2011年6月24日 星期五

clock up, re-engined, Biennale, GMO

A slideshow of highlights from this year’s Paris show, at which Airbus’s re-engined A320neo clocked up some huge orders(12)



Biennale, GMO

Spectrum | 18.11.2008 | 10:30

The Venice Biennale and Architecture

Every two years, various nations gather at the world’s most prestigious international architecture event, the Venice biennale, to showcase their most innovating designs and projects.

This year many of the architects on display took their inspiration from traditional buildings, looking to the past in designing a sustainable future. The exhibition – which runs until the end of November -- has been one of the most appreciated events in Italy since its opening in September. Megan Williams reports from Venice.



Bonn’s Biennale places Turkey on centre stage

Bonn’s Biennale came to a close last weekend. This year the festival
focused on Turkey and presented works from a huge range of artists from
that country.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=evyq4iI44va89pI7



"Genetically modified organism"
基因改造生物 GMO

くみかえ ―かへ 0 【組(み)替え/組(み)換え】

(1)組みかえて、編成し直すこと。

(2)〔生〕 ある個体のもつ遺伝子群のうち、任意の 遺伝子座間または座内の配列順序が変わることによって、今までとは異なる遺伝子 組み合わせが生じる機構の総称。真核生物では 生殖細胞をつくるときに、相同染色体間の交差によって 組み換えの起こる場合が一般的。遺伝的 組み換え

組み換え DNA 実験指針 【くみかえディーエヌエーじっけんししん】



組み換え DNA 実験の安全を確保するために必要な基本条件を示し, 組み換え DNA 研究の推進を図ることを目的として,2001 年(平成 13)11 月に告示されたガイドライン。教材としての実験は,「教育目的 組み換え DNA 実験」として承認手続きが簡略化されている。

くみか・える ―かへる 0 43 【組(み)替える/組(み)換える】

(動ア下一)[文]ハ下二 くみか・ふ

すでに編成されているものをばらばらにして新しく編成し直す。

「予算を―・える」「細胞の遺伝子を―・える」

三省堂提供「大辞林 第二版」より凡例はこちら




Wikipedia article "Genetically modified organism" .

日本語
General
Zaid, A; H.G. Hughes, E. Porceddu, F. Nicholas (2001). Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture - A Revised and Augmented Edition of the Glossary of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering. Available in English, French, Spanish and ArabicRomeItalyFAO. ISBN 92-5-104683-2.
FAO-BiotechNews — News and events about GMOs from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations


The name Biennale is Italian and means "every other year", describing an event that happens every 2 years. One of the most important Biennales[citation needed] is an art exhibition that takes place for three months in Venice — the Venice Biennale

Wikipedia article "Biennale".



clock up
Record accumulated hours, miles, or points. For example, It won't be easy to clock up 1,000 flying hours, or Brian clocked up a record number of baskets this year. [Mid-1900s]


"Yellow-Dog" Contract, introducing a dog into the Society's premises

Were used by employers during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to keep their employees from joining labor unions. Such contracts made it a condition of employment that the worker not belong to any union. Under such agreements, union membership was grounds for dismissal. In operation, yellow dog contracts coerced workers into staying out of unions; a prospective employee contracted on this condition or lost the chance to work. Labor organizers deeply resented these agreements and labeled them “yellow dog” (i.e., contemptible) contracts. To assist the union movement, Congress and many state legislatures outlawed yellow dog contracts, but in Adair v. United States (1908) and Coppage v. Kansas (1915), the Supreme Court, relying on the freedom of contract doctrine, struck down both state and federal bans on the contracts. During the New Deal era, Congress and state legislatures revived the prohibitions. The Norris‐LaGuardia Anti‐Injunction Act of 1932 declared such agreements contrary to public policy and unenforceable in federal courts. By adopting “little Norris‐LaGuardia acts,” various industrial states copied this restriction on yellow dog contracts. In 1935 the National Labor Relations Act, which forms the basis of modern labor law, recognized an employee's right to join a union. It also labeled interference with this right as an unfair labor practice. Today, therefore, yellow dog contracts are implicitly outlawed.

— Richard F. Hamm

Spotlight:

Dog
Dog
Who let the dogs in? It may have been your boss, your assistant, or the guy who works down the hall. Today, like the first Friday after Father's Day every year, is Take Your Dog to Work Day. This canine version of Casual Friday has been going on since 1996 in the United Kingdom and since 1999 in the United States. The idea behind the event is to demonstrate to pooch-less colleagues what great companions dogs can be and thus to promote adoptions of shelter dogs. Health benefits of dog ownership include lower blood pressure, less stress, and a stronger immune system.

Quote:

"Any member introducing a dog into the Society's premises shall be liable to a fine of one pound. Any animal leading a blind person shall be deemed to be a cat." Oxford Union Society, London, Rule 46

2011年6月23日 星期四

cash in on opening to the free independent travelers (FIT)

Travel agencies, stores hoping to cash in on opening to Chinese FIT market
Taipei Times
Taiwanese operators are cooperating with Chinese online travel companies, holding dry runs for independent Chinese travelers before the policy is officially implemented. The government's move to open up Taiwan to free independent travelers (FIT) from ...

2011年6月20日 星期一

15 New Words From the 1927 Webster's International Dictionary

Alexis Madrigal

Alexis Madrigal - Alexis Madrigal is a senior editor at The Atlantic. He's the author of Powering the Dream: The History and Promise of Green Technology. More


15 New Words From the 1927 Webster's International Dictionary

By Alexis Madrigal

"The dictionary is really an all-knowing special teacher whose services are always available." -- Webster's Dictionary Ad

websters.jpg

Every year, words come into and out of the English language. Humans are endlessly inventive and as inventions and circumstances demand labeling, we affix neologisms to describe the world.

In a musty Brooklyn bookstore this past weekend, I went looking for an old dictionary for a very special secret project. Among the teetering stacks of books, I came across a gorgeous 1927 Webster's International New Dictionary, and paging through it at Karloff down the street, I found myself drawn to the NEW WORDS section. These words were not invented in 1927, but represent additions to the book since its original publication in 1909. So, what we're capturing here is change between 1909 and 1927, a fascinating historical moment of great technological and social change. Automobiles spread. Electricity becomes common. Airplanes! World War! Bolshevism! Nuclear physics! Jazz!

One word I want to single out is "cosmocracy." Lost for decades, it has a secondary definition that could find fertile ground in the Internet age: "the people of the world, esp. when regarded as the source of government."

cosmocracy.jpg

  • activist, n: One who favors a more active policy; specif., in the World War, one who favored a more energetic action in prosecuting, or in taking sides in, the war.
  • airplane, n: A form of aircraft, heavier than air, which is driven through the air by a screw propeller, and which obtains support by the dynamic reaction of the air against the wings. Airplane is commonly used to designate airplanes with landing gear suited to operation from the land. If the landing gear is suited to operation from the water, the specific term seaplane is generally used. Cf. SEAPLANE, below. Airplanes are classified as monoplanes, biplanes, triplanes, quadruplanes, or multiplanes, according to the number of parts into which their main supporting surface is divided. The form airplane has been officially adopted by the United States Army and Navy, Bureau of Standards, etc.; aëroplane is still generally used by British writers.
  • bootleg, v: a. To transport or sell alcoholic liquor in prohibited territory. b. To transport or sell anything illicitly, as uninspected milk. c. To transport, esp. to import, illegally; as, to bootleg aliens into the country
  • cosmocracy, n: a. A government including the whole world. b. The people of the world, esp. when regarded as the source of government.
  • Diesel engine, n: A type of internal-combustion engine in which the suction stroke draws in only air, which the compression stroke compresses so highly that the heat generated ignites the fuel (as crude oil), which is sprayed into the cylinder under high pressure.
  • Great White Way: That portion of Broadway, in New York City, which centers around Times Square; -- so called from its brilliant electric illumination. esp. of the theaters, at night.
  • IQ: Abbr. Intelligence quotient.
  • jazz, n: a. Music. A recent type of American music, esp. for dances, developed from ragtime by introduction of eccentric noises and negro melodies, and now characterized by melodious themes, dance rhythms, and orchestral coloring.
  • movie, n: A moving picture or a moving-picture show; also, in pl., with the, moving pictures or moving picture shows as a class. Slang or Colloq.
  • nucleus, n: Chem. a. a characteristic and stable complex or atoms to which other atoms may be variously attached. b. According to modern theories of the atom, a positively charged central part surrounded by revolving electrons.
  • rayon, n: A glossy fiber, resembling silk, made by forcing cellulose through minute holes and drying the filaments in air or chemicals; also, a fabric woven from this material.
  • sleeping Bag, n: A kind of large baglike receptable, of peltry, duck, blanketing, or the like, used by explorers, prospectors, hunters, and others for sleeping in outdoors.
  • super: A prefix freely used in recent formations, after superman to signify a person, animal or thing which surpasses all or most others of its kind or class, as in power, size, or other characteristics; as super-dreadnought, supersubmarine, super-Zeppelin. Many of these formations on super-, however, are thus far occasional, or nonce uses only; as superace, superairplane, superbrute, superbuffoon, supercannon, superclown, superconscience, supercritic, superculture, superdetective, superdramatist, superego, supergoddess, supergovernment, supergun, superhorse, supernation, supernurse, superpatriotism, superpilot,superrace,superrifle, superservant, supersnob, superstate, superthing, superthtrill, supertramp, supertyrant, superwar, superwoman.
  • windshield, n: A shield or screen of glass set in a metal frame, extending upward from the body of a motor car to protect the occupants from wind, rain, etc.
  • Yuan, n: The monetary unit of the Chinese Republic, since January, 1914; also, a silver coin containing 23.98 grams of pure silver. It is equivalent to .644 of a haikwan tael, or .464 cents, U.S. Currency. Called also Yuan dollar.

2011年6月19日 星期日

Roman Porno, Pink film

Nikkatsu Corp. will celebrate its 100th anniversary in 2012. From prewar period dramas and postwar action films to Roman Porno (soft-core romantic pornography) of the '70s and '80s, this film studio has created new cinematic genres for every era. Its unique group of offerings is attracting the attention of audiences around the world.



Roman Porno
Pink film (ピンク映画 Pinku eiga or Pink eiga?) is a style of Japanese softcore pornographic theatrical film. Films of this genre first appeared in the early 1960s, and dominated the Japanese domestic cinema from the mid-1960s through the mid-1980s.[1][2] In the 1960s, the pink films were largely the product of small, independent studios. In the 1970s, some of Japan's major studios, facing the loss of their theatrical audience, took over the pink film. With their access to higher production-values and talent, some of these films became critical and popular successes.[3] Though the appearance of the AV (adult video) took away most of the pink film audience in the 1980s, films in this genre are still being produced.

日活株式會社,簡稱日活,由1912年創立的日本活動寫真株式會社而來,為今日日本五大電影公司之一。與其他大型電影公司不同的地方是,日活還有經營成人電影的業務。

2011年6月16日 星期四

fighting chance, hollering


Foreign Websites Doomed in China? Look at LinkedIn
LinkedIn's Chinese membership has grown to more than one million users -- an illustration of how global websites might be able to compete in the China market, if given a fighting chance.


A Fighting Chance
There was still a way to keep the Horizon from sinking. Chris Pleasant saw it first.
Mr. Pleasant was one of the supervisors responsible for the blowout preventer. With the main deck on fire, he ran for the bridge with one thought: they needed to disconnect the rig from the blowout preventer — and therefore from the well itself. That would cut off the fire’s main source of fuel and give the Horizon a fighting chance.
He just needed to activate the emergency disconnect system. Like a fighter pilot hitting eject, it would signal the blowout preventer to release the Horizon. It would also signal it to seal the well, perhaps stopping the flow of oil into the Gulf of Mexico.
“I’m hitting E.D.S.,” he told the captain.
Witnesses differ about what happened next. But they agree on a basic point: even with the Horizon burning, powerless and gutted by explosions, there was still resistance to the strongest possible measure that might save the rig.
According to Mr. Pleasant, the captain told him, “No, calm down, we’re not hitting E.D.S.”
Mr. Bertone, the chief engineer, recalled someone hollering that they needed Jimmy Harrell’s approval.
As it happened, Mr. Harrell had finally made it to the bridge despite being half-blinded by insulation and gas. Ms. Fleytas recalled the captain asking Mr. Harrell’s permission to hit the emergency disconnect. Mr. Harrell said he told Mr. Pleasant to go ahead.


fighting chance

A possibility of winning, but only with a struggle. For example, It's going to be hard to beat that record, but I think he has a fighting chance. [Late 1800s]

2011年6月14日 星期二

bourne, bourrée, gavotte, bar

For tho' from out our bourne of Time and Place
The flood may bear me far.
--Tennyson
出 發

(楊牧)搜索者





For though from out our bourne of Time and Place
The flood may bear me far,
I hope to see my Pilot face to face
When I have crossed the bar

--Tennyson (Crossing the Bar)

bar
8 (河口・港口の)砂州.

bourne
(bu̇rn)

(hydrology) A small intermittent stream in a dry valley.

古意: goal; limit



gavotte[ga・votte]

  • 発音記号[gəvɑ't | -vɔ't]

[名]ガボット:フランスの古い踊りの一種;その舞曲.
[フランス語]

bourrée[bour・rée]

  • 発音記号[buréi | –]
[名]ブーレ:フランス・スペインの古い踊り;その曲.

2011年6月13日 星期一

lie in wait, charged with burglary and criminal mischief

《中英對照讀新聞》Cops: Woman hid in closet to ambush rival 警方稱女子躲在衣櫥伏擊情敵

◎羅彥傑

New York police say a woman with a carving knife broke into the home of her husband’s girlfriend and apparently was lying in wait in her closet when she was arrested.

紐約警方表示,一名女子持切肉刀闖入丈夫的女友住家內,而且在其落網時,顯然在她的衣櫥裡埋伏以待。

A police report says 47-year-old Lizbeth Hernandez,of Middletown, N.Y., broke a window Saturday to get into the girlfriend’s condo. Neighbors spotted her and called police in Peekskill, 40 miles north of New York City.

一份警方報告指出,47歲、住在紐約州中城的麗茲貝絲.赫南德茲週六打破窗戶,進入這名女友的公寓。鄰居認出她,並向紐約市北方40英里的皮克史基爾鎮警方報案。

Police say they found Hernandez under a pile of clothing in a closet. They say she had brought in the knife, duct tape and surgical gloves.

警方表示,他們在一個衣櫥內的一堆衣服下找到赫南德茲。他們表示,她帶著切肉刀、膠帶與手術用手套。

Peekskill Police Chief Eugene Tumolo said Monday that the witnesses who called police prevented violence.

皮克史基爾鎮警局首長尤金.土莫洛週一表示,報警的目擊者防止暴力於未然。

Hernandez has been charged with burglary and criminal mischief. She is represented by Legal Aid, which did not immediately return a call.

赫南德茲已被控以破門盜竊與刑事危害罪名。代表她的「法律援助協會」,沒有立即回電。



[形]
1 ((限定))犯罪の, 刑事上の(⇔civil)
a criminal case
刑事事件
a criminal court
刑事裁判所
a criminal lawyer
刑事専門弁護士(▼文脈によっては「罪を犯した弁護士」の意ともなる)
a criminal record
犯罪歴
the criminal code
刑法典.
2 犯罪的な, 罪になる;〈人が〉罪を犯している
a criminal act
犯罪行為.
3 ((略式))((叙述))けしからぬ, 法外な
It's criminal to waste so much time.
そんなに多くの時間をむだにするなんてけしからん.
━━[名]犯罪者
a habitual criminal
常習犯.

新聞辭典

break into:片語,非法強行闖入、破門而入。例句:They have had the house broken into by thieves.(他們的房子曾被竊賊破門而入。)

lie in wait:片語,埋伏以待、準備出其不意地襲擊。例句:The robbers were lying in wait for the rich traveller.(強盜們埋伏等待那位富有旅客。)

Remain hidden while preparing to attack, as in The opposition was quietly lying in wait for the incumbent to make his first big mistake. This expression originally alluded to physical attacks and is now often used figuratively. [Mid-1400s] Also see lay for.

criminal mischief
A crime against property; the willful damaging of the property of another. Punishable in a criminal court but may also be dealt with as a civil tort. Such offenses may include throwing rocks through windows, spray painting graffiti, slashing car tires, or other acts of vandalism. Adding the element of personal ill will or hatred such as defacing a Jewish cemetery with symbols of anti-Semitism raises the act to a hate or bias crime which has significantly higher levels of punishment. Perkins & Boyce, Criminal Law Ch. 4, §8, p. 413 (3d ed. 1982); Guidelines Regarding Sentences for Hate Crimes, 28 U.S.C. §994.




condo:名詞,全稱為condominium,指各戶有獨立產權的公寓。apartment通常指只租不售的公寓。




2011年6月12日 星期日

receptivity, yearning, admittedly,trade on

But at root what is needed for scientific inquiry is just receptivity to data, skill in reasoning, and yearning for truth.Admittedly, ingenuity can help too.


Many theories, good and bad, do not admit of absolute proof or disproof; we will soon be stressing some of the reasons why this is so. Sadly, it is not just false science that has wantonly traded on this. A few years ago there were large advertisements in major newspapers in which cigaret manufacturers proudly announced that they were about to have independent researchers prove that there was not, after all, any causal connection between cigaret smoking and lung cancer.


trade on
Profit by, exploit, as in The children of celebrities often trade on their family names. [Late 1800s]





receptivity

n. (rĕs`ĕp*tĭv"ĭ*t or rē`sĕp*tĭv"ĭ*t)

[Cf. F. réceptivité.]

1. The state or quality of being receptive.

2. (Kantian Philos.) The power or capacity of receiving impressions, as those of the external senses.


yearn

(yûrn) pronunciation
intr.v., yearned, yearn·ing, yearns.

  1. To have a strong, often melancholy desire.
  2. To feel deep pity, sympathy, or tenderness: yearned over the child's fate.

[Middle English yernen, from Old English geornan, giernan.]

yearner yearn'er n.


from assertive to aggressive,disquiet over perceived maritime bullying

In addition to China and Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines and Taiwan claim some or all of the territory in the contested area of the South China Sea, which is believed to contain vast oil and gas reserves and incorporates key trade routes and abundant fish stocks.

The Vietnamese government has ratcheted up its rhetoric in recent weeks amid growing public disquiet over perceived maritime bullying by China. At the weekend Vietnam’s foreign ministry said that it would “welcome” efforts by the US and other nations to help resolve the South China Sea dispute.

Such sentiments are unlikely to go down well in Beijing, which insists that the long-running row must be resolved on a purely bilateral basis.

China reacted angrily last July when Hillary Clinton, US secretary of state, insisted that the South China Sea was of strategic importance to the US and offered to act as a mediator.

The US said on Friday that is was “troubled” by the latest developments, with Mark Toner, a state department spokesman, warning that “shows of force” only increase tensions.

Hanoi and Beijing have traded accusations of infringement of sovereignty.

“China’s behaviour has gone from assertive to aggressive,” said Ian Storey, a fellow at the Institute for Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore and an expert on maritime security in the South China Sea.

assertive

[形]自分の意見[希望・権利など]をはっきり述べる, はきはきした, 積極的に主張する.
as・ser・tive・ly
[副]はきはきと, 自信をもって.


2011年6月11日 星期六

do in, A-turned-B, swindle ring

He swindled investors out of millions of dollars.


Nearly 600 Arrested in Asian Swindling Ring



The woman who accused Mr. Hurd of sexual harassment, former actress-turned-consultant Jodie Fisher, came forward on Sunday and said the two hadn't had a sexual relationship. (They have settled.) But Mr. Hurd was found to have altered expense reports, the act that did him in.

do in
1. Tire out, exhaust, as in Running errands all day did me in. [Colloquial; early 1900s] Also see done in.
2. Kill, as in Mystery writers are always thinking of new ways to do their characters in. [Slang; early 1900s] Also see def. 4.
3. Ruin utterly; also cheat or swindle. For example, The five-alarm fire did in the whole block, or His so-called friend really did him in. [First half of 1900s]
4. do oneself in. Commit suicide, as in She was always threatening to do herself in. [Slang; first half of 1900s]


swindle

(swĭn'dl) pronunciation

v., -dled, -dling, -dles. v.tr.
  1. To cheat or defraud of money or property.
  2. To obtain by fraudulent means: swindled money from the company.
v.intr.
To practice fraud as a means of obtaining money or property.

n.
The act or an instance of swindling.

[Back-formation from swindler, one who swindles, from German Schwindler, giddy person, cheat, from schwindeln, to be dizzy, swindle, from Middle High German, from Old High German swintilōn, frequentative of swintan, to disappear.]

swindler swin'dler n.

2011年6月10日 星期五

bendy, Slinky, slink, The Singapore Sling, banana split, Voilá!


Spotlight:

Banana Split

Banana Split
What's in a banana split? Well, obviously you start with a banana. Split it in half and lay it in an oblong dish. On top of it, plop three scoops of ice cream — traditionally, chocolate, vanilla and strawberry. On one scoop, pour pineapple sauce; on one, chocolate syrup; and on the third, butterscotch topping. Top it all off with whipped cream, crushed nuts and a maraschino cherry. Voilá! Banana split! There are a few people and places that take credit for the tasty dessert. Some say it was born at a soda fountain in a drugstore in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, in 1904, and cost 10 cents. Wilmington, Ohio, also likes to take credit, and to celebrate, they have an annual Banana Split Festival June 10-11. It's not particularly good for your waistline, but it's a lot of fun!

Quote:

"I doubt whether the world holds for any one a more soul-stirring surprise than the first adventure with ice-cream." Heywood Broun

Corruption in Indonesia

The Singapore slink

The Singapore slink

High-end criminals from Indonesia find it convenient, all too convenient, to slip away into the city-state(5)




Researcher in Taiwan can make flexible e-reader displays out of silk. The material not only allows for bendy e-books, but the material is also cheap compared to existing tech. The process starts out with “liquid silk”, which is turned ...


bendy
[形](-i・er, -i・est)((略式))柔軟性のある;〈道が〉曲がりくねって;曲がる
a bendy bus
連結バス.

Volvo B10M articulated bus in Chiba, Japan.


An articulated bus (either a motor bus or trolleybus or vestibule bus), is a bus which is articulated, essentially meaning it can bend in the middle. It is usually a single-deck design, and comprises two rigid sections linked by a pivoting joint. This arrangement allows a longer legal overall length than rigid-bodied single-decker buses, and hence a higher passenger capacity, while still allowing the bus to manoeuvre adequately on the roads of its service route.

Around the English-speaking world, articulated buses have acquired several different synonyms that allude to their articulated design, such as tandem buses, bendy buses, banana buses, slinky buses, caterpillar buses and accordion buses[citation needed]. Due to their high passenger capacity, articulated buses are often used as part of bus rapid transit schemes, and can include mechanical guidance[citation needed].

Used almost exclusively on public transport bus services, articulated buses are approximately 18 metres (60 ft) in length; standard rigid-construction buses are usually 11 to 14 metres (36 to 46 ft). The common arrangement of an articulated bus is to have a forward vehicle with two axles towing a rear trailer section with a single axle, although the driving axle can be mounted on either the front or the rear vehicle. Some articulated bus models have a steering arrangement on the rearmost axle which turns slightly in opposition to the front steering axle, allowing the vehicle to negotiate turns in a crab-like fashion, similar to hook-and-ladder fire trucks operating in city environments.[1] A less common variant of the articulated bus is the bi-articulated bus, where the vehicle has two trailer sections rather than one. Their capacity is around 200 persons, and their length about 25 metres (82 ft).


slink

(slĭngk) pronunciation

v., slunk (slŭngk), also slinked, slink·ing, slinks. v.intr.
To move in a quiet furtive manner; sneak: slunk away ashamed; a cat slinking through the grass toward its prey.

v.tr.
To give birth to prematurely: The cow slinked its calf.

n.
An animal, especially a calf, born prematurely.

adj.
Born prematurely.

[Middle English slinken, from Old English slincan.]

slinkingly slink'ing·ly adv.



slinky

(slĭng') pronunciation
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
  1. Stealthy, furtive, and sneaking.
  2. Informal. Graceful, sinuous, and sleek: wore a slinky outfit to the party.
slinkily slink'i·ly adv.
slinkiness slink'i·ness n.

Slinky or "Lazy Spring" is a toy consisting of a helical spring that stretches and can bounce up and down. It can perform a number of tricks, including traveling down a flight of steps end-over-end as it stretches and re-forms itself with the aid of gravity and its own momentum.



The Singapore Sling is a cocktail that was developed sometime before 1915[1] by Ngiam Tong Boon (嚴崇文), a bartender working at the Long Bar in Raffles Hotel Singapore. The original recipe used gin, Cherry Heering, Bénédictine, and fresh pineapple juice, primarily from Sarawak pineapples which enhance the flavour and create a foamy top.

Most recipes substitute bottled pineapple juice for fresh juice; soda water has to be added for foam. The hotel's recipe was recreated based on the memories of former bartenders and written notes that they were able to discover regarding the original recipe. One of the scribbled recipes is still on display at the Raffles Hotel Museum.

Recipes published in articles about Raffles Hotel prior to the 1970s are significantly different from current recipes, and "Singapore Slings" drunk elsewhere in Singapore differ from the recipe used at Raffles Hotel.

The current Raffles Hotel recipe is a heavily modified version of the original, most likely changed sometime in the 1970s by Ngiam Tong Boon's nephew. Today, many of the "Singapore Slings" served at Raffles Hotel have been pre-mixed and are dispensed using an automatic dispenser that combines both alcohol and pineapple juice to pre-set volumes. They are then blended instead of shaken to create a nice foamy top as well as to save time because of the large number of orders. However, it is still possible to request a shaken version from bartenders.

By the 1980’s the Singapore Sling was often little more than gin, bottled sweet and sour, and grenadine. With the move towards fresh juices and the re-emergence of quality products like Cherry Heering the cocktail has again become a semblance of its former self.[2]


Notes

  1. ^ Campbell, Colin (12 December 1982). "Singapore Journal; Back to Somerset Maugham and Life's Seamy Side". The New York Times (Singapore).
  2. ^ Burkhart, Jeff (10 April 2011). "Sometimes a bartender needs to sling whatever works". mercurynews.com. San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2011-04-14.

Further reading

  • "The Genealogy and Mythology of the Singapore Sling", Ted "Dr. Cocktail" Haigh, in Mixologist: The Journal of the American Cocktail, 2007, ISBN 978-0976093701

External links


Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/singapore-sling#ixzz1OnvOxqgh

2011年6月8日 星期三

big-top, Cirque du Soleil

法文: 太陽馬戲團
Cirque du Soleil
Cirque du Soleil has redefined one of the world's oldest art forms. Cirque's 22 current productions, including its standing Las Vegas shows and the touring big-top productions, annually sell about as many tickets as all Broadway shows combined. Don't miss some of the highlights in the company's history, read an intimate profile of its genius co-founder, Guy Laliberté and get a look behind the scenes of the show.



big-top,
n.
  1. The main tent of a circus.
  2. The circus.

2011年6月7日 星期二

bleachers, accordion, harp, clothesline, piano accordion

Leagues See Bloggers in the Bleachers as a Threat
A growing number of professional and college teams have tried to restrict how their games are covered while also creating their own thriving media divisions.




Accordions across Germany as part of "Akkordeonale 2009"

Five renowned accordion players from three continents have joined forces
for the Akkordeonale 2009.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew0oqdI44va89pI3
As soon as the game began, so did the coordinated cheering. Led by cheer captains in the outfield bleachers, the batting team’s fans chanted, sang and rhythmically banged plastic bats for every pitch to every batter. Their deafening, synchronized roar dominated the dome. Each hit ignited a burst of still louder cheers and frantic towel waving.



bleachers
plural noun US
a sloping area of seats at a sports ground which are not covered and are therefore not expensive to sit in
 n.
A portable wind instrument with a small keyboard and free metal reeds that sound when air is forced past them by pleated bellows operated by the player.
adj.
Having folds or bends like the bellows of an accordion: accordion pleats; accordion blinds.


  • 自動
  • 蛇腹式{じゃばら しき}に開く[折り畳める
  • 他動
  • ぺしゃんこに押しつぶす
  • 《楽器》アコーディオン,
  • 〔戸・カーテンなどが〕アコーディオン式の、蛇腹式{じゃばら しき}の、折り畳み式の
Definition of piano accordion

noun

an accordion with the melody played on a small vertical keyboard like that of a piano.



Brooklyn native Charlie Pigott says his "connections" helped him score seats for the Mets on opening day this year, and in the field box for Games 4 and 5 of the 2001 World Series. But after calling a dozen people -- politicians, clergy and a source at City Hall -- he says he can't get his mother into the bleachers for New York's hottest event.

bleacher

(blē'chər) pronunciation
n.
  1. One that bleaches or is used in bleaching.
  2. An often unroofed outdoor grandstand for seating spectators. Often used in the plural.
[Sense 2, from comparing a person's exposure to the sun when sitting on them with the exposure of linens bleaching on a clothesline.]


n. - 漂白業者, 露天看臺, 漂白劑
日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 漂白する人, 漂白剤, 屋根なし外野席
Line-drying
Line-drying
Are electric clothes dryers really harmful to air quality? With every load of clothes, the average electric or gas clothes dryer throws about four pounds (or two kilograms) of greenhouse gas into the air; most detached single-family homes in the US have a clothes dryer. If you live in one of the communities that currently bans outdoor clotheslines, you may find the winds changing. There is a growing international "right-to-dry" movement. Several US states and two Canadian provinces have passed legislation to overturn bans on clotheslines. At the same time, a renewed industry has sprung up: clotheslines are being manufactured to meet the growing demand. The first week in June is International Clothesline Week, a time to consider reducing your carbon footprint by hanging your clothes out to dry.


Wooden bleachers
Enlarge
Wooden bleachers
Bleachers is a term used to describe the raised, tiered stands found by sports fields or at other spectator events in the United States and Canada. Bleachers are long rows of benches, often consisting of alternating steps and seats. They range in size from small, modular, aluminum stands that can be moved around soccer or field hockey fields to large permanent structures that flank either side of an American football field. Bleachers are hollow underneath, aside from their support structures. Some bleachers have locker rooms underneath them. In indoor gymnasia, bleachers can be built in so that they slide on a track or on wheels and fold in an accordion-like, stacking manner. The seats of these bleachers are often made of wood.



Spotlight:
Playing the Accordion

Playing the Accordion
How is a chromatic accordion different from a diatonic one? Diatonic accordions came first; they produced different notes when the bellows were opened or closed. Chromatic accordions produce the same note, no matter which way the bellows are being moved. June is National Accordion Awareness Month, a time to pay some attention and give recognition to an instrument that doesn't always get the appreciation it deserves. Like its cousin the harmonica, the accordion sends air around free-standing reeds, which then vibrate to make the accordion tones. In America, the accordion was in its heyday in the first half of the 20th century; since then it has declined in popularity, but is still heard from time to time in classical ensembles and on pop music albums.
Quote:
"Welcome to heaven; here's your harp. Welcome to hell; here's your accordion." Gary Larson, The Far Side

2011年6月6日 星期一

well-worn, becoming, ending, hackneyed

(Reuters) - One day after Google's surprise announcement that Larry Page would once again run the company, investors and industry insiders were wondering if he is up to a now very different job.

The 38-year-old co-founder of the world's No. 1 Internet search company will replace Eric Schmidt as chief executive officer in April, at a time when Google Inc is facing tough competition from Facebook and Twitter.

It seems straight out of a well-worn Silicon Valley script -- but with which ending?



well-worn

(wĕl'wôrn', -wōrn')
adj.
  1. Showing signs of much wear or use.
  2. Repeated too often; trite or hackneyed.
  3. Carried or worn in a becoming manner: well-worn fame.
[形]
1 使い古した
well-worn shoes
はき古した靴.
2 身についた.
3 陳腐な.

becoming
[形]((古風))
1 〈服装などが〉(…に)似合う, うつりがよい((to, on ...))
a hairdo becoming to her
彼女に合う髪型.
2 〈行為などが〉(…に)ふさわしい, 適切な((to, in, for ...)).
━━[名][U]変化;《哲学》生成(⇔being).
be・com・ing・ness



ending
(ĕn'dĭng) pronunciation
n.
  1. A conclusion or termination.
  2. A concluding part; a finale: a happy ending.
  3. Grammar. The final morpheme added to a word base to make an inflectional form, such as -ed in walked.


hackneyed Pronunciation (adjective) Repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse.
Synonyms:banal, old-hat, stock, threadbare, timeworn, trite, well-worn, tired, shopworn, commonplace
Usage:For God's sake do not thrust upon me your hackneyed remarks, repeated to nausea, that "I was only a dreamer," while they even then had an understanding of life.

pullback, pull back cutback, pullout

Steeper Pullout Is Raised as Option for Afghanistan

By DAVID E. SANGER, ERIC SCHMITT and THOM SHANKER

President Obama's national security team is pondering greater troop reductions, with some officials saying the rising cost of the war and the death of Osama bin Laden justify a change.




Magna, Sberbank Will Examine Basis for GM's Pullout
Canada's Magna and Russia's Sberbank, spurned bidders for GM's Opel unit, will scrutinize the legal basis for GM's pullout, a spokesman for Russian Prime Minister Putin said.



Data Confirm Euro-Zone Pullback
The euro-zone economy contracted in the second quarter and new signs emerged that the bloc could be headed for a technical recession.


Darker Times for Solar Power
The solar-power industry is pulling back, and prices of solar cells are falling amid recession and tight credit.


cutback 是20世界30年代的新詞。

----
White House Debate Rises on Iraq Pullback
By DAVID E. SANGER
White House officials say that aides want to forestall Republican defections by announcing an intention to withdraw American troops.
---
pullback
1. 拉回
2. 障礙;阻擾
3. 撤退
引き戻すこと; 撤退.
noun
The moving back of a military force in the face of enemy attack or after a defeat: fallback, pullout, retirement, retreat, withdrawal. See forward/backward.
*****pullout
n.
  1. A withdrawal, especially of troops.
  2. Change from a dive to level flight. Used of an aircraft.
  3. An object designed to be pulled out.


***
cutback
1. 減少
2. 剪修新芽
3. 【電影】倒敘


【映】カットバック, 切返し; 縮小.

2011年6月5日 星期日

psychosis, psychotic

psychosis, psychotic




按下看大圖
漫畫來源: Ted Goff

psychosis
[名](複-ses 〔-siz〕)精神病.
[ラテン語]
psy・chot・ic〔saiktik | -kt-〕
[形][名]

adj.
Of, relating to, or affected by psychosis.

n.
A person affected by psychosis.


psychosis, psychotic


2011年6月3日 星期五

have a bill due, account balance

指出老舍的 "真像有一本帳似的"
不是 "to have a bill due"
"to have an account balance". (p.173)


account balance

net of d debits and credits at the end of a reporting period. Term applies to a variety of account relationships, such as with banks, credit card companies, brokerage firms, and stores, and to classifications of transactions in a bookkeeping system. The same account may be an asset account balance or a liability account balance, depending on which side of the transaction you are on. For example, your bank balance is an asset account to you and a liability account to the bank. Your credit card (debit) balance is a liability account to you and an asset account (account receivable) to the credit card company.


moats, crisscross, downtown, sandbag, runoff

Volunteers sandbag a farm south of Oslo, Minn., along the flooding Red River in April.
Eric Hylden/The Grand Forks Herald, via Associated Press

States Along Mississippi River Battle Runoff

Runoff from the river containing agricultural chemicals threatens to create the largest dead zone ever in the Gulf of Mexico. Above, sandbagging a farm near Oslo, Minn.



MATSUE, Japan — For decades, political views in this small city in rural western Japan were as placidly predictable as the waters in the medieval moats that crisscross its downtown. A majority of residents steadfastly supported the Liberal Democrats, who governed Japan for most of the last half-century.



Family, friends and even strangers helped an Arkansas man, Russell Petty, protect his home from a cresting river using a moat and sandbags.


moat (mōt) pronunciation
n.
  1. A deep wide ditch, usually filled with water, typically surrounding a fortified medieval town, fortress, or castle as a protection against assault.
  2. A ditch similar to one surrounding a fortification: A moat separates the animals in the zoo from the spectators.
tr.v., moat·ed, moat·ing, moats.
To surround with or as if with a moat.
[Middle English mote, mound, moat, from Old French, mound, or Medieval Latin mota.]
[名](城・都市・動物園の動物放し飼い区域の周りの)堀(ほり), 濠(ごう).
━━[動](他)〈城・街などを〉堀で取り囲む, の周りに堀を作る.
moat・ed
[形]堀のある, 堀で守られた.

---

The spiritual relation is a crisscross relation between persons.

胡適日記全集 - Google 圖書結果 pp. 259-60

uplift



crisscross
(krĭs'krôs', -krŏs') pronunciation

v., -crossed, -cross·ing, -cross·es. v.tr.
  1. To mark with crossing lines.
  2. To move back and forth through or over: crisscrossed the country on a speaking tour.
v.intr.
To move back and forth.

n.
  1. A mark or pattern made of crossing lines.
  2. A state of being at conflicting or contrary purposes.
adj.
Crossing one another or marked by crossings.

adv.
In a manner or direction that crosses or is marked by crossings.

[Alteration of Middle English Cristcrosse, mark of a cross, short for Cristcross (me speed), may Christ's cross (give me success).]



[名]
1 十文字, 十字模様;十字交差.
2 食い違い, 矛盾.
3 十文字遊び(tick-tack-toe).
━━[形]〈線・道などが〉十字の, 交差する
a crisscross pattern
十字模様.
━━[副]
1 十字に, 交差して.
2 食い違って
Things go crisscross.
物事がうまくいかない.
━━[動](他)((通例受身))
1 …に十字模様をつける.
2 〈場所などを〉交差する, 縦横に動く
crisscross the country
東奔西走する.
━━(自)〈道などが〉交差する.
[Christ's crossの異形]




in time, due, anticipte

By HENRY SHUKMAN

The classic English pub may be a disappearing relic of a bygone era, but there are still places where the simple act of raising a pint gets its proper due.



Groupon to Gauge Limits of IPO Mania
Groupon filed to go public in a deal that could value the e-commerce company at as much as $20 billion, a hotly anticipated offering that could test the strength of a tech-investing frenzy.



CNN廣告
Golf
In Time Wirh Rolex

Idioms:

in time


1. Before a time limit expires, early enough, as in His speech begins at eight, so we've arrived in time. It is often put as in time for, as in Please come in time for dinner. [Second half of 1400s] Also see in good time.


in time
early enough:
I got home just in time - it's starting to rain.
If we don't hurry up, we won't be in time to catch the train.
We arrived in good time (= We arrived early) for the start of the match.


2. Eventually, within an indefinite period, as in In time you'll see that Dad was right. [c. 1450] Also see in due course.
3. In the proper musical tempo or rhythm, as in It's important to dance in time to the music. [c. 1700]



due
adj.
  1. Payable immediately or on demand.
  2. Owed as a debt; owing: the amount still due.
  3. In accord with right, convention, or courtesy; appropriate: due esteem; all due respect.
  4. Meeting special requirements; sufficient: We have due cause to honor them.
    1. Expected or scheduled, especially appointed to arrive: Their plane is due in 15 minutes.
    2. Expected to give birth.
    1. Anticipated; looked for: a long due promotion.
    2. Expecting or ready for something as part of a normal course or sequence: We're due for some rain. This batter is due for another hit.
  5. Capable of being attributed. See Usage Note at due to.
n.
  1. Something owed or deserved: You finally received your due.
  2. dues A charge or fee for membership, as in a club or organization.
adv.
  1. Straight; directly: Go due west.
  2. Archaic. Duly.

[Middle English, from Old French deu, past participle of devoir, to owe, from Latin dēbēre.]



anticipte
  • [æntísəpèit]

[動](他)
1III[名]/doing/that節/wh-節]…を予想[予期, 予知]する;…を心配[楽しみに]して待つ, 待ち望む, 当てにする;…を確信する(▼expectとは異なりto doは用いない). ⇒EXPECT[類語]
anticipate a favorable change
望ましい変化を期待する
We anticipate much pleasure from our trip to London.
ロンドン旅行をたいへん楽しみにしている
I anticipated getting a letter from my aunt.
おばから今に手紙が来るぞと待っていた
I anticipated that he would refuse, and he did refuse.
彼なら断ってくると思っていたら, 案の定, 断ってきた.
2III[名]([副])]((形式))〈ある行為・考え方に〉先鞭(せんべん)をつける, …を先取りする, 〈人・計画などを〉(…の点で)出し抜く((in ...))
He anticipated me in writing this letter.
(こっちから出そうと思っていたのに)彼から先に手紙が来た.
3 ((形式))〈人・問い・要求・依頼などに〉事前に応じる, 言われないうちにする;〈要求を〉かなえる, 聞き入れる
anticipate a person's every order
命令の先を越して次々と手順を進める.
4 ((形式))〈時期・事を〉早める
anticipate one's departure
出発を早める.
5 …を(入金を見越して)先に使う;〈債務を〉期限前に支払う
anticipated payment
満期日前支払い.
━━(自)(←(他))予測[予言]する;先回りする, 先を越す.
[ラテン語anticipātus(anti-前に+capere取る+-ATE1=予測された). △ACCEPT

2011年6月2日 星期四

hagiolatry, hagiocracy , hagiography, hagiology


hagiography :聖賢傳記。指教會的聖賢而言。

hagiology (1) 聖賢傳記。 (2) 聖賢研究;聖賢學。



hagiocracy (HAG-ee-ok-ruh-kee, HAY-jee-)

noun: A government by holy persons. Also a place thus governed.

Etymology
From Greek hagio- (holy) + -cracy (rule). Two synonyms of this term are hagiarchy and hierocracy. Also, literally speaking, hierarchy is the rule of the high priest. Earliest documented use: 1846.

Usage
"But money has assumed a more exalted place in the Fed's hagiocracy in recent months." — Alan Murray; Slow Money Growth Stirs Worry at Fed; The Wall Street Journal (New York); Jul 29, 1991.



Quote:

"A designer is only as good as the star who wears her clothes." Edith Head

Word of the Day:

hagiolatry (hag-ee-OL-uh-tree, hay-jee-)

noun:
1. The worship of saints.
2. Treating someone with undue reverence.

Etymology
From Greek hagio- (holy) + -latry (worship). First recorded use: 1808.

Usage
"To quote Constantino: Dr. Jose Rizal will still occupy a good position in our national pantheon even if we discard hagiolatry and subject him to a more mature historical evaluation." — John Nery; Falling for the American Trap; Philippine Daily Inquirer (Manila, Philippines); Jun 22, 2010.

follow-on, misuse, mistreat, mishandle

U.K. ousts Israel official over passports
U.K. Foreign Secretary David Miliband said Israel was involved in copying British passports that were allegedly used in the killing of a top Hamas official in Dubai. The U.K. has expelled an Israeli diplomat over the affair.



“Google is committed to making sure the data of its users is well protected and not misused,” he said. “Europe has a history of innovation. Where it has not always done as good a job in my opinion is in follow-on innovation, in commercializing the innovation. If you restrict too much how a company like Google can innovate, that will restrict the follow-on benefits in Europe.”



follow-on

adj.

Following as a related or consequent aspect or development: “Such contracts involve follow-on sales of maintenance services” (Christian Science Monitor).

followon fol'low-on' n.



misuse
n.
Improper, unlawful, or incorrect use; misapplication.

tr.v., -used, -us·ing, -us·es. (-yūz')
  1. To use incorrectly.
  2. To mistreat or abuse. See synonyms at abuse.

mishandle the case


mishandle

(mĭs-hăn'dl) pronunciation
tr.v., -dled, -dling, -dles.
  1. To deal with clumsily or inefficiently; mismanage.
  2. To treat roughly; maltreat.