2010年2月26日 星期五

performance-enhancing drug

On the Cover of Sunday's Book Review

'Willie Mays'

By JAMES S. HIRSCH
Reviewed by PETE HAMILL

This account of Willie Mays's career concentrates on the baseball brilliance, reminding us of when the only performance-enhancing drug was joy.

2010年2月19日 星期五

handyman

'The Secret Life of Emily Dickinson'

By JEROME CHARYN
Reviewed by CARYN JAMES

Jerome Charyn imagines an Emily Dickinson consumed with obsessive desire for a handyman, a scholar and other fictional men.



also
n.
A man who does odd jobs or various small tasks.


雑役夫; 何でも屋, 重宝な人.

two-speed path

Asia Leads the Global End to Cheap Money
By BETTINA WASSENER
Stricter lending policies from China to Australia have been in effect for months, underscoring the two-speed path of the global recovery.

2010年2月18日 星期四

a bout of the Grand Sumo Tournament. CARDIAC ARREST


Ultimate Fighting battles for image ahead of first European bout

Labelled as brutal, unforgiving and excessively violent, the spectacle
known as Ultimate Fighting comes to the western German city of Cologne on
Saturday, June 13, for its maiden fight night in continental Europe.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew13gjI44va89pI3



2人已無生命跡象,呈現OHCA(OUT OF HOSPITAL CARDIAC ARREST,到院前心肺功能停止)現象,

Even very brief bouts of exercise can be helpful. A British study published in the current American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that accumulating short bouts — just three minutes each — of brisk walking for a total of 30 minutes a day improved several measures of cardiac risk as effectively as one continuous 30-minute session


Virginia Woolf: distinguished novelist, critic and essayist (A Room Of One's Own) committed suicide by drowning; she had been suffering from depression and bouts of mental illness for many years (1941)

CARDIAC ARREST

n.
Sudden cessation of heartbeat and cardiac function, resulting in the loss of effective circulation.

bout
━━ n. (仕事・発作などの)ひとしきり, ひと続き; 1試合.
drinking bout 酒宴.

bout
(BRIEF PERIOD)
noun [C]
a brief period of illness or involvement in an activity:
She had a bout of flu over Christmas.
He suffered from periodic bouts of insanity.
a drinking bout (= brief period of drinking a lot of alcohol)

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)


bout
(SPORT) PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
a boxing or wrestling match:
He's a former heavyweight champion and is expected to win the bout easily.

Bout wins sumo fans' favor, but for how long?

01/29/2008

Quite a lot of zabuton cushions flew in the air on Sunday, when yokozuna (grand champion) Hakuho won the most exciting bout of the January Grand Sumo Tournament.

Hakuho and yokozuna Asashoryu had even records as they faced each other on the last day of the tournament.

It was the sort of dream bout sumo fans would give anything for. Cushion-throwing may be considered bad manners, but for the fans, it was simply a spontaneous demonstration of their pleasure and excitement.

Until the early years of the Showa Era (1926-1989), it is said that some fans threw not only their cushions but also the haori jackets they were wearing, while geisha untied their obiage belts and tossed them. I understand it was customary for novice wrestlers and sumo stable attendants to retrieve the jackets and belts and return them to their owners for a tip.

Cushions flew on the last day of the November Grand Sumo Tournament last year, too, but it was for an entirely different reason. Angry fans yelled, "Give us our money back."

What happened was this: Chiyotaikai, who was one of the top contenders for the championship, suddenly sat out the last day, so that Hakuho did not have to win his final bout to win the tournament.

This seemingly diminished Hakuho's fighting spirit, and he lost the bout. This anticlimactic end to the tournament so displeased the fans that they threw their cushions to make their disappointment known.

Sunday's bout was the first in 5 1/2 years in which two grand champions squared off with even records on the last day of the tournament.

They grappled with all their might, and Hakuho executed a powerful uwatenage overarm throw to defeat Asashoryu.

For Hakuho and Asashoryu fans alike, the throwing of the cushions must have represented their satisfaction with the outcome.

Yoshitaka Takahashi (1912-1995), a German literature scholar and a former chairman of the Yokozuna Promotion Council, once noted to the effect that it is fine for sumo wrestlers to be "scolded" by fans, but they should never make their fans angry. Takahashi argued that scoldings by fans are a sign of their true love of sumo.

The exciting, literally yokozuna-caliber bout on Sunday served to temporarily defuse fans' negative feelings about problems caused by Asashoryu's questionable behavior.

But a cloud still hangs over the sumo world as investigations continue into the death of a young wrestler.

The Nihon Sumo Kyokai is still walking a tight rope, amid the uncertainty that fans' "scoldings" could turn into "anger" at any moment.

--The Asahi Shimbun, Jan. 28(IHT/Asahi: January 29,2008)




2010年2月15日 星期一

2010年2月14日 星期日

same-sex , homosexuality , gay

homosexuality

━━ n. 同性愛 ((男女ともに用いる)).
homosexual
Same-Sex Couple Stir Fears of a ‘Gay Agenda’

BLANTYRE, Malawi — A same-sex couple has been arrested in Malawi, where homosexuality carries a sentence of 5 to 14 years.



2010年2月12日 星期五

governance, corporate governance, misgovernance


Misgovernance at the World Bank

http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6151.html
Board members may be inclined to advance their own interests at voting time. This appears true for the World Bank's Board of Executive Directors, too. The problem? Many countries are being shut out of development funding. New research by Harvard Law School student Ashwin Kaja and HBS professor Eric Werker tells why misgovernance at the World Bank should be corrected. Q&A with Eric Werker. Plus: Working paper PDF.





The biggest question raised by the crisis is how to resolve this contradiction. The current mismatch of globalised finance and national governance is unsustainable. Either governance becomes more globalised or finance less globalised.


Given its somewhat questionable governance of Anheuser-Busch, the Busch family should try to reach a friendly deal -- with Inbev or another suitor -- as quickly as possible, Andrew Ross Sorkin argues in his latest DealBook column.

Go to Article from The New York Times»

governance

(gŭv'ər-nəns) pronunciation
━━ n. 支配, 統治.公司治理
n.
  1. The act, process, or power of governing; government: “Regaining a sense of the state is thus an absolute priority, not only for an effective policy against . . . terrorism, but also for governance itself” (Moorhead Kennedy).
  2. The state of being governed.
Wikipedia article "Governance"


企業治理
這是近約10年對於corporate governance 的翻譯,它原指所有企業利害關係人的關係:The relationship between all the stakeholders in a company. This includes the shareholders, directors, and management of a company, as defined by the corporate charter, bylaws, formal policy and rule of law.。

企業治理通常由董事會等的高階管理者負責。它牽涉到如何真正為股東等的好處着想而避免利益衝突等。

(以前談的「管理」是清朝小官階。「治理」談的是「統治管理。如:治理政務」或「治理河水」等.....)



“If we had to do it all over again, we would,” said Gene Fox, managing director of Cardinal Capital Management, a shareholder who has been suing Mr. Black and other directors for their poor governance. “It’s a matter of principle.”

--For Conrad Black, a Downfall Shaped by Many Battles
By RICHARD SIKLOS
Conrad Black’s rise and fall was marked by charm, indignation and opportunism.

2010年2月11日 星期四

to a T, . to a turn.

to a T,
Also, to a turn. Perfectly, exactly right, as in The description fitted him to a T, or The roast was done to a turn. The first expression, dating from the late 1600s, may allude to the T-square, used for accurate drawing, but some think it refers to crossing one's T's. The variant alludes to meat being turned on a spit until it is cooked to the proper degree. The variant was first recorded in 1780.

Done to a turn

Meaning

Cooked just right.

Origin

done to a turnSince at least the end of the first Millennium, food, especially meat, has been cooked on spits. The English abbot and scholar, Aelfric of Eynsham, referred to them as 'spitu' in Latin Grammar and Glossary, circa 1000.

Spits were originally simple pointed sticks, which were used to hold meat near to a fire. Rotating spits were developed in the Middle Ages; initially turned by hand and later by various forms of powered mechanism.

The allusion in the phrase 'done to a turn', or 'roasted to a turn', is to food that had been cooked for the precisely correct number of turns of the spit. Both versions of the phrase date back to the 18th century and the 'roasted' form is first cited in a piece by an author called Mackenzie in Mirror No. 93, 1780:

"The beef was roasted to a turn."

2010年2月10日 星期三

snore, differentiate, urine, apnoea

《中英對照讀新聞》Urine test for dangerous snoring 驗尿可測危險的打鼾

◎國際新聞中心

A urine test that can differentiate between dangerous and safe snoring is possible, say researchers at the University of Chicago.

芝加哥大學研究人員表示,有可能研發出可分辨打鼾危不危險的驗尿方法。

They looked at 90 children referred to a clinic to be evaluated for breathing problems in sleep, and 30 controls. A number of proteins were increased in the urine of the children diagnosed with dangerous snoring.

他們觀察90名到診所診斷睡眠呼吸問題的孩童,以及30名對照組。被診斷出有危險打鼾的孩童,尿液中蛋白質量比較多。

The research is published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

這份研究刊登在呼吸暨重症照護期刊。

The children all had standard overnight tests and some were classified as having obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). OSA can lead to mental, behavioural, cardiovascular and metabolic problems in children. It is estimated that up to 3% of all children up to the age of nine may suffer from it.

這些孩童都接受標準的隔夜檢測,部分被歸類為阻塞性睡眠窒息症(OSA)。OSA可能導致孩童心理、行為、心血管與代謝問題,9歲以下孩童,約3%可能有這種疾病。

The researchers collected the children’s first sample of urine on the morning after the sleep study. They used a process with fluorescent dyes to separate and characterise the proteins in the urine and found three proteins at higher concentrations in the urine of children with OSA:urocortin 3, orosomucoid and uromodulin.

研究人員在睡眠研究後,蒐集孩童早上第一泡尿的樣本,他們使用螢光染劑,分別與標誌出尿液中的蛋白質,並發現有OSA的孩童,尿液中urocortin 3、血清類黏蛋白與尿調理素這3種蛋白質的濃度較高。

新聞辭典

snore:動詞,打鼾。例句:Sometimes my husband snores so loudly, it keeps me awake at night.(我老公有時候打鼾很大聲,讓我晚上都睡不著。)

differentiate:動詞,區隔、分別。例句:We do not differentiate between our workers on the basis of their background or ethnic origin.

(我們不因為背景或種族區隔員工。)

control:名詞,對照組。

2010年2月7日 星期日

copies of historical instruments, historical sonata cycle

Concert Hour: Beethoven Historic Piano Sonatas (I)

For the first time ever, the most recent Beethovenfest in Bonn showcased a
“historical sonata cycle:” six concerts with six fortepiano specialists
playing all 32 of Beethoven’s piano sonatas on copies "複刻版" of historical
instruments.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew3tlcI44va89pI1

enable, enabler of entrepreneurship, exploit

As Peter Drucker wrote, "The entrepreneur always searches for change, responds to it and exploits it as an opportunity."

Peter Drucker called entrepreneurs "opportunity seekers."

Cheers to the American Consumer

http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6154.html
The willingness by American consumers to adopt new products, processes, and services more rapidly than those in other countries may be the most important enabler of entrepreneurship and innovation in America, says marketing professor John Quelch.





The Old Man and the Sea really touched Huntley's students and enabled them.


enable PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
verb [T]
to make someone able to do something, or to make something possible:
[+ to infinitive] Computerization should enable us to cut production costs by half.

enabled PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective, suffix
1 provided with a particular type of equipment or technology, or having the necessary or correct system, device or arrangement to use it:
WAP-enabled mobile phones
Their aim is to make sure that every home and business becomes Internet enabled in the next 10 years.

2 operated or made possible by the use of a particular thing:
voice-enabled software

enabler PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
a person or organization that allows other people to do things themselves instead of doing things for them