2016年7月7日 星期四

Correlation does not equal causation, Causal v Casual


Correlation does not equal causation, but still, do you really want to take the chance?



casual (CHANCE)
adjective [before noun]
not serious or considered; (done) by chance:
It was just a casual comment, I didn't mean it to be taken so seriously.
To a casual observer, everything might appear normal.

casually
adverb


cause (REASON)
noun
1 [C or U] the reason why something, especially something bad, happens:
The police are still trying to establish the cause of the fire.
She had died of natural causes.
I wouldn't tell you without (good) cause (= if there was not a (good) reason).
I believe we have/there is just cause (= a fair reason) for taking this action.

2 [U] a reason to feel something or to behave in a particular way:
He's never given me any cause for concern.

cause 
verb [T]
to make something happen, especially something bad:
The difficult driving conditions caused several accidents.
[+ object + to infinitive] The bright light caused her to blink.
Most heart attacks are caused by blood clots.
[+ two objects] I hope the children haven't caused you too much trouble.

causal
adjective FORMAL
causal relationship/link/etc. a relationship/link/etc. between two things in which one causes the other:
Is there a causal relationship between violence on television and violent behaviour?

causality
noun [U] FORMAL
the principle that there is a cause for everything that happens

causation
noun [U] FORMAL
the process of causing something to happen or exist


有人將論文副標題 A Causal Analysis 誤打成
A Casual Analysis
p.251

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