2015年8月31日 星期一

remission, remit,fury, refer, referral, bariatric , ADHD, chemotherapy

After two years of remission, Japan seems likely to sink back into the “chronic disease” of deflation, as Haruhiko Kuroda, the governor of the Bank of Japan (BoJ), calls it http://econ.st/1MSXULb

Infected at birth with HIV, she's shown the ability to control levels of the infection in her body without antiretroviral treatment. http://cnn.it/1MlcrjG

This provides new hope that a "functional" cure for HIV may one day be possible.

Mr. Simotes underwent chemotherapy and radiation, and his cancer is in remission.
France Refers Skype to Prosecutors
PARIS — A regulatory agency said Microsoft’s Skype unit had failed to register as a telecommunications operator.
The number of children referred into care in England has hit a record high.
Last month, local authorities made 903 court applications to take children into care - the highest since courts service Cafcass was set up in 2001.
Numbers have been rising since late 2008 and the infamous Baby P case involving the death of a toddler while on the at-risk register in London.

Pastor Rob Bell: What if Hell Doesn't Exist?

By Jon Meacham
Rogue pastor Rob Bell's argument about salvation and judgment has Evangelicals in a fury -- and a young generation rethinking Jesus

Hillary Clinton’s involvement, alongside her treasury counterpart, Timothy Geithner, raises the status of America’s participation, which, the Americans hope, will encourage more progress on issues—especially climate change—that straddled the remits of the forum’s precursors.

Online Health Data in Remission

The $19 billion prescribed in Congress's economic stimulus package to bring America's health-care records into the electronic age is a welcome opportunity for information technology firms seeking to build market share in a still-young industry.
(By Anita Huslin, The Washington Post)

Learning to Drive With A.D.H.D.

Learning to drive is hard and scary for many teenagers, but the challenges are significantly greater for adolescents who have attention problems.
 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder.

Surgery for Diabetes May Be Better Than Standard Treatment

Bariatric surgery, in which the stomach is stapled and the small intestine rerouted, puts the disease into remission far more often than drugs, diet and exercise, researchers say.
Bariatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity

Taiwan Opposition Summons 'Fury' — Will it Last?
Wall Street Journal (blog)
Taiwan's opposition Democratic Progressive Party is no novice at holding massive anti-government protests, as demonstrated by Sunday's “Rally of Fury.” But will there still be enough fire to fuel the party back to power when the island's next ...
See all stories on this topic »

Definition of remission

[mass noun]
  • the cancellation of a debt, charge, or penalty:the scheme allows for the partial remission of tuition fees
  • British the reduction of a prison sentence, especially as a reward for good behaviour: for every two days they work the prisoners earn one day’s remission of their sentence
  • formal forgiveness of sins.
  • 2a temporary diminution of the severity of disease or pain:ten patients remained in remission


Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin remissio(n-), from remittere 'send back, restore' (see remit)
remission (ILLNESS)
noun [C or U] FORMAL
a period of time when an illness is less severe:
Her cancer has been in remission for several years.
See also remission at remit (REDUCE). 

Definition of remit

Pronunciation: /rɪˈmɪt/
(remits, remitting, remitted) [with object]
  • cancel or refrain from exacting or inflicting (a debt or punishment):the excess of the sentence over 12 months was remitted
  • Theology forgive (a sin): God’s act of remitting the sins of guilty men
  • send (money) in payment or as a gift:the income they remitted to their families
  • refer (a matter for decision) to an authority:the request for an investigation was remitted to a special committee
  • Law send back (a case) to a lower court.
  • Law send (someone) from one tribunal to another for a trial or hearing: it remits an offender to another court after convicting him
  • archaic postpone: the movers refused Mr Tierney’s request to remit the motion
  • archaic consign again to a previous state:thus his indiscretion remitted him to the nature of an ordinary person
  • 4 [no object] archaic diminish:phobias may remit spontaneously without any treatment


  • 1chiefly British the task or area of activity officially assigned to an individual or organization:the committee was becoming caught up in issues that did not fall within its remit
  • 2an item referred to someone for consideration: a remit on the question failed



Pronunciation: /rɪˈmɪtəb(ə)l/

Pronunciation: /rɪˈmɪt(ə)l/

Pronunciation: /rɪmɪˈtiː/

Pronunciation: /rɪˈmɪtə/


late Middle English: from Latin remittere 'send back, restore', from re- 'back' + mittere 'send'. The noun dates from the early 20th century

v., -mit·ted, -mit·ting, -mits. v.tr.
  1. To transmit (money) in payment.
    1. To refrain from exacting (a tax or penalty, for example); cancel.
    2. To pardon; forgive: remitted their sins.
  2. To restore to a former condition or position.
  3. Law.
    1. To refer (a case) to another court for further consideration or action.
    2. To refer (a matter) to a committee or authority for decision.
  4. To allow to slacken: The storm remitted its fury.
  5. To desist from; give up.
  6. To put off; postpone.
  1. To transmit money.
  2. To diminish; abate.
n. (rĭ-mĭt', rē'mĭt)
  1. The act of remitting, especially the referral of a case to another court.
  2. A matter remitted for further consideration.
[Middle English remitten, to send back, from Latin remittere : re-, re- + mittere, to send.]
remitment re·mit'ment n.
remittable re·mit'ta·ble adj.
remitter re·mit'ter n.
v. tr. - 寬恕, 免除, 赦免
v. intr. - 緩和, 匯款, 減輕
n. - 移交的事物
日本語 (Japanese)
v. - 免除する, 軽減する, 送る, 送金する, 付託する

(fyʊr'ē) pronunciation
n., pl., -ries.
  1. Violent anger; rage. See synonyms at anger.
  2. Violent, uncontrolled action; turbulence.
  3. Furies Greek & Roman Mythology. The three terrible winged goddesses with serpentine hair, Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone, who pursue and punish doers of unavenged crimes.
  4. A woman regarded as angry or spiteful.
[Middle English furie, from Old French, from Latin furia, from furere, to rage.]

1 [U][C]激怒, 憤激;激情
in a fury
much to a person's fury [=much to the fury of a person]
fly [get] into a fury
2 [U][C](あらし・波・戦争・病・行動などの)激しさ, 猛烈さ((of));猛威, 凶暴(性), 狂暴
the fury of the storm
like fury
((略式))猛烈に, 激しく, やたらに
attack with fury
3 ((the Furies))《ギリシャ神話》3人姉妹の復讐(ふくしゅう)の女神(Eumenides).
4 狂暴な人;(特に)狂暴な女, 鬼女.
5 怨念(おんねん);苦もん.
[古フランス語←ラテン語furia (furrere怒る)]


re • fer
referred (過去形) • referred (過去分詞) • referring (現在分詞) • refers (三人称単数現在)
refer to drawer, (全1件)
[動](〜red, 〜・ring)(他)[refer A to B]
1 〈A(人)をB(人・場所・参考書など)に〉差し向ける, 照会させる, 行って聞けと言う, 〈A(人)にB(本など)を〉調べさせる, 参照[留意]させる
He referred me to books on Zen.
The patient was referred to a specialist for treatment.
He referred me to you for counseling.
2 〈A(問題など)をB(人・委員会)に〉委託する, 任せる, ゆだねる
refer the matter to arbitration
Such questions are best referred to experts.
3 〈A(物・事)をBに〉帰する, 属している[関係している]ものとみなす(▼この意味ではattributeのほうが普通);〈A(物・事)をBの〉せいにする
He referred his wealth to hard work.
Legend refers the custom to the eleventh century.
━━(自)[refer to A]
1 〈A(人・物・事)に〉言及する, 触れる, 〈Aを〉引き合いに出す, 引用する, 〈Aを〉(…と)言う, 呼ぶ((as ...)), 〈物が〉表す, 意味する. ⇒ALLUDE
Are you referring to me
He is often referred to as a traitor to his country.
2 (人の能力・性格などについて)〈A(人)に〉問い合わせる, 照会する
He referred to my minister for a character reference.
3 〈A(本など)を〉参考にする, 参照する, 調べる, 〈A(メモなど)に〉頼る
refer to a dictionary [a map
4 〈事が〉〈A(人・物・事)に〉関係[関連]する, 当てはまる, 指示する
notes referring to today's lecture
That law refers only to foreigners.
refer to drawer
[ラテン語referre (re-後へ+ferre運ぶ=運び戻す). △CONFER, DIFFER


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[rifə'ːrəl]
[名][U][C]((形式))委託, 付託, 紹介, 推薦;委託(など)された人[事]
a referral of the matter to experts
referrals from other physicians

large-hearted, kind-hearted, unscathed, faint-hearted, halfheartedly, Brighton Rock,

Jerome Groopman reflects on Oliver Sacks, an extraordinary and exemplary doctor—creative, sensitive, and large-hearted to his many patients.

As both a physician and as a writer, Sacks’s two great themes were identity and adaptation.

unscathed,  faint-hearted, halfheartedly
Mizuho Financial Group Inc.'s first-half results confirmed that Japanese banks, until now relatively unscathed by the credit crunch...

BUILDING a home, like getting married, is not for the faint of heart. It is a rare individual (or couple) who can manage the mix of high expectations, inexperience and a ballooning budget in service of a goal — a home! — so freighted with meaning, and come out unscathed.

Exhibiting or feeling little interest, enthusiasm, or heart; uninspired: a halfhearted attempt at writing a novel.
halfheartedly half'heart'ed·ly adv.
halfheartedness half'heart'ed·ness n.
adjective [before noun]
describes someone who is not confident or brave and dislikes taking unnecessary risks:
The terrorist threat in the region has kept faint-hearted tourists away.

the faint-hearted plural noun
people who are not brave:
The drive along the winding coast road is not for the faint-hearted.

adjective [after verb]
without injuries or damage being caused:

Her husband died in the accident but she, amazingly, escaped unscathed.

  1. sympathetic and generous.
    "he was too large-hearted a man for that"

不知誰在30年前告訴我這 ROCK 是硬糖果

Brighton Rock is a novel by Graham Greene, published in 1938, and later made into a 1947 film. The novel is a murder thriller set in 1930s Brighton.

Plot summary

Fred Hale comes to Brighton on assignment to anonymously distribute cards for a newspaper competition (this is a variant of "Lobby Lud" in which the name of the person to be spotted is "Kolley Kibber"). The antihero of the novel, Pinkie Brown, is a teenage sociopath and up-and-coming gangster. Hale had betrayed the former leader of the gang Pinkie now controls. Ida Arnold, a kind-hearted and decent woman, is drawn into the action by a chance meeting with the terrified Hale, whom Pinkie murders in obscure circumstances shortly afterwards. Pinkie's attempts to cover his tracks lead to a chain of fresh crimes and to an ill-fated marriage to Rose, a waitress who unknowingly has the power to destroy his alibi. Ida pursues Pinkie relentlessly, in part to protect Rose from the remorseless, deeply disturbed boy she has married.
Although ostensibly an underworld thriller, the book is also a powerful exploration of the nature of sin and the basis of morality (Pinkie and Rose are Roman Catholics, as was Greene, and their beliefs are contrasted with Ida's strong but non-religious moral sensibility).

等待好一陣 我決定報復一下

Europe > Britain > England > Brighton

36 Hours in Brighton, England

  1. Relatively hard, naturally formed mineral or petrified matter; stone.
    1. A relatively small piece or fragment of such material.
    2. A relatively large body of such material, as a cliff or peak.
  2. A naturally formed aggregate of mineral matter constituting a significant part of the earth's crust.
  3. One that is similar to or suggestive of a mass of stone in stability, firmness, or dependability: The family has been his rock during this difficult time.
  4. rocks Slang. Money.
  5. Slang. A large gem, especially a diamond.
  6. Slang. Crack cocaine.
    1. A varicolored stick candy.
    2. Rock candy.

2015年8月29日 星期六

anti-statism, optimistic, hopeful, optimism, pessimism

We Need Optimists - The New York Times

Jul 25, 2015 - Pessimism arouses fear and anger, while optimism inspires hope. ...Reagan's optimism should not be understood ideologically; it was simply  ...


Aug 11, 1982 - President Reagan voiced optimism today that Palestinian guerrillas would shortly ... By BERNARD WEINRAUB, Special to the New York Times.

美國白宮說總統對黎巴嫩情勢的形容詞應該用 hopeful,而不是optimistic。

The Liberal Reagan - The New York Times

Feb 18, 2007 - And yet, in the contemporary context, Reagan's anti-statism — no matter how hopeful and optimistic its packaging — made him unmistakably a  ...

Anti-statism is a term describing opposition to state intervention into personal, social, and economic affairs.[1]:260 Anti-statism means opposition to the state and any form of government, and it differs from anarchism which means the opposition not only to the state but to any form of rulership. From this perspective, some economical and political theories that are clearly against statal coercion but favor other types of rulership such as anarcho-capitalism (which says only voluntary and contractual rulerships are legitimate) are better described as forms of anti-statism rather than branches of anarchism.

Henry David Thoreau expressed this evolutionary anti-statist view in his essay Civil Disobedience:
I heartily accept the motto,—"That government is best which governs least"; and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically. Carried out, it finally amounts to this, which also I believe,—"That government is best which governs not at all"; and when men and women are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have.[2]

crook, switcheroo and thightastic headlock

勸架使出「奪命剪刀腳」 雪白大腿好銷魂

【動新聞╱綜合報導】巴西1名女子為了勸架竟出動「奪命剪刀腳」!她原本抱住1名男子好聲好氣的勸說,但男子越來越失控,背後抱緊也沒用,女子只能先將他撂倒,在用大腿緊緊夾住,成功阻止了1場衝突。 圖說:女子為勸架,將男子用大腿
Note to self: Do NOT get into a fight with this woman

A Brazilian woman was caught on camera tackling a muscular man to the...

An Apple and Microsoft Switcheroo in the Browser Market
Wall Street Journal - USABoth companies are facing competition from Google in mobile browsing though. Since the first phone to use Google’s Android mobile operating system went on ...

The noun switcheroo has one meaning:
Meaning #1: a sudden unexpected switch
突然回心轉意 作180度轉變

這switchroo 在20世紀中才開始在北美使用

例 (詳細內容參考"管窺Google") Google會轉而要求AT&T公司付費提供顧客Google之服務嗎?
Can Google do a switcheroo?
Commentary: Duo of Google and Sprint could put AT&T in a headlock

(The noun headlock has one meaning: Meaning #1: a wrestling hold in which the opponent's head is locked between the crook of your elbow and the side of your body 摔角賽中將對手的頭夾在你身體和手臂之間)

diocese, bishopric, diocesan, re-named, pallium

The schools are the third and fourth educational institutes where lead contamination in water has been discovered.
Excessive lead content has been found in the water supplies of two more schools, one of which is a top school in Hong Kong. They are the third and fourth educational institutes where lead contamination in water has been discovered. Diocesan Boys’ School (DBS), a leading private school and one of the…

 And it's certainly true that when many of England's great industrial cities were given Anglican bishoprics, they often took over a large parish church and re-named it a cathedral, as in the case of Newcastle, Manchester, my home town of Birmingham, and also nearby Coventry.

Protestant bishop steps down over mishandling of sex abuse case

The Protestant Bishop of Hamburg has announced her resignation in light of
criticism over how she handled a sex-abuse case in her diocese. Maria
Jepsen became the world's first female Protestant bishop in 1992.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article

The Diocese of London

And in the aftermath of the Restoration of the Catholic hierarchy and diocesan structure in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX, many new Catholic cathedrals were constructed, culminating in the building of Westminster Cathedral in the Byzantine style, consecrated in 1910.


n., pl., pal·li·ums, or pal·li·a (păl'ē-ə).
  1. A cloak or mantle worn by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
  2. Ecclesiastical. A vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops and sometimes on bishops. Also called pall.
    1. The mantle of gray matter forming the cerebral cortex.
    2. The mantle of a mollusk, brachiopod, or bird.

[名](複 -li・a 〔-〕, 〜s)
1 パリウム:古代ギリシャ・ローマの男子用外衣.
2 《教会》パリウム, 大司教用肩衣(かたぎぬ);祭壇布;聖体布.
3 《解剖学》脳外套(がいとう);《動物》(軟体動物の)外套膜.

  1. 1.
    of or concerning a diocese.
  1. 1.
    the bishop of a diocese.

di·o·cese ('ə-sĭs, -sēs', -sēz') pronunciationn.
The district or churches under the jurisdiction of a bishop; a bishopric.

[Middle English diocise, from Old French, from Late Latin diocēsis, from Latin dioecēsis, jurisdiction, from Greek dioikēsis, administration, from dioikein, to keep house, administer : dia-, intensive pref.; see dia- + oikein, to inhabit (from oikos, house).]

di·o·cese ('ə-sĭs, -sēs', -sēz') pronunciationn.
The district or churches under the jurisdiction of a bishop; a bishopric.

[Middle English diocise, from Old French, from Late Latin diocēsis, from Latin dioecēsis, jurisdiction, from Greek dioikēsis, administration, from dioikein, to keep house, administer : dia-, intensive pref.; see dia- + oikein, to inhabit (from oikos, house).]

or di-
  1. Through: diachronic.
  2. Across: diatropism.
[Greek, from dia, through.]

  1. The office or rank of a bishop.
  2. The diocese of a bishop.
[Middle English bishoprik, from Old English bisceoprīce, the diocese of a bishop : bisceop, bishop; see bishop + rīce, realm.]
  1. The office or rank of a bishop.
  2. The diocese of a bishop.
[Middle English bishoprik, from Old English bisceoprīce, the diocese of a bishop : bisceop, bishop; see bishop + rīce, realm.]


  • 発音記号[bíʃəprik]
[名]bishopの管轄権[管轄区, 地位].

apprehend (CATCH) , odiferous substance

A Break in the Khobar Towers Case

Saudi Arabia seems to have finally apprehended the mastermind of the 1996 bombing that killed 19 American airmen. He should be tried in the United States.

Gunman Kills 8 at a N. Carolina Nursing Home
The suspect, who was not a patient at the home, was wounded and apprehended at the scene, the police said.

スポーツ&トピックス:北京、空気汚染に500人が抗議行動 五輪閉幕後に悪化



  • stage a demonstrationデモを行う
  • triggered by ~~によって引き起こされた
  • disposal facilityゴミ処理施設
  • human rights group人権保護団体
  • resignation辞任
  • clash with ~~と衝突する
  • public security authorities公安当局
  • apprehend逮捕する
  • foilくじく
  • (be) slated for予定されている
  • (be) plagued by ~~に苦しむ
  • respiratory disease呼吸器疾患
  • nerve disorder神経障害
  • odiferous substance悪臭を放つ物質

apprehend (CATCH) Show phonetics
verb [T] FORMAL
to catch and arrest someone who has not obeyed the law:
The police have finally apprehended the killer.

apprehension Show phonetics
noun [U] FORMAL
Both the army and the police were involved in the apprehension of the terrorists.

foil (PREVENT) Show phonetics
verb [T]
to prevent someone or something from being successful:
The prisoners' attempt to escape was foiled at the last minute when police received a tip-off.

◇500 protest in Beijing over air pollution
TAIPEI -- About 500 citizens staged a demonstration in Beijing on Aug. 30 to protest air pollution triggered by a large disposal facility, a Hong Kong-based human rights group said.
The group said that about 500 residents of Beijing joined the march on Aug. 30, demanding the resignation of a local environment official.
Air pollution in Beijing has reportedly rapidly worsened after the end of the Beijing Olympic Games on Aug. 24.
Two protesters were injured as demonstrators clashed with public security authorities, while another has gone missing, leading to suspicions that the protester may have been apprehended. Authorities foiled another larger-scale demonstration that had been slated for Aug. 31.
According to the group, the demonstration was staged in the Chaoyang District, which is home to the Beijing National Stadium (The Bird's Nest) -- the main venue of the Beijing Olympics.
Local residents have been plagued by respiratory diseases and nerve disorders due to odiferous substances emitted from the large disposal facility.