2010年12月31日 星期五

lose out, win through/win the day

Japanese businesses lose out in hiring of top Chinese talent
Asahi Shimbun
A Chinese MBA student, who used to work for Chinese affiliates of Mitsui & Co. and Toyota Motor Corp., says she will never again work at a Japanese company. ...

Germany's chancellor wins the day at a European summit(33)

win through

Also, win the day. End successfully, be victorious, as in We didn't know until the very end if they would win through, or It seems that hard work won the day. The first term dates from the late 1800s and today is more often put as come through (def. 1). The variant originally alluded to the outcome of a battle and dates from the late

lose out
1. Fail to succeed, be defeated, as in The election's over, and you've lost out. [Mid-1800s]
2. Also, lose out on or in. Miss an opportunity to participate, as in We came so late that we lost out on our chance to see her dance, or The Republicans lost out in last fall's elections. [Colloquial; mid-1900s] Also see miss out on.

2010年12月29日 星期三

Mind-wandering, daydreaming

中英對照讀新聞/People spend half their waking hours daydreaming 白日夢耗去人一半清醒時間


People spend nearly half of their waking hours not thinking about what they are actually doing, according to a US study conducted via the iPhone. More than 2,200 volunteers downloaded an app which then surveyed them about their thoughts and mood at random times of day and night.


The Science study suggested minds wander, even from demanding tasks, at least 30% of the time.


Participants agreed to be contacted, at which point they selected what they were doing from a menu, whether they were actually thinking about it, and how happy or sad they felt. Remarkably, some participants were prepared to answer the survey even when making love.


After gathering 250,000 survey results, the Harvard team concluded that this group of people spent 46.9% of their time awake with their minds wandering. Dr Matthew Killingsworth, one of the researchers, said: "Mind-wandering appears ubiquitous across all activities."



wander:動詞,失神、開小差。例句:My attention wandered. (我失了神。)

remarkably:副詞,特別到讓人驚訝或值得一提地,形容詞為remarkable。例句:The 20th century was remarkable for its inventions.(20世紀引人注目的是發明。)

ubiquitous: 形容詞,到處存在的。例句:Leather is very much in fashion this season, as of course is the ubiquitous denim.(本季皮料用得非常多,當然到處都可以看見的丹寧布也是。)

go through the roof, full compensation

There have been 14 acquisitions in the industry this year alone and 45 since the fiber market began its turnaround in 2006, according to investment bank Cowen & Co.
"There's a shortage of metro fiber, and the demand is just going through the roof," said Rob Shanahan, chief executive of Lightower Fiber Networks, a fiber company serving the Northeast that has acquired five other companies since 2008.

Airbus will seek full compensation from Rolls-Royce for extra costs incurred for disruptions caused by the failure of a Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engine installed on an A380 superjumbo operated by Qantas.

Japanese American Evacuation Cases - Answers.com
Because the act required elaborate proof of property losses, the amount paid out
was much less than full compensation for losses sustained. ...

Answers.com - What is the relationship between inflation and ...
When unemployment is low, employees can hold out for full compensation for the
higher prices, and raises above that. When... What is the relationship ...

go through the roof
1. Also, hit the ceiling or roof. Lose one's temper, become very angry, as in Marge went through the roof when she heard she'd been fired. [Colloquial; first half of 1900s]
2. Reach new or unexpected heights, as in After the war, food prices went through the roof. [Colloquial; first half of 1900s]

this time around, connectomics

Dr. Lichtman and his team of researchers at Harvard have built some unusual contraptions that carve off slivers of mouse brains as part of a quest to understand how the mind works. Their goal is to run slice after minuscule slice under a powerful electron microscope, develop detailed pictures of the brain’s complex wiring and then stitch the images back together. In short, they want to build a full map of the mind.

The field, at a very nascent stage, is called connectomics, and the neuroscientists pursuing it compare their work to early efforts in genetics. What they are doing, these scientists say, is akin to trying to crack the human genome — only this time around, they want to find how memories, personality traits and skills are stored.

2010年12月28日 星期二

bare-bone, submitting to the elements,

Residents of Mexico City braved the cold this month at a market. Nearly every building here has no central heat.
Jennifer Szymaszek for The New York Times
Mexico City Journal

A City’s Bare-Bones Embrace of Winter

Deep in Mexico’s Aztec roots, there is admiration for submitting to the elements, and it seems to re-emerge every winter with force.

pl.n. Informal
The basic elements or essentials: outlined the bare bones of the proposal.

bare-bones bare'-bones' (bâr'bōnz') adj.

2010年12月27日 星期一


鑑於國內醫界過於專科化,眼科醫師只看眼睛,肝膽腸胃科醫師只了解病人消化系統疾病,衛生署決議明年七月實施「一年期醫師畢業後一般醫學訓練計畫」(PGY),也就是醫學系學生需要多實習一年,「內外兼修、通盤了解」。 對於學生反彈,衛生署醫事處處長石崇良堅持,多一 ...

是醫學教育的萬靈丹嗎? 醫學教育改革之我見謝豐舟近來醫學教育界為了所謂PGY(Post Graduate Year)的問題鬧得沸沸揚揚。為了知道PGY到底是怎麼一

(pōst-grăj'ū-ĭt, -āt') pronunciation
Of, relating to, or pursuing advanced study after graduation from high school or college.

One who is engaged in postgraduate study.

2010年12月25日 星期六

unafraid and incautious, fearless, Amygdala

Humans, Like Animals, Behave Fearlessly Without the Amygdala

A patient with rare brain damage is unafraid and incautious.


Taiwan sees birth of four special municipalities
Taipei Times
The nation's five special municipalities, home to 60 percent of the population, began operations yesterday, starting a new phase in Taiwan's administrative ...

[名](市・町などの)地方自治体;市[町]当局, 自治体当局.
(myū-nĭs'ə-păl'ĭ-tē) pronunciation
n., pl., -ties.
  1. A political unit, such as a city, town, or village, incorporated for local self-government.
  2. A body of officials appointed to manage the affairs of a local political unit.

2010年12月24日 星期五

play musical chairs

Obama Staff Plays Musical Chairs
The president is restructuring the White House to adapt to the new political climate, but advisers won't know where they're sitting until January.

play musical chairs
Move around from position to position, such as the jobs in an organization. For example, Bob took over for Tom, who took over for Mary, who got Bob's title--the boss loves to play musical chairs with the staff. This expression alludes to the children's game in which children walk around a number of seats while music plays, and there is one less chair than players. When the music stops the players must sit down, and the player who is left standing is eliminated. Then another chair is removed, and the game goes on until only one player is left sitting.類似大風吹遊戲 [c. 1900]

meridian, acupuncture

Map of Acupuncture Meridians

Traditional map of 经络, the acupuncture meridians

  • [mərídiən]
(1) 子午線;経線
the prime meridian
(2) (天球の)子午線
the celestial meridian
2 ((the 〜))((文))(繁栄・発展などの)絶頂, 頂点;最高潮, 全盛期
We have passed the meridian (of life).
1 子午線の, 経線の.
2 正午の, 真昼の
the meridian hour
3 最盛期の, 頂点の.
[ラテン語merīdiānus (medius真中の+dies日+-AN=日の真中の). mediusの-d-はdの繰り返しを避けて-r-に変わった. ⇒BELFRY

nature, incurable, appoint, reappoint,

n Incurable Fisherman Is Now Mourned

Julius Geller, who died Sunday at 93 and was buried Tuesday in New Farmingdale, N.Y., was a constant, welcome presence on Brooklyn’s fishing boats.

The act or practice of ending the life of an individual suffering from a terminal illness or an incurable condition, as by lethal injection or the suspension of extraordinary medical treatment.

The first meaning was the literal translation from the French, i.e. 'face-to-face'. Walpole was an incurable letter writer and, fortunately for us, many of his letters have been published in a collection of books, which provides the first citation we have of the term in English, in Letter to George Montague, July 1753:

Bernanke wins confirmation for second term at Fed
The Senate voted 70-30 to reappoint Ben Bernanke for a second four-year term as chairman of the Federal Reserv



1 [U]((無冠詞))自然, 自然界(▼人間・精神・人工などと対立したものとしてとらえられている. 日本語の「自然」には人間・精神なども含まれることがあるので注意);物質界;((しばしばN-))(山・木・動物など)自然界の要素, 万物
the beauties [the laws] of nature
a struggle against nature
preserve [destroy] nature
2 [U]((無冠詞))(あらゆる現象を含めて)全宇宙[世界];((通例N-))創造主, 造物主, 自然の女神(▼ふつう女性扱い);宇宙に働く力(の総体), 自然の摂理
leave things to nature
in [by] the course of nature
Nature is the best physician.
((ことわざ)) 自然は最良の医者.
3 [U](人工・人為に対して)自然さ, 迫真性, 真実味
true to nature
4 [U][C]((しばしばthe 〜))本質, 本性, 天性, 性質, 特質, 性向, 性癖;気質;[C]…の気質をもった人;(人間の)自然のままの姿. ⇒DISPOSITION[類語]
the nature of humankind
human nature
人情, 人間性
a cruel nature
a person's better nature
人の優しい気持ち, 仏心
It was not (in) his nature to take an aimless holiday.
5 [U](人の)本来の姿, 自然[野生, 原始, 未開]の状態
go back to nature
6 ((a [the] 〜))種類
two books of the same nature
7 [U]体力, 活力, 生命力;肉体的欲求
sustain nature
8 [U]《神学》神の恩寵(おんちょう)に浴していない精神状態.
against nature
(1) 不自然な;人間性に反した, 非道な.
(2) 奇跡的な[に], 不思議な[に].
all nature
万物;((米略式))だれもかれも, 何もかも.
back to nature
by nature/by one' (very) nature
生まれながらに, 生まれつき, 生来, 本質的に, 本来.
contrary to nature
=against NATURE (2).
from nature
paint from nature
in a state of nature
(1) 《神学》神の恩寵に浴していない精神状態で.
(2) 〈人が〉未開[原始]の状態で.
(3) 〈動植物が〉野生(状態)で;〈鉱物が〉天然に存在して.
(4) まる裸で.
in nature
(1) 実在して.
(2) ((否定の強意))全然, まったく.
(3) ((最上級の強意))この上なく, まったく.
(4) ((疑問の強意))一体全体
What in nature do you mean?
in [by, from] the nature of things [the case]
物の道理として, 道理上, 必然的に.
like all nature
((米略式))完全に, すっかり, まったく.
of [in] the nature of ...
…の性質を帯びている, に似ている
His suggestion was of [in] the nature of an order.
[ラテン語nātūra (nātus生まれた+-URE=生まれてもつもの). △NATION, NATIVE

v. t. (-point")To appoint again.

tr.v., -point·ed, -point·ing, -points.
  1. To select or designate to fill an office or a position: appointed her the chief operating officer of the company.
  2. To fix or set by authority or by mutual agreement: will appoint a date for the examination.
  3. To furnish; equip: a house that is comfortably appointed.
  4. Law. To direct the disposition of (property) to a person or persons in exercise of a power granted for this purpose by a preceding deed.
[Middle English appointen, from Old French apointer, apointier, to arrange, from a point, to the point : a, to (from Latin ad; see ad-) + point, point; see point.]
SYNONYMS appoint, designate, name, nominate, tap. These verbs mean to select for an office or position: was appointed chairperson of the committee; expects to be designated leader of the opposition; a new police commissioner named by the mayor; to be nominated as her party's candidate; was tapped for fraternity membership. See also synonyms at furnish.


[形]直らない, 矯正できない;変えることのできない, 根っからの, 病膏肓(こうこう)にはいった
an incurable disease [invalid]
(ĭn-kyʊr'ə-bəl) pronunciation

  1. Being such that a cure is impossible; not curable: an incurable disease.
  2. Incapable of being altered, as in disposition or habits: an incurable optimist; an incurable smoker.
incurability in·cur'a·bil'i·ty or in·cur'a·ble·ness n.
incurable in·cur'a·ble n.
incurably in·cur'a·bly adv.

photoA drugstore in Osaka's Chuo Ward with signs in Chinese to help Chinese visitors (Kenta Sujino)






2010年12月23日 星期四

Chinese train driver manual –in English?

Chinese train driver manual –in English?

China’s railway ministry boasts that the country’s rapidly multiplying, state-of-the-art high speed trains are now completely homegrown, having been created by armies of Chinese engineers. But, it now seems the engineers who have come up with all this authentic intellectual property are even smarter than the ministry would have us believe. After designing and building the new high-speed trains proliferating across the country they apparently decided to write the instruction manuals for train drivers in English, instead of their native Chinese.


This little fact was revealed in a glowing piece of propaganda published by the Chinese Communist Party that profiled “China’s Number 1 high speed train driver” – a man called Li Dongxiao. In the interview with state media, Li brags about making a bet with a German engineer who said there was no way Li could learn to drive the new “home-grown” Chinese high-speed trains in time for the first pre-Olympics trial of the Beijing to Tianjin express line in 2008. But Li said through tireless work and indomitable persistence he and his team were able to translate the English instruction manual into Chinese on their own and learnt to drive the new trains within just nine days. Li won the bet with the German engineer, whose involvement in the “home-grown” high speed train project is not explained. However, Li’s account does make one wonder why the Chinese engineers who came up with such advanced high-speed rail technology decided to write instruction manuals in perfect technical English for Chinese drivers, who only speak Chinese. Another possible explanation is that in the rush to adapt and “digest” foreign rail technology from companies like Siemens, Alstom, Bombardier and Kawasaki somebody forgot to translate the instruction manuals before they re-branded the trains “Chinese”. The railway ministry has said in a statement long ago that there is absolutely no doubt about the origins of its technology: “China Railways has already grasped the core technology for trains that operate at speeds over 200kmh…and China Railways has the autonomous intellectual property rights for such trains.” Now that the Chinese market is dominated by state-controlled domestic companies, the big international train producers are trying to catch a ride with them as the Chinese manufacturers start to peddle their technology overseas, with the help of cheap credit from Chinese banks. We’ll have to wait and see what language the training manual will be in for American, Australian, Brazilian, Thai and Saudi Arabian drivers when those countries start to buy “home-grown” Chinese trains.







另一个可能的解释是,由于急于吸收和“消化”西门子(Siemens)、阿尔斯通 (Alstom)、庞巴迪(Bombardier)和日本川崎重工(Kawasaki Heavy Industries)等外国公司的铁路技术,有些人忘了在将列车冠以“中国品牌”之前,应该事先翻译好操作手册。


中国市场被本国国有控股公司主导,中国制造商在本国银行廉价信贷的协助下,正开始把技 术卖到海外,而大型跨国列车生产商则试图跟着它们搭个便车。当其它国家开始购买中国“国产”列车时,这些企业将为美国、澳大利亚、巴西、泰国和沙特等国的 列车司机提供什么语言的培训材料呢?我们将拭目以待。


2010年12月18日 星期六



Bixi (or BIXI in some marketing pieces) is a public bicycle sharing system launched in May 2009 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

In Montreal, the system provided 3,000 bicycles and 300 stations located around Montreal's central core by June 2009,[2] expanding to 5,000 bicycles and 400 stations later that summer.[3] Bixi marked its one-millionth ride on October 26, 2009.[4]

lemur, baguette

Pirates have left the island of Ste. Marie, but the spectacular beaches remain.
Robin Hammond for The New York Times

Only in Madagascar

Where else can one find dancing lemurs, perfect beaches like the above on Ste. Marie and Paris-grade baguettes?


A baguette (pronounced /bæˈɡɛt/) is "a long thin loaf of French bread"[1] that is commonly made from basic lean dough (the dough, though not the shape, is defined by French law). It is distinguishable by its length, crisp crust, and slits that enable the proper expansion of gases.

A standard baguette has a diameter of about 5 or 6 cm (2 or 2⅓") and a usual length of about 65 cm (24"), although a baguette can be up to a meter (39") long.

n. - 狐猴
('mər) pronunciation
Any of several small arboreal, mostly nocturnal primates chiefly of the family Lemuridae of Madagascar and adjacent islands, having large eyes, a long slim muzzle, and a long tail.

[New Latin Lemur, genus name, back-formation from Latin Lemurēs, lemures (from their ghostly appearance and their nocturnal habits).]

2010年12月15日 星期三

Oxford English Dictionary,OED


OED第一版出齊後 清華大學的 葉公超 (牛津字典的貢獻《新月》一卷七號)和浦江清 (牛津英文大字典《國聞周報》1928/5/13)兩老師都撰文介紹過

牛津英語詞典》(英語Oxford English Dictionary,OED)是由牛津大學出版社出版的詞典,被視為最全面和權威的英語詞 典。截至2005年11月30日,該詞典收錄了301,100主詞彙,字母數目達3億5千萬個。詞典亦收錄了157,000個以粗體印刷的組合和變形,以 及169,000個以粗斜體印刷的短語和組合,令詞典收錄的詞彙達到616,500個。另外,詞典共列出137,000條讀音、249,300個詞源、577,000個互相參照和2,412,400句例子。



Publication dates
1888 A A New ED Vol. 1
1893 C NED Vol. 2
1897 D NED Vol. 3
1900 F NED Vol. 4
1901 H NED Vol. 5
1908 L NED Vol. 6
1909 O NED Vol. 7
1914 Q NED Vol. 8
1919 Si NED Vol. 9/1
1919 Su NED Vol. 9/2
1926 Ti NED Vol. 10/1
1928 V NED Vol. 10/2
1928 all NED 12 vols.
1933 & sup. Oxford ED 13 vols.
1972 A OED Sup. Vol. 1
1976 H OED Sup. Vol. 2
1982 O OED Sup. Vol. 3
1986 Sea OED Sup. Vol. 4
1989 all OED 2nd Ed. 20 vols.
1993 all OED Add. Ser. Vols. 1–2
1997 all OED Add. Ser. Vol. 3

2010年12月14日 星期二

6歳の園児、英検準2級合格 授業は週1時間だけだけど



 父親の会社経営、徹浩さんも祥子さんも「英語は学校で習っただけ」で、わが子には海外で通用する職業についてほしいと教室通いを勧めた。楽しみながらス ムーズに「英語耳」が身についたといい、祥子さんは「大人は耳から入った英語を日本語に訳して理解する。桜子は聞いた英語が直接、会話につながっているよ うです」と驚いている。



flames did not distinguish , novelty

Ed Sernoff, whose home in Ein Hod, an artists’ colony, was spared in the worst fire in Israel’s history, at the ruins of his son’s home next door.
Rina Castelnuovo for The New York Times

Israel’s Arabs and Jews, United by Flames

For Ein Hod, an artist’s colony in northern Israel, and Ayn Hawd, the neighboring Israeli Arab village, the flames did not distinguish between Arab and Jew.

Years of Wrangling Lie Ahead for Health Law

A federal court ruling against the Obama health care law highlighted both the novelty of the constitutional issues and the difficulty of forging consensus among judges.

2010年12月12日 星期日

Variety Performance

當晚查爾斯(Prince Charles)伉儷盛裝乘勞斯萊斯禮車出行,準備出席一年一度王室綜藝表演(Royal Variety Performance),不料車隊卻駛入倫敦西區示威現場,遭近300名示威者包圍。 群眾搖晃座車、又踢又打、還丟漆彈攻擊,高喊「拿下他們的頭」。

A variety show.

2010年12月11日 星期六

and vs with

a and b 合著
a with b --b協助

The Right to Win
by Cesare Mainardi with Art Kleiner

2010年12月10日 星期五

A is from Mars, B is from Venus

Google is from Mars, Apple is from Venus
The emergence of ChromeOS highlights some of the fundamental differences between Google and Apple, and how each fundamentally appeals to a different ...

Mars/Venus 截然不同氣質的"行星"

spur-of-the moment , Briefing Room

President Obama with former President Bill Clinton spoke with members of the media during a news conference at the White House on Friday.
Drew Angerer/The New York Times

Clinton Holds Court in Briefing Room

Former President Bill Clinton held a remarkable, spur-of-the-moment news conference to announce his backing for the tax compromise President Obama reached this week.

spur-of-the moment
Occurring or made hastily on impulse: a spur-of-the moment choice.

2010年12月8日 星期三

2010年12月7日 星期二


The Portable Nabokov (originally published as Nabokov's Congeries) Selected with the author's collaboration and with a critical introduction ...


(kən-jîr'ēz', kŏn'jə-rēz') pronunciation
n. (used with a sing. verb)
A collection; an aggregation: "Our city, it should be explained, is two cities, or more-an urban mass or congeries divided by the river" (John Updike).

[Latin congeriēs, from congerere, to heap up. See congest.]

2010年12月6日 星期一

Communal Digital Newsstand/dailies and weeklies

French Publishers Fight Back With a Communal Digital Newsstand


Eight leading dailies and weeklies in France are trying to create a single online portal.

2010年12月4日 星期六

Point-and-Shoots Stay Home

In Smartphone Era, Point-and-Shoots Stay Home


The point-and-shoot camera is being shoved aside for the smartphone camera that improves with each new model.

Cold War/missile shield/Prime Minister/ President

Putin warns West over missile shield

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has warned that Moscow will build up
its nuclear forces if it is left out of Western missile defense plans. His
remarks echo earlier comments by Prime Minister (錯誤 應該是President ) Dmitry Medvedev.

冷戰= cold war

  1. often Cold War A state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war, especially that which existed between the United States and Soviet Union following World War II.
  2. A state of rivalry and tension between two factions, groups, or individuals that stops short of open, violent confrontation.

Cold War/missile shield

Putin warns West over missile shield

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has warned that Moscow will build up
its nuclear forces if it is left out of Western missile defense plans. His
remarks echo earlier comments by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.

冷戰= cold war

  1. often Cold War A state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war, especially that which existed between the United States and Soviet Union following World War II.
  2. A state of rivalry and tension between two factions, groups, or individuals that stops short of open, violent confrontation.

2010年12月3日 星期五

belligerent by the week, cynical diplomacy-as-usual.

China, the Enabler

North Korea is becoming more belligerent by the week, but China is still playing cynical diplomacy-as-usual.

by the day

Also, by the hour or week or month or year. According to a specific time period, as in I'm renting this car by the day, or He's being paid by the hour. This usage generally describes some kind of rate. [1400s]

2010年11月30日 星期二

2010年11月29日 星期一

naval exercise, artillery barrage

U.S., South Korea kick off naval exercises

SEOUL--A joint U.S.-South Korean naval exercise involving a U.S. aircraft carrier group kicked off Sunday in the Yellow Sea as diplomatic efforts to ease tensions continued following North Korea's deadly artillery barrage last week. (November 29) [more]

2010年11月27日 星期六

preface, postface , afterword/epilogue

ep·i·logue ep·i·log (ĕp'ə-lôg', -lŏg') pronunciation
    1. A short poem or speech spoken directly to the audience following the conclusion of a play.
    2. The performer who delivers such a short poem or speech.
  1. A short addition or concluding section at the end of a literary work, often dealing with the future of its characters. Also called afterword.

[Middle English epiloge, from Old French epilogue, from Latin epilogus, from Greek epilogos, conclusion of a speech : epi-, epi- + logos, word, speech.]

pref·ace (prĕf'ĭs) pronunciation
    1. A preliminary statement or essay introducing a book that explains its scope, intention, or background and is usually written by the author.
    2. An introductory section, as of a speech.
  1. Something introductory; a preliminary: An informal brunch served as a preface to the three-day conference.
  2. often Preface The words introducing the central part of the Eucharist in several Christian churches.
tr.v., -aced, -ac·ing, -ac·es.
  1. To introduce by or provide with a preliminary statement or essay.
  2. To serve as an introduction to.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praefātiō, praefātiōn-, from praefātus, past participle of praefārī, to say before : prae-, pre- + fārī, to speak.]

prefacer pref'ac·er n.


A postface is the opposite of a preface, a brief article or explanatory information placed at the end of a book. Sometimes general information about a book and the people for whom it was written is at the back of the book in a postface. In ancient Chinese works, the postface is called 序/叙言. Afterwords are quite often used in books so that the non-pertinent information will appear at the end of the literary work, and not confuse the reader.

Some may regard this entry as a joke based on Caroll Fisher Saller's comment in her book "The Subversive Copy Editor" that you can't put the preface at the end of the book. After all, it's not called a "postface."

However, one authentic example of a postface can be found in the 1954 book, "Dali's Mustache: A Photographic Interview," by Salvador Dali and Philippe Halsman. While the main body of the work is a collaboration, each author gets a few words to himself, Dali in the preface and Halsman in the postface.

catch on, black magic, push bottom

Amazon Alone in U.K. Black Friday Sales
Amazon.com's attempts to export Black Friday—one of the busiest and most discounted pre-Christmas shopping days in the U.S—into the U.K. hasn't caught on with the wider retail sector.



BlackBerry Rivals Push RIM's Buttons
BlackBerry maker Research In Motion may hint this week at strategy changes to meet the dual challenges of a $99 iPhone from Apple and Palm's Pre.

push bottom
(′pu̇sh ′bət·ən) (computer science) A small rectangle on a graphical user interface whose selection initiates immediate action.

black magic

悪魔術, 妖術.


catch on

1. Understand, as in Aunt Mary doesn't catch on to any jokes. The verb to catch alone was used with this meaning from Shakespeare's time, on being added in the late 1800s. Also see get it, def. 2.
2. Become popular, as in This new dance is really beginning to catch on. [Late 1800s]

2010年11月24日 星期三

The domino effect


The domino effect is a chain reaction that occurs when a small change causes a similar change nearby, which then will cause another similar change, and so on in linear sequence. The term is best known as a mechanical effect, and is used as an analogy to a falling row of dominoes. It typically refers to a linked sequence of events where the time between successive events is relatively small. It can be used literally (an observed series of actual collisions) or metaphorically (complex systems such as global finance, or in politics, where linkage is only a hypothesis).


目前已是數位影像及列印領導品牌之一的Epson,為慶祝微針點壓電式噴墨技術(Micro Piezo technology)商用發展開始迄今20週年,昨日在日本長野展開為期兩天的獨家新聞發表會,會中展示最新Epson ME Office系列印表機、發表全新專業打樣印表機,並特別預先公開即將上市的Epson SurePress商用標籤印表機。

Pressure: piezoelectricity.

[From Greek piezein, to press tight, squeeze.]

Ponzi scheme / participating in the fraud

Madoff Trustee Sues UBS for $2 Billion
The trustee recovering money for victims of Bernard Madoff's Ponzi scheme is seeking $2 billion from UBS through a lawsuit that accuses the Swiss banking giant of participating in the fraud.

par·tic·i·pate (pär-tĭs'ə-pāt') pronunciation

v., -pat·ed, -pat·ing, -pates. v.intr.
  1. To take part in something: participated in the festivities.
  2. To share in something: If only I could participate in your good fortune.
v.tr. Archaic
To partake of.

[Latin participāre, participāt-, from particeps, particip-, partaker : pars, part-, part; see part + capere, to take.]

participative par·tic'i·pa'tive adj.
participator par·tic'i·pa'tor n.

an itch /itching to book a trip

Timing is everything. Korea is trying to woo tourists through a "Visit Korea" ad campaign. But this week wasn't ideal for the Korean Tourism Organization to run ads in the U.S. on networks like CNBC. With stocks oscillating wildly, partly on worries of Korean conflict, traders probably weren't itching to book a trip.

  1. An irritating skin sensation causing a desire to scratch.
  2. Any of various skin disorders, such as scabies, marked by intense irritation and itching.
  3. A restless desire or craving for something: an itch to travel.

v., itched, itch·ing, itch·es. v.intr.
    1. To feel, have, or produce an itch.
    2. To have a desire to scratch.
  1. To have a persistent, restless craving.
  1. To cause to itch.
  2. To scratch (an itch).

[Middle English yicche, from Old English gicce, from giccan, to itch.]

call Apple home, call one's own

Some RIM Sales Staff Now Call Apple Home
Apple isn't only poaching corporate customers from BlackBerry maker Research In Motion, it's hiring RIM's sales people. In the past 18 months, at least five members of RIM's enterprise-sales team have left the company to join Apple.

call one's own
Claim or regard something as one's possession or under one's control, as in Victorian wives had almost nothing to call their own. This expression, dating from about 1600, today is often used in a negative context, as in the example. It also appears in can't call one's time one's own,常恨此身非所有 which dates from the 18th century and means one spends much of one's time in someone else's service, as in The hours in this job are terrible; I can't call my time my own.

Lancet Oncology, acupuncturist

衛生署日前核准抑制腫瘤新生血管的標靶藥物,用於治療非鱗狀非小細胞肺癌。今年度「刺針腫瘤醫學期刊」(Lancet Oncology)發表研究成果,首度證實,此抗血管新生標靶藥物合併化療,可提升中位存活期達14.6個月。 台北榮民總醫院胸腔部胸腔腫瘤科主任蔡俊明表示,他所參與 ...
Acupuncturist Treats 40 Players in 4 Cities
Acupuncturist Treats 40 Players in 4 Cities

lan·cet (lăn'sĭt) pronunciation
  1. Medicine. A surgical knife with a short, wide, pointed double-edged blade, used especially for making punctures and small incisions. Also called lance.
  2. Architecture.
    1. A lancet arch.
    2. A lancet window.
[Middle English, from Old French, diminutive of lance, lance. See lance.]

IN BRIEF: A sharp two-edged surgical instrument.

pronunciation The nurse used a lancet to extract just a drop of blood from the patient's finger.

read-made, ready meal, TV dinner

ready meal1979
=TV dinner
A frozen prepared meal, usually packaged in a disposable serving tray, that needs only to be heated before serving.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/tv-dinner#ixzz16Br1hxhu

or read·y·made (rĕd'ē-mād')
  1. Already made, prepared, or available: ready-made clothes.
  2. Handy or expedient, especially because of familiarity, frequent use, or preplanning: a raft of ready-made excuses.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/ready-made#ixzz16BqcVYrU

2010年11月23日 星期二



本刊版主剛從中國回來 一周來未更新


鍾 漢清
Hanching Chung (or HC/ hc)
台灣戴明圈: A Taiwanese Deming Circle
電話:(02) 23650127

2010年11月14日 星期日


Siemens gave a bullish outlook and said it will gain market share and grow faster than its competitors in 2011, as it posted a record full-year result.

vocal music 歌樂

The noun vocal music has one meaning:

Meaning #1: music that is vocalized (as contrasted with instrumental music)

1. 歌樂
注音一式 ㄍㄜ ㄩㄝˋ
漢語拼音   yu 注音二式 g  yu
相似詞 笙歌 相反詞 

2010年11月11日 星期四

a raise, a hit

Google is giving its 23,000 employees a 10% raise, as the competition for talent in Silicon Valley heats up.

Nintendo took a hit to its results from the strong yen. But unlike at other Japanese companies, reduced exports weren't the main villain. The bigger problem was the company's unusually large pile of cash in foreign currencies.


  1. The act of raising or increasing.
  2. An increase in salary.


IN BRIEF: To increase the amount of.

pronunciation If you really do put a small value upon yourself, rest assured that the world will not raise your price. — Unknown from www.zaadz.com

2010年11月8日 星期一

Hasta la vista, decry, disparage, depreciate, derogate, belittle, minimize, downgrade.

Hasta la Vista, Arnold: What Is Schwarzenegger's Legacy?

By Kevin O'Leary / Los Angeles

As both candidates to succeed him decry his record, the former Hollywood superstar may have left them a road map on what they shouldn't try to save the state

Hasta la vista => see you next time!


tr.v., -cried, -cry·ing, -cries.
  1. To condemn openly.
  2. To depreciate (currency, for example) by official proclamation or by rumor.

[French décrier, from Old French descrier : des-, de- + crier, to cry; see cry.]

decrier de·cri'er n.

SYNONYMS decry, disparage, depreciate, derogate, belittle, minimize, downgrade. These verbs mean to think, write, or speak of as being of little value or importance. Decry implies open denunciation or condemnation: A staunch materialist, he decries economy. Disparage often implies the communication of a low opinion by indirection: Many critics disparage psychoanalysis as being a pseudoscience. To depreciate is to assign a lower than customary value to someone or something: Some musicologists depreciate Liszt's compositions. Derogate implies a detraction that impairs: People often derogate what they don't understand. Belittle and minimize mean to make less important, but minimize strongly implies the minimum level: He belittled the child's attempts to draw. She tried to minimize my accomplishment. To downgrade is to minimize in importance or estimation: Her rival downgraded the painting, calling it decorative but superficial.

2010年11月7日 星期日

bullet train, caling back, affordability and practicality

2010年11月08日 07:20 AM

Beijing reviews high-speed rail plans

China’s Ministry of Railways is conducting a review of the country’s ambitious high-speed rail proposals after an influential state-backed think-tank raised questions over the affordability and practicality of the planned network. 中国铁道部正对中国雄心勃勃的高铁计划做出重新评估。此前,一家颇具影响力的、有政府背景的智囊机构质疑,中国是否有能力负担计划中的高铁网络,以及该网络是否实用。
In a report submitted by the China Academy of Science to the State Council, experts urged a rethink of the emphasis on massive infrastructure investment, particularly the bullet train expansion programme. 在中国科学院(CAS)提交给国务院的一份报告中,专家们敦促相关方面进行反思:是否应把重点放在大规模基础设施投资、尤其是放在高铁扩张计划上。
One of the concerns expressed in the report is the unsustainable level of debt that has propelled rail building projects across the country, particularly since the government launched its stimulus package in late 2008 to combat the effects of the global economic crisis. 这份报告表达的一项担忧是,推动铁路建设的举债规模已达到不可持续的水平,特别是自2008年底政府出台刺激计划对抗全球经济危机影响以来。
The report found that the acceleration of infrastructure investment triggered by the stimulus package has caused a lack of integration between transport services across the country, leaving highways, subways, train stations and airports not properly connected. 报告发现,刺激计划导致的基础设施投资加速,已造成全国各交通服务之间缺乏系统整合,高速公路、地铁、火车站和机场之间缺乏适当的连接。
Wen Jiabao, China’s premier, has seen the report and asked for further discussion of current high-speed rail plans, say people familiar with the matter. 知情人士称,中国总理温家宝已看到这份报告,并要求相关方面对目前的高铁计划做出进一步讨论。
The review – and possible scaling back – come as provincial officials appear to have caught bullet train fever. 在相关方面重新评估、并可能缩减高铁计划规模之际,中国各省官员似乎患上了高铁“狂热症”。
Local governments have between them asked for Beijing’s permission to expand the high-speed rail network by as much as 80 per cent above the already ambitious approved targets, according to analysts and Chinese media reports. 根据分析人士和中国媒体报道所称,各地方政府要求中央政府允许它们在已获批的宏伟目标基础上,把高铁网络建设规模总共再扩大至多80%。
Under the current plan, the central government has authorised a high-speed network that will reach 16,000km by 2020 and service more than 90 per cent of the population. 根据目前的计划,中央政府批准到2020年时建成1.6万公里高铁网络,为90%以上的中国人口提供服务。
But as part of the stimulus the government more than doubled its planned investments in railways for 2009 and 2010 and now expects to have 13,000km of high-speed track by the end of 2012. That will give China more high-speed rail capacity – trains that travel at more than 250km an hour – than the rest of the world put together, according to data from the International Union of Railways and Nomura, the investment bank. 然而,作为刺激计划的一部分,中央政府把2009年和2010年的铁路建设计划投资增 加了一倍以上;这样,到2012年底,中国便有望铺设1.3万公里高铁轨道。国际铁路联盟(IUR)和投资银行野村证券(Nomura)的数据显示,这将 让中国的高铁运输能力超过世界其余地区的总和。高铁是指时速超过250公里的列车。
But with dozens of new lines scheduled to open in the next two years, the high-speed connections already in operation are being carefully scrutinised. 但是,考虑到将有数十条计划中的新建高铁线路在未来两年启用,目前已投入运营的高铁线路正受到密切审视。
Critics point out that bullet train services, such as the 1,000km Wuhan to Guangzhou connection that opened this year, are operating at less than half their full capacity and will never make enough money to repay the huge bank loans used to build them. 批评人士指出,高铁线路——例如今年启用的1000公里长的武广高铁——目前的上座率还不到一半,它们永远不可能创造足够多的利润来偿清银行提供的巨额建设贷款。


use spending bills to block some of its provisions

G.O.P. Plans to Use Purse Strings to Fight Health Law


Republicans acknowledge that they do not have the votes to repeal President Obama's health care overhaul, but they plan to use spending bills to block some of its provisions.

1 [U][C](食糧などの)供給, (…への)支給, 提供, 人員配置, 定員((for ...))
public provision for the poor
2 [U](予測される危険などに対する)準備, 用意((for, against ...))
make provision for the future
He made financial provisions for his family.
3 支給量;用意[準備]された物;設備;貯蔵品, たくわえ, ストック.
4 ((〜s))食糧, 糧食.
5 (法律などの)条項;(…という)規定, 条款, ただし書き((that節)).
6 [U]《キリスト教》叙任, 叙階;聖職直任.

heaped praise on, duel of definitions

Obama sets Japan, S.Korea on duel of definitions
WASHINGTON - US President Barack Obama is certain to heap praise on South Korea and Japan as he attends back-to-back summits but some experts see a subtle ...

  1. A group of things placed or thrown, one on top of the other: a heap of dirty rags lying in the corner.
  2. Informal. A great deal; a lot. Often used in the plural: We have heaps of homework tonight.
  3. Slang. An old or run-down car.
tr.v., heaped, heap·ing, heaps.
  1. To put or throw in a pile.
  2. To fill completely or to overflowing: heap a plate with vegetables.
  3. To bestow in abundance or lavishly: heaped praise on the rescuers.

[Middle English, from Old English hēap.]

SYNONYMS heap, bank, mound, pile, stack. These nouns denote a group or collection of things lying one on top of the other: a heap of old newspapers; a bank of thunderclouds; a mound of boulders; a pile of boxes; a stack of firewood.

culture wars/culture shock

n School Efforts to End Bullying, Some See Agenda

Lessons to teach acceptance of homosexuality, which have gained urgency after suicides, are causing culture wars.

The China Boom on U.S. Campuses

A wave of Chinese undergraduates is choosing American colleges, and coping with culture shock. Li Wanrong from southern China is a Drew University freshman.

2010年11月6日 星期六

Assyrian, Christian traditions, Aramaic

Blending wine and Christian traditions in Turkey

Southeast Turkey is home to one of the oldest Christian civilizations in the world. The Assyrians, whose Aramaic language was spoken by Christ, lived in this region and converted to Christianity. But their descendants have found themselves caught up in the decades old conflict between the Turkish government and Kurdish separatists.

As a result, many have fled the region. That's had a disastrous effect on their ancient Christian traditions – for example, winemaking. But as Dorian Jones reports from the town of Midyat, a few families are still producing wine and there's hope that the fortunes of the Assyrian Christians are changing.

2010年11月5日 星期五

unfettered availability of sophisticated hacking tools

《中英對照讀新聞 》China Called a Hacker’s Marketplace 中國被稱為駭客的市集


China’s rapid emergence as a hotspot for criminal hacking activities is enabled by the open and unfettered availability of sophisticated hacking tools, according to security researchers attending the Black Hat conference this week.


Many of the hacking tools are inexpensive, highly customizable, and easy to use. Most of the early users of the malware products have sought to steal online gaming accounts inside China. But now experts are seeing much broader use of such tools.


Hackers in China are developing malicious software "almost like a commercial product", said Val Smith, founder of Attack Research, a Los Alamos, N.M.-based security firm. The products come complete with version numbers, product advertising, end-user license agreements and 24-hour support services, he said.

中國駭客正把惡意軟體當成「幾乎有如商業產品」般地開發,總部設於新墨西哥州洛薩拉摩斯的資安公司「Attack Research」創辦人瓦爾‧史密斯說。這些產品完整附帶版本號碼、產品廣告、末端用戶授權聲明以及24小時支援服務,他說。

They are "rapidly deploying very easy to use tools for cutting edge exploits," Smith said . "Their community is huge because [the malware] is easy to use," while at the same time many of the exploits are very advanced, he added.



unfettered:形容詞,自由的;不受限制或拘禁的;未戴鐐銬的。例句:I want to fly, I want to be an unfettered bird.(我想飛,想成為一隻無拘無束的小鳥。)

malware:指的是「malicious software」,又稱為惡意程式、流氓軟體或黑心軟體。

cutting edge:最前線、尖端,例句:California is on the cutting edge of trends that spread nationwide.(加州走在全美流行的尖端。)

2010年11月1日 星期一

usurer, loan shark, moneylender, shylock

usurer Pronunciation (noun) Someone who lends money at excessive rates of interest.
Synonyms:loan shark, moneylender, shylock
Usage:She could not get a loan from a bank and resorted to borrowing the money from a usurer at an exorbitant rate.


look good , feel-good

漫畫來源: Ted Goff

They can look good in a variety of
different styles! Both but look at your face shape.

Characterized by or designed to encourage a feeling of often superficial happiness or satisfaction: "Everything about Fassbinder ran contrary to Hollywood notions of feel-good entertainment" (Edward Guthmann).

afterword/epilog, foreword/preface

Can Obama Change the Game Again?

By John Heilemann and Mark Halperin

To win a second term, Barack Obama will need a new strategy. A new paperback afterword from John Heilemann and Mark Halperin, the authors of 'Game Change,' discusses the President's re-election campaign

pref·ace (prĕf'ĭs) pronunciation
    1. A preliminary statement or essay introducing a book that explains its scope, intention, or background and is usually written by the author.
    2. An introductory section, as of a speech.
  1. Something introductory; a preliminary: An informal brunch served as a preface to the three-day conference.
  2. often Preface The words introducing the central part of the Eucharist in several Christian churches.
tr.v., -aced, -ac·ing, -ac·es.
  1. To introduce by or provide with a preliminary statement or essay.
  2. To serve as an introduction to.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praefātiō, praefātiōn-, from praefātus, past participle of praefārī, to say before : prae-, pre- + fārī, to speak.]

prefacer pref'ac·er n.

A preface or an introductory note, as for a book, especially by a person other than the author.
[名](本などの)はしがき, 序言, 序文((to ...)).

ep·i·logue ep·i·log (ĕp'ə-lôg', -lŏg') pronunciation
    1. A short poem or speech spoken directly to the audience following the conclusion of a play.
    2. The performer who delivers such a short poem or speech.
  1. A short addition or concluding section at the end of a literary work, often dealing with the future of its characters. Also called afterword.

[Middle English epiloge, from Old French epilogue, from Latin epilogus, from Greek epilogos, conclusion of a speech : epi-, epi- + logos, word, speech.]

[名](本・論文などの)後記, 後書き, 跋(ばつ). ⇒FOREWORD

2010年10月31日 星期日

go off aboard

Yemen released its only suspect in the failed plot to send explosive-laden packages from Yemen to the U.S., as it emerged that the devices could have gone off aboard passenger planes.

go off
(of a gun, bomb, or similar device) explode or fire.

embark, serving time for insider trading, serve (someone) right


serve (someone) right

  1. To be deserved under the circumstances: Punish him; it will serve him right for what he has done to you.
ImClone Ex-Chief Embarks on New Biotech Venture

Not yet two years after serving time for insider trading, Samuel Waksal is again making deals.

verbatim and in toto, copyrighted in my name

My  replies  represent  unpublished  material,  should  be
printed verbatim and in toto, and copyrighted in my name.

lepidopterist, lepidopterist's ditty


  • 〔lèpdptr | -dp-〕


What are your working methods?

Quite banal. Thirty years ago I used to write in bed,
dipping my pen into a bedside inkwell, or else I would compose
mentally at any time of the day or night. I would fall asleep
when the sparrows woke up. Nowadays I write my stuff on index
cards, in pencil, at a lectern, in the forenoon; but I still
tend to do a lot of work in my head during long walks in the
country on dull days when butterflies do not interfere. Here is
a disappointed lepidopterist's ditty:

It's a long climb
Up the rock face
At the wrong time
To the right place.

n., pl., -ties.
A simple song.

[Middle English dite, a literary composition, from Old French dite, from Latin dictātum, thing dictated, from neuter past participle of dictāre, to dictate.]