2013年12月31日 星期二

refill, shut up shop, to top up, meteoric ascent, indestructible, refillable

to top up means to refill a container until it is full again. 或 加酒....

Apple's Share Price Tops $500
Apple's share price passed $500 for the first time ever Monday morning, the latest milestone in the stock's meteoric ascent.

Spain Tightens Rules for Bottled Olive Oil
The rules are aimed at improving food hygiene, by banning refillable bottles at restaurants, but oil producers also hope to build stronger brand recognition.

A Meteoric Rise and an Abrupt Fall

Before he resigned, David H. Petraeus had seemed all but indestructible. 


Syllabification: (re·fill)
Translate refill | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


Pronunciation: /rēˈfil/
[with object]
  • fill (a container) again:she paused and refilled her glass with wine before going on
  • replenish the supply of (medicine called for in a prescription):there’s nothing he can do but refill his Valium prescription
  • [no object] (of a container) become full again:the empty pool will rapidly refill from rain and snow


Pronunciation: /ˈrēˌfil/
  • an act of filling a container again:he proffered his glass for a refill
  • a replenished supply of medicine called for in a prescription:an oral contraceptive refill was dispensed





  • 発音記号[mìːtiɔ'ːrik | -tiɔ'r-]

1 流星の(ような)
meteoric iron
a meteoric fall
2 一時的にはなばなしい;(目もくらむほど)すばやい.
3 大気の;気象(上)の.
shut up
1. Imprison, confine, enclose, as in The dog was shut up in the cellar for the night, or She shut up her memories and never talked about the past. [c. 1400]
2. Close completely, as in The windows were shut up tightly so no rain came in. [Early 1500s] This usage also occurs in shut up shop, meaning "close the premises of a business," as in It's late, let's shut up shop now. [Late 1500s] Also see close up, def. 3.
3. Cause someone to stop speaking, silence someone, as in It's time someone shut him up. [Early 1800s]
4. Stop speaking, as in I've told you what I think and now I'll shut up. This usage also occurs as a rather rude imperative, as in Shut up! You've said enough. [First half of 1800s]

get mad, get even, transformative, intubate, sedated,

Photo: Nancy Borowick held her father's hand while he lay sedated in his bed in a hospital in Greenwich, Conn. December 2013.

A photographer whose parents both faced cancer — and who both rallied to attend her wedding — photographed the two months since that wedding, the last two months of her father’s life.

More on Lens: http://nyti.ms/1cTPP8O

Photo by Nancy Borowick

Nightmares After the I.C.U.
Patients who have prolonged stays, getting intubated and sedated, may experience severe hallucinations, putting them at risk of PTSD for years to come, studies show.

 Election Win by Ruling Party Signals Change in Japan


By securing control of both houses of parliament for up to three years, Sunday's win offers Prime Minister Shinzo Abe the chance to be the most transformative leader in a decade. 
此處  transformative用得不好.建議用TRANSFORMING

Don’t Get Mad, Mr. President. Get Even.
If Mr. Obama is to have a truly transformative presidency, there could be no better catalyst than oil.

sedate 2

Pronunciation: /sɪˈdeɪt/
Translate sedate | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


[with object]
  • calm (someone) or make them sleep by administering a sedative drug:she was heavily sedated


1960s: back-formation from sedation


Pronunciation: /ˈɪntjʊbeɪt/


[with object] Medicine
  • insert a tube into (a person or a body part, especially the trachea for ventilation): it is possible to intubate in-patients undergoing oral surgery in hospital



Pronunciation: /-ˈbeɪʃ(ə)n/


late 19th century: from in-2 'into' + Latin tuba 'tube' + -ate3
v Definition: get even with someone
Antonyms: forgive, pardon, sympathize


Translate transform | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


[with object]
  • 1make a marked change in the form, nature, or appearance of:lasers have transformed cardiac surgery he wanted to transform himself into a successful businessman
  • [no object] undergo a marked change: a wry cynicism rapidly transforms into an overwhelming sense of sourness
  • change the voltage of (an electric current).
  • 2 Mathematics change (a mathematical entity) by transformation.


Mathematics & Linguistics
  • the product of a transformation.
  • a rule for making a transformation.







Middle English (as a verb): from Old French transformer or Latin transformare (see trans-, form)

2013年12月30日 星期一

parallel, linesman, undulating, wavy, bigotry

The Duck Dynasty Fiasco Says More About Our Bigotry Than Phil's
Why is our go-to political strategy for beating our opponents to silence them? Why do we dismiss, rather than engage them?

Ed Alcock for The New York Times
The Louvre's Islamic Art Wing exhibition space sits under a wavy golden canopy.

The Louvre
Some modern monuments are right under most tourists’ noses, in the city’s historic center. One of the newest is the Louvre’s Islamic Art Wing, which opened last September. The exhibition space, designed by the French architect Rudy Ricciotti and the Italian architect Mario Bellini, sits under an undulating golden canopy in the middle of the museum’s neo-Classical Visconti Courtyard.

Three charged over linesman death

A Japanese museum showcasing art created in countries on the 43rd parallel will sell off its 400-piece collection, including prints by Salvador Dali and Joan Miro, the owner said.

The Facebook-Microsoft Parallels: A computer prodigy drops out of Harvard and builds one of America's hottest companies. Goldman Sachs plays a key role in the eventual I.P.O. This isn't Mark Zuckerberg in 2011. It's Bill Gates in 1986.Plutarch's Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, commonly called Parallel Lives or Plutarch's Lives, is a series of biographies of famous men, arranged in tandem to illuminate their common moral virtues or failings, written in the late 1st Century.

《希臘羅馬名人傳》Plutarch (46-120)普魯塔克《道德論集 選》

  in American English, by analogy with switchback railways. In British English 'switchback' is more likely to refer to a heavily undulating road—a use extended from the rollercoaster and the other type of switchback railway.

 The final chapter is an exhortation to better governance, in which he examines corruption, ethnic bigotry, state failure and the steps Nigeria must take to rehabilitate itself. This prescriptive wish list reminds us of the gap between theory and practice in Nigerian politics; it makes you pine for the likes of Achebe to govern. But sadly, he's not writing a manifesto; instead, we have in There Was A Country an elegy from a master storyteller who has witnessed the undulating fortunes of a nation, which – unlike young "Dictionary" – has yet to fulfil its potential.

In "The Leopard," when the Prince is hunting near the fictional Donnafugata, really Santa Margherita, he looks out over the landscape and sees it "aridly undulating to the horizon in hillock after hillock, comfortless and irrational, with no lines that the mind could grasp, conceived apparently in a delirious moment of creation; a sea suddenly petrified when a change of wind had flung the waves into a frenzy."


Syllabification: (big·ot·ry)
Pronunciation: /ˈbigətrē/
Translate bigotry | into French | into Italian | into Spanish


  • bigoted attitudes; intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself:the report reveals racism and right-wing bigotry


late 17th century: from bigot, reinforced by French bigoterie


━━ v. 波立つ, 波動する[させる]; (地表など)起伏する[させる].
━━ a. 波状の.


línes • man
linesmen (複数形)
1 《スポーツ》ラインズマン, 線審.
2 ((主に英))架線工事人(lineman).


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[pǽrəlèl]

(1) 〈線・面などが〉(…に)平行な((to, with ...))
parallel lines
parallel parking
draw line AB parallel to CD
be in parallel with ...
(2) ((形式))同方向[進路, 傾向, 性質]の, (…に)対応[相当, 一致]する, (…と)類似[同様]な((to ...))
a parallel instance to this one [=an instance parallel to this one
2 《音楽》平行(進行)の;同主(名)調の.
3 《電気》並列(式, 接続)の
a parallel circuit
4 《コンピュータ》並列の.
5 《文法》並列の.
━━[副](…と)平行に((to, with ...)).
1 平行線[面];[U]平行.
2 《地学》緯(度)線(parallel of latitude)
the 38th parallel
3 [U]類似, (…との)相似;[C]類似物, 類似点, (…に)対応[匹敵]するもの((to, with ...))
have some parallels with ...
draw a parallel with anotherbetween two things]
4 [U]《電気》並列. ⇒SERIES[名]5
in parallel
5 《印刷》パラレル(‖):参照符号.
━━[動](〜ed, 〜・ing or((英))〜led, 〜・ling)(他)
1 〈2つの線・面などを〉平行させる;…と平行している, 平行に進む.
2 …に匹敵する人[もの]を見出す;…に匹敵[相当, 対応, 一致]する.
3 …を(…と)比較する((with ...)).
[ラテン語←ギリシャ語parállēlos (para-そばに+állēlosお互いの). △ALIEN

rich, repast, the technology-rich Silicon Valley

Catherine Yen Vuillard, Repast in a garden 1898

POLITICS Tech Revival Lifts Silicon Valley
As California's $1.9 trillion economy struggles, the technology-rich Silicon Valley in the northern part of the state is experiencing a revival.

[形](〜・er, 〜・est)

adj. - 金持ちの, 裕福な, 豊富な, 恵まれている, 栄養価の高い, 高価な, 深みのある, 濃い, 肥沃な
n. - 金持ち
  • filthy rich
  • rich source 内容が豊富な及び広範な拠り所, 味の濃いソース
  • stinking/filthy rich 大金持

1 金持ちの, 富裕な, 裕福な
a rich man
a rich country
(as) rich as Croesus
be born rich
[類語]「豊富な」richとwealthyは一般語であるが, richが財と金の豊富さを強調するのに対して, wealthyは富裕の上に社会的地位の高さを示唆. affluent, opulentは財や金の所有の事実より富裕な状態を強調. affluentは富があふれて暮らしが豊かであること. opulentは外見上きらびやかでぜいたくなことを強調. prosperous豊かですべてが順調な. well-to-do(家庭などが)裕福でりっぱな. well-off金まわりのよい, 順境にある.
(1) ((叙述))(資源などに)恵まれている, 富んだ;(…が)豊富な((in, with ...))
a country rich in oil
(2) 〈鉱山などが〉豊富に産する, 〈土地が〉肥えた, 肥沃(ひよく)
a rich mine
rich fields
(1) 〈物・事が〉(質的に)貴重な, 価値のある
a rich suggestion
(2) (量的に)豊かな, たくさんの, たっぷりした
a rich supply
a rich harvest
rich foliage
a rich reward
4 〈衣服・宝石などが〉高価な, 豪華な, 〈家具などが〉よい素材の, みごとな出来の;〈食事などが〉ぜいたくな
rich jewels
rich silks
a rich repast [banquet]
(1) 〈飲食物が〉香料をたっぷり入れた;栄養に富んだ;油っこい, バターや卵をふんだんに入れた
rich, greasy food
(2) 〈酒が〉芳醇(ほうじゅん)な.
6 〈色が〉濃い, 強烈な, 鮮やかな;〈香り・においが〉強い;〈声・音が〉豊かな, 朗々とした, 太い
(a) rich blue
the rich smell of good coffee
7 ((通例限定))〈人生・経験などが〉変化に富んだ.
8 〈ガスなどが〉(燃料を多く含んで)濃い;〈コンクリートが〉(セメントが多く)強い
a rich mixture
rich concrete
9 ((主に感嘆文))((略式))〈事件・発言・考えなどが〉非常におもしろい[おかしい].
10 ((略式))ばかげた, 途方もない;〈批判が〉(自分のことを棚に上げて)ちゃんちゃらおかしい
What a rich idea!
11 〈言葉が〉含蓄のある, 意味深長な.
12 ((分詞と結びついて副詞的))立派に, 豪華に, ぜいたくに.
strike it rich
(1) 豊かな鉱脈[油田]を掘り当てる.
(2) 思いがけなくもうける.
━━[名]((通例the 〜))((集合的に複数扱い))金持ち
(the) rich and (the) poor


Syllabification: (re·past)


  • a meal:a sumptuous repast


late Middle English: from Old French, based on late Latin repascere, from re- (expressing intensive force) + pascere 'to feed'

breach, unbreachable, freight, multiple pieces of information,

The Target Credit Card Breach: What You Should Know
40 million shoppers could be at risk for credit and debit card fraud

“Superman!” gasps Lois Lane, freshly scooped from beneath the nodding carbines of a South American firing squad. “Right!” says the boxy blue-and-red figure who holds her in his arms. “And still playing the role of gallant rescuer!” His mouth is set in a kind of grimace, but with dimples. Is he frowning? Tautly grinning? And what can he mean by “still playing the role”? This is only the second Superman comic ever, from July 1938, and already our hero — caped and airborne, with Lois coiled against his unbreachable bosom — is carrying a freight of super-irony.“超人!”剛從南美行刑場的卡賓槍下逃過一劫的洛伊斯·萊恩(Lois Lane)氣喘吁籲地喊道。 “是我!”穿著紅藍衣衫的壯漢把她攬在懷裡,肯定地回答道,“我還在扮演英勇的救世主角色!”他咧著嘴,似乎在做鬼臉,但露出了酒窩。他在皺眉嗎?還是在緊張地咧嘴笑?他說“還在扮演這個角色”,這又是什麼意思?這只是自1938年7月以來的第二部《超人》漫畫,但是我們的英雄——穿著披風,飛來飛去,將​​洛伊斯護在他堅實的胸前——已經開始蘊含著巨大的諷刺。

U.S. Suspects Iranians Were Behind a Wave of Cyberattacks
By THOM SHANKER and DAVID E. SANGER 47 minutes ago
Intelligence officials believe Iran was the origin of network attacks that crippled computers across the Saudi oil industry and breached American financial institutions.

Obama Slams Security Breach
Obama blamed the Northwest bombing attempt on security lapses, as it emerged that the U.S. had multiple pieces of information about the suspect.

[名]1 [C][U](法律・義務・約束などの)違反, 不履行, 破棄 a breach of contract契約違反 a breach of confidence秘密漏洩(ろうえい) a b...
breach of promise
[U][C]《法律》契約違反, 約束不履行, (特に)婚約不履行.
breach of the peace
《法律》((通例単数形))(暴動・騒乱などによる)治安妨害(罪), 治安紊乱(びんらん)(罪).


Syllabification: (breach)
Pronunciation: /brēCH/
Translate breach | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


  • 1an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct:a breach of confidence I sued for breach of contract
  • a break in relations:a sudden breach between father and son
  • 2a gap in a wall, barrier, or defense, especially one made by an attacking army.


[with object]
  • 1make a gap in and break through (a wall, barrier, or defense):the river breached its bank
  • break or fail to observe (a law, agreement, or code of conduct).
  • 2 [no object] (of a whale) rise and break through the surface of the water.


breach of the peace

an act of violent or noisy behavior that causes a public disturbance and is considered a criminal offense.

breach of promise

the action of breaking a sworn assurance to do something, formerly especially to marry someone.

step into the breach

replace someone who is suddenly unable to do a job or task.


Middle English: from Old French breche, ultimately of Germanic origin; related to break1


Syllabification: (un·breach·a·ble)
Pronunciation: /ˌənˈbrēCHəbəl/

Definition of unbreachable


not able to be breached or overcome:a virtually unbreachable position


Syllabification: (freight)
Pronunciation: /frāt/
Translate freight | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of freight


  • 1goods transported by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.
  • the transport of goods by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.
  • a charge for transport by freight.
  • 2 (in full freight train) a train of freight cars:sugar and molasses moving by freight
  • 3a load or burden.


[with object]
  • transport (goods) in bulk by truck, train, ship, or aircraft:the metals had been freighted from the city [no object]:ships freighting to Dublin
  • (be freighted with) be laden or imbued with (something abstract):each word was freighted with anger



Pronunciation: /frātiNG/


late Middle English (in the sense 'rental of a ship for transporting goods'): from Middle Dutch, Middle Low German vrecht, variant of vracht 'ship's cargo'. Compare with fraught

2013年12月27日 星期五

stereo-, stereoscopic, arthroscopic, calisthenics , meniscus, hook up

..., and the anthology Hooking Up (2000).

Thousands of people with a torn meniscus may be undergoing unnecessary arthroscopic surgery, according to a new study: http://nyti.ms/19rppL6

Brain Calisthenics for Abstract Ideas

Like any other high school junior, Wynn Haimer has a few holes in his academic game. Graphs and equations, for instance: He gets the idea, fine — one is a linear representation of the other — but making those conversions is often a headache.


跳轉到: 導覽搜尋


Syllabification: (me·nis·cus)
Pronunciation: /məˈniskəs/

noun (plural menisci /-kē, -kī/ or meniscuses)

  • the curved upper surface of a liquid in a tube.
  • [usually as modifier] Optics a lens that is convex on one side and concave on the other.
  • Anatomy a thin fibrous cartilage between the surfaces of some joints, e.g., the knee.


late 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek mēniskos 'crescent', diminutive of mēnē 'moon'


ar • thros • co • py
ɑːrθrɑ'skəpi | -θrɔ's-
ar・thro・scop・ic〔rθrskpik | -skp-〕


Definition of stereo-

combining form

  • relating to solid forms having three dimensions:stereography
  • relating to a three-dimensional effect, arrangement, etc.:stereochemistry stereophonic stereoscope


from Greek stereos 'solid'

stereoscopic ster·e·os·co·py (stĕr'ē-ŏs'kə-pē, stîr'-) pronunciation


  1. The viewing of objects as three-dimensional.
  2. The technique of making or using stereoscopes and stereoscopic slides.
stereoscopist ster'e·os'co·pist n.


n. pl. - 柔軟體操, 運動
n. - 柔軟體操, 運動

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 徒手体操法, 徒手体操

hook up
1. Assemble or wire a mechanism, as in Dick helped us hook up the stereo system. [1920s]
2. Connect a mechanism with a main source, as in The computer had not yet been hooked up to the mainframe. [1920s]
3. hook up with. Form a tie or association, as in She had hooked up with the wrong crowd. [Slang; mid-1900s]

asperity, monsignor/Msgr./Mgr., Monsig

Msgr. William J. Lynn of Philadelphia was convicted of covering up sexual abuse accusations against Edward V. Avery.
Philadelphia Monsignor's Conviction Overturned in Cover-Up of Sexual Abuse


The criminal conviction of Msgr. William J. Lynn was overturned by a Pennsylvania appeals court after the court rejected the argument that a child welfare law applied to employers. 

"A trap for tourists.Why," the bishop went on with asperity.

The performances too are spot-on with Keith Allen and Andy de Ia Tour catching the matching vulgarity of the two brothers, Lia Williams combining sexiness and asperity as the banker's trophy wife and Danny Dyer as the far-from-dumb waiter implying a world of eccentric otherness far beyond the comprehension of these self-absorbed diners.

trophy wife
An attractive, young wife married to a usually older, affluent man.

monsignor It. ): (1) 蒙席:教宗頒賜有功神父的榮銜,通常可穿與主教近似之主教服裝。 (2) 主教:拉丁國家都用此稱呼。 Monsignor 縮寫方式甚多:英語通用者為 Msgr., Mgr. ,拉丁國家則用 Mons. 。法文稱作 monseigneur



  • 発音記号[mɑnsíːnjər | mɔn-]
[名](複〜s, -gno・ri 〔-njri〕)((時にm-))《カトリック》モンシニョール:大司教などに与えられる尊称(略:Mgr., Monsig.).

as·per·i·ty (ă-spĕr'ĭ-tē) pronunciation
n., pl., -ties.
    1. Roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate: the asperity of northern winters.
    2. Severity; rigor.
  1. A slight projection from a surface; a point or bump.
  2. Harshness of manner; ill temper or irritability.
[Middle English asperite, from Old French asprete, from Latin asperitās, from asper, rough.]


  • 発音記号[əspérəti]
1 (音調・気質・態度などの)荒々しさ, とげとげしさ, じゃけん, 苛酷;((-ties))辛らつな言葉
with asperity
2 ((しばしば-ties))つらさ, きびしさ, 困難
the asperities of the wintery world
3 (表面の)ざらざら, でこぼこ
the asperity of a leaf

intensity, radioactivity, carbon intensity, emission intensity

In 2013, exercise science taught us to pick up the pace.

“All these pieces add up to a nice picture but whether it is enough to overcome their radioactivity, that will be hard to tell,” Mr Lewis says.“这一切加起来看上去不错,但是否


Syllabification: (in·ten·si·ty)
Pronunciation: /inˈtensitē/
Translate intensity | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

noun (plural intensities)

  • 1 the quality of being intense:gazing into her face with disconcerting intensity the pain grew in intensity
  • an instance or degree of this:an intensity that frightened her
2 chiefly Physics the measurable amount of a property, such as force, brightness, or a magnetic field:hydrothermal processes of low intensity different light intensities


An emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity; for example grams of carbon dioxide released per megajoule of energy produced, or the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions produced to GDP. Emission intensities are used to derive estimates of air pollutant or greenhouse gas emissions based on the amount of fuel combusted, the number of animals in animal husbandry, on industrial production levels, distances traveled or similar activity data. Emission intensities may also be used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms emission factor and carbon intensity are often used interchangeably, but "factors" exclude aggregate activities such as GDP, and "carbon" excludes other pollutants.

  1. The act or an instance of emitting.
  2. Something emitted.
  3. A substance discharged into the air, especially by an internal combustion engine.
[Latin ēmissiō, ēmissiōn-, a sending out, from ēmissus, past participle of ēmittere, to send out. See emit.]

ra·di·o·ac·tiv·i·ty ('dē-ō-ăk-tĭv'ĭ-tē) pronunciation
  1. Spontaneous emission of radiation, either directly from unstable atomic nuclei or as a consequence of a nuclear reaction.
  2. The radiation, including alpha particles, nucleons, electrons, and gamma rays, emitted by a radioactive substance.

2013年12月26日 星期四

jink, jinks,sling, baby sling, mudslinger

Joaquin Phoenix, as Theodore in
'Interactive' Gets a New Meaning


The next generation in sex toys - in the vein of "Her," starring Joaquin Phoenix - is taking high-tech high jinks to a futuristic level, at warp speed.

WASHINGTON — Researchers, political satirists and partisan mudslingers, take note: C-Span has uploaded virtually every minute of its video archives to the Internet.

As if we needed yet another indicator of economic collapse, note that the men who once chronicled financial high jinks have turned to baby sling strategy and sibling rivalry.

A "baby sling" is a piece of cloth that supports an infant or other small child from a carer's body. The use of a baby sling is called babywearing. [1]

Father wearing son in a ring sling made out of Guatemalan ikat cotton.

    1. A weapon consisting of a looped strap in which a stone is whirled and then let fly.
    2. A slingshot.
  1. A looped rope, strap, or chain for supporting, cradling, or hoisting something, especially:
    1. A strap of a shoe that fits over the heel.
    2. A strap used to carry a rifle over the shoulder.
    3. Nautical. A rope or chain that attaches to the mast and supports a yard.
    4. A band suspended from the neck to support an injured arm or hand.
  2. The act of hurling a missile.
tr.v., slung (slŭng), sling·ing, slings.
  1. To hurl with or as if with a sling.
  2. To place or carry in a sling.
  3. To move by means of a sling; raise or lower in a sling: sling cargo into a hold.
  4. To hang loosely or freely; let swing.
slings and arrows
  1. Harshly critical comments.
[Middle English slinge.]
slinger sling'er n.

sling2 (slĭng) pronunciation
A drink consisting of brandy, whiskey, or gin, sweetened and usually lemon-flavored.
[Origin unknown.]

v., jinked, jink·ing, jinks. v.intr.
To make a quick, evasive turn: "He jinked every five seconds, and now brought his tank left again" (Tom Clancy).
To cause (a vehicle or an aircraft, for example) to make a quick, evasive turn.
  1. A quick, evasive turn.
  2. jinks Rambunctious play; frolic. high jinks 運氣不佳的鬧劇
[Origin unknown.]

One who makes malicious charges and otherwise attempts to discredit an opponent, as in a political campaign.

mudslinging mud'sling'ing n.

jaywalk, e foot fault, enforcement prompts venomous rage, infuriating


"What it does is it inhibits the vitality of Los Angeles. When you go to New York, when you go to Chicago, when it's safe to cross the street, you just cross the street. You just do it."
NELSON ALGAZE, a Los Angeles architect who was born in Brooklyn, on a recent crackdown on jaywalking in downtown Los Angeles.
Tennis Rule Is Simple Enough, and Infuriating
The foot fault is tennis’s version of jaywalking, a penalty called so rarely it hardly seems wrong — and whose enforcement prompts venomous rage.


Syllabification: (jay·walk)
Pronunciation: /ˈjāˌwôk/
Translate jaywalk | into Spanish


[no object] chiefly North American
  • cross or walk in the street or road unlawfully or without regard for approaching traffic.





early 20th century: from jay in the colloquial sense 'silly person' + walk


verb intr.
To cross a street in a reckless manner, disregarding traffic rules.

As with other birds, the name jaybird denotes a naive person or simpleton. Early last century, country folks visiting big cities were often oblivious of any approaching traffic when they were crossing streets. Eventually their nickname, jays, became associated with crossing a street illegally
"At stoplights, bicycles queue with a Tetris-like geometry, and the natives never jaywalk." — Stephen Metcalf; In the Tidy City of the World's Most Anxious Man: Soren Kierkegaard's Copenhagen; The New York Times; Apr 1, 2007.