2017年5月27日 星期六

in expiation, atone, reparation, tumble, tumbler, Rough-and-tumble, infighting, pesky


Senate Backs Apology for Slavery 
Resolution Specifies That It Cannot Be Used in Reparations Cases 
(By Krissah Thompson, The Washington Post) 



"When everything was ready, the stranger opened his eyes, moved to the table, filled a tumbler with tea for himself and one for the beardless old man to whom he passed it. Pierre began to feel a sense of uneasiness, and the need, even the inevitability, of entering into conversation with this stranger."
--from WAR AND PEACE


The  little village is perched on the side of one of the  great mountain-cHffs with which this whole coast is  adorned, and on the edge of a lovely gorge through  which a broad hill- torrent foams and tumbles from  the great moors whose heather-crested waves rise  purple along the inland sky. 



And that, in a sense, is the theme of this heartfelt autobiography: that persistence, perseverance and patience in pursuit of a cause or atonement for one’s failures can lead to achievement and the possibility of redemption.

By JOHN UPDIKE
Reviewed by SAM TANENHAUS
In this ingenious sequel to “The Witches of Eastwick,” the three title characters, old ladies now, renew their sisterhood, return to their old hometown and contrive to atone for past crimes.



VENICE — For more than 40 years the art world has never known quite what to do with John Wesley and the paintings that seem to tumble out of his dreams.


BEIJING — They are often tucked away in the rough-and-tumble sections of the city’s south side, hidden beneath dingy hotels and guarded by men in dark coats. Known as “black houses,” they are unofficial jails for the pesky hordes of petitioners who flock to the capital seeking justice.


Anheuser to Cut Back As Its Profit Tumbles
Anheuser-Busch InBev said it would sell off assets, cut costs, suspend executive bonuses and slash dividends as its quarterly profit fell sharply.




Amazon launched an trade-in service for used videogames, threatening a lucrative business for retailer GameStop. Shares of GameStop tumbled.
A Sisterhood of Workplace Infighting
One of the last remaining obstacles for women in the workplace is how they treat one another.



When the scientists compared the play behavior of the two groups, they found that the rats with the damaged right frontal cortex had higher levels of overall activity, as well as increased rates of rough-and- tumble play, as compared with the controls. The rats with damaged frontal cortices behaved much like children described as hyperactive.



TOP STORY
Electronic Arts Offers
$2 Billion for Take-Two
Unsolicited Bid Signals
Videogames Consolidation
Is the Play of the Moment
By NICK WINGFIELD
Rough-and-tumble tactics are common in popular videogames like Electronic Arts Inc.'s Madden NFL. Now the company has launched a blitz against one of its top competitors.



pesky
adjective [before noun] INFORMAL
annoying or causing trouble:
Those pesky kids from next door have let down my car tyres again!


rough-and-tum·ble (rŭf'ən-tŭm'bəl)
adj.
Characterized by roughness and disregard for order or rules: rough-and-tumble politics.
n.
A condition marked by rough disorderly struggle; infighting: the rough-and-tumble of national politics.


Rough and tumble
Disorderly scuffling or infighting, as in She had some reservations about entering the rough and tumble of local politics.
This expression originated in the late 1700s in boxing, where it referred to a fight without rules. [Mid-1800s]

infighting Show phonetics
noun [U]
competition between people within a group, especially to improve their own position or to get agreement for their ideas:
political infighting
Years of infighting among the leaders have destroyed the party.



tumble 
verb [I]
1 to fall quickly and without control:
I lost my footing and tumbled down the stairs.
At any moment the whole building could tumble down.
He lost his balance and tumbled over.
See also tumbledown.

2 to fall greatly in value in a short time:
Share prices tumbled yesterday.

3 to move in an uncontrolled way, as if falling or likely to fall:
An excited group of children tumbled out of school/the bus.

tumble
noun [C]
when someone falls:
She had a nasty tumble on her way to work and grazed her arm.

v.-bled-bling-blesv.intr.
  1. To perform acrobatic feats such as somersaults, rolls, or twists.
    1. To fall or roll end over end: The kittens tumbled over each other.
    2. To spill or roll out in confusion or disorder: Students tumbled out of the bus.
    3. To pitch headlong; fall: tumbled on the ice.
    4. To proceed haphazardly.
    1. To topple, as from power or a high position; fall.
    2. To collapse: The wall tumbled down.
    3. To drop: Prices tumbled.
  2. To come upon accidentally; happen on: We tumbled on a fine restaurant.
  3. Slang. To come to a sudden understanding; catch on: tumbled to the reality that he had been cheated.
v.tr.
  1. To cause to fall; bring down: A scandal tumbled the government.
  2. To put, spill, or toss haphazardly: tumbled the extra parts into a box.
  3. To toss or whirl in a drum, tumbler, or tumbling box.
n.
  1. An act of tumbling; a fall.
  2. Confusion; disorder.
[Middle English tumblen, frequentative of tumben, to dance about, from Old English tumbian.]



Definition of

 tumbler in English:

noun

1drinking glass with straight sides and no handle orstem.
[Formerly having a rounded bottom so as not to stand upright]
2An acrobat, especially one who performssomersaults.
2.1A pigeon of a breed that repeatedly turns overbackwards in flight.
3(also tumbler dryer)tumble dryer.
4pivoted piece in a lock that holds the bolt until lifted by a key.
4.1notched pivoted plate in a gunlock.
5An electrical switch worked by pushing a small sprunglever.

6another term for tumbling barrel.


赔偿 Reparations 

rep·a·ra·tion (rĕp'ə-rā'shənpronunciationn.
  1. The act or process of repairing or the condition of being repaired.
  2. The act or process of making amends; expiation.
  3. Something done or paid to compensate or make amends.
  4. reparations Compensation or remuneration required from a defeated nation as indemnity for damage or injury during a war.

reparation[rep・a・ra・tion]

  • 発音記号[rèpəréiʃən]
[名]
1 ((〜s))(敗戦国が払う)(…への)賠償金[労働, 物件]((for ...))
pay huge reparations for war losses
戦争による相手の損害に対して多額の賠償金を支払う.
2 [U]((形式))(罪・損失への)償い, 補償((for ...))
as [in] reparation for ...
…の償いとして
make reparation for the loss
その損失の補償をする.
3 [U]修理, 修復, 回復. ▼現在はrepair(s)を通例用いる.

atone

v., a·toned, a·ton·ing, a·tones. v.intr.
  1. To make amends, as for a sin or fault: These crimes must be atoned for.
  2. Archaic. To agree.
v.tr.
  1. To expiate.
  2. Archaic. To conciliate; appease: “So heaven, atoned, shall dying Greece restore” (Alexander Pope).
  3. Obsolete. To reconcile or harmonize.
[Middle English atonen, to be reconciled, from at one, in agreement : at, at; see at1 + one, one; see one.]
atonable a·ton'a·ble or a·tone'a·ble adj.
atoner a·ton'er n.



a・tone

━━ v. 償う, 賠償する ((for)); 罪滅ぼしをする.
a・tone・ment ━━ n. 償い; (the A-) (キリストの)贖罪(しょくざい).



Hardy wrote flood of poems 'in expiation'.

expiate
verb [T] FORMAL
to show regret for bad behaviour by doing something to express that you are sorry and by accepting punishment:
to expiate a crime/sin

expiation
noun [U] FORMAL
the expiation of a sin

Meaning #1: compensation for a wrong
Synonyms: atonement, satisfaction
Meaning #2: the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity)
Synonyms: atonement, propitiation

pronunciation A year in jail was the expiation demanded for the crime.

ex・pi・ate



━━ vt. (罪を)あがなう.
ex・pi・a・tion ━━ n. つぐない.
ex・pi・a・tor ━━ n. 罪を償う人.
ex・pi・a・to・ry ━━ a. あがないの, 罪滅ぼしの.

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