2017年4月30日 星期日

dismantle, decommissioned, mantle , superannuated, disassemble



"Yes! Life’s too short to read superannuated Marxists, especially those whose theoretical toolkit deploys the left-handed dialectical spanner and the right-handed Freudian screwdriver at one and the same time... At least it would be, if it weren’t for the jokes – and the comic timing."





Ebay chief John Donahoe is disassembling all of the major strategic moves of his predecessor, Meg Whitman, including her acquisitions of Skype and StumbleUpon.


In an effort to stave off the dismantling of his media empire, Sumner M. Redstone, the controlling shareholder of Viacom and CBS, recently proposed to sell his family's 1,500-screen theater chain in an effort to restructure his large debt load, The New York Times reported.

Go to Article from The New York Times»

North Koreans Agree to Disable Nuclear Facilities
By HELENE COOPER
The deal sets a timetable for North Korea to dismantle all of its nuclear facilities in return for economic aid.
In June 1997, environmental groups voiced anger because, in their view, Vice President Gore had failed to push hard enough for tougher air pollution standards and for negotiating deep cuts in worldwide emissions of greenhouse gases. They distributed a statement to editorial writers that derided remarks by the Mr. Clinton and Mr. Gore about global warming as “hot air.”
“The failure of the White House to provide any leadership on the clean air standards and on climate change raises real questions about what real environmental progress Vice President Gore can point to in claiming the mantle of the environmental candidate in the year 2000,” Mr. Clapp told The New York Times.

Japan-aided project to scrap Russian N-subs to end in '10



A project in which Japan is helping Russia dismantle decommissioned nuclear submarines abandoned on the far east Russian coast is expected to conclude in 2010, according to government sources.
Foreign Minister Masahiko Komura is scheduled to meet with his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, in Moscow on Monday, and will confirm arrangements to complete the project.
All the vessels, about 70 in total, will be dismantled and taken away in the project.
Japan has to date put up about 1.7 billion yen to take apart two submarines and plans to contribute about 3 billion yen more for the dismantling of another four vessels.
The submarines were built by the former Soviet Union as part of the Cold War arms race with the United States. But the collapse of the Soviet Union and the birth of a new Russia brought political chaos and later, economic difficulties, meaning the submarines were just abandoned without being dismantled following their decommissioning.
In 1993, it was learned that spent nuclear fuel from superannuated Russian submarines had been dumped in the Sea of Japan, which highlighted the dismantling issue.
(Apr. 13, 2008)


super・an・nu・ate



━━ v. 老齢ゆえに(恩給を与え)退職させる; 時代遅れとして捨てる; 老朽化する, 時代遅れになる.
super・an・nu・at・ed ━━ a.
super・an・nu・a・tion ━━ n. 老齢退職; 退職年金.





mantle (RESPONSIBILITY)
noun [S] FORMAL
the responsibilities of an important position or job, especially as given from the person who had the job to the person who replaces them:
She unsuccessfully attempted to assume the mantle of presidency.
He has been asked to take on the mantle of managing director in the New York office.


dismantle 
verb
1 [I or T] to take a machine apart or to come apart into separate pieces:
She dismantled the washing machine to see what the problem was, but couldn't put it back together again.
The good thing about the bike is that it dismantles if you want to put it in the back of the car.
Talks on dismantling North Korea ’s nuclear program...
North Korea agreed to shut down its main nuclear reactor and dismantle all of its nuclear programmes.
核施設の無能力化
北朝鮮の核施設を「稼働できない状態」にすること。北朝鮮・寧辺の核施設の稼働停止・封印など「初期段階措置」に続く「次の段階」の措置として、今年2月の6カ国協議で合意した。今回の協議で暫定合意した共同文書案には(1)寧辺の実験用黒鉛減速炉など3施設を対象と ...

A previously undisclosed exchange of letters shows that President Bush was told in advance of a plan to dismantle the Iraqi Army.

2 [T] to get rid of a system or organization, usually over a period of time:
Unions accuse the government of dismantling the National Health Service.The Chinese government announced Monday that it would allow mainland Chinese citizens to invest in the Hong Kong stock market, the most significant move to date by Beijing officials to dismantle the barriers that prevent most Chinese from making international investments.

dismantle

(dĭs-măn'tl)
tr.v., -tled, -tling, -tles.
    1. To take apart; disassemble; tear down.
    2. To put an end to in a gradual systematic way: dismantling the cumbersome regulations for interstate trucking.
  1. To strip of furnishings or equipment: dismantled the house before knocking it down.
  2. To strip of covering or clothing.
[Obsolete French desmanteler, to raze fortifications round a town, from Old French : des-, dis- + (em)manteler, to cover with a coat, shelter (ultimately from mantel, cloak; see mantle).]

decommission

('kə-mĭsh'ən) pronunciation
tr.v., -sioned, -sion·ing, -sions. 除役
To withdraw (a ship, for example) from active service.

2017年4月29日 星期六

upside, downside, eff, walk-up, remotely, seclude, seclusion, ivory tower, incriminate

Robert M. Pirsig’s “Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance” won him the adulation of general readers and drove him into seclusion. He emerged now and then to lament that the academic world wasn’t taking his philosophy more seriously.

Delegate Count Leaves Sanders a Steep Climb to Catch Clinton

The delegate count in the Democratic primary shows Senator Bernie Sanders slipping behind Hillary Clinton, and the odds of him overtaking her are growing increasingly remote.



"Those individuals who have led secluded or isolated lives, or have hitherto moved in other spheres than those wherein well-bred people move, will gather all the information necessary from these pages to render them thoroughly conversant with the manners and amenities of society." _Manners and Rules of Good Society_ _By a Member of the Aristocracy_




He paused, with a straight glance of his sunken eyes which was a full equivalent of the unspoken termination “and you know it.” The head of the so-called Special Crimes Department debarred by his position from going out of doors personally in quest of secrets locked up in guilty breasts, had a propensity to exercise his considerable gifts for the detection of incriminating truth upon his own subordinates. That peculiar instinct could hardly be called a weakness. It was natural. He was a born detective. It had unconsciously governed his choice of a career, and if it ever failed him in life it was perhaps in the one exceptional circumstance of his marriage—which was also natural. It fed, since it could not roam abroad, upon the human material which was brought to it in its official seclusion. We can never cease to be ourselves
.


Inquiry About Runner Angers South Africans
By BARRY BEARAK
For many South Africans, the brouhaha about whether Caster Semenya is too masculine to compete in women’s track events has been an affront to everyone. 




Let's be honest -- even with the sassy stylings of CEO Carol Bartz, who will be appearing at her first Yahoo annual meeting this morning -- there are few of these affairs that are even remotely exciting.



 Repsol Upside Is Seen After YPF Seizure
Repsol YPF has lost nearly one-fifth of its valuation after the Argentine government's move to seize control of its YPF unit sliced a huge chunk of the Spanish oil company's production and earnings. But some investors and analysts are starting to devise a potential upside scenario for Repsol.
 
A Little Land That the Subway Forgot
A Little Land That the Subway Forgot
The upsides of relative remoteness: Buildings don’t block sunlight. Properties have lawns. And stores offer parking.

upside

(ŭp'sīd'pronunciation
n.
  1. The upper side or portion.
  2. An advantageous aspect: the upsides and downsides of home ownership.
  3. An upward tendency, as in business profitability or in the prices of a stock.
prep. Slang
On: "If you still didn't get it, well, sometimes you have to hit people upside the head ... to get their attention" (Howie Carr).



ivory tower (EYE-vuh-ree TOU-uhr)

noun: A place or state of privileged seclusion, disconnected with practical matters and harsh realities of life.

Etymology
Translation of French tour d'ivoire, from tour (tower) + de (of) + ivoire (ivory). The term was first used in the figurative sense in 1837 by literary critic Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve (1804-1869).

Notes
The term is often applied to academia for its supposed preoccupation with lofty intellectual pursuits. While the term in its figurative sense is first attributed to the French critic Sainte-Beuve, it is found in the Song of Solomon 7:4 in a literal sense: "Your neck is like an ivory tower."

Usage
"In a democratic system, the true leaders have to remain constantly in touch with, and reach out to, the people and not remain like a king in an ivory tower." — C L Manoj; The Agony of the Hereditary Turks; The Economic Times (New Delhi, India); Aug 9, 2010.



seclude

Pronunciation: /sɪˈkluːd/
verb


[with object]
  • keep (someone) away from other people:I secluded myself up here for a life of study and meditation

Origin:

late Middle English (in the sense 'obstruct access to'): from Latin secludere, from se- 'apart' + claudere 'to shut'

seclusion

Pronunciation: /sɪˈkluːʒ(ə)n/
noun


[mass noun]
  • the state of being private and away from other people:they enjoyed ten days of peace and seclusion
  • [count noun] archaic a sheltered or private place.
Derivatives
seclusive


Pronunciation: /-sɪv/
adjective

Origin:

early 17th century: from medieval Latin seclusio(n-), from secludere 'shut off' (see seclude)



Definition of walk-up

noun

North American
  • a building allowing access to the upper floors by stairs only: a studio apartment in an ungentrified walk-up [as modifier]:a walk-up hotel
  • a room or flat in a walk-up building.
walkup
also n.
  1. An apartment house or office building with no elevator.
  2. An apartment or office in a building with no elevator.

remote
adj., -mot·er, -mot·est.
    1. Located far away; distant in space.
    2. Hidden away; secluded: a remote hamlet.
  1. Distant in time: the remote past.
  2. Faint; slight: a remote possibility; had not the remotest interest.
  3. Far removed in connection or relevance: a cause remote from everyday concerns.
  4. Distantly related by blood or marriage: a remote cousin.
  5. Distant in manner; aloof.
  6. Operating or controlled from a distance: remote sensors.
  7. Computer Science. Located at a distance from another computer that is accessible by cables or other communications links: a remote terminal.
n.
  1. A radio or television broadcast originating from a point outside a studio.
  2. A remote control device.
[Middle English, from Old French remot, from Latin remōtus, past participle of removēre, to remove. See remove.]
remotely re·mote'ly adv.
remoteness re·mote'ness n.


eff


━━ vi. 〔俗〕 〔婉曲〕 =fuck.
eff off =FUCK off.
eff and blind 悪態をつく.





"It's remote. Let's face it, bloody remote. And you'd find the people in the villas pretty damn dull, I can tell you. There's one that you might say isn't, but I don't suppose you'll meet him."
"Oh?"
"Actually, we had a row and I told him pretty effing quick what I thought of him."


affront

tr.v., -front·ed, -front·ing, -fronts.
  1. To insult intentionally, especially openly. See synonyms at offend.
    1. To meet defiantly; confront.
    2. Obsolete. To meet or encounter face to face.
n.
  1. An open or intentional offense, slight, or insult: Such behavior is an affront to society.
  2. Obsolete. A hostile encounter or meeting.
[Middle English afrounten, from Old French afronter : Latin ad-, ad- + Latin frōns, front-, face; see front.]

incriminate

Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkrɪmɪneɪt/
Translate incriminate | into German | into Italian | into Spanish





verb

[with object]
  • make (someone) appear guilty of a crime or wrongdoing:he refused to answer questions in order not to incriminate himself (as adjective incriminating)incriminating evidence






Derivatives








incrimination


Pronunciation: /-ˈneɪʃ(ə)n/
noun







incriminatory

adjective

Origin:

mid 18th century (earlier (mid 17th century) as incrimination): from late Latin incriminat- 'accused', from the verb incriminare, from in- 'into, towards' + Latin crimen 'crime'




trivialize, soundbite/sound bites and bromides, cabin, white lie


'People think you're robotic'

New York Mayor Has Sharp Words for Both Candidates

With his critical assessment of President Obama and Mitt Romney, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg was speaking for voters who feel frustrated over a campaign that has been fought in sound bites and bromides as problems multiply.



trivializing effects of radio and TV made the art of soundbite important for him




SOUNDBITE
(English) Eva Ng Kon Tia, Communications Associate, Nissan:

"Pivo2 is a concept car and it has been developed by Nissan based on market research that showed a lot of people have experienced difficulty with parallel parking, parking in general. So this car is revolutionary because the cabin rotates 360 degrees, so it allows you just to rotate the cabin, the wheels rotate as well and you just go straight through the parking. It's also an electric vehicle, so Pivo2 has been developed to have independence of 120 kilometres, so you can be health conscious and you know, saving the environment conscious."

Jan 29, 
The Pope launches a YouTube channel and a Facebook page, but urges Catholics to beware not to "trivialise the concept or the experience of friendship."

A defence white paper in China

White lies 




white lie
n.
An often trivial, diplomatic or well-intentioned untruth.



trivia
plural noun
unimportant details or information:
She has an encyclopedic knowledge of pop trivia.
I'm fascinated by the trivia of everyday life.

trivial
adjective
1 having little value or importance:
I don't know why he gets so upset about something that is utterly trivial.
Sexual harassment in the workplace is not a trivial matter.

2 describes a problem that is easy to solve:
Getting computers to understand human language is not a trivial problem.

triviality
noun
1 [C usually plural] something that is unimportant:
I'm a busy man - don't bother me with trivialities.

2 [U] lack of importance:
The prison sentence seemed rather harsh, considering the triviality of the offence.

trivializeUK USUALLY trivialise 
verb [T] DISAPPROVING
to make something seem less important than it really is:
I don't want to trivialise the problem, but I do think there are more important matters to discuss.

triv·i·al·ize (trĭv'ē-ə-līz'pronunciation
tr.v.-ized-iz·ing-iz·es.
To make or cause to appear trivial: tried to trivialize their criticisms.

trivialization triv'i·al·i·za'tion (-ə-lĭ-zā'shənn.


soundbite 
noun [C]
a short sentence or phrase that is easy to remember, often included in a speech made by a politician and repeated in newspapers and on television and radio:
Most politicians want to master the art of the soundbite.

sound bite


サウンドバイト ((ニュース番組などで抜粋引用される政治家などのコメントの一部分)).
sound1


cabin (AIRCRAFT) Show phonetics
noun [C]
the area where passengers sit in an aircraft

cab・in



 ━━ n. (丸太)小屋; キャビン ((船・旅客機の)).
cabin attendant (飛行機・船の)客室乗務員.
cabin boy (特別船室付きの)ボーイ, 給仕.
cabin class (客船の)特別2等.
cabin cruiser 大型モーターボート.
cabin fever いらだち, 疎外(そがい)感, 人恋しさ; 密室恐怖症.



 bromide

  • 発音記号[bróumaid]
[名]
1 [C][U]《化学》臭化物.
2 《薬学》ブロム剤, 臭素薬.
3 ((略式))退屈な[平凡な, 月並な]人;陳腐な話[言葉], 決まり文句.
[brom-(臭素)+ide. 「退屈な人」はbromideの鎮静剤としての効果があることより]
bromide paper
[U]《写真》ブロマイド印画紙, 臭素紙.

quittance, acquittal, acquitted, path grew steeper


Fury over the acquittal — stoked by years of racial and economic inequality in the city — spilled over into the streets, resulting in five days of rioting in Los Angeles.

Kerry Faces Mounting Obstacles in Mideast Talks

Secretary of State John Kerry’s path grew steeper as Israeli and Palestinian officials clashed over settlements and Avigdor Lieberman’s acquittal posed a new risk.

Rome Court Overturns Acquittal of Amanda Knox

ROME — The implications for the American exchange student, who was accused of murdering her roommate in 2007, were unclear, particularly whether she could face extradition.


I should have flung at him a quittance for my foolish stepfather's debts, and then dismissed him.


A dictionary of Shakespeare's sexual puns and their significance - Google 圖書結果

Frankie Rubinstein - 1995 - Drama - 372 頁

Tim, ii290: 'no gift to him/ But breeds the giver a return exceeding/ All use of quittance'. The GIFT (of sex) given Timon by his sycophantic followers, ...



 On May 26, 1868, the Senate impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson ended with his acquittal as the Senate fell one vote short of the two-thirds majority required for conviction.

On Feb. 24, 1868, the United States House of Representatives impeached President Johnson following his attempted dismissal of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton; Johnson was later acquitted by the Senate.

Bill Clinton: impeachment trial ended in Senate acquittal (1999)
acquittal ━━ n. (無罪)放免; 返済; 遂行.
acquit


sycophant

n.
A servile self-seeker who attempts to win favor by flattering influential people.

[Latin sȳcophanta, informer, slanderer, from Greek sūkophantēs, informer, from sūkon phainein, to show a fig (probably originally said of denouncers of theft or exportation of figs) : sūkon, fig + phainein, to show.]
sycophantic syc'o·phan'tic (-făn'tĭk) or syc'o·phan'ti·cal (-tĭ-kəl) adj.
sycophantically syc'o·phan'ti·cal·ly adv.





Literary usage of Quittance

Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature:
1. A Glossary to the Works of William Shakespeare by Alexander Dyce (1902)
"133. quittance, a requital: Rendering faint quittance^ return of blows," ... 34; All use of quittance ("All the customary returns made in discharge of ..."

2. Roman Private Law in the Times of Cicero and of the Antonines by Henry John Roby (1902)
"An instance of a quittance on receipt of money (probably a loan) is given in ... As examples of a quittance or receipt may be taken those found in 1875 in a ..."

3. The Institutes of the Law of Nations: A Treatise of the Jural Relations of by James Lorimer (1884)
"A quittance d'usage is a document of debt somewhat resembling a bill which the ... Germany, for example, in granting a quittance d'usage to a French peasant ..."

4. The Imperial Gazetteer of India by Sir William Wilson Hunter (1885)
"There are tenants who have paid a quittance in money for their rents altogether; and there are tenants who pay at a lower rate than others in consideration ..."


quittance

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
 Noun
quittance (plural quittances)
  1. a release or acquittal
  2. a discharge from a debt or obligation; a document that shows this discharge
  3. a recompense or reprisal


ronunciation: /əˈkwɪt(ə)l/Translate
 acquittal | into German | into Italian

noun

a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged: the trial resulted in an acquittal [mass noun]:the women felt their chances of acquittal were poor

 
音節
ac • quit • tal
発音
əkwítl
acquittalの変化形
acquittals (複数形)
[名][C][U]
1 無罪(宣告), (無罪)放免, 釈放
verdict of acquittal
無罪判決
two acquittals and three convictions
無罪2件と有罪3件
win an acquittal
無罪放免になる.
2 (義務・任務などの)免除, 解除.

2017年4月28日 星期五

all but, leverage, injunction, flip, demesne, summer stock




John Kasich's new book, "Two Paths: America Divided or United", can be summarised in a single, faith-tinged injunction: "Love your neighbour"

John Kasich's lament
ECONOMIST.COM


When she was 19 years old, Odetta landed a role in the Los Angeles production of Finian's Rainbow, which was staged in the summer of 1949 at the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles. It was during the run of this show that she first heard the blues harmonica master Sonny Terry. The following summer, Odetta was again performing in summer stock in California. This time it was a production of Guys and Dolls, staged in San Francisco.


As a result, some smaller publishers in the United States have signed service agreements with Amazon. But a few refused Amazon’s demand to shift the instant printing of their books to BookSurge, which they say has been demanding a discount of as much as 52 percent on the retail price.
“They’re still threatening us and other publishers, but they haven’t flipped the switch yet,” said Angela Hoy, the co-owner of Booklocker.com, a print-on-demand publisher in Bangor, Me., which filed a lawsuit in May seeking an injunction to keep Amazon from imposing BookSurge’s services on publishers.


CAPITAL JOURNALU.S.-China Relations Get Trickier
North Korea's weekend shot tests Obama's ability to work with China, the country that has the most leverage on North Korea yet seems less willing to use it than it was just a couple of years ago.• Video: Missile Tests U.S.-China Ties
MercExchange sued eBay in September 2001, in a dispute that centered on eBay's online auctions and other ecommerce operations. The case attracted wide attention, highlighting controversies associated with the patents over methods of doing business on the Internet and the ability of patent plaintiffs to win injunctions in cases.
Plaintiffs had all but automatically been granted injunctions in patent cases, giving them strong leverage in pressing for large payments from defendants. The Supreme Court in May 2006 issued a ruling that put some limits on the practice, stating that judges should weigh such factors as the public interest in deciding whether to grant injunctions.
中國以經濟槓桿撬動世界中國在上週20國峰會上扮演的活躍角色向外界發出了強有力的信號:中國領導人希望在全球經濟轉型中發揮更大的作用。
leverage
槓桿作用
all but
almost:
The game was all but over by the time we arrived.

in・junc・tion 



━━ n. 命令; 【法】禁止命令, 履行命令.

flip (TURN QUICKLY)
verb [I or T; usually + adverb or preposition] -pp-
If you flip something, you turn it over quickly one or more times, and if something flips, it turns over quickly:
When one side is done, flip the pancake (over) to cook the other side.
I lost my place in my book when the pages flipped over in the wind.
You turn the television on by flipping (= operating) the switch at the side.
The captains flipped a coin into the air (= made it turn over in the air to see which side it landed on) to decide which side would bat first.

flip 
noun [C]
when something turns over quickly or repeatedly:
a flip of a coin
The acrobats were doing somersaults and flips (= jumping and turning their bodies over in the air).

stock
    1. A theatrical stock company.
    2. The repertoire of such a company.
    3. A theater or theatrical activity, especially outside of a main theatrical center: a small role in summer stock.

Demain


n.
[See Demesne.]
1. Rule; management. [Obs.] Chaucer.
2. (Law) See Demesne.

Webster 1913 Dictionary edited by Patrick J. Cassidy

Wikipedia article "Demesne".

demesne

(dĭ-mān', -mēn') pronunciation


-->
n.
  1. Law. Possession and use of one's own land.
  2. Manorial land retained for the private use of a feudal lord.
  3. The grounds belonging to a mansion or country house.
  4. An extensive piece of landed property; an estate.
  5. A district; a territory.
  6. A realm; a domain.
[Anglo-French, respelling (probably influenced by French mesne, variant of Anglo-Norman meen, middle, in legal phrase mesne lord, lord who holds a manor of a superior lord) of Middle English demeine, from Anglo-Norman, from Old French demaine. See domain.]

Tutor's tip: The lord of the manor protected his "demesne" (the possession of land) by making sure that his neighbors thought it was their "domain' (complete and absolute ownership of land) too.

de・mesne



,




━━ n. 【法】(不動産の)所有; 所有地; 領地; 範囲, 領域 ((of)).