2016年11月3日 星期四

dismantle, plume, upwelling, unbuilt, mantle, Mohorovičić discontinuity



The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is now directly on the wrong side, despite President Obama recent assurances. Yesterday the Corps instructed the Sheriff’s Department of Morton County, North Dakota, to remove anyone who trespassed on the public lands where Native American artifacts were discovered last month. So the Sheriff’s Department used pepper spray and tear gas against Native American protesters and their supporters who were approaching the land over a creek, and arrest⋯⋯
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The activists were attempting to get to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers land on which the Dakota Access pipeline is to be built.
USATODAY.COM

Japan's Mount Aso erupts in plumes of ash.

 “Young cartoonists are taking up the mantle now and I wish them courage. They will always remember the atrocity that happened to their colleagues, which no one could have predicted,” he said.




QUOTATION OF THE DAY

"Our systematic effort to dismantle terrorist organizations must continue. But this war, like all wars, must end. That's what history advises. It's what our democracy demands."
PRESIDENT OBAMA

Scientists Build Case for Undersea Plumes
By JUSTIN GILLIS
Academic scientists believe that much of the oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill is hovering in the deep sea, instead of surfacing.



Ford Motor said Wednesday that it has collected more than 1,000 online pre-orders for its new subcompact, thanks to a recently launched car-reservation site.



Mohole, Project, program proposed in 1957 to drill a hole down to the boundary between the crust and the mantle, known as the Mohorovičić discontinuity at about 4 to 43 mi (7 to 70 km) below the earth's surface. Initiated by the American Miscellaneous Society, a loose organization of scientists, the main purposes of the project were to determine the nature of this boundary and to attempt to fill gaps in the geologic record from samples of the rocks encountered. The technology of such a project, however, was beyond the state of drilling technology at that time. Groups such as the National Science Foundation and the National Academy of Science eventually backed phase 1, in which five holes were drilled off the coast of Mexico, the most successful entering 601 ft (183 m) into the ocean floor under 2.2 mi (3.5 km) of water. The project was abandoned by 1966, as funding to support the ever-increasing costs of the project failed to gain congressional approval. Nevertheless, ship positioning and design, along with deepwater drilling technology developed for Project Mohole, were employed in the Deep Sea Drilling Project and future drilling projects.


unbuilt
(ŭn-bĭld') pronunciation

v., -built (-bĭlt'), -build·ing, -builds. v.tr.
To dismantle, take apart, or demolish; raze.

v.intr.
To dismantle something built.

Definition of dismantle



verb

[with object]
  • take (a machine or structure) to pieces:the engines were dismantled and the bits piled into a heap figurativethe old regime was dismantled
Derivatives

dismantlement
noun





dismantler

noun

Origin:

late 16th century (in the sense 'destroy the defensive capability of a fortification'): from Old French desmanteler, from des- (expressing reversal) + manteler 'fortify' (from Latin mantellum 'cloak')


プルーム 【plume】
    • (1)羽毛。
    • (2)羽根飾り。
    • (3)水煙。水柱。
    • (4)地球内部のマントルに存在する深部から表層部への上昇流。
    • ホッ ト-スポット

plume
plume (plūm) pronunciation
n.
  1. A feather, especially a large and showy one.
  2. A large feather or cluster of feathers worn as an ornament or symbol of rank, as on a helmet.
  3. A token of honor or achievement.
  4. A structure or form that is like a long feather: a plume of smoke.
  5. Ecology. A space in air, water, or soil containing pollutants released from a point source.
  6. Geology. An upwelling of molten material from the earth's mantle.
tr.v., plumed, plum·ing, plumes.
  1. To decorate, cover, or supply with or as if with plumes.
  2. To smooth (feathers); preen.
  3. To congratulate (oneself) in a self-satisfied way: plumed himself on his victory.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin plūma.]

up·well·ing (ŭp-wĕl'ĭng, ŭp'wĕl'-) pronunciation
n.[名](海水の)湧昇.
  1. The act or an instance of rising up from or as if from a lower source: an upwelling of emotion.
  2. A process in which cold, often nutrient-rich waters from the ocean depths rise to the surface.

mantle rock
(地殻上の)上岩層.

dismantle
dɪsˈmant(ə)l/
verb
  1. take (a machine or structure) to pieces.
    "the engines were dismantled and the bits piled into a heap"
mantle
[名]1 そでなしの外套(がいとう), マント;権威の象徴としてのマント;責任, 看板(一般に認められた卓越性) take up a person's mantle人の弟子になる assume ...
  • 発音記号[mǽntl]
[名]
1 そでなしの外套(がいとう), マント;権威の象徴としてのマント;責任, 看板(一般に認められた卓越性)
take up a person's mantle
人の弟子になる
assumetake onthe mantle of ...
…の衣鉢(いはつ)を継ぐ.
2 包むもの, 外被, おおい
under the mantle of night
夜のとばりの下で.
3 《動物》外套膜;《鳥》襟羽(えりば).
4 マントル:ガス燈・石油ランプなどの火炎おおい.
5mantel.
6 《地質学》マントル, 外套部. ⇒CRUST 2, CORE 7
━━[動](他)
1 …にマントを着せる[掛ける]
a nun mantled with a veil
ベールをかぶった修道女.
2 ((文))…をおおう, 包む, 隠す.
3 …の顔を赤らめさせる, を紅潮させる.
━━(自)
1 〈顔の赤らみなどが〉広がる;〈顔などが〉赤らむ, 赤くなる;〈雲などが〉一面に広がる.
2 〈液体などが〉上皮を生じる;あわだつ.
[ラテン語mantellum. 原義は「ナプキン」→「おおうもの」]

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