2016年11月14日 星期一

vang, gaff, day-long, cash in on sth

MoMA The Museum of Modern Art

"Color is my day-long obsession, joy and torment." Happy birthday to Claude Monet, born this day in 1840. http://mo.ma/2fsrJIZ
[Claude Monet. "Agapanthus." 1914-26]

Don Juan: CANTO THE THIRTEENTH

LV
To Norman Abbey whirl'd the noble pair, --
An old, old monastery once, and now
Still older mansion; of a rich and rare
Mix'd Gothic, such as artists all allow
Few specimens yet left us can compare
Withal: it lies perhaps a little low,
Because the monks preferr'd a hill behind,
To shelter their devotion from the wind. LVI
It stood embosom'd in a happy valley,
Crown'd by high woodlands, where the Druid oak
Stood like Caractacus in act to rally
His host, with broad arms 'gainst the thunderstroke;
And from beneath his boughs were seen to sally
The dappled foresters -- as day awoke,
The branching stag swept down with all his herd,
To quaff a brook which murmur'd like a bird.

Ving, Vang, Vong. Or, the Pleasures of a New Vocabulary.


By VERLYN KLINKENBORG
Published: April 9, 2008
Lately I've been thinking about the word "vang." It is a sailing term, and if you look it up in the glossary of Royce's "Sailing Illustrated," you find that it refers to a line to prevent "the peak of a gaff from falling off leeward." That is how it goes when you're learning a new technical vocabulary. The language seems self-enclosed at first, each new definition an opaque cluster of words that themselves need defining. I was taught, during vocabulary in grade school, to try using a new word in a sentence. "There is a vang." "Can someone show me the vang?" Those are my best efforts so far.



Poland Fails to Cash in on East-West Transport Routes

The recent customs strikes that caused day-long delays on Poland's eastern borders highlighted a broader problem -- that crossing Poland by road is a struggle even at the best of times because of a lack of motorways.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=evxkx0I44va89pI5

day-long

continuing for a whole day
a day-long meeting

cash in on sth phrasal verb
to get money or another advantage from an event or situation, often in an unfair way:
Her family have been accused of cashing in on her death.

vang

n. Nautical.
A rope running from the peak of a gaff to a ship's rail or mast, used to steady the gaff.
[Dutch, a catch, from vangen, to catch.]


圖示
http://academics.georgiasouthern.edu/cet/Banshee/vang_det.jpg

GAFF/VANG

n. (găf)
[OE. gaffe, F. gaffe an iron hook with which seamen pull great fishes into their ships; cf. Ir. gaf, gafa hook; perh. akin to G. gabel fork, Skr. gabhasti. Cf. Gaffle, Gable.]
1. A barbed spear or a hook with a handle, used by fishermen in securing heavy fish.
2. (Naut.) The spar upon which the upper edge of a fore-and-aft sail is extended.
3. Same as Gaffle, 1. Wright.
Gaff
v. t.
[imp. & p. p. Gaffed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Gaffing.]
To strike with a gaff or barbed spear; to secure by means of a gaff; as, to gaff a salmon.

gaff1



 ━━ n., vt. やす(で刺す); 魚かぎ(で引揚げる); 【海事】斜桁(しゃこう), ガフ; 〔米俗〕 ひどい仕打.
blow the gaff 〔英俗〕 計画[秘密]を漏らす.
stand the gaff 〔米俗〕 (苦しいのを)じっと耐える.


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blow the gaff UK OLD-FASHIONED
to make known a secret:
He's a good bloke - he wouldn't blow the gaff on us.

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