2013年11月29日 星期五

flesh out, identity, cartilagen

Chinese Claim Forces Obama to Flesh Out His Asia Strategy 

  Seeking Identity, Shaping a Nation’s
A new biography of President Obama by David Remnick fleshes out the by-now-familiar outlines of his life.

In First Lady’s Roots, a Complex Path From Slavery

A newly discovered story has fleshed out Michelle Obama’s family tree.

Cancer and wildlife conservation

Some myths die hard. One common misconception is, for instance, that sharks
do not get cancer. This is why they are being slaughtered by the thousands.
Their cartilage is then ground into powder and sold with dubious health

The DW-WORLD Article

cartilagen. - 軟骨 (kär'tl-ĭj) pronunciation
A tough, elastic, fibrous connective tissue found in various parts of the body, such as the joints, outer ear, and larynx. A major constituent of the embryonic and young vertebrate skeleton, it is converted largely to bone with maturation.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin cartilāgō, cartilāgin-.]

flesh out
Also, put flesh on the bones of. Give substance to, provide with details, amplify. For example, The editor told her to flesh out the story, or You need to put flesh on the bones of these characters. This metaphoric expression, alluding to clothing a nude body or adding flesh to a skeleton, was in the mid-1600s put simply as to flesh, the adverb out being added about two centuries later.

2013年11月28日 星期四

billing, overbilling, forgo/forego, foregone conclusion, booking

Navy Suspends 2nd Contractor After Evidence of Overbilling


The Navy said it had suspended a ship-supply company for significantly overcharging on a contract, the second such suspension since mid-September. 

AT&T to Offer Option to Forgo Wireless Contract

The papers continue to give top billing to Iran, where hundreds of thousands of protesters ignored a ban and marched through central Tehran to protest the result of Friday's presidential election.

“I’m sorry, but this is Koizumi country,” one commuter explained.
He was referring to Junichiro Koizumi, the popular former prime minister whose family has represented this naval port an hour southwest of Tokyo for three generations. In announcing his retirement last autumn, Mr. Koizumi anointed his son, Shinjiro, as successor — making the son’s election as a fourth-generation lawmaker all but a foregone conclusion here.

India's Tata Motors said it will launch its minicar Nano on March 23 and will begin taking bookings from the second week of April.

PARIS — Even as the bailout package for Detroit’s automakers remains a question, automakers in Europe and Asia are lining up for handouts.
“It’s a foregone conclusion that governments around the world are going to aid these companies,” Dennis DesRosiers, an independent auto analyst in Toronto, said. “It’s just a matter of working through the politics.”

The Republican Party officially nominated John McCain to be the GOP's presidential candidate last night. But that was hardly the highlight at the Republican Convention, where delegates were "riveted less on the foregone conclusion of the roll call vote than on the national, prime-time debut of his running mate," notes USA Today. Indeed, the papers give top billing to Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin, who was catapulted to the national political stage last week and has been dealing with a rocky coming-out party.

Shirley Temple, Going Places (c. 1935)
Shirley Temple, Going Places (c. 1935)
The little girl with the head full of curls, who at the age of six was already singing and dancing her way into the hearts of people the world over, is turning 80 today. Shirley Temple was the top-billed star of the mid-1930s. In 1932, Temple earned $50 for two days of work on one of her first films, The Red-Haired Alibi; by 1934, she was making $1,000 a week plus a $35,000 bonus at the end of each film. Her mother accompanied her to work each day, pinned her hair into 56 corkscrew curls and sent her before the cameras with an encouraging, "Sparkle, Shirley. Sparkle!"
"When I was 14, I was the oldest I ever was... I've been getting younger ever since."Shirley Temple Black

Billing is a film term denoting the amount and order in which film credits information is presented in advertising and on the film itself. Information given in billing usually consists of the actors appearing in the movie, the directors, producers, the companies producing and distributing the movie (by name and/or logo), and artistic and technical crew. The title of the movie is also considered to be part of the billing.

GE's Accounting Draws Fresh Focus On News of Improper Sales Bookings

By Kathryn Kranhold
Word Count: 360 | Companies Featured in This Article: General Electric
General Electric Co.'s accounting practices are again in the spotlight after GE revealed that employees had improperly booked locomotive sales in 2000 through 2003.
The dollar figures involved were relatively small for a company of GE's size. In 2002, for example, the changes reduced revenue by $158 million and net income by $22 million, less than 0.2% of GE's net income, according to a quarterly filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

所謂不當bookings 是指諸多如拿假定單當業績等等.....

book (ARRANGE)
verb [I or T]
to arrange to have a seat, room, entertainer, etc. at a particular time in the future:
[+ two objects] I've booked us two tickets to see 'Carmen'/I've booked two tickets for us to see 'Carmen'.
She'd booked a table for four at their favourite restaurant.
Will booked a seat on the evening flight to Edinburgh.
We were advised to book early if we wanted to get a room.
They booked a jazz band for their wedding.
The hotel/restaurant/theatre is fully booked (up) (= all the rooms/tables/tickets have been taken).
I'd like to go but I'm afraid I'm booked up (= I have arranged to do other things) until the weekend.

bookable seats

noun [C]
We made the booking three months ago.
Julian was ill so we had to cancel the booking.
The show had already taken £4 million in advance bookings.
I filled in the booking form and sent it off.

  1. The relative importance of performers as indicated by the position and type size in which their names are listed on programs, theater marquees, or advertisements: top billing.
  2. Advertising; promotion: The product needed better billing to outsell its competition.
  3. The total amount of business done in a spec

foregone conclusion Show phonetics
noun [C usually singular]
a result that is obvious to everyone even before it happens:
The result of the election seems to be a foregone conclusion.


━━ v., a. foregoの過去分詞; 以前の; 既往の.
foregone conclusion 初めから分っている結論; 必然[不可避]の結果.


verb (forgoes, forgoing, forwent; past participle forgone)

[with object]
  • omit or decline to take (something pleasant or valuable); go without:she wanted to forgo the dessert and leave while they could
  • refrain from:we forgo any comparison between the two men


Old English forgān (see for-, go1)

Forgo (meaning 'go without something you want') can also be spelled forego, but it is best to use the spelling forgo so as to avoid confusion with forego, which is an old-fashioned word meaning 'come before'. 


━━ n. (役者の)上演序列.
billing ccle 支払い請求周期.

pension, pension off,allergic, underfunded

 Illinois Lawmakers Say They Have Plan to Fix Underfunded Pension System


One of the most troubled public systems in the nation has jeopardized the state's financial stability and has become a political risk for its leaders.

Mr. Krasikov, who has broad shoulders and a clear, blue-eyed gaze, has been baby-sitting this monster for eight years. He’ll stay until he is pensioned off and then leave his job to another man, who will stay until he is pensioned off. Asked how long this will continue, Mr. Krasikov shrugged.
“A hundred years?” he ventured. “Maybe in that time they will invent something.”
The death of a nuclear reactor has a beginning; the world is watching this unfold now on the coast of Japan. But it doesn’t have an end.

Are there any side effects to the 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine?

The 2009 H1N1 vaccine is made the same way as seasonal flu vaccines. Millions of seasonal flu vaccines have been given safely. Millions of people have also safely received the 2009 H1N1 vaccine. CDC expects that any side effects following vaccination with the 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine would be rare. Any side effects that have occurred since people started receiving the 2009 H1N1 vaccine have been similar to those experienced following seasonal influenza vaccine. Mild problems that may be experienced include soreness, redness, or swelling where the shot was given, fainting (mainly adolescents), headache, muscle aches, fever, and nausea. If these problems occur, they usually begin soon after the shot and last 1-2 days. Life-threatening allergic reactions to vaccines are very rare. If they do occur, it is usually within a few minutes to a few hours after the shot is given.
After vaccination you should look for any unusual condition, such as a high fever or behavior changes. Signs of a serious allergic reaction can include difficulty breathing, hoarseness or wheezing, swelling around the eyes or lips, hives, paleness, weakness, a fast heart beat or dizziness. If any unusual condition occurs following vaccination, seek medical attention right away. Tell your doctor what happened, the date and time it happened, and when the vaccination was given. Ask your doctor, nurse, or health department to report the reaction by filing a Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) form. Or you can file this report yourself through the VAERS WebsiteExternal Web Site Icon. You may call 1-800-822-7967 to receive a copy of the VAERS form. VAERS is not able to provide medical advice.

 life-threatening allergic,


IN BRIEF: adj. - Causing fear or anxiety by implying great harm.

allergic 過敏的
Far from being allergic to sex, the Victorians were obviously besotted 陶醉著迷with it.


Syllabification: (pen·sion)
Pronunciation: /ˈpenSHən/
Translate pension | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


  • a regular payment made during a person’s retirement from an investment fund to which that person or their employer has contributed during their working life.
  • a regular payment made by the government to people of or above the official retirement age and to some widows and disabled people.
  • chiefly historical a regular payment made to a royal favorite or to an artist or scholar to enable them to carry on work that is of public interest or value.


[with object] (pension someone off)
  • dismiss someone from employment, typically because of age or ill health, and pay them a pension:he was pensioned off from the army at the end of the war





late Middle English (in the sense 'payment, tax, regular sum paid to retain allegiance'): from Old French, from Latin pensio(n-) 'payment', from pendere 'to pay'. The current verb sense dates from the mid 19th century

pension off give afsked med pension.
leave-taking: afsked

pedal, backpedal, divagate, efficiency, current, soften, soft-pedaling

The disputed islands in the East China Sea are known as the Diaoyu by China and as the Senkaku by Japan.
After Challenges, China Appears to Backpedal on Air Zone


China said it would respond to foreign aircraft in its new air defense zone according to "how big the threat" was, after a flight by American B-52s through the airspace.

Rivals Seek New Balance
Obama and Chinese President Hu, seeking a steadier footing for the often-troubled U.S.-China relationship, played up common interests—and soft-pedaled longstanding issues that divide them.

I, too, wrote a column at that time about the derivation of keister - a borrowing, through Yiddish, of the German Kiste, "chest" - with its original meaning of "satchel, handbag" and its current meaning of "fanny, rump, bottom, tush, can, buttocks, backside" as well as the British "bum" and the French "derrière." (The bureaucratic cognoscenti prefer "posterior," as in the initialese slogan C.Y.A., meaning "cover your posterior." The "a" stands for a synonym not permitted in The Times, as an admiring salute to a diktat by the former executive editor, A.M. Rosenthal, who thought it was in bad taste and boldly asserted his stylistic prerogative. But I divagate.)

 Voter Anger Sweeps Europe

French voters elected François Hollande as president on Sunday, giving France a Socialist leader who has pledged to shift the burden of hardship onto the rich and resolve the protracted euro sovereign-debt crisis by softening the current prescription of austerity.


Syllabification: (ped·al)
Pronunciation: /ˈpedl/
Translate pedal | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


  • a foot-operated lever or control for a vehicle, musical instrument, or other mechanism, in particular.
  • each of a pair of cranks used for powering a bicycle or other vehicle propelled by leg power.
  • a foot-operated throttle, brake, or clutch control in a motor vehicle.
  • each of a set of two or three levers on a piano, particularly (also sustaining pedal) one that, when depressed by the foot, prevents the dampers from stopping the sound when the keys are released. The second is the soft pedal; a third, if present, produces either selective sustaining or complete muffling of the tone.
  • Music (usually pedals) each key of an organ keyboard that is played with the feet.
  • Musicshort for pedal note.

verb (pedals, pedaling, pedaled ; Britishpedals, pedalling, pedalled)

[no object]
  • move by working the pedals of a bicycle:they pedaled along the canal towpath
  • [with object] move (a bicycle) by working its pedals:she was pedaling a bicycle around town
  • work the pedals of a bicycle:he was coming down the path on his bike, pedaling hard
  • use the pedals of a piano, especially in a particular style: (as noun pedaling)Chopin gave no indications of pedaling in his manuscript


with the pedal to the metal

North American informal with the accelerator of a car pressed to the floor.



(British pedaller) noun


early 17th century (denoting a foot-operated lever of an organ): from French pédale, from Italian pedale, from Latin pedalis 'a foot in length', from pes, ped- 'foot'


Syllabification: (back·ped·al)
Pronunciation: /ˈbakˌpedl/

verb (backpedals, backpedaling, backpedaled ; Britishbackpedals, backpedalling, backpedalled)

[no object]
  • move the pedals of a bicycle backward in order to brake.
  • move hastily backward:backpedaling furiously, he flipped a perfect pass
  • reverse one’s previous action or opinion:you’ve criticized him for backpedaling on budget reform

divagate (DY-vuh-gayt)

verb intr.: To wander or digress.
[動](自)さまよう;〈話が〉わき道にそれる, 脱線する.

From Latin divagatus, past participle of divagari (to wander off), from dis- (away) + vagari (to wander). Earliest documented use: 1599.

"Unfortunately, John Armstrong leaves the 'big point' dangling and undeveloped while he divagates about economic efficiency." — Felipe Fern?ndez-Armesto; In Search of Civilization (book review); The Times (London, UK); Jun 18, 2009.

U.K.'s Osborne Woos U.S. Banks
The British finance minister insists he doesn't aim to boost London by soft-pedaling on U.K. regulation of banks in the wake of new U.S. rules, but he did use a visit to New York to try to impress the attractions of London.

(sôft'pĕd'l, sŏft'-)
tr.v., -aled, or -alled, -al·ing, or -al·ling, -als, or -als.
  1. Music. To soften or mute the tone of by depressing the soft pedal.
  2. Informal. To make less emphatic or obvious; play down: soft-pedal a potentially explosive issue.
[名](複 -cies)


  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[kə'ːrənt | kʌ'r-]
1 今の, 現時の, 新しい, 最新の;当世[現代]風の, はやりの
current English
the current fiscal year
the current price
the current issue of a magazine
the current style
the current generation gap
2 一般に知られて[行われて]いる;〈情報が〉流布している;〈慣行が〉通例となっている, 習慣的な;〈貨幣が〉流通している(circulating)
the current use of the word
current funds
3 その時の.
1 (川などの)流れ, 流動;流れの速さ.
2 流れるもの(川など);潮流, 海流;気流
a swift current
the Japan Current
a cold [a warm] current
the upper air current
3 [U][C]《電気》電流(electric current);電流の強さ
a direct [a continuous] current
switch off the current
4 ((通例the [a] 〜))(時・事件などの)流れ, 成り行き;(時代・社会などの)一般的傾向, 趨勢(すうせい);風潮
the current of public opinion
the current of events
swim [go] with [against] the current
[ラテン語current(currere流れる+-ent現在分詞語尾=流れている→現時の). △CURRICULUM1 [U]効果的な働き(をする能力);能率;(機械の)効率 promote [increase] efficiency能率を高める marginal efficiency...
efficiency apartment
((米))ワンルームアパート[マンション], 簡易アパート.
efficiency engineer

perusal, graciousness, the company

If Thanksgiving stress is starting to get to you, writer Corey Mintz urges you to remember that “the food is less important than the company and a little bit of graciousness.”

a single perusal

Your perusal of this column ''may be monitored for quality-assurance purposes.''

青覽,青鑒,青及 (in letters) for your gracious perusal;




Syllabification: (gra·cious)
Pronunciation: /ˈgrāSHəs/
Translate gracious | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


  • 1 courteous, kind, and pleasant:smiling and gracious in defeat
  • elegant and tasteful, especially as exhibiting wealth or high social status:the British painter specialized in gracious Victorian interiors gracious living
  • 2 (in Christian belief) showing divine grace:I am saved by God’s gracious intervention on my behalf
  • 3 British a polite epithet used of royalty or their acts:the accession of Her present gracious Majesty


  • expressing polite surprise.







Middle English: via Old French from Latin gratiosus, from gratia 'esteem, favor' (see grace)

all but, clinch, title, final,passage (LAW), play hardball

Steve Patrizi, head of partner marketing at Pinterest, said stores were going

Retailers Seek Partners in Social Networks

Brick and mortar stores like Target and Walmart are engaging heavily with social networks, notably Pinterest, to clinch holiday sales.
Vonn and Miller All but Clinch Titles
Lindsey Vonn and Bode Miller all but assured themselves an American double at the World Cup Alpine skiing finals.

"The deal all but clinches passage of one of the largest economic rescue programs since Franklin Roosevelt launched the New Deal," notes the Wall Street Journal.

Democrats Woo Abortion Foes in Push for Health Bill
House Democratic leaders were exploring a deal that would clinch the votes to pass the legislation, but they faced stiff resistance from lawmakers who support abortion rights.

passage (LAW) 
noun [U] FORMAL
the official approval of something, especially a new law:
He again urged passage of a constitutional amendment outlawing abortion.

all but
The game was all but over by the time we arrived.clinch (WIN) Show phonetics
to finally get or win something:
I hear he finally clinched the deal to buy the land he wanted.clinch (DECIDE) 
clinch it to make someone decide what to do after a lot of consideration or discussion:
When they said the job would involve travelling to Paris, that clinched it (for her) (= that made her certain that she wanted the job).

noun [C usually singular]
It was the offer of a large discount on the TV that was the real clincher (= the fact that made us decide to buy it).

clinch (HOLD) noun [C]
the position two people are in when they are holding each other tightly in their arms, when fighting or showing affection

noun [C]
the position you get by beating all other competitors in a sports competition:
Hendry won the world snooker title after a tense 35-frame final.

noun [C]
the last in a series of games, races or competitions, usually the one in which the winner is chosen:
Last year we got through to the final.
The men's basketball final will be on Sunday.

noun [C]
a person or group competing in a final

the finals plural noun
the last set of games in a competition:
Do you think Scotland will qualify for the European Championship finals?

Big Wins for Clinton in Texas and Ohio; McCain Clinches Race as Foe Concedes

Microsoft may simply raise its offer to clinch a deal. But Mr. Liddell, speaking generally about negotiations last week to The Times, seemed to suggest he was willing to play hardball. "You have to be willing to walk away," he said.

Breaking the Clinch
Iraq already has the psychological conditions that have undergirded the great bloodbaths of recent years.

play hardball MAINLY US INFORMAL
to be firm and determined in order to get what you want:
He's a nice guy, but he can play hardball when he needs to.

Microsoft may simply raise its offer to clinch a deal. But Mr. Liddell, speaking generally about negotiations last week to The Times, seemed to suggest he was willing to play hardball. "You have to be willing to walk away," he said.

Microsoft is planning to crisscross the nation to meet with Yahoo's largest shareholders in an election-style campaign, hoping they can put pressure on Yahoo's board, people briefed on the company's plans told The Times.

Go to Article from The New York Times»

━━ v. (抜けないようにくぎの頭を)打ち曲げる; 締める; (議論・契約などを)決定する; 【ボクシング】クリンチする; 〔俗〕 (恋人同士などが)しっかり抱き合う.
━━ n. くぎ先の打ち曲げ; 【ボクシング】クリンチ; 〔俗〕 (男女の)抱擁.
clinch・er ━━ n. 打ち曲げる道具; 〔話〕 決定的な議論, 決め手.

2013年11月27日 星期三

amid, midmost, here we are, here we come

California, Here We Come?
By PAUL KRUGMAN November 27, 2013 
It goes without saying that the rollout of Obamacare was an epic disaster. But what kind of disaster was it? Was it a failure of management, messing up the initial implementation of a fundamentally sound policy? Or was it a demonstration that the Affordable Care Act is inherently unworkable?
To lead you out of all this strife and storm;
When of some beauty we are grown a part
Till from its very glory's midmost heart
Out leaps a sudden beam of larger light
Into our souls. All things are seen aright
 Amid the blinding pillar of its gold,
Seven times more true than what for truth we hold
In vulgar hours. The miracle is done
And for one little moment we are one
With the eternal stream of loveliness
That flows so calm, aloft from all distress


Syllabification: (a·mid)
Pronunciation: /əˈmid/
Translate amid | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


  • surrounded by; in the middle of:our dream home, set amid magnificent rolling countryside
  • in an atmosphere or against a background of:talks broke down amid accusations of a hostile takeover bid


Middle English amidde(s)


Syllabification: (mid·most)
Pronunciation: /ˈmidˌmōst/

adjective & adverb

in the very middle or nearest the middle.

here we are

said on arrival at one’s destination.

move, move on, halt, halting, tap into

New Jersey Now Allows Gambling via Internet
The state hopes to meet bold predictions for revenue and tap into a younger, more web-dependent demographic.

Photo: Children who survived Typhoon Haiyan blow bubbles amid a destroyed marketplace in Tacloban, the Philippines. As aid trickles haltingly into the hardest-hit areas, many children are coping through play.

More in Pictures of the Day on Lens: http://nyti.ms/1bDO4Xr

Photograph by David Guttenfelder/Associated Press

The main battleground over the federal role in teaching elementary and secondary students is unfolding in Congress, where attempts to renew the law known as No Child Left Behind have proceeded haltingly.

Dubai’s Move on Debt Rattles Markets Worldwide

Dubai’s request to suspend debt repayments sent European markets spiraling downward, though some analysts suggested fears of contagion were unfounded.

    1. The act or an instance of moving.
    2. A particular manner of moving: made some intricate moves on the dance floor.
  1. A change of residence or location.
  2. Games.
    1. An act of transferring a piece from one position to another in board games.
    2. The prescribed manner in which a piece may be played.
    3. A participant's turn to make a play.
  3. An action taken to achieve an objective; a maneuver: a move to halt the arms race.

move on
Continue moving or progressing; also go away. For example, It's time we moved on to the next item on the agenda, or The police ordered the spectators to move on. [First half of 1800s]

The verb has one meaning:
Meaning #1: move forward, also in the metaphorical sense
Synonyms: advance, progress, pass on, march on, go on


(hôl'tĭng) pronunciation
  1. Hesitant or wavering: a halting voice.
  2. Imperfect; defective: halting verse.
  3. Limping; lame.
haltingly halt'ing·ly adv.


Pronunciation: /tap/
Translate tap | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


  • 1a device by which a flow of liquid or gas from a pipe or container can be controlled:she turned the cold tap onthe air-supply tap
  •  (also tapping) British an electrical connection made to some point between the end terminals of a transformer coil or other component.
  • 2a device connected to a telephone for listening secretly to someone’s conversations:those taps produced hundreds of hours of recordings
  •  an act of listening secretly to someone’s telephone conversation.
  • 3an instrument for cutting a threaded hole in a material.
  • 4British a taproom.

verb (tapstappingtapped)

[with object]
  • 1draw liquid through the tap or spout of (a cask, barrel, or other container):several barrels had been tapped to celebrate old victories
  •  draw (liquid) from a cask, barrel, or other container:in the cellars of the monasteries the butlers were tapping new and old ale
  •  draw sap from (a tree) by cutting into it.
  • 2exploit or draw a supply from (a resource):clients from industry seeking to tap Edinburgh’s resources of expertise[no object]:these magazines have tapped into a target market of consumers
  •  informal obtain money or information from (someone):he considered whom he could tap for information
  • 3connect a device to (a telephone) so that conversation can be listened to secretly:the telephones were tapped by the state security police
  • 4cut a thread in (something) to accept a screw:on most vices, the metal jaws are drilled and tapped to accept screws


on tap

ready to be poured from a tap:the hard water most of us have on tap
informal freely available whenever needed:trained staff are on tap from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
North American informal on schedule to occur:the first space walk is on tap for December







Old English tæppa 'peg for the vent-hole of a cask', tæppian 'provide (a cask) with a stopper', of Germanic origin; related to Dutch tap and German Zapfen (nouns)