2009年2月28日 星期六

prototype, Digital Prototyping

A prototype with large headphones.

A prototype of Walkman with large headphones.

  巨人會接快速球。赫曼米勒公司還有個巨人名為派普‧耐吉克爾克(Pep Nagelkirk),他也許是我所知最有才華的模型製造師。他在赫曼米勒服務了三十五年。他在將構想與草圖轉譯為原型(prototype)方面,具有特殊的才能。在我們推動的每一個新設計計畫中,他都是不可或缺的一環。他是個快速球的捕手。


(日本)プロトタイプ【prototype 設計試作。原型。基本型

v. tr. - 打樣板

prototype 為實驗。研究用的少数產品模型(engineering prototypes 工程原型;  可以整廠:核能(原子能)prototype plant原型廠)。

A prototype is an original type, form, or instance of some thing serving as a typical example, basis, epitome, or standard for other things of the same category.

A first or original model of hardware or software. Prototyping involves the production of functionally useful and trustworthy systems through experimentation with evolving systems. Generally, this experimentation is conducted with much user involvement in the evaluation of the prototype.

電子計算機 prototype construction 原型結構; prototype context 原型上下文;prototype design 原型設計 prototype installation 原型安裝  prototypes & design detailing 造型設計 

national prototype meter 國有公尺原器 

2009/02/28 07:20
加州聖拉菲爾, 2月27日 /美通社-PR Newswire/ -- 歐特克公司 (Autodesk) 已經委任 Cochlear Ltd 旗下部門、開發和制定可植入聽力解決方案領域的全球領導者 Cochlear Bone Anchored Solutions 作為其2009年2月的 Inventor of the Month。

Cochlear 成功採用了 Autodesk Inventor 軟體來開發一個 Baha(骨錨式助聽器)骨導聽力解決方案的數碼原型。該 Baha 系統採用直接骨導,向耳蝸這個內耳的聽覺中心傳輸聲音。這種方法的優點是繞過外耳和中耳(可能被閉塞、受損或損傷)向內耳轉遞聲音振動。因此,有聽力減弱 症狀的個人可以在日常環境下,如電話會議和小組會議,體驗到更加清晰的聲音。

Inventor of the Month 計畫從廣泛使用 Autodesk Inventor 軟體的社區中挑選最有創意的設計和工程進展。Autodesk Inventor 軟體是歐特克數位化樣機 (Digital Prototyping) 解決方案的基礎。數碼原型是一種針對整個終端產品的逼真 3D 數字仿真,該終端產品是用於產品成型之前對其進行設計、視覺化和類比,能夠減少構建實體原型的必要性。

消息來源 歐特克公司
Distributor : 美通社-PR Newswire

limber, limber up, Warm-Ups, cognitive arousal


A new study shows that when surgeons do a series of warm up exercises before an operation, they perform better.

The researchers were looking for something more than just flexibility. Warming up, they said, appears not only to make surgeons more limber but also to provide “cognitive arousal.”

The study found that the exercises were useful for surgeons starting a new day and for those fatigued from being on call. They also found that the improvement seemed to carry over to surgical tasks different from those used in the warm-up.

At Toyota’s training center inside its Motomachi assembly complex here, workers use golf balls to limber up their fingers before they learn new tasks on the factory floor.

Ayumi Nakanishi for The New York Times

A manager, top, using golf balls to limber up his fingers at a plant in Toyota City, Japan.

PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
(of a person) able to bend and move easily and gracefully

limber up phrasal verb
to do gentle exercises to stretch the muscles in order to prepare the body for more active physical exercise:
The substitutes are beginning to limber up on the sidelines.

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warm up (EXERCISE) phrasal verb
to prepare yourself for a physical activity by doing some gentle exercises and stretches:
If you don't warm up before taking exercise, you risk injuring yourself.

warm-up Show phonetics
noun [C]
A warm-up is important before a run so as not to strain any muscles.
Let's do a few warm-up exercises.

in-residence, in place

The Washington Post leads (and ends) with President Barack Obama's announcement that the U.S. withdrawal from Iraq has a date: August 2010, with a third of current troop levels to remain in place through 2011.

in place

1. In the appropriate or usual position or order. For example, With everything in place, she started the slide show. [Mid-1500s] Also see put someone in his or her place.
2. In the same spot, without advancing or retreating, as in While marching in place, the band played six more numbers.




in residence
Committed to live and work in a certain place, often for a specific length of time. For example, He loved being the college's poet in residence. This expression, dating from the 1300s, originally referred to ecclesiastical clerics whose presence was required in a specific church. It was extended to other appointments in the mid-1800s.
Associated in an official, specified position with an organization such as a university or college. Often used in combination: artist-in-residence.

In 2007-08 the Writer-in-Residence Program at the University of Alberta enters
its 32nd year of existence and is the longest lasting program of its kind in ...


━━ a. ((名詞の後で)) (本業とは別の資格で)在住している.

The term Executive Residence is used to describe the central building of the White House Complex located between the East Wing and West Wing. This

prop sth up, compensation plan(pay packages )

Broadcast networks still bring in the largest audiences, but now they are facing a deep advertising recession that is hitting both the networks and their local stations. Cable networks have also been affected by the ad slump, but those businesses are propped up by subscriber fees.

President Obama and Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner plan to announce the executive compensation plan on Wednesday morning at the White House.
The new rules come amid rising public fury about huge pay packages for executives at financial companies being propped up by federal tax dollars.

The government's measures are aimed at propping up a sector that has suffered greatly as the global credit crisis has frozen the credit markets the banks rely on for funding.

Taiwan moves again to prop up stocks.

台湾当局が週末にかけて一連の株価支援策を発表 したことが好感され 3.23%安で終了した。同株の下落に圧迫され、銀行 株指数も0.52%安と *この記事の詳細はこの後送信します。新しい記事は見 出しに「UPDATE」と表示します。 記事中の企業の関連情報は、各コード ...


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prop sth up phrasal verb [M]
1 to lift and give support to something by putting something under it:
He was sitting upright in his hospital bed, propped up by pillows.
There were the usual bunch of drinkers propped up at (= leaning against) the bar.

2 to give support to something, especially a country or organization, so that it can continue to exist in a difficult situation:
How long is the government likely to survive without the US military force there to prop it up?

sellable, dismay and dismal

Health Workers' 'Conscience' Rule Set to Be Voided
The Obama administration's move to rescind broad new job protections for health workers who refuse to provide care they find objectionable triggered an immediate political storm yesterday, underscoring the difficulties the president faces in his effort to find common ground on anything related to...
(By Rob Stein, The Washington Post)


v., sold (sōld), sell·ing, sells. v.tr.
  1. To exchange or deliver for money or its equivalent.
  2. To offer for sale, as for one's business or livelihood: The partners sell textiles.
  3. To give up or surrender in exchange for a price or reward: sell one's soul to the devil.
  4. To be purchased in (a certain quantity); achieve sales of: a book that sold a million copies.
    1. To bring about or encourage sales of; promote: Good publicity sold the product.
    2. To cause to be accepted; advocate successfully: We sold the proposal to the school committee.
  5. To persuade (another) to recognize the worth or desirability of something: They sold me on the idea.
  1. To exchange ownership for money or its equivalent; engage in selling.
  2. To be sold or be on sale: Grapes are selling high this season.
  3. To attract prospective buyers; be popular on the market: an item that sells well.
  4. To be approved of; gain acceptance.
  1. The activity or method of selling.
  2. Something that sells or gains acceptance in a particular way: Their program to raise taxes will be a difficult sell.
  3. Slang. A deception; a hoax.
unsellable adj

Show phonetics
noun [U]
a feeling of unhappiness and disappointment:
Aid workers were said to have been filled with dismay by the appalling conditions that the refugees were living in.
The supporters watched in/with dismay as their team lost 6-0.
She discovered, to her dismay, that her exam was a whole month earlier than she'd expected.

verb [T]

I was dismayed to discover that he'd lied.

"... She treated me as she did her children, proudly showing my articles in the Paris journals to her friends, attempting to improve my crude manners and expressing her dismay at my sloppy clothes. Her maternal ..."

"It is frustratingly difficult to cite a significant modern management concept that was not first articulated, if not invented, by Drucker," says James O'Toole, the management author and University of Southern California professor. "I say that with both awe and dismay." In the course of his long career, Drucker consulted for the most celebrated CEOs of his era, from Alfred P. Sloan Jr. of General Motors Corp. ( GM ) to Grove of Intel.

Greenspan's Dismay Extends Both Ways
Greenspan criticizes Republicans in his memoir, but in an interview with The Wall Street Journal, he expressed just as much dismay with the Democratic Party.

dismal Show phonetics
1 sad and without hope:
a dismal expression

2 INFORMAL very bad:
The acting was dismal, wasn't it?
What dismal weather!

Global Alpha's dismal record this year is especially startling because it is a "multi-strategy fund" and can engage in an array of strategies.

Sony to sell its Cell microchip facilities



Sony Corp. plans to terminate production of state-of-the-art computer microchips following the dismal market demand for its Cell microprocessor and other high-end products, sources said.

Sony is in talks to sell the production facilities for its large-scale integrated (LSI) semiconductors to Toshiba Corp. as early as spring, the sources said.

The company's decision underscores the difficulties electronics manufacturers face in trying to assemble everything on their own, from core components to the final products, analysts said.

Several manufacturing facilities are on the block, including those for the Cell microchip, a key component of Sony's PlayStation 3 game console, and video-processing LSI chips for videogames.

The Cell, which has been developed by Sony, Toshiba and IBM, is said to perform comparably to the microprocessor of a supercomputer.

Sony spent up to 200 billion yen on the Cell's development and production over the three years through March 2007.

But the company concluded that it would not be able to recoup its huge investment because the Cell's applications are mostly limited to videogame consoles.

The microprocessor's high performance is not required for flat-panel TVs and other electronics products, while sales of the PlayStation 3 have remained sluggish in the face of the popularity of the Wii, Nintendo Co.'s rival machine.

Other companies have also been reluctant to buy the microchip.

The production facilities for the Cell and other chips are located within Sony Semiconductor Kyushu Corp.'s Nagasaki Technology Center in Isahaya, Nagasaki Prefecture.

If the sale, which is estimated to be worth about 100 billion yen, is finalized, Toshiba and Sony are expected to form a joint venture, the sources said.

The new company would borrow the facilities from Toshiba, continue production of the Cell and other chips and supply them to Sony, the sources said.

Sony plans to invest the proceeds from the sale in audiovisual equipment operations.

It also plans to limit semiconductor-related capital outlays to CMOS sensors and other devices that can be sold to other companies.

Toshiba, meanwhile, plans to beef up its LSI operations by buying the facilities from Sony.

The company is currently the nation's top chipmaker and has relied on flash memory chips, demand for which has been rapidly growing around the world.

Many Japanese electronics manufacturers have made aggressive investments in their in-house semiconductor divisions.

The companies believe that they can set apart their final products from those of their rivals by producing high-performance chips on their own.

But Sony's latest decision could encourage other companies to concentrate their resources on the product sectors they excel in.(IHT/Asahi: September 17,2007)

open up, unfolding

Sony president stepping down, CEO Stringer remains
The Associated Press
Chubachi, 61, oversees Sony's core electronics sector, at the center of the unfolding economic woes at one of Japan's most famous manufacturers. ...

Mitt Romney may no longer be a presidential contender, but his status as a potential running mate to Sen. John McCain may again open up the private equity industry to wider political attacks, according to Politico.

Go to Article from Politico»


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unfold (DEVELOP) Show phonetics
1 [I] If a situation or story unfolds, it develops or becomes clear to other people:
Like a lot of people, I've watched the events of the last few days unfold on TV.
As the plot unfolds, you gradually realise that all your initial assumptions were wrong.

2 [T] FORMAL to tell someone about something, especially a plan, and explain it in detail:
I've arranged a lunch with him next Thursday at which I intend to unfold my proposal.

unfold (OPEN) Show phonetics
verb [T]
to open or spread out something that has been folded:
If we unfold the table we can fit eight people around it.
He watched her expression as she unfolded the letter.

open up

1. Spread out, unfold, as in A green valley opened up before us. [Early 1800s]

2. Begin operation, as in The new store opens up next month. [Late 1700s]

3. Begin firing, begin attacking, as in The artillery opened up at dawn, or, figuratively, The speaker opened up fiercely on the opposition. [1930s] Also see open fire.

4. Speak freely and candidly, as in At last the witness opened up and told what happened. " Colloquial; c. 1920]

5. Make an opening by cutting, as in The surgeon opened up the patient's chest.

6. Become available or accessible, as in With new markets opening up all the time we hope to see our revenues increase dramatically. [Mid-1800s]

7. Increase the speed of a vehicle, as in Let's see how fast the car will go if you open it up. [Colloquial; c. 1920]

8. Open the door, let me (or us) in, as in Open up! This is the police. [Mid-1900s] Note that in all of these usages exce...



Finding a microbicide is one of the thorniest problems in AIDS research.


KK: []
DJ: []
n. (名詞 noun)
  1. 殺菌劑

harbour (HAVE IN MIND)

The New York Times and Wall Street Journal lead with the latest numbers out from the Commerce Department--which douse any hopes one might have harbored for a near-term recovery--and their implications for a stimulus plan that relies on much rosier projections.


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harbour (HAVE IN MIND) UK, US harbor Show phonetics
verb [T]
to have in mind a thought or feeling, usually over a long period:
He's been harbouring a grudge against her ever since his promotion was refused.
There are those who harbour suspicions about his motives.
Powell remains non-committal about any political ambitions he may harbour.

call on sb, “white rainbows" or "cloudbows", wrap-around

Vatican Demands Full Apology From Holocaust-Denying Bishop
The Vatican said on Friday it was not satisfied by the apology issued by Holocaust-denying bishop Richard Williamson and called on him to "unequivocally and publicly" withdraw his comments.

Olympic Official Calls Protests a ‘Crisis’
The president of the Olympic committee called on the authorities in Beijing to improve human rights.
London calling on star quality
7.32PM, Mon Jul 4 2005
David Beckham has arrived in Singapore to add his weight to London's bid to host the 2012 Olympic games.
The England football captain is one of the stars being called on to lead a charm offensive ahead of Wednesday's vote, when IOC members will decide who will host the games in seven years time.

Spectrum | 19.08.2008 | 04:30
The Rainbow's Ghostly Cousin

In a moment of science Don Glass tells us about a rainbow’s ghostly cousin -- – the fogbow. These are also known as “white rainbows" or "cloudbows". Mariners sometimes call them "sea-dogs."

Dynamic duo, gruesome twosome or just plain geeks in ties and tweeds, the British artists Gilbert & George don’t seem to care what you call them as long as you pay attention, which you couldn’t avoid doing if you tried in their suffocating and disordered wraparound survey at the Brooklyn Museum.

wrap-around Show phonetics
adjectivenoun [C]
1 (UK ALSO wrapround(a piece of clothing that is) made so that it can be tied around the body:
a wrap-around skirt

2 something which curves round in one continuous piece

wraparounds Show phonetics
plural noun
a pair of glasses that curve closely around your face:
Wraparounds keep the wind out of your eyes if you're going cycling.



1 他の部分に重なる型のもの.

2 《コンピュ》ワードラップ.

3 《印》(輪転機の)ラップアラウンド版.

━━ n., a. 虹(にじ); ゲイの人権を支持する.
 all the colors of [in] the rainbow さまざま[多彩]な色.
Rainbow Bridge レインボー・ブリッジ ((Utah州南部の天然の石橋)).
rainbow coalition 〔米〕 虹(色)の提携 ((社会的・政治的な問題についての異人種間の連帯)).
rainbow flag (同性愛者人権運動の旗印である)レインボー・フラッグ, 虹の旗.
rainbow trout 【魚】ニジマス.
Rainbow Warrior (the 〜) レインボーウォリアー(号) ((Greenpeace が活動に使用する船)).

call on sth (USE) phrasal verb FORMAL
to use something, especially a quality that you have, in order to achieve something:
She would have to call on all her strength if she was to survive the next few months.

call on sb (ASK) phrasal verb [+ to infinitive]
to ask someone in a formal way to do something:
They're calling on all men and boys over the age of 14 to join the army.
FORMAL I now call on everyone to raise a glass to the happy couple.