2017年2月20日 星期一

preserve, sanity, self-preservation, conservation, life preserver

During their lives, Ernest Hemingway and Ezra Pound exchanged at least 130 letters.

The correspondence of Ernest Hemingway and Ezra Pound
THEPARISREVIEW.ORG|由 EZRA POUND 上傳

The Benedictine monks in Minnesota began backing up the world’s ancient Christian texts during the Cold War. Today, they are preserving the Islamic manuscripts of Timbuktu


As AT&T considers a package of asset sales to save its proposed acquisition of T-Mobile, there are questions on whether the sales are effective in preserving competition.



All foreign companies operating in China have to grapple with ethical dilemmas. Media companies, however, face even trickier decisions since they operate in an area that is the traditional preserve of the Chinese Communist Party, which views the media as an important tool of political control of the one-party state.

conservationn.
  1. The act or process of conserving.
    1. Preservation or restoration from loss, damage, or neglect: manuscripts saved from deterioration under the program of library conservation.
    2. The protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and of natural resources such as forests, soil, and water.
  2. The maintenance of a physical quantity, such as energy or mass, during a physical or chemical change.
conservational con'ser·va'tion·al adj.



“Once an organization exceeds 1000 people, its first purpose becomes self-preservation. ...

Tesco reported its worst U.K. sales performance since the 1990s and slashed its capital-expenditure plans in an effort to preserve cash.

IBM Boosts Dividend by 25%
IBM boosted its dividend by 25%, marking the thirteenth straight year with an increase. But an executive said the tech giant favors stock buybacks, which preserve flexibility to make acquisitions.


Preservation Groups Find Bargains in Housing Bust
By LESLIE KAUFMAN
Conservation organizations have taken advantage of depressed property prices and foreclosures to protect open space.



preserve
v., -served, -serv·ing, -serves. v.tr.
  1. To maintain in safety from injury, peril, or harm; protect.
  2. To keep in perfect or unaltered condition; maintain unchanged.
  3. To keep or maintain intact: tried to preserve family harmony. See synonyms at defend.
  4. To prepare (food) for future use, as by canning or salting.
  5. To prevent (organic bodies) from decaying or spoiling.
  6. To keep or protect (game or fish) for one's private hunting or fishing.
v.intr.
  1. To treat fruit or other foods so as to prevent decay.
  2. To maintain a private area stocked with game or fish.
n.
  1. Something that acts to preserve; a preservative.
  2. Fruit cooked with sugar to protect against decay or fermentation. Often used in the plural.
  3. An area maintained for the protection of wildlife or natural resources.
  4. Something considered as being the exclusive province of certain persons: Ancient Greek is the preserve of scholars.
[Middle English preserven, from Old French preserver, from Medieval Latin praeservāre, from Late Latin, to observe beforehand : Latin prae-, pre- + Latin servāre, to guard, preserve.]
preservability pre·serv'a·bil'i·ty n.
preservable pre·serv'a·ble adj.
preservation pres'er·va'tion (prĕz'ər-vā'shən) n.
preserver pre·serv'er n.



preserve (KEEP)
verb [T]
1 to keep something as it is, especially in order to prevent it from decaying or being damaged or destroyed; to conserve:
to preserve the environment
We want to preserve the character of the town while improving the facilities.
The agreement preserved our right to limit trade in endangered species.
Putting varnish on wood is a way of preserving it.
I need to get out of the house from time to time just to preserve (= prevent me from losing) my sanity.
See also well-preserved.

2 to treat food in a particular way so that it can be kept for a long time without going bad:
preserved fruit
oranges preserved in brandy

preservative Phonetic
noun
1 [C or U] a substance used to prevent decay in wood:
a timber/wood preservative
The fence has been treated with preservative.

2 [C] a chemical used to stop food from decaying:
This bread is completely free from artificial preservatives.
No added preservatives.
natural preservatives

preservation Phoneticnoun [U]
when you keep something the same or prevent it from being damaged:
building preservation
wood preservation
There is great public concern about some of the chemicals used in food preservation.
The cathedral is in a poor state of preservation (= has not been kept in good condition).
The prime minister has said that the government is committed to the preservation (= protection) of the country's national interests.
She belongs to the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites
See also self-preservation.

preservationist
noun [C] MAINLY US
someone who works to prevent old buildings and areas of the countryside from being destroyed or damaged

sane Show phonetics
adjective
having a healthy mind and not mentally ill, or showing good judgment and understanding:
In the doctor's opinion he was sane at the time of the murder.
HUMOROUS The only thing which keeps me sane after a hard day in the office is jogging!
It was a sane (= sensible) decision and one we all respected.

sanity Show phonetics
noun [U]
He'd been behaving so strangely that they began to doubt/question his sanity.
Maybe Jenny can bring some sanity into (= think and act with good judgment in) this crazy situation.
to keep/preserve/retain your sanity

pre・serve
━━ vt. 保存する; 維持する; 防腐処置を施す; 保存食品にする, 貯蔵する; 保護する ((from)); 猟を禁じる.

━━ n.pl.) (果物の)砂糖づけ, びん[かん]詰, ジャム; (pl.) 禁猟地, いけす; 自然保護区域; (人の)領分, 縄張り.
preserve (SEPARATE ACTIVITY)
an activity which only one person or a particular type of person does or is responsible for:
Owning racehorses is the preserve of the rich.
Sport used to be a male preserve.
pre・serv・a・ble ━━ a. (食品などが)保存が効く.
pres・er・va・tion ━━ n. 保存, 貯蔵; 保護; 保存状態.
preservation order 〔英〕 (歴史的重要建築物などの)保存命令.
pre・serv・a・tive
 ━━ a., n. 保存力ある; 防腐の; 防腐剤, 予防薬.
pre・serv・er ━━ n. 保護者; 救助者; 禁猟区管理人.

life preserver
noun
  1. 1.
    BRITISH
    a short truncheon with a heavily loaded end.
  2. 2.
    NORTH AMERICAN
    a buoyant device such as a lifebelt or life jacket.

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