2015年12月31日 星期四

vicissitudes, sabotage, SABOTEUR, rescind

"A chance to rehabilitate yourself, they had told him. A chance to fulfill your obligations to the Fatherland."
--from SABOTEURS: The Nazi Raid on America by Michael Dobbs
In 1942, Hitler's Nazi regime trained eight operatives for a mission to infiltrate America and do devastating damage to its infrastructure. It was a plot that proved historically remarkable for two reasons: the surprising extent of its success and the astounding nature of its failure. Soon after two U-Boats⋯⋯
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To the Editor:
Your article reminded me of a sign taped to the door to the classics department in the early 1960s at Yale, where I majored in Latin: “Studying the classics teaches you the values you need to live without the money you give up because you studied the classics.”
At age 66, after being battered by the storms and vicissitudes of life that most of us experience, I find that those values have stood me in good stead. Not to mention the habits of perseverance and attention to detail I learned by painstakingly parsing Horace or Thucydides in the original.
Peter Yerkes


sabotage
verb [T]
1 to damage or destroy equipment, weapons or buildings in order to prevent the success of an enemy or competitor:
The rebels had tried to sabotage the oil pipeline.

2 to intentionally prevent the success of a plan or action:
This was a deliberate attempt to sabotage the ceasefire.

sabotage
noun [U]
They began a campaign of industrial and economic sabotage.

saboteur
noun [C]
a person who sabotages somethingrescind 
verb [T] FORMAL
to make a law, agreement, order or decision no longer have any (legal) power:
The policy of charging air travellers for vegetarian meals proved unpopular and has already been rescinded.

vicissitudes 
plural noun FORMAL
changes which happen at different times during the life or development of someone or something, especially those which result in conditions being worse:
You could say that losing your job is just one of the vicissitudes of life.

retrenchment, follow (sth) through, follow-up


Building Businesses in Turbulent Times

http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6159.htmlAn economic crisis is a charter for business leaders to rewrite and rethink how they do business, says Harvard Business School professor Lynda M. Applegate. The key: Don't think retrenchment; think growth.





Motorola's Zander to Step
Down Jan. 1, to Be
Succeeded by Brown

Answering for nearly a year of disappointing results by Motorola Inc., Chief Executive Ed Zander stepped down in favor of President and Chief Operating Officer Greg Brown.

Mr. Zander's resignation closes a chapter of Motorola that was marked by the rapid rise of the company on the back of its hit phone Razr, followed by a similarly fast decline as Motorola failed to follow up on the success of the ultra-slim device. Those troubles prompted a departure of high-level executives, a sagging stock price, a bitter proxy battle and a retrenchment overseas.

SAN FRANCISCO — Microsoft said Friday that it was ending a project to scan millions of books and scholarly articles and make them available on the Web, a sign that it is retrenching in some areas of Internet search in the face of competition from Google, the industry leader.



follow (sth) through phrasal verb [M]
to do something as the next part of an activity or period of development:
The essay started interestingly, but failed to follow through (its argument).


Follow up「跟摧」,「進度管理」、「成果檢討」。
施政楷先生文章中的一些詞用原文,表示當時還找不到好的或共通翻譯。譬如說,「follow-up是推行新制度的靈魂」。follow-up現在很多人採用「跟摧」。
其實,施先生先另外一篇「Systematic Approach是實施工業工程成功的保證」中採用「成果檢討」,也相當好,甚至更好。
參考
劉振編『品質管制學名詞增訂版』(台北:中華民國品質管制學會,1979。日本翻譯為「進度管理」
劉振老師編的『施政楷先生品質管制遺作選集』(台北;中華民國民國品質管制學會,1983年)
英文的用法請參考:
follow sth up phrasal verb(USALSO follow up onsth)to find out more about something, or take further action connected withit:
The idea sounded interesting and I decided to follow it up.He decided to follow up on his initial research and write a book.

follow-up noun[C]

This meeting is a follow-up to the one we had last month.
(fromCambridgeAdvanced Learner's Dictionary)
---
2006年12月西門子公司的財務醜聞--行賄等之追蹤稽查
Siemens's CEO is hopeful a follow-up audit will reduce the financial scope of alleged fraud being investigated at the firm.
--2007/06/13
The Jamaican coroner, Patrick Murphy, will review the findings and issue a follow-up report on the cause of death, the police said.
Asked whether he would resign over the case, the deputy police commissioner, Mark Shields, a former Scotland Yard detective who led the homicide investigation, said he intended to serve out the remaining two years of his contract. Mr. Shields had been the public face of the inquiry and had once told reporters he was “100 percent certain” that Mr. Woolmer was murdered.
“Murder investigations are not like TV series, where everything is wrapped up in 45 minutes,” Mr. Shields told reporters. “All we could do was conduct a thorough investigation and not rush.”
***
進捗
しんちょく 進捗
progress.
~する (make good) progress; advance.
~中 in progress; under way.
しんど1【進度】
物事の進んでいく度合。
「学科―表」
進度管理follow-up 跟催
しんど 進度

progress.
~が遅れている be behind ((in)).

~表 a teaching schedule. ( or生產進度表 follow-up chart by hc)

retrench Show phonetics
verb ━━ v. 削除[短縮]する, 節約する.
1 [I] FORMAL If governments, companies, etc. retrench, they start spending less money, or reducing costs:
The company had to retrench because of falling orders.

2 [T] AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH to dismiss a worker from their job as a means of reducing costs



retrench
verb
1 [I] FORMAL If governments, companies, etc. retrench, they start spending less money, or reducing costs:
The company had to retrench because of falling orders.

2 [T] AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH to dismiss a worker from their job as a means of reducing costs

retrenchment 
noun
1 [C or U] when a government, etc. spends less or reduces costs

2 [C] AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH when a worker is dismissed as a way of saving the cost of employing them:
The downturn in business has resulted in many retrenchments.

suddenness, when, orangutan, oeillade,


The paintings of Kelly, who died on Sunday, have the suddenness of miracles, and the improbability.
NEWYORKER.COM|由 PETER SCHJELDAHL 上傳

"I have writ me here a letter to her: and here another to Page's wife, who even now gave me good eyes too, examined my parts with most judicious oeillades; sometimes the beam of her view gilded my foot, sometimes my portly belly."

--Falstaff from "THE MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR" (1.3.49-53)

Budi the baby orangutan was rescued in December after being kept in a chicken cage for months. Now, he is slowly recovering at an animal rehab center in West Borneo:


WSJ Live
After being rescued from a chicken coop, Budi the baby orangutan is the cutest ape in rehab and rocks physical therapy: on.wsj.com/1CtBERP


The name "orangutan" (also written orang-utan, orang utan, orangutang, and ourang-outang) is derived from the Malay andIndonesian words orang meaning "person" and hutan meaning "forest",[2] thus "person of the forest".[3]
猩猩屬學名Pongo),也叫人猿紅猩猩紅毛猩猩靈長目人科的一屬,與猴子最大不同的地方就是沒有尾巴,能用手或腳拿東西。馬來語印尼語叫做Orang utan,意思是「森林中的人」。與人類十分相近,與人類基因相似度達96.4%。活動的習性通常不用聲音溝通,通常有好幾個個體會在同一個區域活動,但彼此不干擾,平均壽命大概40年,平均身高大概171—180公分


目錄

  [隱藏


oeillade


noun oeil·lade \ˌə(r)-ˈyäd, œ-\

Definition of OEILLADE

:  a glance of the eye; especially :  ogle


when Line breaks: when


Definition of when in English:

INTERROGATIVE ADVERB

1At what time:when did you last see him?[WITH PREPOSITION]: since when have you been interested?
1.1How soon:when can I see you?
1.2In what circumstances:when would such a rule be justifiable?

RELATIVE ADVERB

Back to top  
At or on which (referring to a time or circumstance):Saturday is the day when I get my hair done

CONJUNCTION


2
1
At or during the time that:loved maths when I was at school
1.1After:call me when you’ve finished
1.2At any time that; whenever:can you spare five minutes when it’s convenient?
After which; and just then (implying suddenness):he had just drifted off to sleep when the phone rang
3In view of the fact that; considering that:why bother to paint it when you can photograph it with the same effect?
4Although; whereas:I’m saying it now when I should have told you longago

Origin

Old English hwannehwenne; of Germanic origin; related to German wenn 'if', wann 'when'.

sud·den

  (sŭd′n)
adj.
1. Happening without warning; unforeseen: sudden storm.
2. Happening or done without delay; hasty or immediate: sudden decision.
3. Characterized by sharp change in elevation; precipitous: sudden drop in the oceanfloor.
Idiom:
all of a sudden
Very quickly and unexpectedly; suddenly.

[Middle English sodainfrom Old French, from Vulgar Latin *subitānusfrom Latinsubitāneusfrom subitusfrom past participle of subīreto approach stealthily : sub-,secretlysee sub- + īreto gosee ei- in Indo-European roots.]

2015年12月30日 星期三

skim, skimmer, crossover, clapboard, banister/ bannister, ground-effect



Aircraft-like machines that skim the sea have consistently failed to become something better than the established alternatives. Until now. One of our most popular posts in recent years
Ground-effect vehicles are a clever idea whose time has never come—so far
ECON.ST

第二點。雖然鄂蘭了解學科分類的重要性,但也指出學科分類可能成為思考怠惰的窒礙。「無所依傍的思考」(thinking without bannisters) 是她所堅持的跨領域研究方法。在 1964 年接受目「關於此人」(Zur Person)的專訪5中,她自稱她並非哲學家:

Gropius House, Lincoln

The Gropiuses wanted their home to reflect its surroundings and traveled around New England studying its vernacular architecture. In designing the house, Gropius combined traditional elements of New England architecture such as clapboard, brick, and fieldstone, with new, innovative materials, such as glass block, acoustical plaster, and chromed banisters, along with the latest technology in fixtures.
Gropius House, Lincoln

The musical adaptation of
Like the Movie, Only Different

By PATRICK HEALY

As film companies invest heavily in turning movies into Broadway musicals, they are finding that it's not so easy to pinpoint what might ensure a crossover success.


Crossover is key, says pop violinist David Garrett

David Garrett is considered one of the fastest violinists in the world. Add
good looks and a crossover style and he's any agent's dream. Garrett told
DW why he wants to interest young people in classical music.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew1i91I44va89pI0



Clapboard (architecture) - Wikipedia, the 

clapboard

Translate clapboard | into Italian


noun

chiefly North American
  • a long, thin, flat piece of wood with edges horizontally overlapping in series, used to cover the outer walls of buildings: [as modifier]:neat clapboard houses
  • informal a house with outer walls covered in clapboards.
Derivatives
clapboarded
adjective

Origin:

early 16th century (denoting a piece of oak used for barrel staves or wainscot): partial translation of Low German klappholt 'barrel stave', from klappen 'to crack' + holt 'wood'




A Skimmer's Guide to the Latest Business Books


 skimmer,
v., skimmed, skim·ming, skims. v.tr.
    1. To remove floating matter from (a liquid).
    2. To remove (floating matter) from a liquid.
    3. To take away the choicest or most readily attainable contents or parts from.
  1. To coat or cover with or as if with a thin layer, as of scum.
    1. To throw so as to bounce or slide: skimming stones on the pond.
    2. To glide or pass quickly and lightly over or along (a surface). See synonyms at brush1.
  2. To read or glance through (a book, for example) quickly or superficially.
  3. Slang. To fail to declare part of (certain income, such as winnings) to avoid tax payment.


The staircase was as wooden and solid as need be, and Affery went straight down it without any of those deviations peculiar to dreams. She did not skim over it, but walked down it, and guided herself by the banisters on account of her candle having died out. In one corner of the hall, behind the house-door, there was a little waiting-room, like a well-shaft, with a long narrow window in it as if it had been ripped up. In this room, which was never used, a light was burning.


CHAPTER 4

Mrs Flintwinch has a Dream

Such tight supplies cut the need for sales incentives. "We're getting full price," Mr. Marquardt said. It will be a challenge for GM to keep the three crossovers in this position. A Chevrolet version is in the works, and could skim buyers from the Buick, GMC and Saturn models.


skim (CONSIDER QUICKLY) Show phonetics
verb [I or T] -mm-
to read or consider something quickly in order to understand the main points, without studying it in detail:
I've only skimmed (through/over) his letter; I haven't read it carefully yet.
We've only skimmed the surface of (= considered a small part of) the problem. Inc.com Blogs
Inc.com - New York,NY,USAI'm certainly not suggesting anyone skim the seminal works of Peter Drucker, Warren Bennis, Jim Collins and their ilk. In addition, there are business books ...


skim (MOVE ABOVE) Show phonetics
verb -mm-
1 [I or T] to move quickly just above a surface without touching it:
The birds skimmed (across/along/over) the tops of the waves.

2 [T] UK (US skip) to throw a flat stone horizontally over water so that it touches and rises off the surface several times:
We watched a child skimming stones across the lake.


crossover
n.
  1. A place at which or the means by which a crossing is made.
  2. A short connecting track by which a train can be transferred from one line to another.
  3. Genetics.
    1. Crossing over.
    2. A characteristic resulting from the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
  4. A registered member of one political party who votes in the primary of the other party.
    1. The adaptation of a musical style, as by blending elements of two or more styles or categories, to appeal to a wider audience.
    2. A recording designed to appeal to more than one segment or portion of the listening audience.
    3. One that appeals to a wide or diverse audience.
banister
ˈbanɪstə/
noun
noun: bannister
  1. the structure formed by the uprights and handrail at the side of a staircase.
    "he vaulted the banister"
    synonyms:handrailrailingrailbalustrade, banisters;
    balusters
    • a single upright at the side of a staircase.
      "I stuck my head between the banisters"

banister


 音節
ban • is • ter
発音
bǽnəstər
banisterの変化形
banisters (複数形)
[名]
1 手すり子(baluster).
2 ((時に〜s))(階段の)手すり, 欄干.
BALUSTERの変化形]



Ground effect (cars) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_effect_(cars)
Ground effect is a term applied to a series of aerodynamic effects used in car design, which has been exploited to create downforce, particularly in racing cars.