2017年2月28日 星期二

punchline, pack, pack a punch/wallop, splice, packing, pack on, pack the court, rinse, repress, coriander

"'Velázquez Portraits: Truth in Painting' is a small show that packs a big punch."— The Art Newspaperhttp://met.org/2lkKUE1

Special ingredients include Kosher salt and coriander🍺

How Sam Adams Came Up With The Perfect Post-Marathon Beer

Batches of 26.2 Brew commemorate the Boston Marathon.

"The secret of a good old age is simply an honorable pact with solitude."
--from "One Hundred Years of Solitude" (1967) by Gabriel García Márquez

Packing a punch: 85,000 pills, powders and elixirs are available in America alone

THIS is a strange time for supplement-makers. From one angle, the industry’s prospects look bright. Demand is rising for products that promote health...

Microsoft, News Corp. Discuss Web Pact

Microsoft and News Corp. have held discussions about a partnership that could result in News Corp. removing its newspaper content from Google's search engine while continuing to feature it on Microsoft's online properties.
The world’s largest fast-food company said earlier that all three of its restaurants in Iceland would shut down October 31. The outlets have been packed since the announcement, with lines at one restaurant backing up out the door and onto the street. 這家全球最大速食公司先前表示,冰島的三間麥當勞餐廳會在10月31日關閉。自從這項消息宣布後,麥當勞餐廳就擠滿了顧客,其中一間餐廳的排隊人龍更一直排到門外的街道上。俞智敏

Britain Seeks Its Essence, and Finds Punch Lines紐約時報這篇報導.
punch line, punchline noun [C]
the last part of a story or a joke which explains the meaning of what has happened previously or makes it amusing
張貼者: Hanching Chung 下午7:31

punchline Line breaks: punch|line

Pronunciation: /ˈpʌn(t)ʃlʌɪn/


The final phrase or sentence of a joke or story, providing the humour or some other crucial element:his humour did not depend on punchlines

  • ‘You want me to give you all my punchlines,’ he joked.
  • Latterly she was even behind her audiences, who could see the punchlines for her onstage jokes rolling up on her Teleprompter before Streisand could mouth them.
  • I expected ambient recordings of you giggling like a girl, telling jokes and forgetting the punchlines, looking for your car keys and so on.


When a Punch Line Is No Longer a Lifeline

The sudden turn from humor in Egypt points to a sense of revolution fatigue that has swept over a nation where people had hoped for overnight change.

《中英對照讀新聞》Brains of bilingual readers repress negative words 雙語閱讀者的大腦會抑制負面字眼

Reading a nasty word in a second language may not pack the punch it would in your native tongue, thanks to an unconscious brain quirk that tamps down potentially disturbing emotions, a new study finds.

When reading negative words such as "failure" in their non-native language, bilingual Chinese-English speakers did not show the same brain response as seen when they read neutral words such as "aim." The finding suggests that the brain can process the meaning of words in the unconscious, while "withholding" information from our conscious minds.

"We think we’ve identified, for the first time, the mechanism by which emotion controls fundamental thought processes outside consciousness," study researcher Yanjing Wu, a psychologist at Bangor University in the United Kingdom, said in a statement.
「我們認為,我們首次找出了情緒在人的意識之外控制基本思維過程的機制」,進行這項研究的英國班戈大學心理學家吳嚴金(Yanjing Wu)在聲明中說。

It’s not yet clear why the brain dampens the response to these words, the researchers report in the Journal of Neuroscience.

pack a punch:動詞片語,猛力一擊,有非常大的威力、效力或影響力。例句:I don’t know what she has said to him, but it really packed a punch.(我不知道她對他說了什麼,但真的很有效。)

 pack a punch  (informal)
if someone can pack a punch, they can hit very hard when they are fighting
He's a big guy - I should imagine he can pack a fair punch.

pack a punch
to have a powerful effect or influence For big flavor, a blend of cumin, chili powder, coriander, cayenne, and black pepper packs a punch.
Etymology: based on the literal meaning of pack a punch (hit very hard)

pack a punch

Also, pack a wallop.
1. Be capable of a forceful blow; also, deliver a forceful blow. For example, Knowing Bob could pack a wicked punch, they were carefulnot to anger him, or She swung her handbag, really packing a wallop. [Colloquial; c. 1920]
2. Have a powerful effect, as in That vodka martini packed a wallopThomas Wolfe had this figurative usage in a letter (c. 1938): "I thinkmy play, The Housewill pack a punch."


Pronunciation: /ˌkɒrɪˈandə/ 


An aromatic Mediterranean plant of the parsley family, the leaves and seeds of which are used as culinary herbs.
  • Coriandrum sativum, family Umbelliferae

quirk:名詞,古怪的舉止、特性,怪癖,妙語,突然出現的莫名轉變。例句:Taking cold showers is one of his many quirks.(洗冷水澡是他許多怪癖中的一個。)

dampen:動詞,抑制、減弱。例句:The car accident has dampened our spirits.(這起車禍讓我們很掃興。)

《中英對照讀新聞》Who let the dogs pig out?誰讓狗大吃特吃?
Who let the dogs pig out?

Someone once said that if your dog is fat you’re not getting enough exercise.
So it’s no surprise that as human obesity rates soar, man’s best friend is loyally packing on the pounds as well.
"Overweight people are more likely to have overweight dogs," said Victoria Stilwell, dog trainer and author of "Fat Dog Slim:How to Have a Healthy, Happy Pet."
Over 34 percent of people in the United States are considered obese, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. Most estimates say up to 40 percent of household pets are overweight.
"An overweight dog shows real negligence by the owner. There’s pressure on the bones and the heart and the organs. It’s just not pleasant," she said.
But unlike their dog-owning counterparts, couch potato cat people can stay put. "You don’t have to rush around. Just shine a laser light or throw a ping pong ball. Cats will chase moving things."

pig out (on something):非正式用法,大吃特吃,狼吞虎嚥般地狂吃。例句:I love to pig out on sashimi.(我熱愛大啖狂吞生魚片。)
pack on:俚語,增加(體重)。例句:He packed on 5 kilograms over the Lunar New Year holiday.(他在農曆春節期間暴肥5公斤。)
stay put:俚語,不移動,保持原狀。

Girl Scout cookies are cookies sold by Girl Scouts of the USA (GSUSA) as one of its major fundraisers for local Scout units. Members of the GSUSA have been selling cookies since 1917 to raise funds. Girls who participate can earn prizes for their efforts. There are also unit incentives if the unit as a whole does well. As of 2007, sales were estimated at about 200 million boxes per year.[1]

G recalls mouth rinse product
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Thursday advised consumers about the voluntary recall of a batch of mouth rinse products of Procter & Gamble Philippines Inc. In an advisory, the FDA said the consumer goods firm initiated the voluntary recall ...

(rĭns) pronunciation
tr.v., rinsed, rins·ing, rins·es.
  1. To wash lightly with water.
  2. To remove (soap, for example) by washing lightly in water.
  1. The act of washing lightly.
  2. A solution, such as water, used in rinsing.
  3. A solution used in coloring or conditioning the hair.
[Middle English rincen, from Old French rincier, from Vulgar Latin *recentiāre, from Latin recēns, recent-, fresh. See recent.]
rinsable rins'a·ble or rins'i·ble adj.
rinser rins'er n.

the pact's impact on Taiwan's economy


  1. A formal agreement, such as one between nations; a treaty.
  2. A compact; a bargain.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin pactum, from neuter sing. past participle of pacīscī, to agree.]
1 (個人間の)約束, 契約
make [sign] a pact with ...
2 (国家間の)条約, 協定
a peace pact
[中フランス語←ラテン語pactum (pacere一致する). △PACK1
1 (持ち運びに便利な)包み, 束;荷(物);背のう;荷造り.
(1) ((主に米))(…の)1箱, 1包み, 1容器(((英))packet)
a six-pack of beer
three packs of cigarettes
(2) パック:量目の単位で羊毛は240ポンド, 穀物は280ポンド, 石炭は3ブッシェル.
3 (年間・季間の)出荷量, 生産高.
(1) (人・動物の)群れ, 集団, (悪人たちの)一味((of ...));ボーイ[ガール]スカウトの年少隊の一団;(潜水艦・航空機の)一隊;((軽蔑))大量, 多数
a pack of wolves [hoodlums]
lead the pack
a pack of lies
be a notch above the pack
(2) (一隊となって獲物を追う)猟犬の一群. ⇒FLOCK1[類語]
hunt in packs
5 ((英))((しばしばa pack of cardsで))《トランプ》(通例52枚の)一組(((主に米))deck).
6 浮氷群, 大氷塊.
7 湿布(用の布);氷のう;(美顔用の)パック
a mud pack
8 《採鉱》ぼた積み(壁).
9 《写真》フィルム(パック).
10 ((集合的))《ラグビー》前衛;スクラム.
11 《コンピュータ》パック:データの原形が復元できる方法で記憶媒体にデータを圧縮して記憶させること.
(1) 〈物を〉(箱などに)入れる, 包む, 束ねる, 梱包(こんぽう)[荷造り]する((away, up/into, in ...));〈物を〉荷造りして送る((off))
I packed a two-week supply of clothes for the trip.
(2) 〈商品などを〉(容器に)包装する, 缶[箱]詰めにする((in, into ...))
pack fish in cans
2 〈入れ物に〉(物を)ぎっしり詰め込む((out/with ...));〈物・人などを〉(狭い場所などに)詰め込む((in, into ...))
pack books in [into] a box [=pack a box with books]
The book is packed full of information.
3 [pack A for B/pack B A]〈B(人)にA(食べ物など)を〉詰めて持たせてやる
pack one's children some rice balls
4III[名]([副])]〈人・動物・物を〉集める, まとめる((up));〈資料などを〉集めて(本などに)まとめる((into ...)).
5 〈管の継ぎ目などに〉詰め物をする[当てる];〈詰め物を〉(…の周りに)置く((around, round ...)).
6 〈馬・牛などに〉荷を積む[つける].
7 ((米略式))〈銃などを〉持ち歩く, 携帯する
pack a gun
8 〈人を〉(…へ)追い出す[払う];((略式))解雇する((away, off/to ...))
pack oneself off
pack the children off to school
9 ((略式))〈強打を〉くらわせる(力がある)
pack a punch
10 〈患者・患部に〉湿布[温布, 乾布]する;〈顔に〉美容パックをする.
11 ((米))〈自動車の値段を〉(値引きを大きく見せるために)つり上げる.
12 《コンピュータ》パックする:データをより少ないビット数に圧縮して記憶させる.
13 〈雪・土などを〉固める((down));〈風が〉〈雪を〉(…に)吹き寄せる((against ...)).
1 荷造り[梱包, 包装]する;旅じたくをする((up)).
2 荷造り[包装]できる, 箱に納まる((up))
The goods pack (up) easily.
3 〈動物が〉一群となる, 群れをなす;[I[副]]〈人が〉(…に)群がる;詰めかける((into ...));ぎっしりはいる((in ...));物をいっぱいに詰め込む((out)).
4 〈雪・土などが〉固まる.
5 急いで立ち去る, すぐに解散する((away, off)).
6 《ラグビー》スクラムを組む((down)).
pack in [up]
(1) ⇒(自)1, 2
(2) ((俗))死ぬ;((略式))〈機械・体の器官などが〉止まる, だめになる;((英略式))〈人が〉仕事をやめる.
[pack ... in [up]/pack in [up] ...]
(1) ⇒(他)1, 4
(2) ((俗))〈試合・任務などを〉放棄する, 終える;〈喫煙・飲酒などを〉やめる;〈人との〉関係を絶つ;〈機械を〉止まらせる.
(3) ((略式))〈人を〉魅了する.
pack it in [up]
(1) ((略式))((しばしば命令文))(はた迷惑なことを)やめる.
(2) ((米俗))敗北を認める.
(3) ((米俗))有利な立場を最大限に利用する.
(4) 〈機械などが〉働かなくなる, だめになる.
pack them in
send a person packing
1 〈動物が〉運搬用の;〈道具・材料が〉荷造り用の.
2 ((スコット))〈動物が〉(飼い)慣らされた(tame);〈人が〉親しい.
3 ぎっしり詰まった.
━━[副]((スコット))親しく, 親密に.
[オランダ語pac. 原義は「締めつけたもの, 束」. △PACT

    1. A collection of items tied up or wrapped; a bundle.
    2. A container made to be carried on the body of a person or animal.
  1. The amount, as of food, that is processed and packaged at one time or in one season.
  2. A small package containing a standard number of identical or similar items: a pack of matches.
    1. A complete set of related items: a pack of cards.
    2. Informal. A large amount; a heap: earned a pack of money.
    1. A group of animals, such as dogs or wolves, that run and hunt together.
    2. A gang of people: a pack of hoodlums.
    3. An organized troop having common interests: a Cub Scout pack. See synonyms at flock1.
  3. A mass of large pieces of floating ice driven together.
  4. Medicine.
    1. The swathing of a patient or a body part in hot, cold, wet, or dry materials, such as cloth towels, sheets, or blankets.
    2. The materials so used.
    3. A material, such as gauze, that is therapeutically inserted into a body cavity or wound; packing.
  5. An ice pack; an ice bag.
  6. A cosmetic paste that is applied to the skin, allowed to dry, and then rinsed off.

    1. A collection of items tied up or wrapped; a bundle.
    2. A container made to be carried on the body of a person or animal.
  1. The amount, as of food, that is processed and packaged at one time or in one season.
  2. A small package containing a standard number of identical or similar items: a pack of matches.
    1. A complete set of related items: a pack of cards.
    2. Informal. A large amount; a heap: earned a pack of money.
    1. A group of animals, such as dogs or wolves, that run and hunt together.
    2. A gang of people: a pack of hoodlums.
    3. An organized troop having common interests: a Cub Scout pack. See synonyms at flock1.
  3. A mass of large pieces of floating ice driven together.
  4. Medicine.
    1. The swathing of a patient or a body part in hot, cold, wet, or dry materials, such as cloth towels, sheets, or blankets.
    2. The materials so used.
    3. A material, such as gauze, that is therapeutically inserted into a body cavity or wound; packing.
  5. An ice pack; an ice bag.
  6. A cosmetic paste that is applied to the skin, allowed to dry, and then rinsed off.

v., packed, pack·ing, packs. v.tr.
  1. To fold, roll, or combine into a bundle; wrap up.
    1. To put into a receptacle for transporting or storing: pack one's belongings.
    2. To fill up with items: pack one's trunk.
  2. To process and put into containers in order to preserve, transport, or sell: packed the fruit in jars.
    1. To bring together (persons or things) closely; crowd together: managed to pack 300 students into the lecture hall.
    2. To fill up tight; cram.
  3. Medicine.
    1. To wrap (a patient) in a pack.
    2. To insert a pack into a body cavity or wound.
  4. To wrap tightly for protection or to prevent leakage: pack a valve stem.
  5. To press together; compact firmly: packed the clay and straw into bricks.
  6. Informal. To carry, deliver, or have available for action: a thug who packed a pistol; a fighter who packs a hard punch.
  7. To send unceremoniously: The parents packed both children off to bed.
  8. To constitute (a voting panel) by appointment, selection, or arrangement in such a way that it is favorable to one's purposes or point of view; rig: "In 1937 Roosevelt threatened to pack the court" (New Republic).
  1. To place one's belongings in boxes or luggage for transporting or storing.
  2. To be susceptible of compact storage: Dishes pack more easily than glasses.
  3. To form lumps or masses; become compacted.
pack it in Informal.
  1. To cease work or activity: Let's pack it in for the day.
[Middle English pak, possibly of Low German origin.]
packability pack'a·bil'i·ty n.
packable pack'a·ble adj.

splice Show phonetics
verb [T]
to join two pieces of rope, film, etc. together at their ends in order to form one long piece:
Scientists have discovered how to splice pieces of DNA.

splice Show phonetics
noun [C]
a join between two pieces of something so that they form one long piece

Electrical Wire Splices Recalled Due to Shock and Fire Hazards

WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed.
Name of Product: Electrical Wire Splices (also known as Butt Splice Connectors)
Units: About 53,000
Manufacturer: Molex, of Lisle, Ill.
Hazard: The splice can fail to hold the wires adequately together, posing a shock and fire hazard to consumers.
Incidents/Injuries: Gardner Bender has received one report of a recalled butt splice failing to hold wires together. No injuries have been reported.
Description: The recalled butt splices are used to connect electrical wires to one another. They are typically used for wiring small electrical appliances, like audio equipment, or in automotive applications. The splices are yellow insulated vinyl and measure about one inch long and ¼ inch wide. They were intended for use with 12-10 AWG wire. 12-10 is stamped on the side of the splices. Model numbers 10-126, or 21-126, and Gardner Bender are printed on the product’s packaging. They were sold in packages of 8 or 50.
Sold at: Electrical distributors, hardware stores, and home centers nationwide from June 2005 through April 2008 for between $1 and $5.
Manufactured in: United States
Remedy: Consumers should immediately stop using products that contain the recalled butt splices and contact the firm for free replacement splices.
Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact Gardner Bender at (800) 624-4320 between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. CT Monday through Friday, or visit the firm’s Web site at www.gardnerbender.com

Picture of Recalled Electrical Wire Splices

Picture of Recalled Electrical Wire Splices


truck, trucking, representative, frontman, Fell off the back of a truck

Keep on trucking? Automation will mean massive changes for America's 3.5m truck drivers

Casino Mogul’s Frontman in China Is Focus of Inquiries
Questions over a casino company’s payments to its Chinese representative highlight how often politics and profits are intertwined for Sheldon Adelson, the company’s founder and a major Republican donor.



truck (third-person singular simple present truckspresent participle truckingsimple past and past participle trucked)
  1. (intransitive) To drive a truck.
  2. (transitive) To convey by truck.
    Last week, Cletus trucked 100 pounds of lumber up to Dubuque.
  3. (intransitive, US, slang, 1960s) To travel or live contentedly.
    Keep on trucking!
  4. (intransitive, US, slang, 1960s) To persist, to endure.
    Keep on trucking!
  5. (intransitive, film production) To move a camera parallel to the movement of the subject.
  6. (transitive, slang) To fight or otherwise physically engage with.  [quotations ▼]
  7. (transitive, slang) To run over or through a tackler in American football.

 representative,(業務) 代表

[名]1(1) (…の)代表(者);後継者, 相続人, 代理人, 代弁[代行]者((of, from, on, at ...)) the last representative of the r...

 frontman 臺面人物

Urban Dictionary: trucking

trucking. a euphemism for drug smuggling or trafficking, usually involving the mob. my sister stopped seeing that Giovanni dude after she was informed about the ..

Fell off the back of a truck

A reply generally given by bentnose boys to the law-abiding consumer to convince them goods are legit. Now often used sarcastically to refer to stolen goods.
Lula Mae: This TV is very affordable. It's not stolen is it?
Vinny the Mafioso: Nah, it fell off the back of a truck


A euphemism for 'acquired illegally'.


When anyone accounts for their possession of an article by saying it 'fell off the back of a truck' or 'fell off the back of a lorry', they may be assumed not to be its legal owner - i.e. it is stolen. 'Lorry' is the British version; in the USA and Australia things fall from trucks. This coy language, which feigns innocence but actually emphasizes illegality by using a phrase that is reserved for illegal dealing, is similar to The Godfather's 'an offer he can't refuse'. Others that relate specifically to stolen goods are the 'five finger discount' and 'I got it from a man in a pub'. Had 'air quotes' been in use at the time they might well have been called on when this phrase was first spoken.
The earliest printed versions of 'fell off the back of a lorry' come surprisingly late - like this early example from The Times, 1968:
"The suggestion of the finder, a casual motorist, that the records 'must have fallen off the back of a lorry'."
There are many anecdotal reports of the phrase in the UK from much earlier than that, and it is likely to date back to at least WWII. It's just the sort of language that the 'wide-boys' or 'flash Harrys' who peddled illegal goods during and after WWII would have used. These were exemplified in plays and films by the actors George Cole, Sid James, etc. I'm sure a thorough scan of the scripts of the post-war Ealing comedies would throw up a pre-1968 example.
Having been brought up in the truck-free UK with the 'fell off the back of a lorry' version, I have to now concede supremacy to 'fell off the back of a truck'. Versions of that from both Australia and the USA predate the English examples by many years. The earliest that I can find is from the official record of debates in the Australian House of Representatives - Hansard, 1928:
"We heard, through something that had fallen of the back of a truck onto a reporter's table."
In the USA the expression is found just a few years later - as in this example from The Tuscaloosa News, February 1937:
Many transients in Manhattan are constantly being trimmed by suave 'chauffers' in light delivery trucks who whisper confidentially that there are some bolts of cloth in the rear seat which fell of the back of a truck.
The meaning seems to have changed slightly since the phrase was coined. Almost all of the early references cite it as being used as patter in a scam to sell the unwary shoddy goods. The current usage is as a reference to a straightforward 'nudge, nudge/I won't tell if you won't' sale of stolen or smuggled goods.
A nostalgic word about lorries. Trucks are now travelling the world and, in the same way that the voracious American Grey Squirrel has overwhelmed the retiring European Red Squirrel, they are, on the road and in the dictionary, becoming dominant. The older generation in the UK is holding out and will have no truck with 'truck' but, as time goes by, lorries will turn into trucks, just a charabancs turned into coaches.

infringe, infringer, travesty, in the hunt, parody, encroach, fair, fair use,

美国一家独立机构的一份最新报告说,假冒商品、盗版软件以及商业秘密窃取造成美国每年高达6000亿美元的损失。与此同时,报告还把中国列为“世界最主要的侵犯知识产权者”(world’s principal IP infringer)。全文:https://goo.gl/l7ANzJ

Trump is running as a left-winger’s caricature of selfish, unprincipled conservatism. If elected Republicans embrace that travesty, they have themselves to blame for the damage that he will surely do their cause

Secretary of State John Kerry gives his take on what happens if Congress rejects the Iran nuclear deal. The full conversation airs tomorrow on Morning Edition.

Why films about painters always get the actual painting wrong

A brush with Mr Turner: why can’t films about painters get the painting right?
They get the period clothes and the buildings spot-on. So why not the actual work? Turner expert Andrew Wilton on when inaccuracies become travesties

United Nations' Rights Chief says Israel may be committing war crimes.

UN Human Rights Council Launches Inquiry into Gaza Conflict
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu calls vote to open inquiry a "travesty"
TIME.COM   Pakistan’s Tyranny of Blasphemy
Islamists are using laws against religious offenses to encroach on both state and society.

 In Silicon Valley, Patents Go on Trial
In a trial starting next week, Apple will argue that Samsung had a deliberate strategy of copying Apple's smartphone designs.Samsung will likely say that Apple's designs aren't unique and that Apple is infringing on some Samsung patents.

 Google, Oracle Head to Showdown
Opening arguments are expected to begin as soon as Tuesday in the legal showdown between Google and Oracle. Oracle alleges that Google's Android mobile-phone software infringes on Java patents and copyrights.

HTC Sues Apple Using Patents Obtained From Google Last Week
(2498), Asia's second-biggest maker of smartphones, filed infringement claims against Apple Inc. today, using patents it bought from Google Inc. (GOOG) last week. The nine patents originated with Palm Inc., Motorola Inc. and Openwave Systems Inc., ...

fair use: the US Supreme Court ruled in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music that parodies are not copyright infringements (1994)

Apple Sues Google Phone Maker
Apple is suing HTC, the maker of several Google-based smart phones, claiming patent infringement on the iPhone's user interface and hardware.
Ganging Up on Internet Pirates
Internet users who upload and download pirated movies and music online may soon be getting an unpleasant surprise: Warnings from their service providers that detail their alleged copyright infringement and threaten action if they don't stop.

in the hunt

  1. (informal) having a chance of success   ⇒ that result keeps us in the hunt


  • 発音記号[infríndʒ]
[動](他)〈法律・契約・義務・権利・誓い・原理などを〉犯す, 破る, 侵害する, に違反する, 違背する
infringe a copyright [a patent
━━(自)[infringe on [upon] A]〈A(法律・権利など)を〉侵害する
infringe on women's rights
[ラテン語infringere(in-中に+frangere破る=破り入る). △FRAGILE, FRACTION

in·fringe·ment (ĭn-frĭnj'mənt) pronunciation
  1. A violation, as of a law, regulation, or agreement; a breach.
  2. An encroachment, as of a right or privilege. See synonyms at breach.
1 [C or U] writing, music, art, speech, etc. which intentionally copies the style of someone famous or copies a particular situation, making the features or qualities of the original more noticeable in a way that is humorous:
He was an eighteenth-century author who wrote parodies of other people's works.
There is a hint of self-parody in his later paintings.
Compare travesty.

2 [C] DISAPPROVING something which so obviously fails to achieve the effect that was intended that it is ridiculous:
"It was a parody of a trial, " said one observer.

noun [C]
a person who writes parodies

verb [T]
to copy the style of someone or something in a humorous way:
One of the papers is running a competition in which you've got to parody a well-known author.

Line breaks: trav|esty
Pronunciation: /ˈtravɪsti /

NOUN (plural travesties)

A false, absurd, or distorted representation of something:the absurdly lenient sentence is a travesty of justice
VERB (travestiestravestyingtravestied)
[WITH OBJECT]Back to top  
Represent in a false, absurd, or distorted way:Michael has betrayed the family by travestying them in his plays


mid 17th century (as an adjective in the sense 'dressed to appear ridiculous'): from French travesti 'disguised', past participle of travestir, from Italian travestire, fromtrans- 'across' + vestire 'clothe'.

fair use
In copyright law, quotation or reproduction of a small portion of copyrighted material (with proper acknowledgment), which does not require the permission of the copyright holder. The amount varies in proportion to the length of the original, the governing theory being that the use should not decrease the market for the original.

fair (RIGHT)
1 treating someone in a way that is right or reasonable, or treating a group of people equally and not allowing personal opinions to influence your judgment:
a fair trial
Why should I have to do all the cleaning? It's not fair!
It's not fair on Joe (= It is not right) to make him do all the work!
It's not fair that she's allowed to go and I'm not!
It's not fair to blame me for everything!
She's scrupulously fair with all her employees (= she treats them all equally).
She claims her article was a fair comment on (= a reasonable thing to say about) a matter of public interest.
He offered to do all the cleaning if I did all the cooking, which seemed like a fair (= reasonable) deal.

2 If something, such as a price or share, is fair, it is reasonable and is what you expect or deserve:
I thought it was a fair price that she was offering.
I'm willing to do my fair (= equal) share of the work.
All the workers want is a fair wage for the work that they do.

3 If a game or competition is fair, it is done according to the rules:
It was a fair fight.

If you do something fairly, you do it in a way which is right and reasonable and treats people equally:
He claimed that he hadn't been treated fairly by his employers.
Officials will ensure that the election is carried out fairly.
See also fairly at fair (QUITE LARGE).

noun [U]
the quality of treating people equally or in a way that is right or reasonable:
He had a real sense of fairness and hated injustice.
The ban on media reporting during the election has made some people question the fairness of the election (= ask whether it was fair).
See also fairness at fair (BEAUTIFUL).


Line breaks: en|croach
Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkrəʊtʃ
, ɛn-/


[no object] (usually encroach on/upon)
  • 1Intrude on (a person’s territory, rights, personal life, etc.): rather than encroach on his privacy she might have kept to her room
  • 1.1Advance gradually beyond usual or acceptable limits: the sea has encroached all round the coast





late Middle English (in the sense 'obtain unlawfully, seize'; formerly also as incroach): from Old French encrochier 'seize, fasten upon', from en- 'in, on' + crochier (from croc 'hook', from Old Norse krókr).

Gotham, carnival, open-air festival


It’s carnival time! From Oruro in Bolivia, through Recife in Brazil, Barranquilla in Colombia, El Callao in Venezuela, to Belgium and Austria, Croatia and Hungary, many festivities figure on the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity for you to discover and enjoy!
Find out more here: http://on.unesco.org/2mpWJOe

It’s carnival time! The exact dates of these traditional celebrations vary from one year to the next but they usually begin just before the Christian observance of Lent between February and early March. They generally start…

Gotham is finding out the hard way that free and open Internet access is ripe for abuse. 
New York City’s street-corner Internet plans are being curtailed because…
This week in Inbox: you can hear about the Carnival of Cultures – a
four-day open-air festival when Berlin pays tribute to its multicultural
spirit. The centerpiece of the colorful festivities is the carnival parade
on Sunday, which brings a bit of Rio de Janeiro into the streets of the
German capital!

The DW-WORLD Article


 ━━ n. 謝肉祭, カーニバル ((Lent前の祭り)); 祝祭, お祭り騒ぎ; 巡業ショー.

The Venetian Macao, not Venetian festivals

在電視看到這家的建構 six months to go....
到開張首月百萬人 財源滾滾


Masks Are Mandatory

Masks Are Mandatory

Marc Jacobs hosted his annual company holiday party at Gotham Hall. The theme was Venetian Carnivale, and guests got into the spirit with an extravagant display of elaborate costumes.

Venetian festivals are held in cities in Europe and North America. They are based on carnival, or carnevale, the period just before Lent, as celebrated in 1600s in Venice, Italy. Venetian festivals re-create the fantasy of the earlier events with food, costumes, masks, music, theater, juggling and other spectacles. The masks and costumes are worn by people who often travel from other countries to attend and perform (or parade) in these festivals. The elaborate costumes and masks are handmade by artisans from various countries. Many involve male and female or group versions and are based on old Venetian characters and costumes.

Nickname for New York City; Washington Irving gave the name Gotham to New York City in his Salmagundi Papers (1807). A village in Nottinghamshire, England, associated in folklore with insanity. A fictional city, the hometown of Batman.