2016年8月8日 星期一

xeno-, xenophobic mistrust, ethnic food/minorities,bursting at the seams

We hear a lot about Xenophobia in the news at the moment, but what does "xenos" actually mean?
Anne Thompson from The Cambridge Greek Lexicon Project explores the true meaning of the word "xenos" (usually translated as foreigner) and shows that the word has many more positive senses than you might think.





Japan began emphasizing healthy food for its students in the aftermath of World War II, when the government prioritized education and health as a way to catch up to the modernized West. For a decade after the war, school lunch food was still coming from international donations. Many older Japanese remember postwar school meals of powdered skim milk, bread and daikon radish. But by the 1970s, the school meal came to look much like the modern-day standard. These days, ethnic food (such as Korean or Italian) is mixed in once or twice per week.


Obama Pushes Rights With Chinese Students
By MARK McDONALD
President Obama said the U.S. would push for freedom of expression, political participation, respect for ethnic minorities and empowering women.
In China, A Different Brand of Buddhism
Ethnic Han Turning To Tibetan Doctrine For Guidance

World in Progress | 04.01.2009 | 09:30
Armenian Minority In Turkey Hopes For Brighter Future

The mass killings of Armenians in 1915 by Turkey's then Ottoman rulers -- considered by many to have been genocide -- was followed by decades of mistrust and tension between Turks and Armenians.

Today, Turkey's surviving Armenian minority is caught in the middle. Many feel a strong connection to both ethnic groups and want move on from the bitterness and problems of the past. There are hopes in Istanbul that reconciliation is now possible.


希臘文字頭 ana 多表示up/back/again/anew 等義、所以Xenophon's Anabasis 色諾芬的《長征記》為 anabasis 表示「不斷奮進之義」。
色諾芬Ξενοφών,前427年-前355年)雅典人。軍事家,文史學家。他以記錄當時的希臘歷史、蘇格拉底語錄而著稱。

xenophobia
 
noun [U]
extreme dislike or fear of foreigners, their customs, their religions, etc. ━━ n. 外国人ぎらい[恐怖症].


Tiny State of Malta Struggles to Cope with Illegal Immigrants
Hundreds of African boat people arrive on the shores of the EU's smallest state, Malta every year. The tiny country is struggling to cope with the influx -- camps are bursting at the seams and xenophobia is on the rise.


Costas Mitsionis who sells wood-burning stoves at the central Athens Monastiraki market, rubs his hands with glee as he talks about the doubled demand for his product. His tiny shop is bursting at the seams with stoves in all colours and shapes piled on top of one another almost to the ceiling.
在雅典市中心蒙納斯提拉奇市場販售木炭爐的米西歐尼斯在提到這款商品的需求量加倍時,高興地直搓手。他的小店鋪裡現在擺滿了各種顏色和形狀的木炭爐,這些爐子一層層地幾乎堆疊到天花板那麼高。


burst at the seams:片語,形容非常擁擠、超過正常容納量,如When all the family come home the house is bursting at the seams.(當全家族成員都到齊時,這房子恐怕會被擠爆。)亦可形容高興或驕傲得快要爆炸,如He nearly burst at the seams with pride.(他自豪得不得了。)

xenophobic 
adjective━━ a. (極端に)外国人嫌いの, 外国恐怖症の.
a xenophobic mistrust of everything that isn't British
恐外仇外的Xenophobic心理抑鬱


xenophobe
noun [C]
a person who strongly dislikes or fears foreigners, their customs, their religions, etc.



xeno-

Pronunciation: /ˈzɛnəʊ/ 


COMBININGFORM

1Relating to a foreigner or foreigners:xenophobia
1.1Other; different in origin:xenograft

Origin

From Greek xenos 'stranger, foreigner', (adjective) 'strange'.


ethnic
adjective
1 of a national or racial group of people:
A question on ethnic origin was included in the census.
The factory's workforce reflects the ethnic mix from which it draws its labour.
Conflicts between the different ethnic groups in the country exploded into civil war.

2 from a different race or interesting because characteristic of an ethnic group which is very different from those that are common in western culture:
ethnic food
ethnic costume

ethnic
noun [C] US
a person belonging to an ethnic group

ethnically
adverb
ethnically related communities

ethnicity
noun [U] FORMAL

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