2014年4月30日 星期三

puréed, succulent, tomato, sauteed, aphrodisiac, chocolate, appreciable, refrigerate


Video Video: What's In It: Veggie Blend-Ins
Green Giant Veggie Blend-Ins offer vegetables in puréed form to those who routinely avoid them. Are there any potential pitfalls?

Why Snowden’s Visitors Refrigerated Their Phones
 The most succulent crab is the swimming crab, says Kimio Tomura, owner of a Japanese restaurant.

Paul Keetch MP said he feared this would encourage a terrorist attack.
Google said it only took images from public roads and there was "no appreciable security risk".
The Ministry of Defence (MoD) said it would be "impractical" to ask Google to remove the images.

Aphrodisiac Expert Recommends Recipes For Love

On Valentines Day, preparing a candle light dinner is a sure way to score
points with your loved one. But the ingredients in the food can also have
an effect on the night -- Aphrodisiacs.

The DW-WORLD Article

Spectrum | 04.11.2008 | 04:30
Research Into Chocolate and Pregnancy

Chocolate is supposedly an aphrodisiac.

There’s no doubt that truffles presented in a golden box, bon-bons that melt in your mouth, or a big, chunky bar will excite pretty much anyone. Preliminary research shows that chocolate may also help with the results of that love. Pregnant women who eat a small amount of chocolate every day are healthier and deliver stronger babies. Nancy Greenleese reports from Perugia, Italy.

I sautéed myself in Sarahville last week.
I wandered through the Wal-Mart, which seemed almost as large as Wasilla, a town that is a soulless strip mall without sidewalks set beside a soulful mountain and lake.

When Asparagus Is More Than Asparagus

Sometimes Asparagus Is More Than Asparagus

Helen Yoest wrote a book about natural aphrodisiacs called “Plants With Benefits.”


IN BRIEF: adj. - Fried quickly in a little fat.

Small cherry tomatoes in Korea
Small cherry tomatoes in Korea

wiki English


, pl. -toes.
    1. A widely cultivated South American plant (Lycopersicon esculentum) having edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
    2. The fruit of this plant.
  1. Slang. A woman regarded as attractive.
[Alteration of Spanish tomate, from Nahuatl tomatl.]
tomatoey to·ma'to·ey (-tō-ē) adj.
WORD HISTORY Among the greatest contributions to world civilization made by the early inhabitants of the Americas are plant foods such as the potato and squash.
The tomato, whose name comes ultimately from the Nahuatl language spoken by the Aztecs and other groups in Mexico and Central America, was another important contribution. When the Spanish conquered this area, they brought the tomato back to Spain and, borrowing the Nahuatl word tomatl for it, named it tomate, a form shared in French, Portuguese, and early Modern English.
Tomate, first recorded in 1604, gave way to tomato, a form created in English either because it was assumed to be Spanish or under the influence of the word potato. As is well known, people at first resisted eating this New World food because its membership in the nightshade family made it seem potentially poisonous, but it is now is an important element of many world cuisines.

tomato ketchup noun [U]
a sweet red tomato sauce, eaten cold and usually poured from a bottle
beef tomato UK noun [C] (US beefsteak tomato)
a type of very large tomato

[tuh-MAY-toh; tuh-MAH-toh] Like the potato and eggplant, the tomato is a member of the nightshade family. It's the fruit of a vine native to South America. By the time European explorers arrived in the New World, the tomato had made its way up into Central America and Mexico. The Spanish carried plants back home from Mexico, but it took some time for tomatoes to be accepted in Spain because it was thought that-like various other members of the nightshade family-they were poisonous. Some tomato advocates, however, claimed the fruit had aphrodisiac powers and, in fact, the French called them pommes d'amour, "love apples." It wasn't until the 1900s that the tomato gained some measure of popularity in the United States. Today this fruit is one of America's favorite "vegetables," a classification the government gave the tomato for trade purposes in 1893. Dozens of tomato varieties are available today-ranging widely in size, shape and color. Among the most commonly marketed is the beefsteak tomato, which is delicious both raw and cooked. It's large, bright red and slightly elliptical in shape.

Globe tomatoes are medium-size, firm and juicy. Like the beefsteak, they're good both raw and cooked. Another variety is the plum tomato (also called Italian plum and Roma), a flavorful egg-shaped tomato that comes in red and yellow versions. Grape tomatoes are baby romas. The medium-size green tomato has a piquant flavor, which makes it excellent for frying, broiling and adding to relishes.

The small cherry tomato is about 1 inch in diameter and can be red or yellow-gold in color. It's very popular-both for eating and as a garnish-because of its bright color and excellent flavor. The yellow cherry tomato is slightly less acidic than the red and therefore somewhat blander in flavor. Though it's long been popular raw in salads, the cherry tomato is gaining favor as a cooked side dish, quickly sautéed with herbs.

The yellow pear tomato is slightly smaller than the cherry tomato and resembles a tiny pear. It's used in the same manner as the cherry tomato.

Currant tomatoes are the tiniest of the species, measuring only about 0.7 inches in diameter and weighing about 1⁄8 ounce. They come in both red and yellow varieties and have a sweet, crisp flesh. Finding a niche in some produce markets are several unique looking and flavorful heirloom tomato varieties.

Among the more interesting are the purple tomatoes (such as Purple Calabash, Brandywine and Cherokee Purple), the skins of which can range in color from a dusky pink with purple shoulders to a dusky rose-purple. Depending on the variety, the flesh color can vary from crimson to a brownish purple-pink.

Bicolored and striped tomatoes (such as Marvel Striped, Big White Pink Stripe and Hillbilly) have an orangey skin with faint red striations. This fruit's bicolor flesh is a brilliant yellow with a red center. Fresh tomatoes are available year-round, with the peak season from June through September. The most succulent, flavorful tomatoes are those that are "vine-ripened," usually only available in specialty produce markets. Unfortunately, such tomatoes are very perishable, which is why supermarkets almost always carry tomatoes that have been picked green and ripened with ethylene gas or in special warming rooms. Such tomatoes will never have the texture, aroma and taste of the vine-ripened fruit. Choose firm, well-shaped tomatoes that are noticeably fragrant and richly colored (for their variety). They should be free from blemishes, heavy for their size and give slightly to palm pressure. Ripe tomatoes should be stored at room temperature and used within a few days. They should never be refrigerated-cold temperatures make the flesh pulpy and kills the flavor. Unripe fruit can be ripened by placing it in a pierced paper bag with an apple for several days at room temperature (65° to 75°F). Do not refrigerate or set in the sun. Tomato skins can be removed by blanching.

Sun-dried tomatoes are, as the name indicates, dried in the sun (or by other, artificial methods). The result is a chewy, intensely flavored, sweet, dark red tomato. Sun-dried tomatoes are usually either packed in oil or dry-packed in cellophane. The dry-pack type benefits from soaking in oil or other liquid before use. Sun-dried tomatoes add their rich flavor to sauces, soups, sandwiches, salads and myriad other dishes.

Canned tomatoes are available in various forms including peeled, whole, crushed, and those with herbs such as oregano and/or basil added.

Tomato paste, which is available in cans and tubes, consists of tomatoes that have been cooked for several hours, strained and reduced to a deep red, richly flavored concentrate.
Canned tomato purée consists of tomatoes that have been cooked briefly and strained, resulting in a thick liquid.

Tomato sauce is a slightly thinner tomato purée, often with seasonings and other flavorings added so that it is ready to use in various dishes or as a base for other sauces. Tomatoes are rich in vitamin C and contain appreciable amounts of vitamins A and B, potassium, iron and phosphorus. A medium tomato has about as much fiber as a slice of whole-wheat bread and only about 35 calories. See also tomatillo.


Syllabification: pu·ree
Pronunciation: /pyo͝oˈrā, -ˈrē/
(also purée)


  • A smooth, creamy substance made of liquidized or crushed fruit or vegetables: stir in the tomato puree

verb (purees, pureeing, pureed)

[with object] Back to top  


early 18th century: from French purée, literally 'purified', feminine past participle of purer.


━━ a. 催淫(さいいん)の.
━━ n. 催淫剤, 媚薬(びやく).

老師不教的英文: aphrodisiac /,æfrod'iziæk/ (a.)催淫的;春藥


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[sʌ'kjulənt]
1 〈果物などが〉汁気[水分]の多い;〈植物が〉多肉多汁(組織)の.
2 心を養ってくれる, 興味深い.
-lence, -len・cy
[名][U]多液, 多汁;多趣.


Syllabification: (re·frig·er·ate)
Pronunciation: /riˈfrijəˌrāt/

Definition of refrigerate


[with object]
  • subject (food or drink) to cold in order to chill or preserve it, typically by placing it in a refrigerator:refrigerate the dough for one hour







late Middle English: from Latin refrigerat- 'made cool', from the verb refrigerare, from re- 'back' + frigus, frigor- 'cold'

2014年4月29日 星期二

hit the books, on the books, concentrate, cyberwarfare, concentrator,

College is not only where you hit the books. It also should be where you learn not to judge a book by its cover.

The curator was amazed when a watercolor, seized by the Nazis from the museum where he works, reappeared, part of a vast trove uncovered in a Munich apartment. But because of a 1938 Nazi law still on the books, he may not be able to reclaim the piece.

hit the books Informal.
  1. To study, especially with concentrated effort.

    on the books

    contained in a book of laws or records:discriminatory laws still on the books the longest pitching career on the books


    Pronunciation: /ˈkɒns(ə)ntreɪt/
    Translate concentrate | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


    • 1 [no object] focus all one’s attention on a particular object or activity:she couldn’t concentrate on the film [with object]:a threatened tax rise concentrates the mind wonderfully
    • (concentrate on/upon) do or deal with (one particular thing) above all others:Luke wants to concentrate on his film career
    • 2 [with object] gather (people or things) together in a common location:the nation’s wealth was concentrated in the hands of the governing elite
    • [no object] come together in a common location:troops were concentrating at the western front
    • 3 [with object] increase the strength or proportion of (a substance or solution) by removing or reducing the other diluting agent or by selective accumulation of atoms or molecules: plants and micro-organisms can concentrate metals from the environment


    [mass noun]
    • a substance made by removing or reducing the diluting agent; a concentrated form of something:apple juice concentrate





    • Mike, Mickey, and other medical equipment people have a 42-foot trailer full of beds, wheelchairs, oxygen concentrators, et cetera.
    • Ann's husband Eric Martin, who presented the cheque to hospice fund-raiser Gillian Richardson, was told that the money will be used to buy much-needed oxygen concentrators.
    • IOC's concentrator in Labrador City has an annual production capacity of 17.5 million tonnes and its pellet plant is capable of producing over 11 million tonnes, according to company information.
    コンセントレータ - 特許庁
    メタン濃縮装置 - 特許庁


    mid 17th century (in the sense 'bring towards a centre'): Latinized form of concentre, or from French concentrer 'to concentrate'. sense 1 of the verb dates from the early 20th century

2014年4月28日 星期一

fain, damsel, white knight/sunflower.order of the day/down to



But Phil Robertson, the deputy director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia division, said exclusion would be the order of the day if the performance went ahead in Pyongyang. "It’s going to be an extremely limited, elite audience that would see a production in any case," said Robertson.



《中英對照讀新聞》Fried food ’fine for heart’ if cooked with olive oil 用橄欖油煎炸食物,不會傷害心臟 ◎陳維真
Eating fried food may not be bad for the heart, as long as you use olive or sunflower oil to make it, experts say.
They found no heightened risk of heart disease or premature death linked to food that had been cooked in this way. But the investigators stress that their findings, from studying the typical Spanish diet in which these "healthy" oils are found in abundance, do not apply to lard or other cooking oils. So traditional fry ups should not be the order of the day.
When food is fried it becomes more calorific because the food absorbs the fat of the oils.And experts know that eating lots of fat-laden food can raise blood pressure and cause high cholesterol, which are risk factors for heart disease.
None of the adults had any sign of heart disease at the start of the 11-year study, but by the end of it 606 heart disease events and 1,134 deaths had occurred. When the researchers looked at these heart events in detail, they could find no link with fried food in the diet.
This, they believe, is down to the type of oil the food is cooked in.
Victoria Taylor, a senior heart health dietitian said : "We currently recommend swapping saturated fats like butter, lard or palm oil for unsaturated fats as a way of keeping your cholesterol down and this study gives further cause to make that switch."

the order of the day:片語,某一時間必須做或經常做的事情。例句:Going to bed early was the order of the day when we were young.(早點上床睡覺是年輕時必須做的事情。)something necessary or usual at a certain time. Warm clothes are the order of the day when camping in the winter. Going to bed early was the order of the day when we were young.

 the order of the day:片語,指在某段特定時期或情況下的典型活動或流行、風潮,如At the resort’s outdoor cafe, bathing suits and sandals are the order of the day.(在這個度假勝地的戶外咖啡廳裡,泳裝和涼鞋是最常見的服裝搭配。)

calorific:熱量高、易致胖的。Daily caffeine drinks add more calories than we expect.(每天喝的咖啡因飲品讓我們吃進超出預期的熱量。)
be down to:片語,可歸咎於。例句:He claimed his problems were down to the media.(他宣稱自己的問題是媒體造成的。)

No Chinese White Knight for European Damsels in Distress
For embattled politicians in Italy and elsewhere, hinting that China is riding to the rescue provides a temporary respite from the steady increase in debt-financing pressure. But countries hoping for anything more will have an additional cause for distress.

"... for Europe was where they fain all would be." — Katherine Anne Porter; The Days Before; 1952.

"So the delay continued, and Martimor was both busy and happy at the Mill, for he liked and loved this damsel well, and was fain of her company." — Henry Van Dyke; The Mill. (© Wordsmith.org)
Previous words: eagre, eremite, canonical

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Rip Van Winkle and Other Stories: The ... - Google Books Result

by Washington Irving - 2005 - Fiction - 212 pages
This, however, always provoked a fresh volley from his wife, so that he was fain to draw off his forces, and take to the outside of the house — the only ...

She opened the door of the West to me,
With its loud sea-lashings,
And cliff-side clashings
Of waters rife with revelry.
She opened the door of Romance to me,
The door from a cell
I had known too well,
Too long, till then, and was fain to flee.
She opened the door of a Love to me,
That passed the wry
World-welters by
As far as the arching blue the lea.
She opens the door of the Past to me,
Its magic lights,
Its heavenly heights,
When forward little is to see!

Dell and other defendants in the case, including the state of North Carolina and state Commerce Secretary Jim Fain, pushed for the lawsuit to be thrown out since taxpayers aren't being harmed specifically by the incentives for Dell.


  1. Happily; gladly: “I would fain improve every opportunity to wonder and worship, as a sunflower welcomes the light” (Henry David Thoreau).
  2. Archaic. Preferably; rather.
adj. Archaic.
  1. Ready; willing.
  2. Pleased; happy.
  3. Obliged or required.
[Middle English, from Old English fægen, joyful, glad.]


━━ ad., a. 〔古〕 喜んで(する); 〔古〕 むしろ…(したい); 〔古〕 …せざるを得ない ((to do)).


  • 1Pleased or willing under the circumstances: the traveler was fain to proceed
  • 1.1Compelled by the circumstances; obliged: he was fain to acknowledge that the agreement was sacrosanct
    More example sentences
    • This functionary, however well disposed to my friend, could not altogether conceal his chagrin at the turn which affairs had taken, and was fain to indulge in a sarcasm or two about the propriety of every person minding his own business.
    • In Smith's Discourse of the Commonweal, a maker of caps is made to say: ‘I am fain to give my journeymen twopence in a day more than I was wont to do, and yet they say they cannot sufficiently live thereon.
    • If you would grant but my request, I then most surely should be blest; But if you treat me with disdain, To hang myself I now would fain; Then pray consent and make me thine, To save from death your Valentine.


Back to top  
  • With pleasure; gladly: I am weary and would fain get a little rest
    More example sentences
    • I would fain be friends with you, for their sake.
    • ‘Depend upon it that, rude and careless as I am, I would fain practice the yoga faithfully,’ he writes.
    • There was something else which she would fain have said, and she stabbed with her finger into the air in the direction of the Doctor's [i.e. her stepfather's room], but a fresh convulsion seized her and choked her words.


Old English fægen 'happy, well pleased', of Germanic origin, from a base meaning 'rejoice'; related to fawn2.


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[dǽmzəl]


white knight

1 政治改革者, 運動[主義]の闘士.
2 乗っ取り攻勢を受けた企業を救うため友好的な買収を申し出る会社.

strafe, apiece, water cannon, anti-nuclear protesters

Fars News Agency
Taiwan Police Use Water Cannon against Anti-Nuclear Protesters
TEHRAN (FNA)- Taiwan police on Monday used water cannon to disperse hundreds of overnight sit-in demonstrators, demanding the scrapping of

Wal-Mart Strafes Amazon in Book War
Wal-Mart launched a price war against Amazon.com, saying it would sell 10 hotly anticipated new books for just $10 apiece through its Web site.

Japan, Taiwan Trade Water Cannon Fire Near Disputed Islands

An aerial view shows a Japan Coast Guard patrol ship (C) spraying water at a fishing boat from Taiwan as Taiwan's Coast Guard vessel (top) sprays water near the disputed islands in the East China Sea, September 25, 2012.

strafe (strāf) pronunciation
To attack of machine-gun or cannon fire from a low-flying aircraft.
[From German (Gott) strafe (England), (God) punish (England), a common World War I slogan, from strafen, to punish, from Middle High German strāfen, to contest, admonish.]
strafer straf'er n.
To or for each one; each: There is enough bread for everyone to have two slices apiece.
[Middle English a pece : a, a; see a2 + pece, piece; see piece.]


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[kǽnən]

[名](複 〜s, ((集合的))〜)
1 (射角45度以下の)カノン砲;(一般に)大砲;(軍用機の)機関砲;((米俗))ピストル, はじき.
2 ((英))《機械》=quill[名]5.
3 《甲胄》筒形の腕当て.
4 《馬術》水勒太馬銜(すいろくふとばみ):中空で太い馬銜(はみ).
5 (鐘の)つり手.
6 《動物》=cannon bone.
7 ((英))《ビリヤード》キャノン(((米))carom):手玉を続けて2つの的玉に当てること.
8 ((米俗))すり.
1 ((英))(…に)衝突する, ぶつかる((against, into, with ...)).
2 大砲を打つ, 砲撃する.
3 ((英))《ビリヤード》キャノンを突く.
1 …を砲撃する.
2 ((英))《ビリヤード》〈手玉を〉2つの的玉に当てる.
3 ((米俗))…を盗む, かっぱらう.
[中フランス語←ギリシャ語kánna(葦(あし)). これから, 「まっすぐな中空の管」→「大砲」. △CANE, CANON

2014年4月27日 星期日

digerati, literati,pivot, civil rights, technorati, set aside

Trending: A few years ago almost no one had heard of "big data". Today it's hard to avoid and as a result, the digerati love to condemn it. The Economist explains the backlash against big data http://econ.st/1huyZyf

Trump Pivots From Obama's Birth Certificate to College Grades
Says the president needs to explain how he got into Harvard.


Obama Releases Long Form Birth Certificate

White House says he wanted to end political 'sideshow'


In Austin, Webheads Try to Be Cool

For the Web entrepreneur, the South by Southwest Interactive conference in Austin can be pivotal in getting a nod from the technorati for a new product.

In Mideast Peace Bid, Obama Pivots in His Demands
President Obama is largely setting aside his demand for a full freeze on settlements in the West Bank as a first step toward restarting Middle East peace talks.

One of those songs was “I’m on My Way,” sung during the pivotal civil-rights March on Washington on Aug. 28, 1963. In a videotaped interview with The New York Times in 2007 for its online feature “The Last Word,” Odetta recalled the sentiments of another song she performed that day, “Oh Freedom,” which is rooted in slavery: “Oh freedom, Oh freedom, Oh freedom over me/ And before I’d be a slave, I’d be buried in my grave/ And go home to my Lord and be free.”

But the opponents of change, those who want to keep the Bush legacy intact, are not without resources. In fact, they’ve already made their standard pivot when things turn bad — the pivot from hype to fear. And in case you haven’t noticed, they’re very, very good at the fear thing.

plural noun
people with a good education who know a lot about literature:
Her novels are popular with university literati, but they have failed to attract a wider audience.
Compare glitterati.

Technorati is an Internet search engine for searching blogs, competing with Google and Yahoo. As of June 2008, Technorati indexes 112.8 million blogs and over 250 million pieces of tagged social media.[2] The name Technorati is a portmanteau, pointing to the technological version of literati, or intellectuals.

Technorati is also synonymous with "digerati;" people who are technically competent. See digerati, numerati and blog.


Syllabification: di·ge·ra·ti
Pronunciation: /dijəˈrätē



1990s: blend of digital and literati.

civil rights plural noun
the rights that each person has in a society, whatever their race, sex or religion:
Civil rights include freedom, equality in law and in employment, and the right to vote.

noun [C]
1 a fixed point supporting something which turns or balances

2 the central or most important person or thing in a situation:
The former guerrilla leader has become the pivot on which the country's emerging political stability turns/revolves (= it depends on him).

central and important:
a pivotal figure/role/idea
v., -ot·ed, -ot·ing, -ots. v.tr.
  1. To mount on, attach by, or provide with a pivot or pivots.
  2. To cause to rotate, revolve, or turn.
To turn on or as if on a pivot: "The plot . . . lacks direction, pivoting on Hamlet's incertitude" (G. Wilson Knight).
[French, from Old French.]


━━ n. 【機】旋回軸, ピボット; (軸を中心として)旋回すること; 要(かなめ), 中心点; 枢要な人; 【軍】軸兵.
━━ vt. 旋回軸上に置く[をつける].
━━ vi. 軸(上)回転する ((on)); にかかる ((on)).
piv・ot・al ━━ a.

underserved, demographic, properties, demographics, demography

In Poorest States, Political Stigma Is Depressing Participation in Health Law


Officials say the health care law has been stigmatized for many it could help, especially in states that are medically underserved but hostile to President Obama.

 ISER enjoys an international profile for its cutting-edge socio-economic research. Its prestigious team of researchers has a wide range of expertise in social science disciplines, including economics, sociology, demography, geography and statistics.

At the World Economic Forum’s summer meeting in Dalian, China, four experts on the impact of demographics on the workforce considered the opportunities that aging populations present to business. Their answers include creative new services, a more diverse workforce, and investing differently in talent development.

Paul Miskovsky, a landscape designer, said the Massachusetts Horticulture Society needed to get its financial house in order.
Jodi Hilton for The New York Times

Recession Takes Toll on Flower Shows

The New England Flower Show and others are gone this year, victims of the economy and shifting demographics.

New York City Growing More Diverse, Census Finds

New figures provide hard evidence of trends involving shifts in housing patterns, education and demographics.

Yahoo to Launch Site for Women
Yahoo is launching a new site for women between ages 25 and 54, calling it a key demographic underserved by current Yahoo properties.


Line breaks: under|served
Entry from British & World English dictionary


Inadequately provided with a service or facility: a medically underserved community


Pronunciation: /dɪˈmɒgrəfi/
Translate demography | into Spanish


[mass noun]
  • the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations.
  • the composition of a particular human population:Europe’s demography is changing





late 19th century: from Greek dēmos 'the people' + -graphy
noun [U]
1 the study of changes in the number of births, marriages, deaths, etc. in a particular area during a period of time:
historical demography

2 The demography of an area is the number and characteristics of the people who live in an area, in relation to their age, sex, whether they are married or not, etc:
The increase in the number of young people leaving to work in the cities has had a dramatic impact on the demography of the villages.

noun [C]
a person who studies changes in numbers of births, marriages, deaths, etc. in an area over a period of time

There have been monumental social and demographic changes in the country.
Current demographic trends suggest that there will be fewer school leavers coming into the workforce in ten years' time.

plural noun
the quantity and characteristics of the people who live in a particular area, especially in relation to their age, how much money they have and what they spend it on:
The demographics of the country have changed dramatically in recent years.
No one has exact demographics on (= information about the quantity and characteristics of the people who live in) the area.

properties was found in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary at the entries listed below.
━━ n. ((集合的)) 財産, 不動産(物件); 所有物; 所有地; 所有(権), 著作権; 特性; 【劇】小道具.
man of property 資産家.
prop・er・tied ━━ a. 財産のある.
property dividend 【金融】現物配当, 物品配当.
property insurance 【保険】財産保険, 財物保険, 損害保険.
property man 【劇】小道具方.
property tax 財産税.
real [personal] property 不動産[動産].


━━ n. 人口統計学.
de・mog・ra・pher ━━ n. 人口統計学者.
 ━━ a.
de・mo・graph・ics ━━ n.pl. (ある地域の)人口動勢.