2016年7月19日 星期二

breach, splash, liability, step into the breach

Federal Job Database Is Breached
The federal government's online database for job seekers has been hacked.

Spectacular!




Deutsche Telekom Suspected of Privacy Breaches

Security staff at telecoms giant Deutsche Telekom are suspected of
breaching German data privacy laws during a secret attempt to
identify the sources of high-level leaks to the media, the company
said Saturday, May 24.

To read this article on the DW-WORLD website, just click on the
internet address below:

http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=evyi26I44va89pI0&req=l%3Devyi24I44va89pI0
2005
MasterCard is notifying member banks of a security breach that could expose more than 40 million cards of all brands to fraud.(Statement)
美國發生歷來最嚴重的個人財務資料外洩案件,電腦駭客近日入侵信用卡處理中心CardSystems系統,盜取4000萬個信用卡號碼,受影響的信用卡公司包括萬事達、Visa、美國運通、Discover等,美國聯邦調查局 (FBI)已展開調查。
駭客入侵電腦系統
首先披露資料失竊的萬事達卡國際組織表示,駭客是在CardSystems的電腦系統中做了手腳,竊取了信用卡號碼、到期日及卡主姓名,單是萬事達卡便有1390萬個號碼外洩,至少已有68千個帳戶被盜用,該公司拒絕透露損失金額,但強調客戶的地址和社會安全號碼沒有洩露,駭客無法盜用客人的身分。
萬事達批評CardSystems違反該組織的規則,將持卡人的帳號與安全碼儲存在該公司的電腦系統中。萬事達表示,這些資料應傳至發卡銀行,不應由CardSystems保存。
2千萬張信用卡資料外洩的Visa發言人也指責Card Systems未遵守Visa的規則。Discover和美國運通均表示,正密切監控客戶的帳戶動向。
總部設在亞特蘭大的Card Systems是處理商家要求信用卡授權的公司,當消費者刷卡付款時,信用卡上的資料會先傳送到這類公司取得認可,然後再轉交給銀行的電腦付款給商家,CardSystems每年處理的交易額高達150億美元(4700億台幣)
台灣萬事達卡國際組織總經理江威娜表示,遭駭客入侵的CardSystems處理中心,其資料應以美國當地辦卡客戶為主,國內辦卡民眾雖不受影響,但詳細受害情況仍要等總公司匯整通知後,才知實際影響有多大。
江威娜說,一查到資料,會將可能有遭盜錄之虞的卡號公告通知所有銀行業者,屆時各銀行也會主動通知客戶,因此請客戶不必恐慌。

A lawsuit by a group of banks against TJX over a data breach that resulted in the theft of millions of credit-card numbers was transferred to a Massachusetts state court.
Court Allows Suit Against 'Light' Cigarette Makers
The Supreme Court said yesterday that consumers may sue over what they allege to be deceptive marketing of "light" cigarettes, a decision that opens tobacco companies to what could be billions of dollars in liability in court cases nationwide.
(By Robert Barnes, The Washington Post)

Smugglers Build an Underground World
By RANDAL C. ARCHIBOLD
Increased border enforcement has helped deter illegal immigrant traffic and boosted drug seizures, but it has also driven traffickers to find new ways to breach the American border.


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By ROBERT LEVINE
Highlighting the diminishing power of recording labels, Wal-Mart is stepping into the breach and making deals directly with artists.



step into the breach
If you step into the breach, you do someone else's work when they are unable to do it:
Gill's sudden illness meant that Kathy had to step into the breach.


liable (RESPONSIBLE)
adjective [after verb] SPECIALIZED
having (legal) responsibility for something or someone:
The law holds parents liable if a child does not attend school.
If we lose the case we may be liable for (= have to pay) the costs of the whole trial.

liability 
noun
1 [U] when you are legally responsible for something:
He denies any liability for the damage caused.

2 [S] something or someone that causes you a lot of trouble, often when they should be helping you:
After a certain age, a car's just a liability.
Sue always manages to upset somebody when we go out - she's a real liability.

liabilities
plural noun SPECIALIZED
debts:
The business has liabilities of £2 million.
Compare asset.

breach
(BROKEN PROMISE/RULE)
noun [C]
an act of breaking a law, promise, agreement or relationship:
They felt that our discussions with other companies constituted a breach of/in our agreement.
He was sued for breach of contract.
There have been serious security breaches (= breaks in our security system).

breach
verb [T] FORMAL
to break a law, promise, agreement or relationship:
They breached the agreement they had made with their employer.breach (OPENING)
verb [T] FORMAL
to make an opening in a wall or fence, especially in order to attack someone or something behind it:
Their defences were easily breached.

breach 
noun [C] FORMAL
A cannon ball had made a breach (= a hole) in their castle walls.

breach
-->
━━ n. 破ること, 違反, 破棄; 破れ(目); 不和.
breach of duty [faith] 背任[信].
breach of promise 破約; 【法】婚約不履行.
breach of the peace 治安妨害.
in breach of …に違反して.
stand in the breach 攻撃の矢面に立つ.
stand in [step into, throw oneself into] the breach 敵の矢おもてに立つ, 難局に当る.
━━ vt. 破る.
━━ vi. (鯨が)水面上に飛上る.
NO OBJECT] (Of a whale) rise and break through the surface of the water:we saw whales breaching in the distance



breach of confidence (秘密をもらすことによる)裏切り.
breach of contract 【法】契約違反.

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