2013年5月31日 星期五

remit, unassailable, unremitting,gantlet, be no picnic, pick-me-up, meth,methamphetamine

A pig farmer works on the outskirts of Shenyang, Liaoning province.
Sheng Li/Reuters
Dealbook | Deal Professor Column

Pork Deal Faces National Security Gantlet

A Chinese meat producer’s $4.7 billion acquisition of Smithfield Foods is subject to a national security review, which is no picnic given American anxiety about China.

 The library is doing its best according to its remit of being a community centre with books. What the library isn't any more is the place of unassailable knowledge I encountered as a kid.

So vast is the bank’s new remit, that no single person can manage it adequately. Mr Carney will need all the help he can get.

The Criminalization of Bad Mothers
Does taking meth while pregnant make Amanda Kimbrough responsible for the death of her premature baby? The testing of a theory called “fetal personhood.”

BEIJING — Fu Lixin, emotionally exhausted from caring for her sick mother, needed a little pick-me-up. A friend offered her a “special cigarette” — one laced with methamphetamine — and Ms. Fu happily inhaled.

The next day, three policemen showed up at her door.
“They asked me to urinate in a cup,” she said. “My friend had been arrested and turned me in. It was a drug test. I failed on the spot.”
Although she said it was her first time smoking meth, Ms. Fu, 41, was promptly sent to one of China’s compulsory drug rehabilitation centers. The minimum stay is two years, and life is an unremitting gantlet of physical abuse and forced labor without any drug treatment, according to former inmates and substance abuse professionals.

be no picnic

informal be difficult or unpleasant:being a freelance was no picnic

ùn • assáilable
[形]((形式))攻撃できない, 難攻不落の, 論争の余地のない, 論破できない.


noun, orig US

Abbreviation of 'methamphetamine' and 'Methedrine' (a proprietary name for methamphetamine), taken as a stimulant drug; a tablet of this. (1967 —) .
J. Wambaugh She's a meth head and an ex-con (1972).


n. Informal
A drink, often an alcoholic beverage, taken as a stimulant or a cure for a hangover.


ùn • remítting
[形]((形式))〈行動・努力などが〉絶え間なく[衰えずに]続く, ゆるがない, ひっきりなしの
unremitting chatter


re • mit
remits (複数形) • remitted (過去形) • remitted (過去分詞) • remitting (現在分詞) • remits (三人称単数現在)
[動] 〔rimít〕 (〜・ted, 〜・ting)((形式))(他)
1 〈金銭・小切手などを〉(場所へ)送る((to ...));[remit A B/remit B to A]〈A(人)にB(金銭・小切手など)を〉(郵便で)送る, 送付する
remit a cheque
remit the balance to him by money order [=remit him the balance by money order
2 〈刑罰・支払いなどを〉免じる, 免除する;〈神が〉〈罰を〉許す.
3 〈苦痛・努力などを〉ゆるめる, 軽減する, 和らげる.
4 〈罰金などを〉返す, 戻す.
5 《法律》〈事件を〉(下級審へ)差し戻す((to ...)).
6 …を(元の状態に)戻す((to, into ...)).
7 …を(…まで)延ばす, 延期する((to, till, until ...))
remit the consideration of a bill tountilthe next session
1 送金する, 小切手を送る.
2 〈風などが〉ゆるむ, 弱まる.
3 〈痛み・熱などが〉(一時的に)静まる, おさまる.
━━[名] 〔rímit, rimít〕
1 《法律》(下級裁判所への)事件記録の移送.
2 [U][C]((通例単数形))((英形式))責任範囲.
[ラテン語remittere (re-後ろへ+mittere送る=送り返す). △MISSILE, OMIT, SUBMIT


Pronunciation: /ˈgɔːntlɪt/

(US also gantlet)
Translate gauntlet | into German | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of gauntlet


(in phrase run the gauntlet)
  • 1go through an intimidating or dangerous crowd or experience in order to reach a goal:she had to run the gauntlet of male autograph seekers
  • 2 historical undergo the military punishment of receiving blows while running between two rows of men with sticks.


mid 17th century: alteration of gantlope (from Swedish gatlopp, from gata 'lane' + lopp 'course') by association with gauntlet1

priestly, brush off, sacerdotal

For critics, the novels were merely publishing successes or even wasteful diversions from sociological scholarship. For Father Greeley, they were “the most priestly thing I have ever done.”


Pronunciation: /ˈpriːstli/
Definition of priestly


  • relating to or befitting a priest or priests:performing priestly duties





Old English prēostlic (see priest, -ly1)
(sas-uhr-DOHT-l, sak-)

Of or relating to priests: priestly.

Via French from Latin sacerdotalis (priestly), from sacerdos (priest, literally one who offers sacrifices), from sacer (holy, sacred) + dare (to give).

"My student came from a country where professors hold a sacerdotal status and so took my jest as a brushoff." David D Perlmutter; Are You A Good Protege?; Chronicle of Higher Education (Washington, DC); Apr 18, 2008.

An abrupt dismissal or snub.

ismiss or rebuff, as in Roberta brushed off the poor reviews with a shrug, or You can't brush off a boyfriend and expect him to do you a favor. This expression, transferring sweeping off crumbs to a curt dismissal, was first recorded about 1820. However, it became common usage only in the 1930s. Also see give someone the air (brush off).

proconsul, Filipino, Pinoy, demonym

 Taiwanese govt will not vent anger on Pinoys
GMA News
Tags: Taiwan. Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou reiterated that while their government will continue to seek justice for the Taiwanese fisherman shot by Philippine coast guards in disputed waters, it will not vent its anger on Filipinos. According to a ...


William Cameron Forbes: Proconsul in the Philippines

- [ 翻譯此頁 ]由 PW Stanley 著作 - 1966 - 被引用 5 次 - 相關文章
2 "Letter from the Philippine Chamber of Commerce to Hon. Atterson W. Rucker," pamphlet dated Nov. .... tion of the China trade. Forbes appears to have hoped that economic ... nor general, himself a former Harvard football coach, was the first- ... alliance between Forbes' American rivals and the Filipino minority, ...

Pinoy is an informal demonym referring to the Filipino people in the Philippines and overseas Filipinos around the world.[1][2] Filipinos usually refer to themselves as Pinoy or sometimes the feminine Pinay.[1] The word is formed by taking the last four letters of Filipino and adding the diminutive suffix -y in the Tagalog language (the suffix is commonly used in Filipino nicknames: "Ninoy" or "Noynoy" for Benigno, "Totoy" for Augusto, etc.). Pinoy was used for self-identification by the first wave of Filipinos going to the continental United States before World War II and has been used both in a pejorative sense as well as a term of endearment similar to Chicano.[3][4] Both Pinoy and Pinay are still regarded as derogatory by some Filipinos though they are widely used and gaining mainstream usage.[5]
Pinoy was created to differentiate the experiences of those immigrating to the United States but is now a slang term used to refer to all people of Filipino descent.[1] Mainstream usages tend to center on entertainment (Pinoy Big Brother) and music (Pinoy Idol) which has played a significant role in developing national and cultural identity. Pinoy music impacted the socio-political climate of the 1970s and was employed by both Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos and the People Power Revolution that overthrew his regime. It is more positive than "flip."

A demonym /ˈdɛmənɪm/, also referred to as a gentilic, is a name for a resident of a locality and is usually, though not always, derived from the name of a locality.[1] For example, the demonym for a resident of Britain is Briton; the demonym for a resident of Canada is Canadian; while the most common English language demonym for the people of the Netherlands is Dutch (though the words Netherlander and "Hollander" are also used).

1 《ローマ史》地方[属州]総督.
2 植民地[占領地]総督.

chip, chip in, chip-on-the-shoulder, rightfully, deservedly, emotional wedge,get over it, ùnrepéntant, emotions run high

  Father’s Greeley’s chip-on-the-shoulder attitude may have stemmed from a belief that he had been misunderstood and marginalized. Indeed, a second volume of memoirs, “Furthermore!,” published in 1999, suggests a man who even while striving for serenity could never quite shed a sense of being embattled and having scores to settle.

 Philippine envoy tells workers in Taiwan to eat at home and avoid streets amid ...
Washington Post
MANILA, Philippines — The Philippine envoy to Taiwan on Friday advised thousands of Filipino workers there to eat at home and avoid the streets while emotions run high on the island over the shooting death of a fisherman by the Philippine coast guard.


As Web Search Goes Mobile, Competitors Chip at Google’s Lead

(CNN) -- Japanese national pride has attracted $14 million and counting. That's how much citizens have chipped into a public fund to buy a set of islands the Japanese say is rightfully theirs.
The islands, known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China, have been a diplomatic and emotional wedge between the two Asian superpowers, as both countries lay claims to the five uninhabited rocky islets in the East China Sea.

The dispute, which dates back decades, came to a boiling point in 2010 when a Chinese fishing trawler rammed into a Japan Coast Guard vessel on patrol in the island's waters. Japan detained the crew but later released them under Chinese diplomatic and trade pressure.

Tokyo governor Shintaro Ishihara never got over that dispute and his national government's response, which he characterizes as "weak." Ishihara, an unrepentant nationalist who is loudly anti-China, said when it comes to the islands, China is acting like "a burglar in Japan's house."

 "Chinese hegemony is totally intolerable to us," said Ishihara. "We do not want to become a second Tibet and Mongolia. We have no intention of becoming China's annex. We shall stop China, who is coming to steal our land."

His most famous sermon, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," vividly evokes the fate of unrepentant sinners in hell.

verb (chips, chipping, chipped)

[with object]
  • 1cut or break (a small piece) from the edge or surface of a hard material:we had to chip ice off the upper deck
  • [no object] (of a material or object) break at the edge or on the surface:the paint had chipped off the gate
  • cut pieces off (a hard material) to alter its shape or break it up:it required a craftsman to chip the blocks of flint to the required shape [no object]:she chipped away at the ground outside the door
2(in golf, soccer, and other sports) kick or strike (a ball or shot) to produce a short lobbed shot or pass:he chipped a superb shot

a chip on one's shoulder

informal an ingrained feeling of resentment deriving from a sense of inferiority and sometimes marked by aggressive behaviour: I had a dirty great chip on my shoulder—I thought everybody was against me
[from an old custom of placing a chip of wood on one's shoulder as a challenge to a rival: if the rival knocked the chip off they were agreeing to fight]

 chip in
  1. To contribute money or labor: We all chipped in for beer.
  2. To interrupt with comments; interject.
  3. To put up chips or money as one's bet in poker and other games.

chip in (or chip something in)

contribute something as one’s share of a joint activity, cost, etc.:the rookie pitcher chipped in with nine saves and five wins the council will chip in a further $30,000 a year

 get over it
 1.  Overcome, surmount, as in We have finally gotten over our biases. "Late 1600s"
2.  Recover from, as in I just got over the flu, or I hope the children get over their parents' divorce quickly. [c. 1700] This usage sometimes appears as get over it, as on a bumper sticker following the 1992 presidential election: "Bush Lost, Get Over It."
3.  Also, get over with. Complete, have done with, especially something unpleasant. For example, When I finally got the proofreading over, I was ready for a day off, or I'm glad to get all that dental work over with. It also is put as get it over with, as in I might as well sign the check and get it over with. The first usage dates from the late 1800s, the second from the early 1800s.


[形]後悔しない, 懲りない, 強情な.

Merging something designed for public broadcasting ( Buzz) with something inherently private ( Gmail) was just looking for trouble. Google is -deservedly ¿ getting a lot of heat for the fact that its latest social product has a number of privacy flaws baked into it by design.


Definition: justifiably, rightfully
Antonyms: undeservedly


IN BRIEF: With a right to.

pronunciation Lance Armstrong has deservedly been called the best bicyclist in the world.

Definition of emotion


  • a strong feeling deriving from one’s circumstances, mood, or relationships with others:she was attempting to control her emotions [mass noun]:his voice was shaky with emotion
  • [mass noun] instinctive or intuitive feeling as distinguished from reasoning or knowledge:responses have to be based on historical insight, not simply on emotion


mid 16th century (denoting a public disturbance): from French émotion, from émouvoir 'excite', based on Latin emovere, from e- (variant of ex-) 'out' + movere 'move'. The current sense dates from the early 19th century

run high

(of a river) be close to overflowing, with a strong current: the river was running high with the rain
(of feelings) be intense:passions run high when marriages break up

2013年5月30日 星期四

pianissimo, exhale, lift, anthracite coal,



Pianissimo是申學庸女士在憶述張繼高時所提到的字,意指音樂上的「極弱音」。「極弱音」並不是人人聽得到,更不是人人聽得懂,卻是最令知 音人細細品味的。張繼高一生從容處世,深沉出聲,卻能振聾發瞶,引人深思。《張繼高與吳心柳》,就是這個社會時代樂曲的Pianissimo。

 Greek Leftists Lift Hopes for Coalition
Hopes for a breakthrough in Greece's political deadlock emerged after a small leftist party appeared to shift ranks.

John L. Lewis (right, President of the United Mine Workers (UMW), confers with Thomas Kennedy (left), Secretary-Treasurer of the UMW, and Pery Tetlow (center), president of UMW District 17, at the War Labor Board conference of January 15, 1943, discussing the anthracite coal miners' strike.


Pronunciation: /ˈanθrəsʌɪt/
Definition of anthracite

noun[名][U]無煙炭(hard coal).

[mass noun]
  • coal of a hard variety that contains relatively pure carbon and burns with little flame and smoke.
  • a dark grey colour: a wide range of colours from anthracite to blush pink [as modifier]:the anthracite finish on these cupboard doors


  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[líft]
(1) …を引き[持ち]上げる(⇔lower)((up));…をとっておろす((down));〈ふた・帽子などを〉(持ち上げて)取る((off));〈数量・水準・割合などを〉ふやす, 上げる
lift up a chair
lift a child in one's arms
lift a box down from the shelf
(2) 〈手・目・顔などを〉上げる((up))
lift one's face
lift up one's head
lift a hand against a person
(3) 〈風が波を〉立てる((up)).
[類語]「より高い位置へ移す」という意味で共通するが, liftは空中に, 特に努力して, 持ち上げるという意味合い. raiseは(たとえば, 帽子や手などを)ある特定の位置や場所に, 短時間上げるという意味合い.
2 〈禁止令・税金などを〉撤廃する;〈封鎖・妨害などを〉解く;〈砲火を〉一時中止する;〈痛みなどを〉取り除く
lift the ban on the book
The mountain lifts (up) its head above the clouds.
4III[名]([副])]((時に〜 -self))〈人の地位・境遇・品位などを〉高める, 〈人を〉向上させる;〈気分・意気などを〉高める, 高揚させる
lift one's spirits
lift oneself up from poverty
lift a person to fame
5 ((文))〈声・叫びを〉張り上げる((up))
lift (up) one's voice against a person
They lifted (up) their voices in song.
6 〈文章などを〉(…から)盗用する;((略式))〈金・品物を〉(…から)盗む, 万引きする((from ...))
lift a dress from the store
7 〈人・物を〉(ある場所へ)空輸する;〈人を〉(乗り物に)乗せてやる.
8 〈植物・塊茎などを〉掘り出す, 注意して移す.
9 《時計》〈がんぎ車がアンクルを〉動かす.
10 ((米))〈抵当・約束手形を〉請け出す, 〈負債を〉弁済する;〈家賃などを〉集金する.
11 《ゴルフ》〈球を〉(打球できない位置から)拾い上げる;《ゴルフ・クリケット》〈球を〉高く打ち上げる.
12 〈顔の〉しわ取り手術をする;〈指紋を〉採取する.
13 《船》〈模型・図面の縮尺を〉建造中の実物部品に当てはめる;〈型板を〉(図面・模型に基づいて)作る.
14 〈番犬が羊を〉管理する;《キツネ狩り》〈猟犬を〉(キツネの臭線から)遠ざける.
15 〈人を〉逮捕する, 監禁する.
1 (←(他)1)〈物が〉上がる, 持ち上がる((off)). ▼ふつう否定文で用いる
The cover doesn't lift.
2 (…を)持ち上げようと力を入れる((at ...)).
3 〈雲・霧などが〉晴れる, 〈闇(やみ)などが〉明るむ, 〈雨が〉一時やむ;〈心・気分が〉晴れる;〈気分が〉高揚する.
4 〈陸が〉水平線上に見えてくる;〈山・塔などが〉そびえる.
5 〈床・敷物などが〉ふくれ上がる, そる;〈船が〉波に乗って持ち上がる.
6 〈飛行機・ミサイルなどが〉離陸する((off)).
1 持ち上げる[上がる]こと
a lift of a hand
a lift in the minimum wage
2 (物が)持ち上がる[持ち上げる]距離;[U][C]浮き上がる力, 揚力;持ち上げた重量[分量, 荷].
3 ((通例a 〜))(車などに乗る際に)手を貸してやること;((英))(特に歩行者を)車に乗せてやること(((米))ride);(一般に)助力, 手助け(help)
give a person a lift
人を車に乗せてやる, 人に手を貸してやる.
4 感情の高揚, 気持ちの高まり
give a person a lift
5 昇降機;スキー[チェア]リフト;((主に英))エレベーター(((米))elevator)
take the lift
press the button to call the lift
6 土地の隆起.
7 貨物船の積載能力.
8 積み重ねて作る靴のかかと革の1枚;靴の上げ底.
9 《採鉱》(1回で採掘した)鉱石量, 石炭量;《印刷》(1回の)紙量.
10 空輸(airlift).
11 盗むこと.
12 昇進.
13 顔のしわ取り手術(face lift).
on the lift
((米南部・中部))(病気・飢えなどで)弱って;(支えなしには)立ち上がれないで, 立っていられないで.
[スカンジナビア語. △LOFT(屋根裏部屋)]


adv. & adj. (Abbr. pp)
In a very soft or quiet tone. Used chiefly as a direction.
n., pl., -mos.
A part of a composition played very softly or quietly.
[Italian, superlative of piano, soft. See piano2.]

exhale Pronunciation (verb) Expel air.
Synonyms:breathe out, expire
Usage:Exhale when you lift the weight.

flibbertigibbet, ostensibly, scatterbrained, mad as a hatter

 Someone as “mad as a hatter” exhibits behavior similar to 18th and 19th century hat makers who stiffened felt cloth with mercury—an ingredient that after continued exposure causes dementia.

She enjoyed her new life of luxury while it lasted, but she was no flibbertigibbet.
She took a flat, ostensibly for a lover, in fact for the resistance, sheltered men on the run and became a crucial part of the southern escape line to Spain, travelling all over southern France from Nice to Nîmes to Perpignan, with clothing, money and false documents.

  • [flíbərtidʒìbit]
(FLIB-uhr-tee-jib-it) pronunciation

Someone who is regarded as flighty, scatterbrained, and talkative.

Apparently from the imitation of the sound of idle chatter
"But [Lesley Dormen] is hardly a flibbertigibbet. 'I am the opposite of flighty,' she said." — Celia Barbour; An Author Discovers; The New York Times; Apr 8, 2007.

1 ((英))軽薄な[おしゃべりな]人[女性];浮気女.
2 ((古))うわさ話.

Definition of scatterbrained


(of a person) disorganized and lacking in concentration: a scatterbrained blonde

compatriot, hard-core gearhead, beachhead, airhead

for her[1]:
"...A way of trying to tell readers that even though we were showing perfect rooms and perfect gardens, life is not perfect. And things happen, crazy things, bad things, sad thing, wonderful things happen in those rooms. And that the point of all this nesting and decorating is life. And living a good of life as we possibly can. And I also wanted to remind people why this mattered. That design is not an airhead subject, that it's an important subject, and that making a house and a garden is a pretty profound activity. So, at least in the column it was a way to speak directly to the readers about these issues... I was always trying to search for, How do we add another dimension to this very materialistic effort of making a house and a garden? "

The ever-complex and ever-delicate relationship between Taiwan and China was bound to play a role in Morakot’s political aftermath. For its part, China was quick to respond, not only expressing sympathy for the people it refers to as “compatriots” but also providing $29m in relief funds, prefabricated houses, sleeping bags and sanitation supplies.

In his congratulatory telegram to Mr. Ma, Mr. Hu said, “I hope our two parties can continue to promote peaceful development of cross-strait relations, deepen mutual trust, boost the well-being of compatriots on both sides and create a glorious resurrection of the Chinese race.”

此外,馬政府執政後,僑委會英文名稱由「Overseas Compatriot Affairs Commission」改為「Overseas Chinese Affairs Council」,在野立委痛斥易與中國混淆,若不改名13億餘元預算全凍結。最後朝野協商決議英文名稱改為「ROC(Taiwan) Overseas Community Affairs Council」。 2012.11.12


  • [kəmpéitriət | -pǽt-]

  1. A person from one's own country.
  2. A colleague.
[French compatriote, from Late Latin compatriōta : Latin com-, com- + Late Latin patriōta, countryman; see patriot.]
compatriotic com·pa'tri·ot'ic (-ŏt'ĭkadj.

n. - 同国人, 同輩, 同胞
adj. - 同国の

(bēch'hĕd') pronunciation
  1. A position on an enemy shoreline captured by troops in advance of an invading force.
  2. A first achievement that opens the way for further developments; a foothold: "It is not yet clear whether the ecologists will establish a beachhead in the economists' carefully constructed intellectual empire" (Peter Passell).
[名]空挺堡(ていほ):落下傘(さん)部隊の獲得した敵地. ⇒BEACHHEAD

Definition of airhead


a silly or foolish person:she looks like Barbie and acts like a dizzy airhead
gearhead (GEER-hed)

A technology enthusiast, e.g. a person with a deep interest in the inner working of computers, automobiles, etc.

From gear, from Middle English gere (equipment) + head, from Middle English, from Old English heafod.

"(Mark) Pauline and his compatriots were true hard-core gearheads: they loved the oily complexities of machines, and understood the internal mechanics that are, to the rest of us, an inscrutable mesh of wires and servos." — Brad Stone; Gearheads; Simon & Schuster, New York; 2003. http://amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0743229517/ws00-20/

"I might as well conclude with a gearhead's account of how to shut off splash-screen displays, even though it's probably more trouble than it's worth." — James Coates; Windows 95 Software Works With XP Wizard; Chicago Tribune; May 3, 2003.

in play, cook up, advisories, thrash out

 Taiwan to adjust H7N9 travel advisories for China June 1

Martha Stewart Living Puts Itself in Play: Martha Stewart is trying to cook up up a deal. Shares of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia soared nearly 24 percent on Wednesday after the struggling media company put itself in play, announcing that it had retained advisers to explore a possible sale of the company. Blackstone Advisory Partners, the investment banking arm of Blackstone Group, was hired to "review and respond" to investors who have expressed an interest in partnering or investing in the business. 

Instead, they rush to judgment, with the support of the media. By the time an FDA advisory panel met this week to thrash out whether Avandia should be withdrawn or its use limited (it was due to vote yesterday afternoon), Congress had made up its own mind. 相反,在媒体的支持下,这些委员会急于做出判断。FDA顾问团上周召开会议,决定是否 应该将文迪雅撤市或限制其使用(已于14日下午做出裁决)。国会在会前就已拿定了主意。

thrash out
  1. To discuss fully.

Definition of advisory


  • having or consisting in the power to make recommendations but not to take action enforcing them:the Commission acts in an advisory capacity
  • recommended but not compulsory:the EC has put forward an advisory maximum figure

noun (plural advisories)

an official announcement or warning: a frost advisory

cook up

Fabricate, concoct, as in She's always cooking up some excuse. [Colloquial; mid-1700s]

in play
Stock affected by Takeover rumors or activities.

2013年5月28日 星期二

bear down, bearer, cripple, crippling , polio, March of Dimes Wristbands

Polio Reappears in the Horn of Africa
The type of paralysis caused by polio has been found in a child in Somalia and one in Kenya, the World Health Organization said.

European Leaders Reach Long-Term Budget Deal

BRUSSELS — The deal, which came after two days of marathon negotiations, reflects the climate of austerity in a region still struggling to emerge from a crippling debt crisis.

Deadly Typhoon Leaves Japan; Nuclear Plant Intact
The powerful typhoon was bearing down on Japan's tsunami-ravaged northeastern coast Wednesday, approaching a nuclear power plant crippled in that disaster and prompting calls for the evacuation of more than a million people. (AP Photo/Itsuo Inouye) ...

Google to Shut Down Gizmo5
Hard OCP
If you are a Gizmo5 user and no one from Google has contacted you yet, I'm sorry to have to be the bearer of bad news: Find another VoIP quickly. Google purchased the company back in 2009, took what it needed to augment Gmail/Gtalk and is scrapping the ...

March of Dimes Wristbands
March of Dimes Wristbands
March of Dimes Wristbands

March of Dimes: fundraising organization was founded by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to raise funds for the battle against poliomyelitis; it later expanded its aim to the prevention of premature birth, birth defects and infant mortality (1938)

bear down,
1. Press or weigh down on someone or something. For example, This pen doesn't write unless you bear down hard on it. [Late 1600s]
2. Try hard, intensify one's efforts, as in If you'll just bear down, you'll pass the test.
3. Move forward in a pressing or threatening way, as in The ferry bore down on our little skiff. This usage was originally nautical. [Early 1700s]

1 ((形式))
(1) 運ぶ[になう]人, 運搬人;棺(ひつぎ)持ち
a flag bearer
(2) (伝言・うわさなどを)伝える人, 伝達者.
2 《法律》(小切手などの)持参人, 所持人
a note payable to (the) bearer
3 受け台, 支える物.
4 実のなる[花の咲く]草木.
5 在職[在任]者;官職者.
6 ((インド・パキスタン))男の召し使い.


crip • ple
cripples (複数形) • crippled (過去形) • crippled (過去分詞) • crippling (現在分詞) • cripples (三人称単数現在)
1 ((不快))手足の不自由な人[動物], 足(腰)の立たない人;((略式))(一般に)身体[精神]障害者
a war cripple
▼公式にはphysically disabledを用いる.
2 (窓掃除などの)脚立.
1 〈体の一部を〉不自由[不具]にする. ▼disableのほうが婉曲的
be crippled with polio
2 ((略式))〈活動・機能などを〉そこなう, だめにする.

Definition of polio


short for poliomyelitis.
[名][U]《病理学》脊髄(せきずい)灰白質炎, 脊髄性小児麻痺, ポリオ.pòlio・myelític[形]