2016年1月28日 星期四

cut out for, stiff, stiff-arm, on the defensive, shove


Telegraph.co.uk
British Tax Deal With Google Puts Government on Defensive
LONDON — When it was announced last Friday,Google's agreement to pay 130 million pounds in back taxes was welcomed by the country's ...

HTC Calls Up a New Marketing Chief
Embattled smartphone maker HTC Corp. is trying to send a clearer signal to consumers. The company, which has seen its popularity erode amid stiff competition, is shaking up its marketing. 



He is the “first real national security Democrat” since President John F. Kennedy, said James M. Goldgeier, dean of American University’s School of International Service. “He looks and acts like a commander in chief. So yes, the euro crisis, Syria, Iran, etc., can cause him problems. But Romney has his work cut out for him on foreign policy.”
 
 
 cut out
 
 1.  Excise, remove as if by cutting; also, form or shape as if by cutting or carving. For example, Young children love cutting out pictures from magazines, or The first step is cutting out the dress pattern. The first usage dates from about 1400, the second from the mid-1500s.
2.  Oust, replace, or supplant someone, as in He cut out all her other boyfriends. [Mid-1600s]
3.  Also, cut out for. Suited or fitted by nature, as in Dean's not cut out for lexicography. [Mid-1600s]
4.  Also, cut out for. Assigned beforehand, prepared, predetermined, as in We have our work cut out for us. [Early 1600s]
5.  Deprive, as in He cut her out of his will. [Early 1800s]
6.  Stop, cease, as in He cut out the motor, or Cut out that noise! [c. 1900] Also see cut it out.
7.  Leave, especially in a hurry; also, run away. For example, I'm cutting out right now, or At the first hint of a police raid they cut out. [Slang; first half of 1800s] Also see cut and run; cut the comedy.

 
 

"Vampire Burials" Unearthed in Bulgaria

Experts say a medieval practice of shoving iron rods through "bad" corpses endured until the early 1900s.


85997813
"Dracula" was inspired by the same Balkan folklore that led villagers to nail iron rods through "bad" corpses before burialPhoto by Mark Ralston/AFP/Getty Images.
Looks like vampires aren't ready to cede the slow summer news cycle to zombies without a fight.
Archaeologists working off of Bulgaria’s Black Sea coast have reportedly unearthed two corpses from the Middle Ages buried with iron rods shoved through their chests, the latest bizarre examples of a medieval practice designed to quell the rise of vampires.

An expert explains to BBC News that Balkan villagers nailed down corpses of the dead believed to be "bad" to prevent them from rising from their graves and attacking locals, a burial practice that endured in some regions until the early 1900s. The Associated Press notes that such cases typically involved people who committed murder or other such acts in their lifetimes. Archaeologists have uncovered about 100 such "vampire burials" in Bulgaria alone.
Vampire lore has pervaded the Balkan region for centuries, popularized internationally with the publication of Bram Stoker’s Gothic classic Dracula in 1897.

As Polls Shift, Taiwan President's Campaign Chief Goes on the Defensive
Wall Street Journal (blog)
AP Taiwan's President Ma Ying-jeou discusses his campaign platform for the upcoming presidential elections regarding cross-strait relations during a press conference at the Presidential Office Taipei, Taiwan, Monday, Oct. 17, 2011. ...



Reports that Chinese billionaires might stiff-arm a philanthropy invitation from Warren Buffett and Bill Gates have spawned a national test of Chinese generosity.

stiff-arm


The Heisman Trophy in American college football shows a player anticipating a stiff-arm fend.


The stiff-arm fend (known as a hand off in rugby league and rugby union and sometimes as a don't argue in Australia, a straight arm in American football) is a tactic employed by the ball-carrier in many forms of contact football.
Contents [hide]

The skill

In rugby league, rugby union, American football and Australian football, ball-carriers run towards defenders who are attempting to tackle them. By positioning the ball securely in one arm, the ball-carrier can fully extend his other arm, locking his elbow, and outstretching his palm. Then, the ball-carrier pushes directly outwards with the palm of his hand onto the chest or shoulder of the would-be tackler. The fend is a pushing action, rather than a striking action.
A stiff-arm fend may cause the tackler to fall to the ground, taking him out of the play. Even if the tackler keeps his feet, it becomes impossible for him to complete a tackle, as he cannot come close enough to wrap his arms around the ball-carrier.
A well-executed stiff-arm fend can be a very powerful offensive weapon. In Australian football, it can allow a player to break free from an imminent pack, often completely changing the direction of play. In rugby and American football, the stiff-arm fend can be effectively used to fend off pursuing defenders, or to create holes in a defensive line to the front. This is particularly important in rugby, where American football-style blocking is not permitted, making a stiff-arm fend the only legal way to physically create a hole in the defence.
The term don't argue was coined in Australia to describe the stiff-arm fend. The term describes what a commentator imagined the ball-carrier might be saying as he shoved his opponent in the face or chest, and is used as a noun.

Ball-carriers in Australian football must be careful to avoid fending opponents in the head or neck, otherwise they will concede a high tackle free kick. High fends will generally be allowed in rugby unless the referee rules that the fend is too forceful, constituting a strike rather than a push. In Rugby, as stiff-arm tackle (ie: locked elbow and extended arm prior to making contact with the defender) is dangerous play. A player makes a stiff arm tackle when using a stiff-arm to strike and opponent (Laws of the Game, Rubgy Union, Law 10.4, dangerous Play and Misconduct, Section (e), dangerous tackling). Therefore, a stiff-arm fend, as described above is permitted (even a high fend) so long as it does not constitute striking the opponent (similar to an open handed punch).



on the defensive
Prepared for withstanding aggression or attack, as in The debate team's plan was to keep their opponents on the defensive, or This teacher put students on the defensive about their mistakes. [c. 1600]




shove[shove]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[ʃʌ'v]
[動](他)
1III[名]([副])/V[名][形]]〈物を〉(後ろから)押す, 押し動かす(⇒PUSH(他)1);〈物・人を〉(後ろから)乱暴に押す[突く], 乱暴に押しやる[のける]
shove a person off the sidewalk
人を歩道から押し出す
The door was shoved open.
ドアが押し開かれた.
2 ((略式))〈物・人を〉(…に)(ぞんざいに)押し込む, ほうり込む((in, into ...))
shove it under the rug
それをじゅうたんの下に押し込む.
3 ((比喩))…を押しのける, 押しつける, 押し通す.
4 〈いやな事・物を〉(他の人に)押しつける.
5 〈麻薬を〉売りさばく.
━━(自)
1 押す, 突く
push and shove
押し合いへし合いする.
2 押し(わけて)進む((along, past, through));((略式))席をつめる((over, up, along)).
3 ((略式))(いやいや)立ち去る, 出発する.
shove a person around
〈人を〉こづき回す;〈人に〉あれこれ指図する.
shove it (up your ass)
((俗))((相手の申し出に対する強い拒絶))(そんなものは)くそくらえだ.
▼通例take the ... and shove itの形で用いる. 「そんなものは自分のけつの穴にでも突っ込め」が原義
Take the token raise and shove it.
そんなみみっちい昇給なんてだれがいるか.
shove off [out]
(1) 舟を岸から押し出す.
(2) ((通例命令文))((俗))立ち去る, 出発する
Shove off
出ていけ.
━━[名]((通例a 〜))突くこと, ひと押し
give a shove
ぐいと押す[突く].



stiff


発音
stíf
レベル
大学入試程度
stiffの変化形
stiffs (複数形) • stiffed (過去形) • stiffed (過去分詞) • stiffing (現在分詞) • stiffs (三人称単数現在)
[形]
1
(1) 〈布地・紙などが〉堅い, 曲がらない. ▼rigidが曲げると壊れることを意味するのに対し, stiffは曲がりにくいことを強調する. ⇒FIRM1[類語]
a stiff shirt
のりでぱりぱりのシャツ.
(2) 〈人・体・筋肉などが〉思うように動かない, こわばった, こった, 痛い;(死んで)硬直した
feel stiff
(運動した翌日など)体が思うように動かない
have a stiff neck
肩がこる.
2 〈機械・ちょうつがいなどが〉なめらかに動かない
a stiff motor
なかなか始動しないモーター
That door is very stiff.
あのドアはなかなかあかない.
3 〈風・潮流などが〉強い, 激しい;((略式))〈酒が〉強い, 水で割ってない;〈薬が〉よくきく
stiff winds
強風
a stiff dose of quinine
よくきくキニーネの一服.
4 〈人・態度・行為などが〉断固とした, 不屈の, 頑固な, 高慢な;形式ばった, 堅苦しい, ぎこちない, よそよそしい;〈文体・言葉などが〉型にはまりすぎた
a stiff greeting
いやに改まったあいさつ
(as) stiff as a poker
とても堅苦しい
a stiff style of dancing
ぎくしゃくした踊り方
a stiff, formal style
堅苦しい文体
take a stiff line
強硬な態度をとる.
5 〈仕事などが〉むずかしい, 骨の折れる, やっかいな;〈斜面・地形などが〉険しい, でこぼこの;〈抵抗などが〉がん強な, 執拗(しつよう)
a stiff examination
むずかしい試験
a stiff fight
粘り強い戦い.
6 〈市況が〉堅い, 強含みの;((略式))〈値段などが〉法外な, 不当な;〈刑罰・要求などが〉きびしい, 過酷な
a stiff price
べらぼうに高い値段
a stiff penalty
過酷な罰.
7 〈綱などが〉ぴんと張った.
8 〈のり・バター・ゼリーなどが〉堅めの, 堅練りの, 凝固した, 密な, きめ細かな;〈土などが〉もろくない
Beat the cream until it becomes stiff.
堅くなるまでクリームをかき混ぜなさい.
9 〈船が〉揺れに対して安定性がある(⇔crank).
10 (…が)ぎっしり詰まった, 充満した, 混雑した((with ...)).
11 ((俗))酔っぱらった.
━━[名]((俗))
1 死体.
2 酔っぱらい.
3 (一般に)やつ, 人, 野郎
a poor stiff
かわいそうなやつ.
4 堅苦しい人;どうにもしようのない人
You big stiff!
このばか者.
5 ((米))浮浪者, ルンペン.
6 ((米略式))労働者(working stiff).
7 チップの出し惜しみをする人, けちんぼう.
━━[副]
1 堅く, こわばって, 硬直して
frozen stiff
こわばるほど凍えて, (洗濯物などが)カチカチに凍って.
2 ((略式))完全に, ひどく
be boredscared, worried] stiff
まったくうんざりする[ひどくおびえる, ひどく心配する].
━━[動](他)((米略式))〈人に〉金を払わない, (特にレストランなどで)チップを払わない.
[古英語stif. ラテン語stīpāre(つめ込む)と同系. △STIFLE1, STEEVE1
stiff・ish
[形]
stiff・ness
[名]

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