2011年11月30日 星期三

giving SB a break, willpower, self-discipline, self-indulgence, self-renewing

WILLPOWER: IT’S IN YOUR HEAD
Greg Walton and Carol Dweck write in The New York Times: When people believe that willpower is fixed and limited, their willpower is easily depleted. But when people believe that willpower is self-renewing — that when you work hard, you’re energized to work more; that when you’ve resisted one temptation, you can better resist the next one — then people successfully exert more willpower. It turns out that willpower is in your head.



The research suggests that giving ourselves a break and accepting our imperfections may be the first step toward better health. People who score high on tests of self-compassion have less depression and anxiety, and tend to be happier and more optimistic. Preliminary data suggest that self-compassion can even influence how much we eat and may help some people lose weight.


This idea does seem at odds with the advice dispensed by many doctors and self-help books, which suggest that willpower and self-discipline are the keys to better health. But Kristin Neff, a pioneer in the field, says self-compassion is not to be confused with self-indulgence or lower standards.

giving s/b a break

1. Give someone a chance or special consideration. For example, She begged the professor for an extension on her term paper, saying "Please give me a break." [c. 1900] Also see get a break.
2. give me a break. Stop trying to fool or upset or bother me. For example, Don't tell me the party's been postponed again--give me a break! This interjection is usually uttered with semihumorous exasperation. [Slang; late 1900s]


willpower
or will pow·er (wĭl'pou'ər) pronunciation
n.
The strength of will to carry out one's decisions, wishes, or plans.

2011年11月29日 星期二

doozy, annual, seiannual





'BFF,' 'Zombie Bank': Actual New Entries in the Dictionary
TIME
The New Oxford American Dictionary has released its annual list of added words, and it's a doozy. Abbreviations like BFF (best friend forever) and TTYL ...


semiannual Pronunciation (adjective) Occurring or payable twice each year.
Synonyms:biyearly
Usage:Our semiannual family vacation to France usually occurs in December and July.


doozy
n. Slang, pl., -zies.
Something extraordinary or bizarre: "Among the delicious names taken by, or given to, minor political parties in the United States . . . are these doozies: Quids, Locofocos, Barnburners, Coodies, Hunkies, Bucktails" (Saturday Review).

[Possibly blend of DAISY and Duesenberg, a luxury car of the late 1920s and 1930s.]


pregnant (MEANING),beam (SMILE), reverie

In one of the classic scenes in American cinema, young Benjamin Braddock is attending a cocktail party celebrating his graduation from college and entry into adult life. His internal reverie on his future is interrupted by Mr. McGuire, who says he has one word of advice for him. After a pregnant pause McGuire says, “Plastics!” Then he beams at the self-evident brilliance of this remark. Benjamin does not know what to say in reply.

pregnant silence

The Blizzard

A group of four mountaineers struggle up a mountain path during a horrendous blizzard. It has been snowing for three days and the men are dispirited and ready to give up. One by one they stop walking, giving in to the snow and sure death. The leader endeavors to push on, but he too, stops in the snow. A strange woman (possibly the Yuki-onna of Japanese myth) appears out of nowhere and attempts to lure the last conscious man to his death - give into the snow and the storm, she urges him on, into reverie, into sleep, into certain death. But finding some heart, deep within, he shakes off his stupor and her entreaties, to discover that the storm has abated, and that their camp is only a few feet away.




pregnant (MEANING)
adjective
filled with meaning or importance which has not yet been expressed or understood:
There followed a pregnant pause in which both knew what the other was thinking but neither knew what to say.

preg・nant


━━ a. 妊娠している; 満ちた, はらんだ ((with)); 意味深長な, 含畜のある; 創意に満ちた.
preg・nan・cy
 ━━ n.
preg・nant・ly ━━ ad. 意味深長に.

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beam (SMILE)
verb [I]
to smile with obvious pleasure:
She beamed with delight/pleasure at his remarks.
The child beamed at his teacher as he received the award.
[+ speech] "I'm so pleased to see you, " he beamed (= said as he smiled).

beaming
adjective
She gave a beaming (= wide and happy) smile.



reverie, -y[rev・er・ie, -y]

  • 発音記号[révəri]

[名]
1 [U][C]((形式))(…の)空想, 幻想, 夢想((about ...));((古))妄想(もうそう)
be lost in (a) reverie
物思いにふけっている.
2 《音楽》夢想曲.

2011年11月27日 星期日

'hijacking', extensive, have one's say







From a selection of photographs compiled by Hopper and gallerist Tony Shafrazi—more than a third of them previously unpublished—this extensive volume distills the essence of Hopper's brilliantly prodigious photographic career.




On this date in 1971, "D.B. Cooper" — real name unknown — boarded a Northwest Orient flight in Portland, Oregon. Carrying a black briefcase that he said held a bomb, he hijacked the plane, demanding and receiving $200,000 when the plane touched down at Seattle-Tacoma. He then ordered the plane back up in the air and parachuted out somewhere over southwestern Washington. Except for $5,880 of the loot found on the banks of the Columbia River in 1980, no trace was ever found of the man or the money. The drama series Prison Break featured a character suspected by the show's hero, Michael Scofield, of being the mysterious hijacker.



Japan Wants More Say Over US Troops on Okinawa
Voice of America
November 26, 2011 Japan Wants More Say Over US Troops on Okinawa Steve Heman | Tokyo Japan's foreign minister is promising Okinawans that Tokyo will press Washington to give Japanese authorities more jurisdiction over US forces on the island. ...


say
━━[名]
1 ((one's 〜))言いたいこと, 言うべきこと
have one's say
言いたいことを言う.
2 ((略式))発言の権利, 発言の順番[機会];((the (last) 〜))決定権
have one's say in ...
…に発言権がある
give a say about ...
…に関して発言の機会を与える
have the last say on ...
…の最終決定権がある.
3 ((主に方言))話, 談話
have a say with ...
…と話す.
4 ((古))言うこと, 言ったこと, 格言, ことわざ.
━━[間]((米略式))
1 ((驚き))まあ;((喜び))よかった, うれしい;((抗議))なんだ.
2 ((相手の注意を引いて))おい, ちょっと.
3 ((あいさつ))やあ.
[古英語secgan. アイスランド語segja(言う)と同系. △SAGA, SAW3

<– Back to results

hijack Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 to take control of an aircraft or other vehicle during a journey, especially using violence:
Two men hijacked a jet travelling to Paris and demanded $125 000.

2 DISAPPROVING to take control of or use something that does not belong to you for your own advantage:
He resents the way his ideas have been hijacked by others in the department.

hijack Show phonetics
noun [C or U] (ALSO hijacking)
when someone uses force to take control of an aircraft or other vehicle:
The hijack ended with the release of all the plane's passengers unharmed.

hijacker Show phonetics
noun [C]
hijack

━━ v., n. 乗っ取り[取る], ハイジャック(する); 強奪(する).
hi・jack・ee ━━ n. ハイジャックの被害者.
hi・jack・er ━━ n. ハイジャックの犯人; (貨物などの)強奪犯人.
hi・jack・ing ━━ n. ハイジャック(事件), 乗っ取り.

October 18, 2007 2:23 PM PDT

Reports: China 'hijacking' Google, Yahoo, Microsoft search sites

Ticked off that the United States gave the Dalai Lama the prestigious Congressional Gold Medal this week, China may be taking out its aggression by "hijacking" American search engines.

There's speculation that the Dalai Lama's recent award from President Bush (their meeting, pictured above) has prompted Net users in China to be rerouted from U.S. search sites to Baidu.

(Credit: White House)

Over at Search Engine Land, Danny Sullivan reports that numerous users trying to access Google, Yahoo, or Microsoft search engines from within China or using Chinese Internet service providers are being redirected to Chinese-owned search engine Baidu.

Sullivan says it's not exactly clear how that process is working, but he cites a news report from 2002 that indicates this sort of thing has happened in China before. At the time, a Baidu official denied having any part in the rerouting.

So is the Chinese government to blame? After all, its extensive attempts at censoring what its citizens view on the Internet have been well-documented.

It's worth noting, however, that the reported redirects may not have any direct link to the Dalai Lama events. The Associated Press reported earlier this week that Beijing has been ramping up its filtering of political sites in an attempt to stifle political dissent leading up to the Communist Party Congress, a meeting in which leaders are selected to serve under the president for the next five years.

extensive

adj.
  1. Large in extent, range, or amount.
  2. Of or relating to the cultivation of vast areas of land with a minimum of labor or expense.
extensively ex·ten'sive·ly adv.
extensiveness ex·ten'sive·ness n.


cracker, craquelure

德文中称一种红色的小爆竹为"中国爆竹"(Chinakracher),是小孩子们的最爱。




craquelure (krăklʊr'), hairline surface cracking of paintings into characteristic patterns determined by age, climatic conditions, and the materials used in the work. Cracking was so common in works by 18th-century English painters that it became known as craquelure anglaise. Forgers and restorers often imitate craquelure to enhance the look of authenticity in their works. 法文 20世紀收入英文畫中一些小裂紋




cracker
(krăk'ər)
(krăk'ər) pronunciation
n.
  1. A thin crisp wafer or biscuit, usually made of unsweetened dough.
  2. One that cracks, especially:
    1. A firecracker.
    2. A small cardboard cylinder covered with decorative paper that holds candy or a party favor and pops when a paper strip is pulled at one or both ends and torn.
    3. The apparatus used in the cracking of petroleum.
    4. One who makes unauthorized use of a computer, especially to tamper with data or programs.
  3. Offensive.
    1. Used as a disparaging term for a poor white person of the rural, especially southeast United States.
    2. Used as a disparaging term for a white person.

2011年11月25日 星期五

rub off, version, limit down

Taiwan stocks open up; HTC limit down for second session
Reuters Africa
TAIPEI, Nov 25 (Reuters) - Taiwan stocks opened 0.61 percent higher on Friday, led by iron and steel makers, though smartphone maker HTC fell by the 7 percent maximum allowed for a second session after cutting its revenue forecasts. ...

German Beer Consumption Not What It Used to Be

It seems that Germans are sticking to some secret New Year's resolution to
drink less beer -- for the second year in a row. And their good example
has rubbed off on their neighbors.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew0496I44va89pI0

Amazon's Kindle Looks to Europe
European publishers hope the buzz around electronic books in the U.S. will rub off on them now that Kindle's international version is on its way.




「茶歌舞伎」の授業

先日11月7日、介護社会福祉学科3年は接遇・マナーの授業で「茶歌舞伎」を行いました。これは、10月の後半から長谷川先生(煎茶インストラクター)のご指導で日本茶の歴史、お茶の入れ方を勉強していますが、そのまとめ的授業でした。

茶歌舞伎とは、簡単に説明をすると「利き酒のお茶バージョン」のようなものです。
3種のお茶を、90度のお湯で90秒煎じ、その銘柄を投票するものです。今回、3種の茶には、静岡煎茶、宇治煎茶、鹿児島煎茶を用いました。ルールも厳しく、茶歌舞伎を行う時には話を控えるようにとの先生からの指示でした。

本番前に3種類の色・香・味・葉の特徴等お茶の特徴を先生がガイダンス。予備審査(練習)を行いました。多くの受講生が熱心にメモを取り聞き入っていました。

aIMG_4532.JPG

そして、いよいよ、本番・・・・。始めは、本来の旨みを出す煎じ方ではないため、どのお茶も同じように感じてられ苦戦しましたが、慣れるに従ってしだい に、特徴がわかるようになった受講生が多くなり、白熱した雰囲気が感じられるようになりました。正答を知るたびに、会場から歓声やため息が漏れ聞こえまし た。

aIMG_4536.JPG aIMG_4538.JPG

茶歌舞伎が終わった後にはお茶とお菓子で懇談、今回のお菓子は「亥の子餅」旧暦の十月に食べるお菓子とのこと。源氏物語にも登場するこのお菓子は、安産祈 願の縁起物で、表面には猪のように焼き色がつけられ、中の「あん」には干し柿や栗、松の実が入った大変豪華なものでした。

aIMG_4542.JPG

茶歌舞伎を行い、お茶の種類、産地や製造方法によりこんなにも味や香りに違いがあることを体験的に理解できたことが最も大きな収穫でした喫茶店

バージョン【version】
1 文学作品などの版。改訂版・翻訳版など。「フランス映画の英語―」「ロング―の曲」 2 商品などの特定の型。特に、機能を向上させていくものの、一つの版。「ワープロソフトの新しい―」→リビジョン


rub off phrasal verb INFORMAL
If a quality or characteristic that someone has rubs off, other people begin to have it because they have been with that person and learnt it from them:
His enthusiasm is starting to rub off on the rest of us.


limit down
Some markets close trading of contracts when the limit down is reached; others allow trading to resume if the price moves away from the day's limit. If there is a major event affecting the market's sentiment toward a particular commodity, it may take several trading days before the contract price fully reflects this change. On each trading day, the trading limit will be reached before the market's equilibrium contract price is met.



wall/ Wall of Water, writing (or handwriting) on the wall

Two rescued motorists were "absolutely horrified," after a wall of icy water trapped them and several others in suburban Washington...

Wall of Water Slams Japanese Town.


wall
(wôl) pronunciation
n.
  1. An upright structure of masonry, wood, plaster, or other building material serving to enclose, divide, or protect an area, especially a vertical construction forming an inner partition or exterior siding of a building.
  2. A continuous structure of masonry or other material forming a rampart and built for defensive purposes. Often used in the plural.
  3. A structure of stonework, cement, or other material built to retain a flow of water.
    1. Something resembling a wall in appearance, function, or construction, as the exterior surface of a body organ or part: the abdominal wall.
    2. Something resembling a wall in impenetrability or strength: a wall of silence; a wall of fog.
    3. An extreme or desperate condition or position, such as defeat or ruin: driven to the wall by poverty.
  4. Sports. The vertical surface of an ocean wave in surfing.
tr.v., walled, wall·ing, walls.
  1. To enclose, surround, or fortify with or as if with a wall: wall up an old window. See synonyms at enclose.
  2. To divide or separate with or as if with a wall. Often used with off: wall off half a room.
  3. To confine or seal behind a wall; immure: "I determined to wall [the body] up in the cellar" (Edgar Allan Poe).
  4. To block or close (an opening or passage, for example) with or as if with a wall.
idioms:

off the wall Slang.

  1. Extremely unconventional.
  2. Without foundation; ridiculous: an accusation that is really off the wall.
up the wall Slang.
  1. Into a state of extreme frustration, anger, or distress: tensions that are driving me up the wall.
writing (or handwriting) on the wall
  1. An ominous indication of the course of future events: saw the writing on the wall and fled the country.

[Middle English, from Old English weall, from Latin vallum, palisade, from vallus, stake.]

wallless wall'less adj.


The writing is on the wall

Meaning

Imminent danger has become apparent.

Origin

'The writing is on the wall' is also sometimes expressed as 'the handwriting is on the wall' or as 'mene mene'. The first of those variations is an obvious synonym but what does 'mene mene' mean? This is a shortening of 'mene mene tekel upharsin', which is of Aramaic origin. If your Aramaic isn't that strong you can get some guidance from the Bible, Daniel 5, in the story of Belshazzar's feast. To cut a long Old Testament story short, Belshazzar was indulging in a drunken revelry and debasing sacred temple vessels by using them as wine goblets when a disembodied hand wrote 'mene mene tekel upharsin' on the palace wall.

On the face of it, and using a literal translation, this appeared meaningless. The expression seemed to mean 'two minas, a shekel and two parts' or alternatively 'numbered, weighed, divided'. None of this meant much to Belshazzar, who decided that he needed further interpretation and sent for the Jewish exile Daniel. It then became clear that the phrase was an elaborate wordplay, relying on the fact that each word can denote a different coin, and the third word can be interpreted as 'Persia'. Daniel's interpretation, as recorded in the first easily understood English version of the Bible, the King James Version, 1611, was:

And this the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. This the interpretation of the thing:
MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it.
TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.
PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.

The point of the moral tale was that Belshazzar couldn't see the warning that was apparent to others because he was engrossed with his sinning ways.

The subtlety of the biblical wordplay is now somewhat lost on those of us that don't speak ancient Aramaic. Perhaps a flavour of the style can be conveyed by comparing it to the lyrics of the popular World War II novelty song Mairzy Doats:

Mairzy doats and dozy doats and liddle lamzy diveya
A kiddley divey too, wooden shoe?

Literally, that's meaningless but a wartime Daniel could have translated it into its actual meaning:

Mares eat oats and does eat oats and little lambs eat ivy,
A kid'll eat ivy too, wouldn't you?

'Writing on the wall' began to be used figuratively, that is providing warnings where no actual writing or walls are involved, from the early 18th century; for example, Jonathan Swift's Miscellaneous works, 1720:

A baited Banker thus desponds,
From his own Hand foresees his Fall;
They have his Soul who have his Bonds;
'Tis like the Writing on the Wall.




diaspora, a flaming row (ARGUMENT), Iran-Contra affair erupted

On Nov. 25, 1986, the Iran-Contra affair erupted as President Reagan and Attorney General Edwin Meese revealed that profits from secret arms sales to Iran had been diverted to Nicaraguan rebels.



A flaming row

Protests over Tibet could overshadow the Beijing Olympics. China has the means to defuse the row


EU won't mediate in gas row 

The Czech European Union Presidency says it won't assume a mediating role in the dispute between Russia and Ukraine over gas prices and allegedly unpaid bills. Russia's gas giant Gazprom accuses Ukraine of siphoning off gas headed for Europe to meet domestic demands, a claim Kiev denies. Russia cut supplies for the Ukrainian market on New Year's Day over the row. Russia is the EU's largest single supplier of natural gas, and 80 percent of its deliveries pass through Ukrainian territory. Three years ago, an almost identical row led to unexpected gas shortages across Western Europe.


2007年7月19日 星期四

diaspora

下文的 The Chinese Diaspora
數十年前唐君毅翻譯成"中華兒女 花果飄零" (記憶猶新 不見得可靠)



diaspora 
noun [U] FORMAL
the spreading of people from one original country to other countries

the Diaspora group noun [U]
the Jews living in different parts of the world outside Israel, or the various places outside Israel in which they live

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)



紐約大都會博物館今年9月將在該館中國書畫藝廊展出華裔文學大師林語堂(1895-1976年)家族捐贈的近代中國名家書畫。該批藝術珍品共43件,是林語堂及其次女、名作家林太乙的收藏。展出的書畫包括徐悲鴻、張大千、齊白石、趙少昂、于右任等近代名家作品。

林 太乙於2003年7月5日病逝後,其編譯家夫婿黎明開始考慮這些文物的處理問題。目前獨居於維州水晶城的黎明表示,他深恐自己照顧不力,而生長於西方的兒 女,對這些東西又毫無興趣,遂決定捐贈給博物館,不但為藝品找一個有專人保管的家,同時因有展出機會,讓更多的藝術愛好者欣賞。

這次大都會博物館(Metropolitan Museum of Art)特展主題「腳踏東西文化的華裔作家林語堂」(Bridging East and West:The Chinese Diaspora and Lin Yutang),展期自今年9月15日至2008年2月10日。展出期間除書畫展示和介紹,也舉辦配合特展主題的相關活動,並將林語堂生平及所展出文物編印成冊,供參觀者購買收藏。





Diasporas and Domestic Entrepreneurs: Evidence from the Indian Software Industry

http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5737.htmlNew working paper for download by HBS professors Ramana Nanda and Tarun KhannaThe Indian diaspora is estimated at over 18 million people spanning 130 countries. Given that formal institutions in India remain weak and hence the informal barriers to trade are higher, do diaspora networks serve as substitutes to the functioning of the local business environment? Do they help entrepreneurs to circumvent the barriers to trade arising from imperfect institutions?


flame (EMOTION)
noun [C] LITERARY
a powerful feeling:
Flames of passion swept through both of them.

flame
verb [I] LITERARY
1 If an emotion flames, you feel it suddenly and strongly:
Seeing the damage made hatred flame within her.

2 to suddenly become hot and red with emotion:
His face flamed (red) with anger.

flaming
adjective INFORMAL
a flaming row a very angry argument in which people shout at each other:
We had a flaming row over it last night.

row (ARGUMENT)
noun MAINLY UK
1 [C] a noisy argument or fight:
My parents often have rows, but my dad does most of the shouting.
What was a political row over government policy on Europe is fast becoming a diplomatic row between France and Britain.

2 [S] loud noise:
I can't concentrate because of the row the builders are making.

row
verb [I] MAINLY UK INFORMAL
to argue, especially loudly:
My parents are always rowing (about/over money).

contra[con・tra]

  • 発音記号[kɑ'ntrə | kɔ'n-]
[名]((しばしばC-))コントラ:ニカラグアの反政府右派勢力(1981-1990).Member of a counterrevolutionary force that sought to overthrow Nicaragua's left-wing Sandinista government. The original contras had been National Guardsmen during the regime of Anastasio Somoza (see Somoza family). The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency played a key role in training and funding the group, whose tactics were decried by the international human-rights community. In 1984 the U.S. Congress banned military aid to the contras; the efforts of the administration of U.S. president Ronald Reagan to circumvent the ban led to the Iran-Contra Affair. A general peace in the region was negotiated by Costa Rican president Oscar Arias Sánchez, and in 1990 Nicaraquan president Violeta Chamorro negotiated the contras' demobilization. See also Daniel Ortega.



contra-[con・tra-1]

  • 発音記号[kɑ'ntrə- | kɔ'n-]
「逆…」「抗…」「反…」.



erupt[e・rupt]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[irʌ'pt]

[動](自)[I([副])]
1 〈溶岩・火山灰などが〉(…から)噴出する((from ...));〈火山が〉噴火する;〈間欠泉が〉噴き上がる.
2 〈うっ積していた感情が〉ほとばしり出る;〈言葉などが〉(せきを切ったように)どっと出る;〈暴動などが〉勃発(ぼっぱつ)する
erupt in giggles
急にくすくす笑い出す
erupt into violence [a riot]
急に暴力[暴動]に発展する.
3 〈発疹(はっしん)が〉(皮膚に)吹き出す, 〈皮膚が〉発疹する.
4 〈歯が〉生える.
━━(他)
1 〈うっ積していた感情などを〉どっと出す, ほとばしらせる.
2 〈溶岩・熱湯などを〉噴出する(eject).
[ラテン語ēruptus (ē-外へ+rumpere壊す+-tus過去分詞語尾=壊し出された)]

2011年11月23日 星期三

The Good, the Bad and the Exaggerated

The Good, the Bad and the Exaggerated in Michael Moore's New Film, 'Capitalism: A Love Story'
Michael Moore's movie, Capitalism: A Love Story, doesn't pull any punches in its depiction of capitalism as the monster that is destroying America. Moore's villains range from Wall Street bankers to Wal-Mart to Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, while capitalism's victims include those who are losing their jobs, their houses and, in some cases, their faith in a system that is supposed to reward hard work and playing by the rules. Knowledge@Wharton asked Kent Smetters, a professor of insurance and risk management at Wharton who describes himself as "generally right of center," to review Capitalism: A Love Story.
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/2358.cfm



The 19th Century writer Mark Twain once famously told a newspaper journalist: "The report of my death was an exaggeration," following unfounded media speculation that the author had suffered a fatal illness.


exaggerate
v., -at·ed, -at·ing, -ates. v.tr.
  1. To represent as greater than is actually the case; overstate: exaggerate the size of the enemy force; exaggerated his own role in the episode.
  2. To enlarge or increase to an abnormal degree: thick lenses that exaggerated the size of her eyes.
v.intr.

To make overstatements.

[Latin exaggerāre, exaggerāt-, to heap up, magnify : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + aggerāre, to pile up (from agger, pile , from aggerere, to bring to : ad-, ad- + gerere, to bring).]

exaggeratedly ex·ag'ger·at'ed·ly adv.
exaggeration ex·ag'ger·a'tion n.
exaggerative ex·ag'ger·a'tive or ex·ag'ger·a·to'ry (-ə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ē) adj.
exaggerator ex·ag'ger·a'tor n.

SYNONYMS exaggerate, inflate, magnify, overstate. These verbs mean to represent something as being larger or greater than it actually is: exaggerated the size of the fish I caught; inflated his own importance; magnifying her part in their success; overstated his income on the loan application.
ANTONYM minimize


terrific,emphasize

New Drew Brees ad for Vicks VapoRub.

New Drew Brees ad for Vicks VapoRub.


How Do VapoRub Ads Spell Relief? 'D-A-D'
By STUART ELLIOTT 39 minutes ago

Vicks VapoRub uses Drew Brees, the quarterback of the New Orleans Saints, in a campaign that emphasizes his role as a father.



從Tony獎的驚豔女巫談"terrific!" 2004/6


「恐懼是我一生最大的熱情。」(據R. Barthe說這是霍布斯的話)

靈感來源 "Kristin Chenoweth appeared at the Tony Awards as the terrifically shallow witch Glinda from "Wicked."

Parables of Sun Light 一書所記(1977年10月23日),談到所謂用語上的「世風日下」(The corrosion of language)。 ---它談一位青年人打電話到旅館,要陪作者Rudolf Arnheim (著名的藝術-心理學家)去演講處。作者說兩分鐘之後用大廳見,該青年答:「terrific! 」
作者覺得,這字眼的原先意思是「可怕的、嚴重的、嚇唬人的、難以忍受的……」

而現在竟然淪為「太好了!」

這樣一來,萬一有一天,地球真的與某一慧星相撞,那時候,不知道還有什麼形容詞可用。這簡直是語言的「腐蝕」。

HC認為,作者的有感而發,也沒什麼道理,因為語言是約定俗成的東西。 根據牛津大學出版的20世紀新字選,此用法1930年開始使用,是歷代各有其「驚奇、崇拜」熱情的口語中最為耐用的,我在1980s才懂得它的意義。

它的說明我認為思果翻譯的牛津同義詞詞典可參考,所以改寫、錄抄:

「terrific這詞和terrible一樣,都與拉丁文terrere(嚇唬)有關,也和英文terror有關。不過terrific現在的意思含糊,日常可以用來形容任何極端的事務(extreme)、極大的(extreme big)、極好的(extreme good)等等。」

例子:
We faced a terrific problem.(我們碰到極棘手的問題。)
My fish was a terrific size. (我的魚極大尾。)
We had a terrific time.(我們過一段極歡樂的時光。)

terrific (VERY GREAT) adjective INFORMAL
used to emphasize the great amount or degree of something:
The police car drove past at a terrific speed.

terrific (VERY GOOD) [Show phonetics]
adjective INFORMAL 1930
very good:
a terrific opportunity
You look terrific!

2011年11月22日 星期二

fall flat, head for showdown, grind to a halt


U.K.'s Long and Winding Road
Chancellor George Osborne faces a test at next week's U.K. budget statement, with the economy grinding to a halt in the face of the euro-zone crisis.


Egypt Heads for Showdown
Egypt's military leadership was on a collision course with protesters as its promises on reforms fell flat with a growing crowd of demonstrators.

grind to a halt

Also, come to a grinding halt. Gradually come to a standstill or end. For example, Once the funding stopped, the refurbishing project ground to a halt, or She's come to a grinding halt with that book she's writing. This expression alludes to a clogged engine that gradually stops or a ship that runs aground.





fall flat


Fail, prove to be ineffective, as in His jokes nearly always fell flat--no one ever laughed at them. [First half of 1800s]

Concierge Medicine: The Doctor Is (Always) In, If You Pay Enough

Concierge Medicine: The Doctor Is (Always) In, If You Pay Enough
For anyone who has ever waited days or weeks to see the doctor, concierge medicine sounds appealing: For an additional fee, patients typically enjoy same-day appointments and 24-hour access, more face time with the doctor and extra preventative care. Doctors who offer concierge medicine say the practice frees them from the constraints imposed by insurance providers and allows them time to give patients the individualized attention they need. Skeptics argue that concierge medicine promotes a two-tiered system, improving health care for a few but worsening it for everyone else.


A concierge (French pronunciation: [kɔ̃sjɛʁʒ]) is an employee who either works in shifts within, or lives on the premises of an apartment building or a hotel[citation needed] and serves guests with duties similar to those of a butler. The position can also be maintained by a security officer over the 'graveyard' shift. A similar position, known as the portero, exists in Spanish-speaking regions. The term "concierge" evolved from the French Comte Des Cierges, The Keeper of the Candles, who tended to visiting nobles in castles of the medieval era. In medieval times, the concierge was an officer of the King who was charged with executing justice, with the help of his bailiffs.[citation needed]

ascendancy, ascent, descent, three estates of the realm

the three estates of the realm

這本書的翻譯問題當然很多

譬如說第40頁A Satire of the Three Estates 應該是

4 ((古))(政治・社会上の)身分, 階級
the three estates of the realm
(封 建時代のフランスなどの)聖職者(clergy)・貴族(nobles)・平民(commons)の三身分;(英国で)上院の主教議員(Lords Spiritual)・貴族議員(Lords Temporal)・下院議員(Commons)の三身分(▼国王・上院・下院や聖職者・貴族・選挙人の意で用いることもある).

非"現世/心靈 勳爵"等

The Cambridge Illustrated History of British Theat...


'Right Is Wrong'

By ARIANNA HUFFINGTON
Reviewed by JACK SHAFER

Arianna Huffington blames the Democratic Party and the press for the Republican ascendancy.

right指右派--共和黨


Inspired Minds: One-to-One with Author A S Greer

Greer's "The Confessions of Max Tivoli," was named a best book of 2004 by
the San Francisco Chronicle and the Chicago Tribune - while his latest book
"The Story of a Marriage" has been described by The New York Times as
ascending to the heights of masters.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew1vhpI44va89pI0



Wilson sometimes spoke of himself as a journalist, citing as his heroes and predecessors the likes of De Quincey, Poe and Shaw, but this was mainly a way of establishing his distance from whatever school of literary criticism happened to be in the ascendancy. We can call him a man of letters who was primarily a literary critic, with a special bias toward history and biography. Or, perhaps more simply, a critic of history.








布羅諾斯基《文明的躍升》給我們的啟示是:人類過去的成就雖然很重要,但它必須受到無數 ...


The Ascent of Man (1974) by Wikipedia article "Jacob Bronowski".

The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

Abstract

Niall Ferguson traces the historical evolution of the financial system, from its origins in ancient Mesopotamia to the latest upheavals on what he calls "Planet Finance." In doing so, he reveals financial history as the essential backstory behind all history, from the civilization of the Renaissance to the origins of the French Revolution. Ferguson elucidates key financial institutions and concepts by showing where they came from. What is money? What do banks do? What's the difference between a stock and a bond? Why buy insurance or real estate? And how exactly do hedge funds make (and lose) money? This is history for the present, providing an invaluable long-term perspective on the current global "descent of money."



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descend (NEGATIVE MOOD) PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
verb [I] LITERARY
1 If a negative or bad feeling descends, it is felt everywhere in a place or by everyone at the same time:
A feeling of despair descended (on us) as we realized that we were completely lost.

2 If a condition, usually a negative condition, descends, it quickly develops in every part of a place:
Silence descended on the room/over the countryside.

descent PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [S or U]
a change in someone's behaviour, or in a situation, from good to bad:
His descent into crime was rapid.

as・cent


━━ n. 上昇, 登ること, 登山, 登り坂[道]; 昇降; 騰貴; 源への遡及(そきゅう).

as・cend


━━ v. 上がる, 昇る; 登る; 上り坂になる; (時代が)さかのぼる.
ascend the throne 王位につく.
as・cend・ance, as・cend・ence, as・cend・an・cy, as・cend・en・cy ━━ n. 優勢, 優越, 優位, 主権 ((over)).
as・cend・ant, as・cend・ent ━━ a., n. 上昇する; 優勢な, 優越している; 優位, 勢力.
in the ascendant 日の出の勢いで.
as・cend・er ━━ n. 【コンピュータ】上方突出部, アセンダ ((b,d,hなどの小文字で,a,c,eなどよりも上に出る部分;その部分を持つ活字)).
as・cend・ing ━━ a.
ascending order 【コンピュータ】昇順.