine is difficult to operate.
2 ((略式))マシーン:自動車, 飛行機, バイク, 自転車.
3 コンピュータ;ワープロ, タイプライター;ファックス;留守番電話(answering machine);自動販売機;自動改札口
a cig(arette) machine
purchase tickets from a machine
send a love letter on the machine
I called Lynda and got herthe] machine.
4 (無感情で自主性がなく)機械的に働く人.
5 ((しばしば〜s))((集合的))(政治をあやつる)幹部連中, 黒幕, ボス連
the Republican machine
6 (社会・生物体などの複雑な)機構
the economic machine
Man is a consuming machine.
7 (うわさ・情報・宣伝文句などを作り出す)組織, 人々. ▼millともいう
a propaganda machine
a rumor machine
the publicity machine
8 (昔の芝居の)舞台からくり.
9 (文学作品で効果を出すために使われる)超自然物, 神, 人物, 事件など.
1 …を機械で作る, 機械にかける;((英))…をミシン[印刷機]にかける.
2 …を規格化する((down)).
1 機械の[による];機械用の
a machine product
machine parts
2 機械的な.
3 〈政治が〉幹部による, 黒幕の
machine politicians
[フランス語←ギリシャ語māchand(プーリー). 原義は「工夫された仕掛け」. △MAY1

2012年9月27日 星期四

vault, safe (BOX), archive, ultrasafe, canal vaulting

The Georgia archives has state-of-the art equipment, including four floodproof vaults in the building’s core.
VIrginie Drujon-Kippelen for The New York Times

Cuts to Archives Put History Out of Reach

As Georgia’s state archives prepares to reduce its staff and accessibility sharply next month, archivists worry about a long-term impact on public records nationwide.

A canal-vaulting contest in Linschoten in June. The sport evolved from necessity in a land where canals were ubiquitous, but bridges less so.
Herman Wouters for The New York Times
Linschoten Journal

Canal-Vaulting Returns to the Spotlight

The little-known sport, in which competitors use a long pole planted in the mud to leap over a canal, is one of several that are seeing a revival in the Netherlands.

pole vaulting

EU Banks: Give Us Leeway on Assets
Under pressure from the banking industry, European regulators are considering loosening some rules that require lenders to maintain deep pools of ultrasafe assets to protect them in a crisis.

Sony Pins Future on 3-D
Sony is placing a huge bet this year that 3-D technology will vault the company back into a leadership position in the living room.

President Obama's speech at the National Archives yesterday where he defended his antiterrorism policies. The setting was particularly symbolic. By giving his address where the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence are kept, Obama meant to underscore the idea that Americans don't have to compromise their values in order to protect the nation's security.

Safe Sales Up in Worried Germany Amid Bank Fears

Safe sales in Germany have spiked since the onset of the global financial
crisis amid further fears that banks cannot be trusted with money.

The DW-WORLD Article

Many publications, including most major magazines, still offer little or no archive access online. And of those that do allow readers to look deep into their histories, many charge for it, like The Washington Post or The Atlantic Monthly, whose online archives both go back to the 19th century.
But a growing number of publications are opening their own vaults — if only partially — or dropping pay requirements, and they say it makes a big difference in attracting readers.

safe (BOX) Show phonetics
noun [C]
a strong box or cupboard with special locks where valuable things, especially money or jewels, are kept:
Thieves broke into/cracked (= opened by force) the safe and stole everything in it.

此vault 指 雜誌之過期資料庫

vault (ROOM) Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 (UK ALSO vaults) a room, especially in a bank, with thick walls and a strong door, which is used to store money or valuable things in safe conditions:
a bank vault
She entered the vault with an armed guard.

2 a room under a church or a small building in a cemetery where dead bodies are buried:
She was buried in the family vault. -->
━━ n. アーチ形屋根, アーチ形天井(型のもの); アーチ形天井のある場所[通廊]; 天空 (the ~ of heaven); 地下貯蔵室; 貴重品保管室; (銀行などの)金庫室; 地下納骨所; 【解】(口蓋などの)蓋(がい).
━━ vt. アーチ形天井に造る[を張る].
vault・ed ━━ a.
vault・ing1 ━━ n. アーチ形天井建築物; ((集合的)) アーチ(形天井).


    1. An arched structure, usually of masonry or concrete, serving to cover a space.
    2. An arched overhead covering, such as the sky, that resembles the architectural structure in form.
  1. A room or space, such as a cellar or storeroom, with arched walls and ceiling, especially when underground.
  2. A room or compartment, often built of steel, for the safekeeping of valuables: a bank vault.
  3. A burial chamber, especially when underground.
  4. Anatomy. An arched part of the body, especially the top part of the skull.
tr.v., vault·ed, vault·ing, vaults.
  1. To construct or supply with an arched ceiling; cover with a vault.
  2. To build or make in the shape of a vault; arch.
[Middle English vaute, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *volvita, volta, from feminine of *volvitus, arched, alteration of Latin volūtus, past participle of volvere, to roll.]

vault2 (vôlt) pronunciation

v., vault·ed, vault·ing, vaults. v.tr.
To jump or leap over, especially with the aid of a support such as the hands or a pole.

  1. To jump or leap, especially with the use of the hands or a pole.
  2. To accomplish something as if by leaping suddenly or vigorously: vaulted into a position of wealth.
The act of vaulting; a jump.

[Obsolete French volter, from Old French, from Old Italian voltare, from Vulgar Latin *volvitāre, frequentative of Latin volvere, to turn, roll.]
vaulter vault'er n.

archive Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 (ALSO archives) a collection of historical records relating to a place, organization or family:
archive film/footage/material
These old photographs should go in the family archives.

2 (ALSO archives) a place where historical records are kept:
I've been studying village records in the local archive.

3 a computer file used to store electronic information or documents that you no longer need to use regularly

archive Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 to store historical records or documents in an archive

2 in computing, to store electronic information that you no longer need to use regularly:
This software helps firms archive and retrieve emails.

archival Show phonetics

archivist Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person whose job is to take care of archives

2012年9月26日 星期三

Vacate Buffer Zones/drone operations, buffoons,bucolic,


I feared being marooned amongst buffers and buffoons, bucolics, butties, and Blimps.

The Oxford Book of English Short Stories,Second Edition,edited by A. S. Byatt,, p.xv


Tensions Flare Between U.S. and Pakistan After Strike

Saying at least 25 of its soldiers were killed by NATO aircraft, Pakistan closed the alliance's two main supply routes into Afghanistan and ordered the C.I.A. to vacate drone operations at an air base.

North Korea Warns South Over Buffer Zone
North Korea condemned the U.S. and South Korea for allowing tours in the zone dividing the Korean Peninsula.

Russians Vacate Buffer Zones in Georgia

Russia removed its last checkpoints from the buffer zones outside the breakaway enclaves of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, fulfilling a key requirement of a cease-fire agreement.
Comcast Wins in Market-Share Case
A federal court handed Comcast a victory by vacating a FCC rule dictating that cable operators can't serve more than 30% of cable subscribers.

va・cate[ vikeit | vkit ]v., -cat·ed, -cat·ing, -cates. v.tr.
    1. To cease to occupy or hold; give up.
    2. To empty of occupants or incumbents.
  1. Law. To make void or annul; countermand: vacate a death sentence.
To leave a job, office, or lodging.
[Latin vacāre, vacāt-, to be empty.]


1 …をからにする, あける;…から取り除く.

2 〈家・部屋・座席を〉あける, 明け渡す, 立ち退く;〈職・地位を〉退く, 辞する

Visitors are required to vacate their rooms before 12 noon.

3 〈契約などを〉無効にする

vacate a contract

vacate a previous court decision


1 家[部屋など]をあける, 明け渡す, 立ち退く;辞任する, やめる.

2 ((米話))立ち去る;休暇をとる.


buff・er1[ bfr ]


1 (鉄道車両などの)緩衝器;((~s))((英))(線路の)緩衝器つき車止め;(…の)衝撃[苦痛など]を和らげる物[人], (…の)盾となる物[人]((against ...))

The child was a buffer between the quarreling parents.

2buffer state.

3 《コンピュ》バッファー, 緩衝記憶装置.

4 《化》緩衝剤;緩衝液.


1 《化》…を緩衝液で処理する.

2 〈衝撃・危険などを〉防ぐ, 減じる;〈痛みを〉和らげる.

3 《コンピュ》〈データを〉バッファーに保留する.

[名]((古風))1 道化(師).2 おどけ者, 下品な冗談を言う人;粗野[無教養]な人 play the buffoonおどける.━━[動](他)…を茶化す.━━(自)おどける.buf・foo...


  • 発音記号[bjuːkɑ'lik | -kɔ'l-]

1 牧羊者の, 羊飼いの.
2 田園的な;素朴な;牧歌的な.
━━[名]田園詩, 牧歌.


  • 発音記号[bʌ'ti]

1 ((英略式))仲間, 同僚, 相棒.
2 親方, 監督, 組頭(foreman).
3 ((英略式))サンドイッチ.