2017年6月13日 星期二

idiotic, idiot savant, private,idiom, idiomatic, idiosyncrasy

20.6.41

We have all been in a semi-melting condition for some days past. It struck me that one minor benefit of this war is that it has broken the newspapers of their idiotic habit of making headline news out of yesterday’s weather.





The Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (MOT), where it's currently on show, has even provided capes to prance around in and music on headphones to get visitors in the mood. But on a recent visit there was nary a dancing art savant in sight. This is a shame, since the show, organized in-house by chief curator Yuko Hasegawa, is very much worth the shlepp.


'Marshall McLuhan: You Know Nothing of My Work!'

By DOUGLAS COUPLAND
Reviewed by DAVID CARR
Douglas Coupland takes a pop-culture approach in this short biography of the media savant.





savant
n.
  1. A learned person; a scholar.
  2. An idiot savant.
[sævɑ'ːnt] 《心理学》イディオ・サバン:ある分野で非常に優れた技能や才能を示す知的障害者;専門ばか.
[French, learned, savant, from Old French, present participle of savoir, to know, from Vulgar Latin sapēre, from Latin sapere, to be wise.]

idiot
(ĭd'ē-ət) pronunciation
n.
  1. A foolish or stupid person.
  2. A person of profound mental retardation having a mental age below three years and generally being unable to learn connected speech or guard against common dangers. The term belongs to a classification system no longer in use and is now considered offensive.
[Middle English, ignorant person, from Old French idiote, from Latin idiōta, from Greek idiōtēs, private person, layman, from idios, own, private.] 此字古希臘指"只重私事,不重公共事務的人。" (貶意)

Origin

Middle English (denoting a person of low intelligence): via Old French from Latin idiota 'ignorant person', from Greek idiōtēs 'private person, layman, ignorant person', from idios 'own, private'.
  • [ídiət]
[名]
1 ((略式))ばか者, まぬけ
You idiot!
このばかやろう The idiot has sold his apartment.
アパートを売るなんて, あいつばかだ. 2 ((古))重度の知的障害者.


請用一個詞形容川普(答:Idiot)

每日一詞2017年6月14日
關鍵詞:idiot /ˈi-dē-ət/ 傻瓜、白痴
韋氏詞典的定義:dated, now offensive: a person affected with extreme mental retardation(舊稱,今為冒犯的說法:一個嚴重智障的人);a foolish or stupid person(愚蠢的人)
Idiot這個詞來源於古希臘語idiōtēs,意思是離群寡合、不參與公共生活、不擔任任何公職的人,它的詞根idios意思是one’s own(自己、自身)。英語詞idiom(諺語、慣用語)也是從這個詞根衍生而來的,用在諸如neo-impressionist idiom(新印象派的語言)或modern jazz idiom(現代爵士樂的語彙)等地方的時候,idiom意為某個藝術形式中的特有表現方式或風格,我們從中還能窺見idios這個詞根的影子。

private

  • [práivət]
[形]
1 ((限定))(公の部分と区別して)個人の立場の, 個人的な, 私的な, プライベートな, 一身上の(⇔public)
one's private affairs
私事
a private view [opinion]
私見
one's private life
私生活
a private tutor
家庭教師
a private man
(公人に対して)私人.
2 ((通例限定))個人の所有する, 私有の;個人専用の, 私用の;私営[私設, 私立]の, 民間の
one's private property
私有財産
a private room
(ホテル・病院の)個室
a private office
個室用事務室
a private university
私立大学
a private financial institution
民間金融機関
a private house
個人住宅
a private beach
私有の海岸
go private
民有[民営]になる
Private
((掲示))一般人立入禁止.
3 ((限定))当事者だけに限られた, 内輪の, 非公開の, 秘密の;((英))〈手紙が〉親展の(((米))personal)
a private joke
内輪のジョーク
private parts
陰部
a private reception
非公開のレセプション
private means [income]
((主に英))俸給外収入(株式配当など)
a private view(ing)
(展覧会の一般公開前の)特別招待.
4 ((通例叙述))人と交わらない, 孤独を好む;〈場所が〉来る人のない.
5 兵卒の
private soldiers
兵卒.
━━[名]
1 ((時にP-))兵卒. ▼しばしば人名の前につける
Private Jones
ジョーンズ一[二]等兵.
2 ((〜s))((略式))陰部.
in private
非公式に;内密に, こっそりと(⇔in public).
[ラテン語prīvātus「公の生活から離れた」(prīvāre「奪う」の過去分詞形). △DEPRIVE
pri・vate・ness
[名]




idiomatic

Line breaks: idiom|at¦ic
Pronunciation: /ˌɪdɪəˈmatɪk
  
/



ADJECTIVE

1Using, containing, or denoting expressions that are natural to a native speaker:he spoke fluent, idiomatic English
2Appropriate to the style of art or music associated with a particular period, individual, or group:a short Bach piece containing lots of idiomatic motifs

Derivatives



idiomatically

ADVERB

Origin

early 18th century: from Greek idiōmatikos 'peculiar, characteristic', from idiōma (see idiom).



idiom

Line breaks: idiom
Pronunciation: /ˈɪdɪəm
  
/



NOUN

1A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g. over the moonsee the light).
1.1[MASS NOUN] A form of expression natural to a language, person, or group of people:he had a feeling for phrase and idiom
1.2The dialect of a people or part of a country.
2A characteristic mode of expression in music or art:they were both working in a neo-impressionist idiom

Origin

late 16th century: from French idiome, or via late Latin from Greek idiōma 'private property, peculiar phraseology', from idiousthai 'make one's own', fromidios 'own, private'.


idiosyncrasy

Line breaks: idio|syn¦crasy
Pronunciation: /ˌɪdɪə(ʊ)ˈsɪŋkrəsi
  
/



NOUN (plural idiosyncrasies)

1A mode of behaviour or way of thought peculiar to an individual:one of his little idiosyncrasies was always preferring to be in the car first
1.1A distinctive or peculiar feature or characteristic of a place or thing:the idiosyncrasies of the prison system
2Medicine An abnormal physical reaction by an individual to a food or drug.

Origin

early 17th century (originally in the sense 'physical constitution peculiar to an individual'): from Greekidiosunkrasia, from idios 'own, private' + sun 'with' +krasis 'mixture'.

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