2013年6月30日 星期日

organ,the part, spare part, replacement, transplant, regeneration


Actors Today Don’t Just Read for the Part. Reading IS the Part.
By LESLIE KAUFMAN
As audiobooks flourish, thanks in part to digital technologies, the industry has given many aspiring actors a steady paycheck.

One Day, Growing Spare Parts Inside the Body
By HENRY FOUNTAIN
A surgeon is working on a different method of organ regeneration, so far only in animals - using another part of the body to nourish the replacement as it grows and is ready for transplanting.


organ
n.
  1. Music.
    1. An instrument consisting of a number of pipes that sound tones when supplied with air and a keyboard that operates a mechanism controlling the flow of air to the pipes. Also called pipe organ.
    2. Any one of various other instruments, such as the electronic organ, that resemble a pipe organ either in mechanism or sound.
  2. Biology. A differentiated part of an organism, such as an eye, wing, or leaf, that performs a specific function.
  3. An instrument or agency dedicated to the performance of specified functions: The FBI is an organ of the Justice Department.
  4. An instrument or a means of communication, especially a periodical issued by a political party, business firm, or other group.
[Middle English, from Old French organe and from Old English organe, both from Latin organum, tool, instrument, from Greek organon.]

[名]
1 《生物》器官, 臓器
the internal [the digestive] organs
内臓[消化器]
organ transplant
臓器移植.
2 ((婉曲))陰茎(the male organ).
3 パイプオルガン;(一般に)オルガン
play the organ
オルガンをひく
an electric organ
電子オルガン.
4 (政治的な)機関;組織;((形式))機関誌[紙]
an advisory organ
諮問機関
the chief organ of administration
行政の中枢機関
a party organ
政党機関紙.
[ラテン語←ギリシャ語órganon(道具). érgon(仕事)と同系. △WORK



 part
  • 3 a character as represented in a play or movie; a role played by an actor or actress:she played a lot of leading parts he took the part of Prospero
  • the words and directions to be learned and performed by an actor playing a role:she was memorizing a part
  • Music a melody or other constituent of harmony assigned to a particular voice or instrument in a musical work:he coped well with the percussion part
  • the contribution made by someone or something to an action or situation:he played a key part in ending the revolt he may be jailed for his part in the robbery
  • the behavior appropriate to or expected of a person in a particular role or situation; a person’s duty:in such a place his part is to make good

GOLDEN PARACHUTE, golden ticket,high-speed fiber, steeled himself, Golden Silence on the Silver Screen, silence is golden


Golden Parachutes Are Still Very Much in Style

By PRADNYA JOSHI

Despite years of public outcry, chief executives who leave big companies often still receive millions in exit packages.

Cities woo Google for trial of high-speed fiber
San Francisco Chronicle
More than a dozen Bay Area cities are jostling for Google's golden ticket, making their pitch to land an experimental broadband network that could deliver ...



Golden Silence on the Silver Screen
French actor Jean Dujardin faced unusual challenges in preparing for his award-winning role as silent movie star George Valentin in 'The Artist.'
When Shinichi Tsutsumi's unwavering gaze begins to darken on the silver screen, you'd be advised to steel yourself for what comes next. It's a prelude to a forthcoming twist in the tale.


Definition of golden parachute

noun

informal
a large payment or other financial compensation guaranteed to a company executive should the executive be dismissed as a result of a merger or takeover.

steel
(stēl) pronunciation
n.
  1. A generally hard, strong, durable, malleable alloy of iron and carbon, usually containing between 0.2 and 1.5 percent carbon, often with other constituents such as manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, tungsten, cobalt, or silicon, depending on the desired alloy properties, and widely used as a structural material.
  2. Something, such as a sword, that is made of steel.
  3. A quality suggestive of this alloy, especially a hard, unflinching character.
  4. Steel gray.
adj.
    1. Made with, relating to, or consisting of steel: steel beams; the steel industry; a bicycle with a steel frame.
    2. Very firm or strong: a steel grip.
  1. Of a steel gray.
tr.v., steeled, steel·ing, steels.
  1. To cover, plate, edge, or point with steel.
  2. To make hard, strong, or obdurate; strengthen: He steeled himself for disappointment.
[Middle English stel, from Old English stȳle, stēl.]

sílver scréen[sílver scréen]

((the 〜))((古風))銀幕;((集合的))映画(産業).
silence is golden
Keeping one's mouth shut is a great virtue, as in Don't tell anyone else about it--silence is golden. Although this precise phrase was first recorded only in 1848, it is part of a much older proverb, "Speech is silver and silence is golden."

downy/flight feather, soothing, narcotics, counternarcotics

著名科學期刊”Cell”,最近(Vol. 144, p461)搭上2010奧斯卡獎熱潮。以《黑天鵝》為例,簡介鍾正明實驗室對羽毛的研究。基於幹細胞在羽毛毛囊內角度的高低,可造成不同對稱性的羽毛。這也是所謂「拓樸生物學」的範例。



Nabokov describes these nymphets as being "Deadly little demons" with feline features and thin, downy limbs. Nymphets are not always the type of girls a normal man would consider the prettiest, but they have a demonic ability to attract men at least ten years older than themselves.


Air Pollution May Have Suppressed Storms, Research Suggests

To the list of ways humanity seems to have altered the earth, add another candidate: Air pollution may have had a major soothing influence on storm cycles in the North Atlantic.


The New York Times leads with word that the Pentagon has placed 50 major Afghan drug traffickers with ties to the Taliban in a list of targets to be captured or killed. The paper got an early look at a Congressional study set to be released this week, and notes that by putting drug traffickers on the same list as insurgent leaders, the United States is drastically changing its counternarcotics strategy in Afghanistan.

narcotics,

n.
  1. An addictive drug, such as opium, that reduces pain, alters mood and behavior, and usually induces sleep or stupor. Natural and synthetic narcotics are used in medicine to control pain.
  2. A soothing, numbing agent or thing: “There was the blessed narcotic of bridge, at the Colony or at the home of friends” (Louis Auchincloss).
adj.
  1. Inducing sleep or stupor; causing narcosis.
  2. Of or relating to narcotics, their effects, or their use.
  3. Of, relating to, or intended for one addicted to a narcotic.
[Middle English narcotik, from Old French narcotique, from Medieval Latin narcōticum, from Greek narkōtikon, from neuter of narkōtikos, numbing, from narkōsis, a numbing. See narcosis.]
narcotically nar·cot'i·cal·ly adv.


counternarcotics=counter narcotics 反毒
cotton
n.
  1. Any of various shrubby plants of the genus Gossypium, having showy flowers and grown for the soft white downy fibers surrounding oil-rich seeds.


油断する 〔不注意である〕be careless ((about)); 〔警戒を怠る〕be off (one's) guard ((toward))


downy
adj. - 絨柔的, 柔和的

(dou') pronunciation
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
  1. Made of or covered with down.
    1. Resembling down: downy white clouds.
    2. Quietly soothing; soft.

Definition of soothing

adjective

  • having a gently calming effect:she put on some soothing music
  • reducing pain or discomfort:almond oil is renowned for its soothing properties


[形](-i・er, -i・est)
1 綿毛のような, ふわふわした, 柔らかい;綿毛でできた[おおわれた];うぶ毛の生えた.
2 やさしい, 心を和らげるような.
3 ((俗))油断のならない, 抜け目のない
a downy bird [fellow]

食えないやつ.

vegetate, revegetation, liven, enliven, quartier, inactivity

State of the Art

Wearable Devices Nudge You to Health

Tracker devices like Fitbit and Up keep you aware of your inactivity and lack of sleep, and motivate you to put your life onto a healthier track.
A Paris Quartier Surges
New cafes and bars are enlivening a stretch of the 10th Arrondissement.

'Chindonya girls' liven city streets

'Chindonya girls' liven city streets

liven[liv・en]

  • 発音記号[láivən]

[動](他)(自)((略式))活発[陽気]にする[なる]((up)).
liv・en・er
[名]

enliven[en・liv・en]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[inláivən]

[動](他)
1 …を活気づける, 生き生きさせる;…を躍動的にさせる.
2 …を陽気にする, にぎやかにする, 引き立たせる.
en・liv・en・ment
[名]

veg·e·tate
(vĕj'ĭ-tāt') pronunciation

intr.v., -tat·ed, -tat·ing, -tates.
  1. To grow or sprout as a plant does.
  2. Pathology. To grow in size or spread abnormally.
  3. To exist in a state of physical or mental inactivity or insensibility.
  4. Informal. To engage in relaxing or passive activities, such as watching television.
[Latin vegetāre, vegetāt-, to enliven. See vegetable.]


re·veg·e·tate (rē-vĕj'ĭ-tāt') pronunciation

v., -tat·ed, -tat·ing, -tates. v.tr.
To cause (eroded land, for example) to bear a new cover of vegetation.

v.intr.
To bear a new cover of vegetation.

revegetation re·veg'e·ta'tion n.




From French quartier.

Pronunciation

Noun

Quartier n (genitive Quartiers, plural Quartiere)
  1. accommodation, quarters

unflappable, night out, grandee, evident surprise


Star Has Detour, but She Ends Up in Same Place
Through three rounds of the United States Women’s Open, Inbee Park has performed with unflappable poise, leading by four strokes (10 under par) at Sebonack.


Overheard Wednesday's Mansion House dinner was supposed to be new U.K. Chancellor George Osborne's big night out. But by far the biggest applause of the evening from assembled City grandees went to predecessor Alistair Darling, much to his evident surprise. The Treasury boss in Gordon Brown's government looked nervous to be back in the City so soon after Labour's election defeat—understandably, given City anger over the 50% tax rate, the bonus tax and his bank-bashing rhetoric.
But when Osborne paid tribute, acknowledging Darling's "very hard work in difficult circumstances", even some of Labour's bitterest critics were seen clapping hard. Perhaps they recognized that the hardest circumstances the unflappable Darling faced was working under a Prime Minister who famously unleashed "the forces of hell" upon him. And they could only imagine what Brown might have unleashed on the City were Darling not there to restrain him.

Definition of unflappable

adjective

informal
  • having or showing calmness in a crisis.

Derivatives

unflappability

Pronunciation: /-ˌflapəˈbilətē/
noun

unflappably

Pronunciation: /-blē/
adverb

gran·dee (grăn-dē') pronunciation
n.
    1. A nobleman of the highest rank in Spain or Portugal.
    2. Used as the title for such a nobleman.
  1. A person of eminence or high rank.
[Spanish grande, from Latin grandis, great.]

2013年6月29日 星期六

earmark, allocate, allocable, contiguous, alleviate

TAIPEI (Dow Jones)--Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. (TSM) has earmarked US$1.89 billion to expand its wafer plant in central Taiwan, the company said ...





The Bavarian Forest is central Europe's largest contiguous forest
landscape. Known as a region for nature lovers and hiking fans, the area
also has much to offer and discover during winters.


During an earthquake relief cabinet meeting in Beijing, Hui Liangyu, a vice premier, expressed urgency, saying “any negligence will cause new disasters to people who have already suffered the quake,” Xinhua said on Wednesday. During the same meeting on Tuesday, Prime Minister Wen Jiabao told ministers that alleviating the risk of flooding from 34 so-called quake lakes was “the most pressing task” for the government. Officials also announced that $29 million in emergency funds would be allocated to the effort.



alleviate 
verb [T] FORMAL ━━ vt. 軽減[緩和]する.
to make something bad such as pain or problems less severe:
The drugs did nothing to alleviate her pain/suffering.

alleviation
noun [U]
the alleviation of poverty

contiguous


 

adjective

  • sharing a common border; touching:the 48 contiguous states
  • next or together in sequence:five hundred contiguous dictionary entries
音節
con • tig • u • ous
発音
kəntígjuəs
[形]((形式))
1 (…と)隣接[接触]している, 近接の, 近隣の((to, with ...))
a lot contiguous to the road
道路に接する地所.
2 切れ目のない, 連続的な.
con・tig・u・ous・ly
[副]
con・tig・u・ous・ness
[名] allocable (adjective) Capable of being distributed.
Synonyms: apportionable
Usage: Although our department's budget was increased this year, only a small portion of the funds are allocable to travel expenses.

earmark

n.
  1. An identifying feature or characteristic: a novel with all the earmarks of success.
  2. An identifying mark on the ear of a domestic animal.
tr.v., -marked, -mark·ing, -marks.
  1. To reserve or set aside for a particular purpose. See synonyms at allocate.
  2. To mark in an identifying or distinctive way.
  3. To mark the ear of (a domestic animal) for identification.

2013年6月28日 星期五

abstain, stone cold sober,teetotaler, abstinence, teetotal




Westerwelle: Germany to abstain in UN Palestine vote

Germany plans to abstain during Thursday's vote at the UN General Assembly
on the Palestinians' diplomatic status. German Foreign Minister Westerwelle
said the expected UN endorsement would run counter to peace efforts.




In All Those Pages, a Surprise or Two

By MICHELLE ANDREWS
Among the many provisions in the law are an excise tax on indoor tanning and money for abstinence programs.


Abstinence Education Done Right
No single approach will reduce sexual activity in all teenagers, but a new study suggests that there is a sensible, effective way to teach abstinence.


The book is delicious, in its minimalist, essayistic way. But it sends you out the door a bit hungry, and stone sober.

February 25, 2009, 10:00 pm

Rock Star, Meet Teetotaler



In the restaurant, the little tables shimmered under the moody lighting. It was just the kind of lightning, I knew, that after a few drinks would take on a shadowy glow and make our table the only table, a tiny oasis. But here I was: stone cold sober, out of the house for the first time in weeks, and meeting new people — an intimidatingly attractive couple with bright smiles and even brighter careers.




abstain

音節
ab • stain
発音
æbstéin, əb-
レベル
社会人必須
abstainの変化形
abstained (過去形) • abstained (過去分詞) • abstaining (現在分詞) • abstains (三人称単数現在)
[動](自)
1 (行為・快楽を)慎む, 控える, 自制する, 節制する(refrain)((from ...));(…するのを)断つ, やめる((from doing))
abstain from premarital sex
婚前交渉を控える
abstain from drinkingsmoking
禁酒[禁煙]する.
2 (投票を)棄権する((from ...))
abstain from voting
投票を棄権する.

stone
adj.
  1. Relating to or made of stone: a stone wall.
  2. Made of stoneware or earthenware.
  3. Complete; utter: a stone liar.
adv.
Completely; utterly: stone cold; standing stone still.


teetotal 
adjective
never drinking alcohol or opposed to the drinking of alcohol

adj.
  1. Of, relating to, or practicing complete abstinence from alcoholic beverages.
  2. Total; absolute.
[Probably partly TEE1 (pronunciation of the first letter in TOTAL) + total (abstinence), and partly reduplication of TOTAL.]
teetotally tee·to'tal·ly adv.


teetotal

adjective

  • choosing or characterized by abstinence from alcohol:a teetotal lifestyle

Derivatives

teetotalism

Pronunciation: /-ˌizəm/
noun
ab·sti·nence (ăb'stə-nəns) pronunciation
n.
The act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite or desire, especially for alcoholic drink or sexual intercourse.

[Middle English, from Old French abstenance, from Latin abstinentia, from abstinēns, abstinent-, present participle of abstinēre, to hold back. See abstain.]
abstinent ab'sti·nent adj.
abstinently ab'sti·nent·ly adv.
SYNONYMS abstinence, self-denial, temperance, sobriety, continence. These nouns refer to restraint of one's appetites or desires. Abstinence implies the willful avoidance of pleasures, especially of food and drink, thought to be harmful or self-indulgent: "I vainly reminded him of his protracted abstinence from food" (Emily Brontë). Self-denial suggests resisting one's own desires for the achievement of a higher goal: I practiced self-denial to provide for my family's needs. Temperance refers to moderation and self-restraint and sobriety to gravity in bearing, manner, or treatment; both nouns denote moderation in or abstinence from the consumption of alcoholic liquor: Teetotalers preach temperance for everyone. "those moments which would come between the subsidence of actual sobriety and the commencement of intoxication" (Anthony Trollope). Continence specifically refers to abstention from sexual activity: The nun took a vow of continence.

2013年6月26日 星期三

cast, recast, brandish, avid angler, extinct

Op-Ed: Ich Bin Ein Berliner
Fifty years ago, John F. Kennedy recast the Cold War in an unforgettable speech. 


Recasting the Information Infrastructure for the Industrial Age, Richard R. John
Volcker Prefers Work to Fishing Paul A. Volcker, the former Federal Reserve chairman, shares an office with Richard Ravitch, the longtime New York political figure, The Wall Street Journal reports. The two old friends are avid anglers, but Mr. Volcker, who has been a key adviser on financial regulation, said he has no plans to retire, noting that work is "more relaxing than fishing," The Journal writes.


Pyramid Lake Journal

20 Pounds? Not Too Bad, for an Extinct Fish

By NATE SCHWEBER

A giant trout once believed to be extinct is once again delighting anglers at Pyramid Lake in Nevada. 



H-P to Brandish Tech Credentials

H-P, known to consumers mostly as a printer specialist, is seeking to recast itself as a broader tech company with a new ad campaign featuring rapper Dr. Dre, comedian Rhys Darby and the slogan "Lets Do Amazing."






You’re Checked Out, but Your Brain Is Tuned In
By BENEDICT CAREY
Research suggests that falling into a numbed trance allows the brain to recast the outside world in ways that can be productive and creative.


By DAVID POGUE
I've always been an iMovie nut. This humble video-editing program from Apple, in its way, launched my entire career of making weekly goofball tech videos. For three years, I made them all by myself, on the cheap, with a camcorder and iMovie.
Other goofs were unintentional: as Apollo 13 circles the moon and loses the signal with mission control, the ship is seen going into the moon's shadow.

brandish
━━ vt. (剣などを)振回す ((at)).

tr.v., -dished, -dish·ing, -dish·es.
  1. To wave or flourish (a weapon, for example) menacingly.
  2. To display ostentatiously. See synonyms at flourish.
n.
A menacing or defiant wave or flourish.

[Middle English brandissen, from Old French brandir, brandiss-, from brand, sword, of Germanic origin.]
brandisher bran'dish·er n.

cast

v., cast, cast·ing, casts. v.tr.
    1. To throw (something, especially something light): The angler cast the line.
    2. To throw with force; hurl: waves that cast driftwood far up on the shore. See synonyms at throw.
  1. To shed; molt.
  2. To throw forth; drop: cast anchor.
  3. To throw on the ground, as in wrestling.
  4. To deposit or indicate (a ballot or vote).
  5. To turn or direct: All eyes were cast upon the speaker.
  6. To cause to fall onto or over something or in a certain direction, as if by throwing: candles casting light; cast aspersions on my character; findings that cast doubt on our hypothesis.
  7. To bestow; confer: "The government I cast upon my brother" (Shakespeare).
    1. To roll or throw (dice, for example).
    2. To draw (lots).
  8. To give birth to prematurely: The cow cast a calf.
  9. To cause (hunting hounds) to scatter and circle in search of a lost scent.
    1. To choose actors for (a play, for example).
    2. To assign a certain role to (an actor): cast her as the lead.
    3. To assign an actor to (a part): cast each role carefully.
  10. To form (liquid metal, for example) into a particular shape by pouring into a mold.
  11. To give a form to; arrange: decided to cast the book in three parts.
  12. To contrive; devise: cast a plan.
  13. To calculate or compute; add up (a column of figures).
  14. To calculate astrologically: cast my horoscope.
  15. To warp; twist: floorboards cast by age.
  16. Nautical. To turn (a ship); change to the opposite tack.
v.intr.
  1. To throw something, especially to throw out a lure or bait at the end of a fishing line.
  2. To add a column of figures; make calculations.
  3. To make a conjecture or a forecast.
  4. To receive form or shape in a mold.
  5. To become warped.
  6. To search for a lost scent in hunting with hounds.
  7. Nautical.
    1. To veer to leeward from a former course; fall off.
    2. To put about; tack.
  8. To choose actors for the parts in a play, movie, or other theatrical presentation.
  9. Obsolete. To estimate; conjecture.
n.
    1. The act or an instance of casting or throwing.
    2. The distance thrown.
    1. A throwing of a fishing line or net into the water.
    2. The line or net thrown.
    1. A throw of dice.
    2. The number thrown.
  1. A stroke of fortune or fate; lot.
    1. A direction or expression of the eyes.
    2. A slight squint.
  2. Something, such as molted skin, that is thrown off, out, or away.
  3. The addition of a column of figures; calculation.
  4. A conjecture; a forecast.
    1. The act of pouring molten material into a mold.
    2. The amount of molten material poured into a mold at a single operation.
    3. Something formed by this means: The sculpture was a bronze cast.
  5. An impression formed in a mold or matrix; a mold: a cast of her face made in plaster.
  6. A rigid dressing, usually made of gauze and plaster of Paris, used to immobilize an injured body part, as in a fracture or dislocation. Also called plaster cast.
  7. The form in which something is made or constructed; arrangement: the close-set cast of her features.
  8. Outward form or look; appearance: a suit of stylish cast.
  9. Sort; type: fancied himself to be of a macho cast.
  10. An inclination; tendency: her thoughtful cast of mind.
  11. The actors in a play, movie, or other theatrical presentation.
  12. A slight trace of color; a tinge.
  13. A distortion of shape.
  14. The circling of hounds to pick up a scent in hunting.
  15. A pair of hawks released by a falconer at one time. See synonyms at flock1.
phrasal verbs:
cast about or around
  1. To make a search; look: had to cast about for an hour, looking for a good campsite.
  2. To devise means; contrive.
cast off
  1. To discard; reject: cast off old clothing.
  2. To let go; set loose: cast off a boat; cast off a line.
  3. To make the last row of stitches in knitting.
  4. Printing. To estimate the space a mansucript will occupy when set into type.
cast on
  1. To make the first row of stitches in knitting.
cast out
  1. To drive out by force; expel.
idiom:
cast (one's) lot with
  1. To join or side with for better or worse.
[Middle English casten, from Old Norse kasta.]
━━ vt. (cast) 投げる; (票を)投じる; 投げ[脱ぎ]すてる; 投げかける; 放つ; (目を)向ける; (樹が未熟の果実を)落す; 【動】(古い皮・角などを)落す; 鋳造する; 【印】電気版[ステロ]にする; 計算する; 配役する; (くじを)引く; (魔法を)かける; 解雇する; (名誉・非難などを)与える, 加える, 負わせる.
━━ vi. さい(ころ)を投げる, 釣糸をたれる; 鋳型通りになる, 鋳造される; 思案[工夫]する, 計算する.
cast about [around] 捜す ((for)); 思案する.
cast aside (投げ)捨てる, 排斥する.
cast away 捨てる; 斥ける; 難破させる; 置きざりにする.
cast down (目を)伏せる; 投げ倒す; 落胆させる.
cast off (脱ぎ)捨てる, (束縛から)脱却する; 仕上げる; 【海事】(綱を)放す.
cast on 編み始める.
cast out 投げ出す; 追い出す.
cast oneself on (人の同情に)すがる.
cast up 投げ[打ち]上げる; 合計する.
━━ n. 投げ(ること); ひと投げ; 射程; 試み; 鋳型, 鋳物, 鋳造; 【医】ギプス; 【劇】配役, 出演者全員; 計算, 勘定; ようす; 種類, タイプ; 顔つき; 色合い, 気味; 予想; (軽い)斜視; 車に乗せてやる[もらう]こと; (ヘビなどの)ぬけがら; 【コンピュータ】キャスト ((プログラミング言語での型変換の指定)).
cast of mind 気質.
the last cast 最後の運試し.
cast・away ━━ a., n. 難破した(人); 見捨てられた(者); ならず者.



Definition of recast

verb (past and past participle recast)

[with object]
  • 1 give (a metal object) a different form by melting it down and reshaping it: in 1919, the bells were recast
  • present or organize in a different form or style:his doctoral thesis has been recast for the general reader
2 allocate the parts in (a play or film) to different actors:there were moves to recast the play
recast
tr.v., -cast, -cast·ing, -casts.
  1. To mold again: recast a bell.
  2. To set down or present (ideas, for example) in a new or different arrangement: recast a sentence.
  3. To change the cast of (a theatrical production).
n. ('kăst')
  1. The act or process of recasting.
  2. Something produced by recasting.
━━ n. 改鋳; 改作; 配役[キャスト]変更.
━━ 〔vt. (〜) 改作する; 配役を変える; 鋳直す.

fug, poorly, reeking, suffocation, stench, block the road leading

But as Japan’s imperial ambitions grew, China was the obvious place to expand. In 1931 Japan occupied Manchuria, turning from mentor to oppressor. The full-scale invasion began in 1937. Mr Mitter does not skimp in narrating the atrocities; the stench of war infuses his narrative. But he paints a broader account of the Chinese struggle, explaining the history that still shapes Chinese thinking today.




DONGTANG, China--Amid the persistent stench of chemicals used at nearby factories, villagers here were once again reminded of the dangers surrounding them when a 6-year-old boy’s hair began falling out.
Villagers block the road leading to a factory believed responsible for lead poisoning in Dongtang in the city of Shaoguan in Guangdong province. (Keiko Yoshioka)
Villagers block the road leading to a factory believed responsible for lead poisoning in Dongtang in the city of Shaoguan in Guangdong province. (Keiko Yoshioka)







Whenever Bronze took his seat in the orchestra, the first thing that happened to him was that his face grew red, and the perspiration streamed from it, for the air was always hot, and reeking of garlic to the point of suffocation.

黑心帝國—中國製造業第一手全揭祕
孟天/著
賴秀如



fug

n.
A heavy, stale atmosphere, especially the musty air of an overcrowded or poorly ventilated room: "In spite of the open windows the stench had become a reeking fug" (Colleen McCullough).

[Perhaps alteration of fogo, stench.]

[名][U]
1 ((英略式))(室内の)むっとする空気.
2 ((スコット))霧.
fug・gy
The noun has one meaning:
Meaning #1: (British informal) an airless smoky smelly atmosphere



poorly
[副]貧しく;乏しく;不完全に;まずく, へたに, みすぼらしく, みじめに
a poorly paid job
低賃金の仕事
do poorly
成績[業績など]が上がらない
think very poorly of one's professor
自分の先生を快く思わない.
be poorly off
貧困的
(1) 暮らし向きが悪い.
(2) (…が)不足している((for ...)).
━━[形]((英略式))((叙述))健康がすぐれない, 病身の
feel poorly
気分がすぐれない.


reek

[名]1 強い臭気, 激しい悪臭 the [a] reek of rotten eggs腐った卵の悪臭.2 [U]湯気, 蒸気;((文))((スコット))濃い煙.━━[動](自)1 (…の)悪臭...




Definition of stench

noun

  • a strong and very unpleasant smell:the stench of rotting fish

Origin:

Old English stenc 'smell', of Germanic origin; related to Dutch stank, German Gestank, also to the verb stink


stench[stench]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[sténtʃ]
[名]((通例the [a] 〜))((文))(強烈な)悪臭. ⇒SMELL[類語]
the frightful stench of death
強烈な死臭.
[古英語stenc(におい). △STINK

experient, Rex, regicide, enfranchis


Come the restoration, however, he was arrested as a regicide, subjected to an outrageously rigged trial, and then hanged, drawn and quartered at Charing Cross.

Cooke was a man of great courage and republican principle. In words worth remembering this week, he wrote to his wife from the Tower shortly before his execution: "We fought for the public good and would have enfranchised the people and secured the welfare of the whole groaning creation, if the nation had not delighted more in servitude than freedom."





題一:參考《羅斯福王》(Theodore Rex by EDMUND MORRIS),北京:文津出版社/北京出版社 出版集團,2004 ◎為什麼不是《提奧多王》

Rex [rɛks]
n
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) king: part of the official title of a king, now used chiefly in documents, legal proceedings, inscriptions on coins, etc Compare Regina1
[Latin]

experient

Etymology

From Latin experiri

[edit] Noun

Singular
experient

Plural
experients
experient (plural experients)
  1. A person who experiences something.

[edit] Adjective

experient (comparative more experient, superlative most experient)
Positive
experient

Comparative
more experient

Superlative
most experient
  1. Met with in the course of experience.


regicide

Syllabification: (reg·i·cide)
Pronunciation: /ˈrejəˌsīd/
Definition of regicide

noun

  • the action of killing a king.
  • a person who kills or takes part in killing a king.
     
     
    [名]((形式))
    1 [U]国王殺し, 弑逆(しいぎゃく);大逆罪.
    2 国王殺害者;((the Regicides))Charles Iを死刑にした67人の裁判官.

Derivatives

regicidal

Pronunciation: /ˌrejəˈsīdl/
adjective

Origin:

mid 16th century: from Latin rex, reg- 'king' + -cide, probably suggested by French régicide




enfranchise

Syllabification: (en·fran·chise)
Pronunciation: /enˈfranˌCHīz/
Definition of enfranchise

verb

[with object]
  • give the right to vote to:a proposal that foreigners should be enfranchised for local elections
  • historical free (a slave).

Derivatives

enfranchisement

noun

Origin:

late Middle English (formerly also as infranchise): from Old French enfranchiss-, lengthened stem of enfranchir, from en- (expressing a change of state) + franc, franche 'free'

Spelling help

Enfranchise ends in -ise.

2013年6月25日 星期二

defriend, befriend, aftertaste lingers. procrastinate, fondly



Snowden Case Has Cold War Aftertaste
By DAVID M. HERSZENHORN
Russia ignored demands by the White House to intercept the N.S.A. leaker and return him to the United States, showing the two countries still have a penchant for that old rivalry from the Soviet era.
 

Barriers Linger in Kosovo After Accord

Ethnic Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo are facing changes to law enforcement, schools and courts that take effect on Saturday as part of a landmark power-sharing accord. 




ONLINE MISERY Debora Spencer at first could not bring herself to defriend her ex-boyfriend, but finally did." width="337" height="250">




 After his retirement in 1974, Professor Tucker tried to recapture some of the magic of Princeton's mathematics department in the 1940's. He organized a novel oral history project involving hundreds of taped interviews with former faculty members and students. He also procrastinated, his former colleagues recall fondly. His last book, published recently, was in the works for 18 years.
 
Stuart Isett for The New York Times

Breaking Up in a Digital Fishbowl

Debora Spencer at first could not bring herself to defriend her ex-boyfriend, but finally did. After a rejection, the hurt can linger online, witnessed by everyone.



The memories that linger, ten years on
Events to mark the tenth anniversary of the September 11 attacks are to take place as planned, despite an escalation of the perceived terror threat. Visitors to ground zero are not allowing themselves to be intimidated.


Bush and Obama, Shoulder to Shoulder
By MARK LANDLER and ERIC SCHMITT
The president defined by his response to Sept. 11 stood alongside the one who has tried to take America beyond the lingering, complicated legacy of that day.

Best not to linger until the last elf was out of sight.

linger
(lĭng'gər) pronunciation

v., -gered, -ger·ing, -gers.
v.intr.
  1. To be slow in leaving, especially out of reluctance; tarry. See synonyms at stay1.
  2. To remain feebly alive for some time before dying.
  3. To persist: an aftertaste that lingers.
  4. To proceed slowly; saunter.
  5. To be tardy in acting; procrastinate.
v.tr.
To pass (a period of time) in a leisurely or aimless manner.

[Middle English lengeren, frequentative of lengen, to prolong, from Old English lengan.]
lingerer lin'ger·er n.
lingeringly lin'ger·ing·ly adv.


  • [líŋgər]

[動](自)[I([副])]
1 (去りかねて)ぐずぐずする, 居残る((about, around, on, behind/over ...)). ⇒LOITER
linger around a coffee shop
喫茶店になんとはなしに長居する.
2 (物思い・楽しみなどに)いつまでもふける[とどまる]((on, upon, over ...)).
3 〈病人が〉細々と生き長らえる;〈病気が〉長引く;〈習慣・疑いなどが〉なかなかなくならない, 残存する((on)).
4 (行動などが)のろい, 遅れる, (…に)手間どる((over, in ...));〈時が〉だらだらしている;ぶらぶら[のろのろ]歩く, 散歩する;〈交通が〉渋滞する
linger over one's work
だらだら仕事する
linger in finishing one's homework
ぐずぐずしてなかなか宿題を終えない.
━━(他)
1 〈時・人生などを〉だらだら[ぐずぐず]過ごす, ゆっくり[のんびり]過ごす((away, out))
I lingered away the afternoon at the pool.
プールで午後をゆっくり過ごした.
2 〈花の〉開花を(人為的に)遅らせる.
[中英語lenger(古英語lengan延ばす+-er). -engは規則的に-ingに変わる. ⇒THINK, WING, ENGLISH. △LONG1

procrastinate[pro・cras・ti・nate]

  • 発音記号[proukrǽstənèit]

[動](自)((形式))(ずぼらで)ぐずぐずする, 行動を引き延ばす.
━━(他)…をぐずぐすと(引き)延ばす.
pro・crás・ti・nà・tor
[名]

fondly[fond・ly]

  • 発音記号[fɑ'ndli | fɔ'nd-]

[副]
1 優しく, 愛情を込めて.
2 軽々しく, 甘く, たわいなく, 愚かにも.



aftertaste

Pronunciation: /ˈɑːftəteɪst/
Definition of aftertaste

noun

a taste remaining in the mouth after eating or drinking something:the wine had a bitter aftertaste figurativewe concluded many exchanges in uneasy fashion, leaving behind a sour aftertaste

2013年6月24日 星期一

larynx, laryngologist, laryngeal,pharynx, fauces, vestibule, anteroom

Down the Hatch and Straight Into Medical History

By AMANDA SCHAFFER
Dr. Chevalier Jackson, a laryngologist who worked in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, preserved more than 2,000 objects that people had swallowed or inhaled.



LARYNX
by Pablo Neruda (1904-1973) 

Now this is it, said Death,
and as far as I could see
Death was looking at me, at me.
This all happened in hospital,
in washed out corridors,
and the doctor peered at me
with periscopic eyes.
He stuck his head in my mouth,
scratched away at my larynx –
perhaps a small seed
of death was stuck there.
At first, I turned into smoke
so that the cindery one
would pass and not recognize me.
I played the fool, I grew thin,
pretended to be simple or transparent –
I wanted to be a cyclist
to pedal out of death’s range.
The rage came over me
and I said, “Death, you bastard,
must you always keep butting in?
Haven’t you enough with all those bones?
I’ll tell you exactly what I think:
you have no discrimination, you’re deaf
and stupid beyond belief.
“Why are you following me?
What do you want with my skeleton?
Why don’t you take the miserable one,
the cataleptic, the smart one,
the bitter, the unfaithful, the ruthless,
the murderer, the adulterers,
the two-faced judge,
the deceiving journalist,
tyrants from islands,
those who set fire to mountains,
the chiefs of police,
jailers and burglars?
Why do you have to take me?
What business have I with Heaven?
Hell doesn’t suit me –
I feel fine on the earth.”
With such internal mutterings
I kept myself going
while the restless doctor
went tramping through my lungs,
from bronchea to bronchea
like a bird from branch to branch.
I couldn’t feel my throat;
my mouth was open like the jaws of a suit of armor,
and the doctor ran up and down
my larynx on his bicycle,
till, serious and certain,
he looked at me through his telescope
and pried me loose from death.
It wasn’t what they had thought.
It wasn’t my turn.
If I tell you I suffered a lot,
and really loved the mystery,
that Our Lord and Our Lady
were waiting for me in their oasis,
if I talk of enchantment,
and being eaten up by distress
at not being close to dying,
if I say like a stupid chicken
that I die not by dying,
give me a boot in the butt
fit punishment for a liar.

Translated by Alastair Reid


larynx


 
音節
lar • ynx
発音
lǽriŋks
[名](複la・ryn・ges 〔lríndiz〕, 〜・es)《解剖学》喉頭(こうとう);《動物》発声器官(((略式))voice box). http://hcbooks.blogspot.tw/2011/06/pablo-neruda.html

laryngeal, -gal[la・ryn・ge・al, -gal]

  • 発音記号[ləríndʒiəl, -ríŋgəl]
[形]
1 喉頭(こうとう)の[にある].
2 喉頭音の.
━━[名]喉頭音.

laryngologist
(lăr'ən-gŏl'ə-jē) pronunciation
n.
The branch of medicine that studies and treats the larynx, pharynx, and fauces.

laryngologist lar'yn·gol'o·gist n.

pharynx
  • [fǽriŋks]
[名](複phar・yn・ges 〔fríndiz〕, 〜・es)《解剖学》咽頭(いんとう).





anteroom (noun) A large entrance or reception room or area.
Synonyms:foyer, lobby, vestibule, hall
Usage:The butler had me wait in the anteroom while he went to get the master of the house.
Pronunciation: /ˈantiruːm/
Definition of anteroom

noun

  • an antechamber, typically serving as a waiting room.
  • Military a large room in an officers' mess, typically adjacent to the dining room.
     
     
     
    ひかえしつ【控え室】
    〔次の間〕an anteroom; 〔待合室〕a waiting room
     

vestibule[ves・ti・bule]

  • 発音記号[véstəbjùːl]
[名]
1 ((形式))(建物・家の)入口の間, 玄関.
2 ((米))《鉄道》(客車の)連廊, デッキ.
3 《解剖学・動物学》前庭, 前室
the vestibule of the inner ear
内耳前庭.
ves・tib・u・lar〔vestíbjulr〕
[形]前庭の.

fauces
[名](複 〜)
1 《解剖学》口峡:口腔の奥の空間.
2 (古代ローマで)玄関(vestibule).

Head and neck. Illu pharynx.jpg Pharynx
Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/pharynx#ixzz1B6kYeL6s