2016年2月6日 星期六

masquerade, domino and domino theory, Ponzi scheme

Founded by a can-opener magnate, Ezubao was really a Ponzi scheme masquerading as China’s largest peer-to-peer lender

The collapse of large Ponzi schemes have been known to bring down…
ECON.ST



"The whole thing was a masterfully done masquerade," Steve Korotash, associate regional director of enforcement in the S.E.C.'s Fort Worth office, told the Houston Chronicle in an interview.

"......當中國政府在1997年推出固定匯率制時﹐其意圖不是為了阻止人民幣升值﹐反而是為了防止人民幣大幅貶值。中國經濟泡沫在1995-96年的破裂為中國在國內外製造了一大堆壞帳。當時企業贏利驟減﹐實際的經濟增長率很可能降到了4%以下。屋漏偏逢連陰雨﹐這時又爆發了亞洲金融危機﹐許多投資者因此確信﹐人民幣將是接下來倒地的那張多米諾骨牌﹐短期資本開始以前所未有的速度逃離中國。中國政府此時決定讓人民幣匯率與美元形成事實上的掛鉤關係﹐這是在向世界明確承諾人民幣不會貶值。......" (WSJ)

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台灣多將”多米諾骨牌”簡稱為「骨牌」:

domino
骨牌
domino effect
骨牌效應(指一事件連鎖性地引起一系列類似事件)
domino theory
骨牌理論(即事件連串發生論,如:一國崩潰,鄰國亦將崩潰)

".....曾協助詹森總統出版回憶錄的資深編輯艾倫.艾什爾(Aaron Asher)最近透露,他在一九七一年最後一次前往德州鄉下拜訪詹森,這位被越戰折磨得不想再當總統的德州佬,大肆批評尼克森實行的「越戰越南化」政策。他說,越南軍隊爛到極點,一旦實施「越南化」,則整個越南將會淪陷,越南淪共後,共產黨將像刀切牛油一樣入侵菲律賓,然後再進攻夏威夷。詹森很洩氣地說:「我的孫子將在亞洲打共產黨。」

在旁邊靜聽的詹森夫人(Lady Bird-- 剛以94歲過世)對她丈夫的說法有點不以為然,委婉地認為越共不會向外擴張。艾什爾深知詹森脾氣火爆,尤不喜歡有人當面唱反調,趕快溜出房間不敢聽詹森向夫人發飆的吼聲。

冷戰時代的所謂骨牌理論(domino theory),從杜魯門一直到老布希都堅信不疑,也都被這個理論牽著鼻子走,害美國每年花了多少天文數字的國防經費。越南赤化三十二年後,不但未切入菲律賓,反而努力引進資本主義和消費主義。......" (林博文)



dominoes
骨牌遊戲
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dom·i·no1 (dŏm'ə-nō') n., pl. -noes or -nos.
n. - 帶頭巾的上衣, 骨牌, 半截假面--這翻譯有問題 請以"DOMINO MASK"等 google其圖




A small rectangular wood or plastic block, the face of which is divided into halves, each half being blank or marked by dots resembling those on dice.

dominoes or dominos (used with a sing. or pl. verb) A game played with a set of these small blocks, generally 28 in number.

A country expected to react politically to events as predicted by the domino theory: “The dominos did indeed fall in Indochina” (Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.).

[French, probably from domino, mask, perhaps because of the resemblance between the eyeholes and the spots on some of the tiles. See domino2.]


dom·i·no2 (dŏm'ə-nō')
n., pl. -noes or -nos.

A costume consisting of a hooded robe worn with an eye mask at a masquerade.
The mask so worn.
One wearing this costume.
[French, probably from Latin (benedīcāmus) dominō, (let us praise) the Lord, dative of dominus, lord.]



masquerade
n.
    1. A costume party at which masks are worn; a masked ball. Also called masque.
    2. A costume for such a party or ball.
    1. A disguise or false outward show; a pretense: a masquerade of humility.
    2. An involved scheme; a charade.
intr.v., -ad·ed, -ad·ing, -ades.
  1. To wear a mask or disguise, as at a masquerade: She masqueraded as a shepherd.
  2. To go about as if in disguise; have or put on a deceptive appearance: The stowaway masqueraded as a crew member.
[French mascarade, from Italian mascarata, variant of mascherata, from Old Italian maschera, mask. See mask.]
masquerader mas'quer·ad'er n.

masquerade


変化《動》masquerades | masquerading | masqueraded カナマスカレイド 文節mas・quer・ade

  • 自動
  • 1. 仮装{かそう}する、変装{へんそう}する
  • 2. ふりをする、他人{たにん}になり済ます
  • 3. 《イ》他人{たにん}になり済ましてコンピュータシステムにアクセスする
  • 1. 仮装{かそう}パーティー、仮面舞踏会{かめん ぶとうかい}
  • 2. 見せかけ

1 則留言:

hanching chung 提到...

報導所附的一篇文章還強調,美軍一定會在未來六個月內開始從伊拉克撤軍,而如果要贏得長期的勝利,就少不了伊拉克的庫爾德族人。文章說,除了是遜尼派穆斯林之外,庫爾德族人還喜歡美國。

所以文章作者呼籲美國應該協助庫爾德人成立國家,如此對伊朗等地區國家也會有所影響。

文章以台灣為例說,台灣學習日本的資本主義和民主道路,後來引發多米諾骨牌效應,最終把中國和越南也導入了全球經濟體系之中。