2009年7月10日 星期五

foundry ( fab), range, Practicing Catholic



By JAMES CARROLL
Reviewed by JACK MILES

James Carroll, a novelist, historian and onetime priest, ranges over family and church, country and self in this memoir of Catholic life.




ルピーダ<6665.t>と台湾UMC<2303.tw>、日本でファウンダリ事業の共同推進で合
ロイター
T: 株価, ニュース, レポート)は17日、台湾のUMC(2303.TW: 株価, 企業情報, レポート)と日本でのファウンダリ(受託生産)事業の 共同推進で同意したと発表した。 ...

In the microelectronics industry, a foundry (also called a fab for fabrication plant) is a factory where devices like integrated circuits are manufactured. When the term "Foundry" is applied to a fab, it means that there are many devices being made at that fab for one or more customers. A fab that only has one product, or just one customer is generally not called a foundry.

Foundries require many expensive devices to function. Estimates put the cost of building a new foundry over one billion US Dollars with values as high as 3-4 billion US Dollars not being uncommon.

The central part of a foundry is the clean room, an area where the environment is controlled to eliminate all dust, since even a single speck can ruin a microcircuit, which has features much smaller than dust. The clean room must also be dampened against vibration and kept within narrow bands of temperature and humidity. Controlling temperature and humidity is critical for minimizing static electricity.

The clean room also contains the steppers for photolithography, etching, cleaning, doping and dicing machines. All these devices are extremely precise and thus extremely expensive. Prices for most common pieces of equipment for the processing of 300mm wafers ranges from $700,000 US Dollars to upwards of $4,000,000 US Dollars each with a few pieces of equipment reaching as high as $30,000,000 US Dollars each (i.e. steppers). A typical fab will have several hundred equipment items.


台湾tsmc、研究開発2割増員 次世代技術への投資拡大
日本経済新聞
半導体の生産受託会社(foundry ファウンドリー)世界最大手の台湾積体電炉製造(tsmc)は研究開発(r&d)部門の技術者を年内に約2割増員する。日本人も対象に300人程度を補充、r&d全体で2100人の体制にする。世界最大の生産受託会社であるtsmcは半導体の需要が減少する中でも高 ...




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range (MOVE) Show phonetics
verb [I usually + adverb or preposition]
1 to move or travel freely:
The hens range freely about/over the farm.
The walkers ranged through/over the hills all day.

2 (of a piece of writing or speech) to deal with:
Our discussion ranged over many current issues.
The findings of a wide-ranging (= including many subjects) survey of young people's attitudes are published today.

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range (LIMIT) PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun
1 [S] the amount, number or type of something between an upper and a lower limit:
The price range is from $100 to $500.
The product is aimed at young people in the 18 - 25 age range.
The coat was in/out of my price range.
This type of work is outside/beyond/out of my range (of experience).

2 [S or U] the distance within which you can see, hear or hit someone:
The ship was in/out of range of our guns.
He was shot at point blank/at close range (= from very near).

3 [S] the period of time in the future within which something is planned or expected to happen:
long-range plans
short-/medium-/long-range weather forecasting

4 [S] the distance that a vehicle or aircraft can travel without having to stop for more fuel:
short-/medium-/long-range airliners

5 [C] all the musical notes that a singer can sing or a musical instrument is able to produce

range PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
verb [I usually + adverb or preposition]
Dress sizes range from petite to extra large.
Prices range between $50 and $250.

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range (COOKER) PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
1 (ALSO kichen range) UK an old type of cooker, with one or more ovens and cooking surfaces, which is heated with wood or coal and is kept hot all the time

2 US a cooker
Picture of Recalled J2B900 Range
J2B900
Picture of Recalled J2B915 Range
J2B915



原先
foundry Show phonetics
noun [C]
a factory where metal is melted and poured into specially shaped containers to produce objects such as wheels and bars
━━ n. 鋳造場; 鋳造(法); ((集合的)) 鋳物類.

1 則留言:

Justin 提到...

5I need to buy a new new gas cooker and I can’t decide what I should choose. I like rangemaster cookers but still I have to search in order to find the best one for my kitchen.