2016年7月30日 星期六

in the pink, misguided, virtualisation

Trying to prevent gun violence by tying it to mental health legislation began in 1966 when a young gunman killed 16 people in Austin, Texas. But some believe the approach is misguided.

in very good health

Wall Street hopes flotation of the 'new Google' will help battered stock marketRichard Wray
Monday August 13, 2007
The Guardian
A Californian technology company US investors are already dubbing "the new Google" will this week finalise the price of its shares in one of the US market's most eagerly awaited flotations since the dotcom boom.
After just over a week of investor road shows, VMware, based in Palo Alto, has already raised the price expected in its flotation on the New York Stock Exchange to between $27 (£13.40) and $29 from its original forecast of $23 to $25. At those levels the company could be worth more than $10bn. But some analysts on Wall Street believe the stock could rise to $40 or more at its opening, which could come as early as today.
VMware is majority owned by the US data storage and security group EMC, but leading technology companies have recently been buying stakes. Last month Intel spent $218.5m buying shares that will give it a 2.5% stake in the business after the flotation. The internet networking company Cisco then bought 6m shares in the company for $150m, also giving it a small stake. The company has been cited by Microsoft as a potential competitor and at one point was seen as a possible takeover target for the software market leader.
VMware is at the forefront of a new segment of technology called virtualisation. Rather than having software installed on an individual computer or server, where it is often vulnerable to viruses and other forms of attack unless updated regularly, virtualisation separates the hardware from the software. This means one computer or server can run various different programs - even operating systems - on the same machine.
It is an updated version of the application service provider (ASP) model, which was popular in the dying days of the last dotcom boom. But while the ASP model meant merely hosting a personal computer's software on servers on the internet, virtualisation software actually sits between a computer or server's operating system and the actual hardware. As a result, sensitive parts of any system can be partitioned so that viruses and other "malware" cannot infiltrate.
The "virtual" machine that is created can then be easily transferred between different computers, letting companies provide staff who "hot desk" or travel with secure access to exactly the same programs anywhere in the world.
The technology makes it cheaper for large companies to run their IT systems as servers that may sit idle for hours or be under-utilised at specific times can be used for several different purposes at the same time.
Virtualisation is also a hot topic for companies that supply major organisations with their IT networks, as these organisations are able to shift virtual machines around the world only if they have designed their networks correctly.
VMware was founded in 1998 and bought by EMC six years later. It has more than 3,000 employees and counts all of the Fortune 100 companies among its clients. Last year it made revenues of $704m and is expected to make well over $1bn this year as sales increase.
In last month's second-quarter figures from EMC, VMware reported revenues for the three months to the end of June of $296.8m, up from $156.4m in the same period in 2006. The company reckons it will make about $870m from the flotation and will use $350m to pay off debt it owes EMC.
A successful flotation of VMware would be a major boost to the US stock market, which has been battered over the past weeks by the turmoil in the international credit market. VMware has Citigroup, JP Morgan and Lehman Brothers as the lead underwriters for the offering.

(The Phrase A Week)
in the pink
In perfect condition, especially of health.
The general usage of this phrase has altered somewhat since it first entered the language. We now usually see it with the specific meaning of 'the pink of condition', i.e. in the best possible health. It is tempting but, as it turns out, misguided, to assume an association between 'the pink of condition' and the healthily glowing pink cheeks of new-born babies or energetic sportsmen/sportswomen and the like.
The earliest citations of 'in the pink' are from the 16th century and, at that time, the meaning was 'the very pinnacle of something', but not necessarily limited to health. The earliest example that I can find of pink being used with that meaning is from 1597 Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet, 1597:
Mercurio: Why, I am the very pinke of curtesie.
The earliest citation I've found for 'in the pink' is from Leigh's Kensington Gardens, 1720:
"'Tis the Pink of the Mode, to marry at first Sight: - And some, indeed, marry without any Sight at all."
It isn't until the 20th century that we find the phrase in the 'pink of condition' form that is currently used, in the Kynoch Journal, 1905:
"Makers may despatch explosives from the factory in the pink of condition."
in the pinkSo, what's special about pink? The association of the phrase 'in the pink' with the so-called pink jackets worn by the UK fox-hunting aficionados is unproven. The jackets, which are in fact scarlet, have been said to have derived their 'hunting pink' name from a tailor called Thomas Pink and that 'in the pink' refers to both the jackets and to the healthy, energetic approach to the pastime that many hunters adopt. Fox-hunters can be said to be literally in the pink but the hunting derivation is nevertheless far-fetched. There are no historical records of any such Thomas Pink and his association with the fox-hunting fraternity wasn't suggested until long after the first references to pink jackets.
Why pink has been chosen to epitomise the pinnacle of quality is more likely to do with the Dianthus flower, many varieties of which are called Pinks. It is known that society in the reign of Elizabeth I admired the flowers, hence the first uses of pink with the 'excellent' meaning in that period.
in the pinkWhat is interesting to speculate on is why the flowers were called Pinks. You may think that a silly question, as Dianthuses are almost always pink in colour. There are two quite believable theories. One suggests that it is the flowers that gave their name to the colour, rather than vice-versa, and that the name derives from the Dutch 'pinck-ooghen' - 'little eye' (literally - to blink). The second theory is based on the earlier verb form of pink, which means to cut or to pierce material - in a style that would now be done using pinking shears. Dianthuses are said to be called Pinks because their edges are pinked. Take your choice.
See also: tickled pink and painting the town red.

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Pronunciation: /mɪsˈɡʌɪdɪd/ 


Having or showing faulty judgement or reasoning:their misguided belief that they were defending the honour of their country

sprout, bra ,bandana, on the outs


Burning Issues Confront California as Fires Sprout from L.A. to Monterey

在德國與歐洲等國造成最少31死亡,3000多人染病的腸出血性大腸桿菌。當局有突破性發現,首次在豆芽(sprouts )驗出腸出血性大腸桿菌,並確定病菌的源頭是當地一 個有機農場。德國疾控中心早前已經鎖定下薩克森州一個有機農場出產的豆芽苗是今次疫情的源頭。但當局之前在這個農場找到的 ...

On moving day, Mrs. Porretto wore a clean T-shirt and fresh lipstick. Two hours' drive away at the airport, Ms. Jackson was braless under her soiled shirt and had a blue bandana covering her unwashed hair.

At one of our client sites, there was a nearly organic phenomenon of red bandannas on dowels suddenly sprouting from the desks after a few weeks of E-Factor data collection. No one in power had ever suggested that device as an official Do Not Disturb signal; it just happened by consensus. But everyone soon learned its significance and respected it.


Pronunciation: /sprəʊt/ 


1(Of a plant) put out shoots:the weeds begin to sprout
1.1[WITH OBJECT] Grow (plant shoots or hair):many black cats sprout a few white hairs
1.2[NO OBJECT] (Of a plant, flower, or hair) start to grow; spring up:crocuses sprouted up from the grass
1.3[NO OBJECT] Appear or develop suddenly and in large numbers:plush new hotels are sprouting up everywhere


1A shoot of a plant:the flower pots are full of green sprouts
1.1(sprouts) Young shoots, especially of alfalfa, mung beans, or soybeans, eaten as a vegetable.


Middle English: of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch spruiten and German spriessen.

The noun has one meaning:
Meaning #1: an undergarment worn by women to support their breasts
Synonyms: brassierebandeau

The noun has one meaning:
Meaning #1: large and brightly colored handkerchief; often used as a neckerchief
Synonym: bandanna

圖 http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&q=BANDANA&btnG=Search+Images&gbv=2

on the outs
No longer on friendly terms, as in They've been on the outs with their in-laws for years. This idiom appeared in the early 1900s and derives from the synonymous at outs, first recorded in 1824.

preamble, attain, pernicious, fleece (CHEAT), knock-on effect

Emily Brontë, author of "Wuthering Heights", was born on July 30th 1818. She wrote anonymously, using the male nom de plume Ellis Bell, and was grateful for the mask; her novels were savaged as “vulgar”, “brutalising” and “pernicious”

The novelist was born on this day in 1818
Research suggests that enabling fathers to look after their newborn children has positive knock-on effects. What are the benefits of paternity leave?

第 18 頁
Aim and Preamble Purpose of this chapter. Western style of management must change to halt the decline of Western industry, and to turn it upward. ...

Ruth Smallacombe, of divorce specialists Family Lawyers in Partnership, said: "The general belief that men get fleeced by their divorces while women get richer and live off the proceeds has long been due for exposure as a pernicious myth. In reality, women often suffer economic hardship when they divorce. In addition, the resentment caused by unfair financial settlements has many knock-on effects."

Obama Pledges Entitlement Reform
President-elect Barack Obama pledged yesterday to shape a new Social Security and Medicare "bargain" with the American people, saying that the nation's long-term economic recovery cannot be attained unless the government finally gets control over its most costly entitlement programs.
(By Michael D. Shear, The Washington Post)

HC我最近到台北市立教育大學教授{戴明領導手冊}(The Leader Handbook),準備功課時重讀它和相關書籍,百感交集。
1993年五月,英國戴明協會(BDA)舉辦第六屆年會,Peter Scholtes 負責最後一小時的總結,後來將演講稿等整理出版小冊子(編號W4;屬BDA的世界系列),書名為Learning and Leadership。這本,後來編成 The Leader Handbook 的一部分,詳{戴明領導手冊} 。不過,現在讀 Learning and Leadership可以有點”身歷其境”的感受。這是整理成書之後無法體會的。書的(口語)序文(開場白)取名Preamble,都是較不常見的用法。 一開始說:The assignment was interesting: it was one hour with no title. Sort of an 007 topic. I have licence to kill, I guess.


preamble 通常是放在”正式文件”前以述解正文之旨, 如美國獨立宣言, 憲法等在正文前都有這麼一個preamble. 他 (sic) 許{戴明領導手冊} 也是這個用意吧?
王勃那”區區”滕王閣八句, 卻寫了老長一篇序, 應該也算是”preamble”吧 ;-)

hc 2015.11.03補

pre·am·ble (prē'ăm'bəl, prē-ăm'-) pronunciation
  1. A preliminary statement, especially the introduction to a formal document that serves to explain its purpose.
  2. An introductory occurrence or fact; a preliminary.
[Middle English, from Old French preambule, from Medieval Latin praeambulum, from neuter of praeambulus, walking in front : prae-, pre- + ambulāre, to walk; see ambulate.]
n. - 前文, 前言, 序文
日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 序文, 前文, 前置き
A clause at the beginning of a constitution or statute explaining the reasons for its enactment and the objectives it seeks to attain.
Generally a preamble is a declaration by the legislature of the reasons for the passage of the statute, and it aids in the interpretation of any ambiguities within the statute to which it is prefixed. It has been held, however, that a preamble is not an essential part of an act, and it neither enlarges nor confers powers.

After a long rambling preamble where Waite lays his hermeneutical and political cards on the table and spells out the parameters and goals of his project, he takes on some leading Nietzsche interpretations, showing how readers on both the Right and Left fail to see Nietzsche's esoteric philosophy and cunning strategies to make himself the fate of the twentieth century. For Waite, contemporary readers also systematically occlude the more disturbing elements of Nietzsche's thought, underestimate the importance of Nietzsche's unpublished notes and manuscripts for his esoteric teachings, and ignore or are ignorant of the more pernicious effects and consequences of Nietzsche's teaching.

fleece (CHEAT)
to take someone's money dishonestly, by charging too much money or by cheating them:
That restaurant really fleeced us!

knock-on effect
noun [C usually singular] MAINLY UK
When an event or situation has a knock-on effect, it indirectly causes other events or situations:
If one or two trains run late, it has a knock-on effect on the entire rail service.

adjective FORMAL
having a very harmful effect or influence:
The cuts in government funding have had a pernicious effect on local health services.attain phonetics
verb [T] FORMAL
to reach or succeed in getting something; to achieve:
He has attained the highest grade in his music exams.
We need to identify the best ways of attaining our objectives/goals.
India attained independence in 1947, after decades of struggle.

adjective FORMAL
possible to achieve:
We must ensure that we do not set ourselves goals that are not attainable.

1 [U] FORMAL when you achieve something:
the attainment of a goal
attainment targets

2 [C usually plural] UK FORMAL Someone's attainments are the things they have done and the skills they have learned.

bogeyman, "liberalism"

Once "liberalism" was the proud banner of the Democrats—and the bogeyman of Republicans. The word was curiously absent during this year's party conventions in Cleveland and Philadelphia

Sodium has long been labeled the blood-pressure bogeyman. But are we giving salt a fair shake?


Pronunciation: /ˈlɪb(ə)rəlɪz(ə)m/ 


1The holding of liberal views:one of the basic tenets of liberalism is tolerancethe shift from liberalism to radicalism
1.1(Liberalism)The doctrine of the Liberal Party, especially (in the UK) the Liberal Democrats:working-class support for Liberalism





Pronunciation: /lɪb(ə)r(ə)ˈlɪstɪk/  


Pronunciation: /ˈbəʊɡɪman/ 

(also bogyman)

NOUN (plural bogeymen)

1An imaginary evil spirit, used to frighten children.
1.1A person or thing that is widely regarded as an object of fear:nuclear power is the environmentalists' bogeyman

nightly, reincarnate, cortege, insignia, Dean and Chapter

  1. 1050:
    The BBC's Jane Peel at Ludgate Circus says: "It is absolutely packed here, not just with protesters, but with many hundreds of supporters, trying to drown out the sound of protests with clapping."
    "There is clearly some dissent here, but this was meant to be the place where some protest was allowed to take place."
  2. 1049:
    The Queen
    The Queen is welcomed by the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's.
  3. 1048:
    A gun is firing every minute from the Tower of London during the procession.
  4. 1047:
    Outside St Paul's, the BBC's Gerry Holt says: "Office workers are now craning their necks from every open window in the area. The interest is certainly building as Lady Thatcher's funeral cortege makes it's way along the processional route."

Lady Thatcher's son Mark, daughter Carol, their partners and her grandchildren, arrive at St Pauls's to take their seats, as the gun carriage bearing the coffin is carried along Fleet Street.

Walking in front of the coffin are Baroness Thatcher's grandchildren, Michael and Amanda Thatcher.
They are carrying the insignia of the Order of the Garter and the Order of Merit, awarded to their grandmother.

“Sleep is the most moronic fraternity in the world, with the heaviest dues and the crudest rituals. It is a mental torture I find debasing... I simply cannot get used to the nightly betrayal of reason, humanity, genius.” 

He is to be buried in the cemetery of his Zen Mountain Monastery in Mount Tremper, where each year a “Hungry Ghost” ceremony honors the dead. In 49 days, according to Buddhist belief, he will be reincarnated.

As America has become more tolerant of homosexuality, abortion has been left standing as the prime insignia of affiliation in the culture wars that have raged for decades http://econ.st/1FriHO5

Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 (VS08) is the current incarnation of the company's long line of IDEs.


Pronunciation: /ˈnʌɪtli/ 


1Happening or done every night:his nightly TV talk show
2Happening, done, or existing in the night:badgers in gardens on their regular nightly wanderings


Every night:the hotel features live music nightly



Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkɑːnət/ 
1(Especially of a deity or spirit) embodied in human form:God incarnate
1.1[POSTPOSITIVE] Represented in the most fundamental or extreme form:here is capitalism incarnate


Pronunciation: /ˈɪnkɑːneɪt/ 
 Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkɑːneɪt/ 
1Embody or represent (a deity or spirit) in human form:the idea that God incarnates himself in man
1.1Put (a concept or quality) into concrete form:a desire to make things which will incarnate their personality
1.2(Of a person) be the living embodiment of (a quality):the man who incarnates the pain of the entire community


Late Middle English: from ecclesiastical Latin incarnat- 'made flesh', from the verb incarnare, from in- 'into' + carocarn- 'flesh'.


━━ a. 肉体を備えた; 人の姿をした, 化身の; (抽象概念が)具体化された.
━━  vt. 肉体を与える, 化身させる ((in, as)); …の化身[権化(ごんげ)]である, 典型である; ((普通受身で)) 具体[具現]化する ((in, as)).
 in・car・na・tion ━━ n. 化身, 権化, (輪廻(りんね)中の)一時期(の姿); 典型; 具体化; (the I-) 神性がキリストの肉体に宿ったこと, 託身.


━━ vt. (霊魂に)再び肉体を与える, 生れ変らせる, 化身させる ((as)).
━━  a. 生れ変った.
 ━━ n. (霊魂の)再生, 化身.



  • 1a main division of a book, typically with a number or title: we will deal with this in chapter eleven
  • an Act of Parliament numbered as part of a session’s proceedings.
  • a section of a treaty: a majority voted for the inclusion of the social chapter in the treaty
  • 2a distinctive period in history or in a person’s life:the people are about to begin a new chapter in their history
  • a series or sequence:the latest episode in a chapter of problems
  • 3 the governing body of a religious community or knightly order: land granted by the Dean and Chapter of St Paul’s Cathedral 
    3 《教会》
    (1) 修道院修士会;司教座聖堂参事会;((集合的))管区[教会]代表団.
    (2) (詩篇(しへん)のあとに読む)聖書抜節.
  • 4chiefly North American a local branch of a society: a leaflet was issued by the local chapter of the American Cancer Society
  • a local group of Hell’s Angels.


  • 1the head of the chapter of a cathedral or collegiate church.
  • (also rural dean, area dean) British a member of the clergy exercising supervision over a group of parochial clergy within a division of an archdeaconry.
  • 2the head of a university faculty or department or of a medical school.
  • (in a college or university, especially Oxford or Cambridge) a senior member of a college, with disciplinary and advisory functions.


Middle English: from Old French deien, from late Latin decanus 'chief of a group of ten', from decem 'ten'. Compare with doyen

noun (plural same or insignias)

  • a distinguishing badge or emblem of military rank, office, or membership of an organization:a khaki uniform with colonel’s insignia on the collar the royal insignia of Scotland
  • a sign or token of something:the ruins are devoid of moss and ivy, the romantic insignia of age and decay


mid 17th century: from Latin, plural of insigne 'sign, badge of office', neuter of insignis 'distinguished (as if by a mark)', from in- 'towards' + signum 'sign'

[名](複 〜, 〜s)((通例単数扱い))(官職・階級などを示す)記章, バッジ;(名誉の)しるし;(一般に)しるし
an insignia of rank


cor • tege, -tège
kɔːrtéʒ | -téiʒ
corteges (複数形)
1 ((単数・複数扱い))(特に葬儀・儀式の)行列.
2 ((集合的))供ぞろい, 従者たち, 随員, 供奉(ぐぶ)員.