2015年11月29日 星期日

plunder, intellectual, intellectual honesty, arson, foretaste, aftertaste, moldy, fascist


Simone Weil。
對於知識上的誠實,我的標準極為嚴格,以致我遇見的人,莫不在不止一個方面不夠誠實,而我卻一直擔心自己不夠誠實。
"I have an extremely severe standard for intellectual honesty, so severe that I never met anyone who did not seem to fall short of it in more than one respect; and I am always afraid of failing in it myself."

Xlators Makestuff 搜到法文原文https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=922502921170621&id=861974007223513

Handling of rice scandal leaves bad aftertaste
2008/9/22
Why does food become moldy? If my recollection is correct, it was the rakugo comic storyteller Hayashiya Shozo VIII (1895-1982) who was asked this question and quipped, "Because you don't eat the food soon enough." Very clever, and how true.



Former German President Roman Herzog said Germany is paying too much attention to seniors and the older generation is starting to "plunder" the young.

"I'm afraid we're seeing the foretaste of a pensioner democracy: The number of older people is rising, and all parties are paying disproportionate attention to them," Herzog, 74, told the Friday edition of the daily Bild Zeitung. He served as president from 1994 to 1999.
"It could end up in a situation where older generations plunder the younger ones," added Herzog.
The former president responded to an unexpected decision by the German cabinet earlier this week to increase state pensions by 1.1 percent in 2008 and by as much as 2 percent next year.
The raises exceed by more than double the pension limits set by Chancellor Angela Merkel's predecessor Gerhard Schroeder, which were intended to ease the strain that the country's ageing population is causing on the national social security system.
Herzog accused of "intellectual arson"
Herzog said he didn't think this week's decision was unconstitutional, but warned that it represented a negative trend.
"If the older generation increasingly asks the young people to pay up, the state expenditure will grow," said Herzog, "and a high expenditure is by all means unconstitutional after a certain point."
The president of the German welfare association Volkssolidaritaet, Gunnar Winkler, struck back firmly.
"Whoever says this kind of thing is committing intellectual arson, lighting a match beneath the social order in our country and endangering democracy," said Winkler.
Germany has one of the lowest birth rates in the world. According to the Federal Statistics Office, one third of the population could be 65 years or older by the year 2050.
DW staff (kjb)
Genji Days - E Seidensticker New York: Kodansha International, 1983 (翻譯 <源氏物語>日紀感言整理。)

【舉個例,第97頁10月7日周六 整天早上和前午都在翻譯Hotaru…..Yes, the treatment of Genji is distinctly ambiguous, ironical, one might wish to say; and there is an interesting foretaste of Niou. …(foretaste noun




Watch on the Right: Conservative Intellectuals in the Reagan Era - Google Books Result

by J. David Hoeveler - 1991 - Political Science - 333 pages
... gave a new rendering of what the New Left liked to call "friendly fascism," or what Herbert Marcuse referred to as "the smooth, comfortable, democraric unfreedom."...


"friendly fascism,"

Fascism 
noun [U]
a political system based on a very powerful leader, state control and extreme pride in country and race, and in which political opposition is not allowed

fascist Adjective (ALSO fascistic)
fascist groups
a fascist dictator/regime

fascist 
noun [C]
1 someone who supports fascism

2 a person of the far right in politics

3 DISAPPROVING someone who does not allow any opposition:
He reckons all policemen are fascists and bullies.

aftertaste Show phonetics
noun [C usually singular]
the taste that a particular food or other substance leaves in your mouth when you have swallowed it:
The medicine left an unpleasant aftertaste.
あと味, 余韻. 回味

foretaste

(fôr'tāst', fōr'-) pronunciation

[S] 1. 【事】 先嚐,試食;預嚐到的滋味;預示,前兆,徵象
n.
  1. An advance token or warning.
  2. A slight taste or sample in anticipation of something to come.
tr.v., -tast·ed, -tast·ing, -tastes. (fôr-tāst', fōr-, fôr'tāst', fōr'-)
To have an anticipatory taste of.)】

mould (GROWTH) UK, US mold Show phonetics
noun [U]
a soft green or grey growth which develops on old food or on objects that have been left for too long in warm wet air:
There was mould on the cheese.

mouldy UK, US moldy Show phonetics
adjective
1 covered with mould:
mouldy bread/cheese

2 not modern or interesting:
The city's museums are filled with mouldy old collections.




plunder Show phonetics
verb
1 [I or T] to steal goods violently from a place, especially during a war:
After the president fled the country, the palace was plundered by soldiers.
Tragically, the graves were plundered and the grave-goods scattered.

2 [T] to steal or remove something precious from something, in an immoral or unnecessarily severe way:
Someone has been plundering funds from the company.
The future of our planet is in danger if we continue to plunder it as we do.

plunder Show phonetics
noun [U]
1 when goods are stolen from a place especially violently or during a war, or these stolen goods:
Residents in the villages under attack have been unable to protect their homes from plunder.
The thieves hid their plunder in the woodshed.

2 when something is removed in an immoral or unnecessarily severe way:
We need to put a stop to the plunder of the rain forest.

plunderer Show phonetics
noun [C]
arson Show phonetics
noun [U]
the crime of intentionally starting a fire in order to damage or destroy something, especially a building:
A cinema was burnt out in north London last night. Police suspect arson.

arsonist Show phonetics
noun [C]
Police are blaming arsonists for the spate of fires in the Greenfields housing estate.


intellectual 



音節
 
in • tel • lec • tu • al
 
発音
 
ìntəléktʃuəl
 
レベル
 
大学入試程度
intellectualの変化形
 
intellectuals (複数形)
  1. [形]
  2. 1 知力[知性,知能]の,知力を働かせる,知的な;知識人[インテリ]らしい. ⇒INTELLIGENT[類語]
    • intellectual faculties
    • 知能
    • intellectual tastes
    • 知的な趣味.
  3. 2 〈人が〉(すぐれた)知性をもった,理知的な.
  4. 3 〈事が〉知性を重くみる[に頼る],知性の勝った.
  1. ━━[名][C]
  2. 1 知識人,インテリ,知者;知性を重んじる人.
  3. 2 (肉体労働者に対して)頭脳労働者,インテリ階級の人.
  1. in・tel・lec・tu・al・ness
    • [名]

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