2008年3月31日 星期一

opening, Human Rights Abuses

Human Rights Abuses Increase in China, Olympic Protester Says

Ongoing violence in Tibet is another example of how China ignores human
rights, Reporters Without Borders told DW-WORLD.DE. The Paris-based media
group called for a boycott of the 2008 Olympic opening ceremony.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=evy0kuI44va89pI5


abuse (BEHAVIOUR) Show phonetics
verb [T]
to use or treat someone or something wrongly or badly, especially in a way that is to your own advantage:
She is continually abusing her position/authority by getting other people to do things for her.
I never expected that he would abuse the trust I placed in him.
Several of the children had been sexually/physically/emotionally abused.

abuse Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
when someone uses or treats someone or something wrongly or badly, especially in a way that is to their own advantage:
an abuse (= wrong use) of privilege/power/someone's kindness
sexual/physical/mental abuse (= bad treatment)
She claimed to have been a victim of child abuse (= the treatment of children in a bad, esp. sexual, way).
Drug and alcohol abuse (= Using these substances in a bad way) contributed to his early death.

abuser Show phonetics
noun [C]
someone who abuses someone or something:
a child abuser
a drug/solvent abuser



open (BEGIN) Show phonetics
verb [I or T]
to (cause to) begin:
I would like to open my talk by giving a brief background to the subject.
I'm going to open an account with another bank.
The Olympic Games open tomorrow.
A new radio station is due to open (up) next month.
The film opens (= will be shown for the first time) in New York and Los Angeles next week.

opening Show phonetics
adjective [before noun]
happening at the beginning of an event or activity:
her opening remarks
the opening night

opening Show phonetics
noun
1 [C usually singular] the beginning of something:
The opening of the novel is amazing.

2 [C] the beginning of a game of chess:
If you want to get anywhere in chess, you have to study the various openings.

openers Show phonetics
plural noun INFORMAL
for openers first:
Just for openers, I'd like to ask a question.

hand in hand, correspond, fulcrum

"France and Britain can therefore work hand in hand with common interests and shared values," Brown said. "This is the case, and you will see it in the coming weeks, of the reform of international institutions created in 1945: the UN, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund."
These organizations, Brown said, "no longer correspond to the challenges of 2008."



All great men must at times feel this tug-of-war, as only one who is at the fulcrum can.


John Fowles Quotes:
"There comes a time in each life like a point of fulcrum. At that time you must accept yourself. It is not anymore what you will become. It is what you are and always will be."


Becoming the President 
By DAVID HUME KENNERLY
In my mind the Mayagüez crisis was the fulcrum of Gerald Ford’s presidency, the point at which he came of age as commander in chief.

Innovation is the fulcrum for business success
Peter Drucker said ‘there are only two revenue centres in a company – marketing & innovation. All the rest are costs.”

fulcrum
noun plural fulcrums or SPECIALIZED fulcra━━ n. (pl. ~s, ful・cra  ) (てこの)支点; 支柱.
1 [C] the point at which a bar, or something that is balancing, is supported or balances:
A see-saw balances at its fulcrum.

2 [S] FORMAL the main thing or person needed to support something or to make it work or happen:
The fulcrum of the debate/argument is the individual's right to choose.



hand in hand
holding each other's hand:
I saw them walking hand in hand through town the other day.

correspond (MATCH) Show phonetics
verb [I]
to match or be similar or equal:
The money I've saved corresponds roughly to the amount I need for my course.
The American FBI corresponds to the British MI5.
His story of what happened that night didn't correspond with the witness's version.

correspondence Show phonetics
noun [C usually singular; U]
The survey found no correspondence between crime and unemployment rates.

corresponding Show phonetics
adjective
similar, or resulting from something else:
Company losses were 50 per cent worse than in the corresponding period last year.
As the course becomes more difficult, there's usually a corresponding drop in attendance.

correspondingly Show phonetics
adverb
The cost of living in the city is more expensive, but salaries are supposed to be correspondingly higher.

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)

lapdog

The lapdog jumped into his master's lap, and lay there ..

Lapdogs: How the Press Rolled Over for Bush

lapdog pronunciation


n.

1. A small dog which is or can be fondled in the lap.

2. One who does the bidding of another; a servile follower. [informal]
[PJC]

freshen, tweak, oddment

Hotel-Room TV Tries to Freshen Itself Up
LodgeNet completed the acquisition of Ascent for $380 million in cash and stock. The merger brings together the two leading U.S. providers of paid-for entertainment in hotel rooms. 2007

2006
In late November, the museum broke ground on its new home on a decrepit strip of the Bowery on the Lower East Side. And while some of the design details are still being tweaked, it is now razor-clear that the building will do more to freshen the bond between Manhattan's art and architecture communities than any building since Marcel Breuer's Whitney Museum of American Art opened on Madison Avenue four decades ago.



This week Shinzo Abe fired off “three new arrows” for Abenomics, his plan to revive Japan’s economy. His domestic audience will welcome talk of economic growth, social security and financial support for families. But his existing programme of structural reform has so far disappointed http://econ.st/1MvZNMD



ALL summer Shinzo Abe, Japan’s prime minister, has battled to pass...
ECON.ST




























Daily Highlights Tuesday, June 26, 2007
Spotlight
Glimpse of Universal Studio's
Glimpse of Universal Studio's
The Wizarding World of Harry Potter
Source
Platform 9 ¾, the Sorting Hat and quidditch were introduced to the world 10 years ago this week, with the first publishing of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. The Manichaean bildungsroman, which was later translated into American English, launched a billion-dollar empire. The final book will be published on July 21 and promises to answer questions such as "Will 'The Boy Who Lived' die?," "Is Snape good? " and "What is a Deathly Hallow?" The fifth movie will be released 2 weeks earlier. The amusement park doesn't open until at least 2009.
Quote

'Before we begin our banquet, I would like to say a few words and here they are: Nitwit! Blubber! Oddment! Tweak!' — Albus Dumbledore in Philosopher's Stone


The noun oddment has 2 meanings:
Meaning #1: a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold
Synonyms: endremainderremnantscrap
Meaning #2: something unusual -- perhaps worthy of collecting
Synonyms: curiocuriosityodditypeculiarityrarity

n. - 零頭, 零碎物件, 碎屑

日本語 (Japanese)
━━ n. (普通pl.) 残り物; がらくた; 【印】付き物.






tweak Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 to pull and twist with a small sudden movement:
Standing in front of the mirror she tweaked a strand of hair into place.

2 to change slightly, especially in order to make more correct, effective, or suitable:
The software is pretty much there - it just needs a little tweaking.
You just need to tweak the last paragraph and then it's done.

tweak Show phonetics
noun [C]

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)
Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales says his goal is to let volunteers improve search technology collectively, the way Wikipedia lets anyone add or change entries, regardless of expertise.
"That reduces the sort ofbottleneck of two or three firms really controlling the flow of search traffic," said Wales, chairman of Wikia Inc., the for-profit venture behind the search project.
Engineers at Google and other search companies continually tweak their complex software algorithms to improve results and fight spammers — those who try to artificially boost the rankings of their own sites. Search companies have not disclosed many details to avoid tipping off competitors and spammers. dumping (rubbish),tipping


freshen
v., -ened, -en·ing, -ens. v.intr.
  1. To become fresh, as in vigor or appearance: freshened up after the day's work.
  2. To become brisk; increase in strength. Used of the wind.
  3. To lose saltiness.
  4. To calve and therefore begin to produce milk. Used of a cow.
v.tr.
  1. To make fresh.
  2. To add to or strengthen (a drink).
freshener fresh'en·er n.

v. intr. - 變得新鮮, 變強, 變得精神煥發, 變涼爽
v. tr. - 使新鮮, 使清新, 使精神煥發
idioms:
  • freshen up 使精神飽滿, 梳洗一番

日本語 (Japanese)
v. - 強くなる, 新鮮にする, 一新する


Gregorian chants, lifetime


chant


━━ n. 歌; (鳥・虫などの)歌; (祈祷書の)聖歌; 詠唱; 単調な話しぶり.
━━ v. 歌う, 吟じる; 単調に話す; たたえ歌う; ほめそやす.
chant・er ━━ n. 詠唱者; 聖歌隊のリーダー; 聖歌隊員; (バグパイプの)主管.

Old Roman chant is a liturgical repertory of melodies which survives in MSS of the 11th-13th centuries but can be traced to at least the 8th. It is no longer thought that ‘Gregorian’ chant represents Roman chant in the time of Gregory (590-604) but that it originated in the Frankish Empire c 800, with the introduction of the Roman liturgy there; Old Roman chant was the Roman version of this Gregorian chant. The Roman tradition continued to develop until the 11th century, absorbing certain Frankish elements; it was finally ousted by Gregorian chant in Rome in the high Middle Ages. Standard melodic formulae and melismas are less clearly outlined and less stable in some parts of the Old Roman repertory, and the melodic lines have less flexibility than in Gregorian chant.


Inside Europe | 29.03.2008 | 15:05

Austrian monks celebrate the record deal of a lifetime

An Austrian group has won a major recording contract with Universal Music.

The group was selected after a world-wide competition and their first recording is expected to be an instant hit. But this is no new-wave band - in fact it can claim an 800 year old tradition - because it's the monks of Heiligenkreuz Abbey near Vienna who've been chosen by Universal Music to record their Gregorian chants. Kerry Skyring reports.


LIFETIME was found in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary at the entries listed below.


transatlantic, trans- (ACROSS)

29.03. - The downside of opening up transatlantic skies

Transatlantic air travellers will soon face more choice and cheaper fares.
Next week the so-called ”Open Skies” agreement comes into force

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=evy0o5I44va89pI0


TRANS was found in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary at the entries listed below.


At・lan・tic


━━ n., a. (the ~) 大西洋(の).
Atlantic City アトランティックシティ ((New Jersey州南東部の都市)).
Atlantic Monthly (the ~) アトランティックマンスリー ((米国の月刊総合誌)).
Atlantic Ocean (the ~) 大西洋.
Atlantic Richfield アトランチック・リッチフィールド ((米国の石油会社;略ARCO)).
Atlantic (Standard) Time 大西洋標準時.

2008年3月30日 星期日

edging, there

EuroVox | 31.03.2008 | 07:30

Hotel Kämp Connects Finland To Europe

Many may think of Finland as being dark, solemn and lackluster. But the Hotel Kämp, near the Helsinki harbor, has rooms with silk curtains, gold edgings and 20 different brands of champagne.

The hotel was opened in 1887 and was the first luxury-hotel of its kind in Scandinavia. It quickly became a hot spot for the intellectual and cultural elite, who opened Finland's chain-locked doors to Europe. Hotel Kämp is still a landmark in the Finnish capital and its rooms read like the country’s history book.
Report: Mareike Aden

there

(THârpronunciation
adv.
  1. At or in that place: sit over there.
  2. To, into, or toward that place: wouldn't go there again.
  3. At that stage, moment, or point: Stop there before you make any more mistakes.
  4. In that matter: I can't agree with him there.
pron.
  1. Used to introduce a clause or sentence: There are numerous items. There must be another exit.
  2. Used to indicate an unspecified person in direct address: Hello there.
adj.
  1. Used especially for emphasis after the demonstrative pronoun that or those, or after a noun modified by the demonstrative adjective that or those: That person there ought to know the directions to town.
  2. Nonstandard. Used for emphasis between a demonstrative adjective meaning “that” or “those” and a noun: No one is sitting at that there table. Them there beans ought to be picked.
n.
That place or point: stopped and went on from there.
interj.
Used to express feelings such as relief, satisfaction, sympathy, or anger: There, now I can have some peace!
[Middle English, from Old English thǣr, thēr.]

there was found in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary at the entries listed below.

━━ ad. そこに[で,へ], あそこに[で,へ]; その点で(は); ((~ is [are]として)) …がある; ほら, それ ((注意を促す)); ((~ comes [seems]として)) …が来る[…らしい]; 〔話〕 ((形容詞的)) (あ)そこの.
 Are you there? ((電話で)) もしもし(あなたですか).
 be all there 〔話〕 しっかりして[正気で]いる.
 get there 〔話〕 成功する.
 have been there (before) 〔話〕 (経験して)よく知っている, おてのものだ.
 Put it there! 〔俗〕 (和解などの印に)じゃ握手だ.
 that there あの,その.
 there and back 往復で.
 there and then / then and there その時その場で.
 There is no doing …することはできない.
 There it is. それで困っているんだ; (…が)そういう実状なんだ; もうどうしようもない.
 There's a good boy [girl, dog]! いい子だからね.
 There seem(s) (to be) …らしい.
 There's … for you! (皮肉で)これこそ…というものだ.
 There you are! それごらん; (物・金銭などをさし出して)はい, どうぞ; ((andの後で)) それでオーケー[終わり]です; ((butの後で)) (そういう事情だから)仕方がない.
 There you go [go again]! 〔話〕 そら, またやっている[始まった].
 You have me there! 負けた; 参った; 私は知りません.
━━ n. ((前置詞の目的語で)) (あ)そこ (from ~).
━━ int. そら!; ほら!; あれ!; さあさあ!; それ見ろ!; (呼びかけで)おい君.
 So there! 〔話〕 もう決めたんだ(決心は変わらない) ((拒絶などで)); さあどうだ(参ったか).
 There now! それ見ろ!

edge (OUTER POINT) Show phonetics
noun
1 [C] the outer or furthest point of something:
He'd piped fresh cream around the edge of the cake.
They built the church on the edge of the village.
A man was standing at the water's edge with a small boy.
I caught (= hit) my leg on the edge of the table as I walked past.

2 [C usually singular] the point just before something very different and noticeable happens:
The company is on the edge of collapse.
The government had brought the country to the edge of a catastrophe.

edged Show phonetics
adjective
having something around the edge:
He bought a white tablecloth edged with a pretty pattern. (= with a pattern around the outside)
a lace-edged collar

edging Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
something which is put around the outside of something, usually to decorate it:
a tablecloth with (a) dark edging