2016年11月6日 星期日

puritanical, portrayal, jaundiced, chocolatier, Ned, petty criminality

"Based on our review, we have not changed our conclusions that we expressed in July" - FBI director James Comey. #USElection



Shown here nearly three times its actual size, “Beauty Revealed: Self Portrait” was painted from life by a right-handed woman in a studio that was none too warm

The picture comes not from France, the home of sensuality. It was painted in puritanical Boston in 1828.
ECON.ST


Literature, Chinua Achebe liked to say, was his weapon. He railed against the portrayal of Africa, inspired a generation of writers to find their own voices and was unafraid to upset the powers that be. He was born on this day in 1930

In 2000, after Binoche accepted the lead role in Chocolat, the film adapted from Joanne Harris' book, she turned up uninvited on the doorstep of Harris' home in Yorkshire. They spent the weekend together, discussing the book and the film. Binoche's performance as chocolatier Vianne Rocher brought her an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress.

Chocolat is a 1999 novel by Joanne Harris. It tells the story of Vianne Rocher, a young mother, who arrives at a fictional insular French village of Lansquenet-sous-Tannes with her six-year-old daughter, Anouk. Vianne opens La Céleste Praline, a small chocolaterie, and her confections quickly begin to change the lives of the townspeople through magic, setting up a conflict with Francis Reynaud, the parish curate. Chocolat is a recent contribution to the literary stream of Magic Realism.
Harris has indicated that several of the book's characters were influenced by individuals in her life:[1] Her daughter forms the basis for the young Anouk, including her imaginary rabbit, Pantoufle. Harris' strong-willed and independent great-grandmother influenced her portrayal of both Vianne and the elderly Armande.
Chocolat is the French spelling of "chocolate", and is pronounced [ʃɔkɔˈla].



Mr. Bloomberg’s Chevrolet Suburban soon nosed into City Hall, and as the mayor walked to his work space on the second floor known as the bullpen, the deputy went to a basement “situation room,” conceived after the 2003 blackout but activated only weeks ago. The deputy turned on camera feeds and phones. Upstairs, the mayor’s first call was not to his police commissioner, but to the federal transportation secretary, Mary E. Peters — because there was “no evidence of criminality,” Mr. Bloomberg’s deputy said.



Ned
 is a derogatory term applied to certain young people in Scotland (similar to the terms chav* used in Wales and Englandskanger in Ireland, and spide in Northern Ireland). The stereotypical view of a ned is a white adolescent male, of working class background, who wears fake Burberry, who engages in hooliganismpetty criminality, loutish behaviour, underage drinking and smoking or general anti-social behaviour[1]. They are often assumed to be unemployed.
Ewan Morrison: 'Neds should be eliminated. I came to this conclusion just before I called the police'The politically correct are right in a sense – words can exert a powerful influence. Through the word Ned becoming commonplace (check out the Oxford English Dictionary) it shows that, as a society, we're accepting Neds as part of our daily lives. To compound the problem, Neds are now looked upon with smiling eyes as a symbol of Scottish authenticity. Over and above the affectionate portrayals in TV shows such as Still Game, there are websites that celebrate all things Neddy – including Burberry, Buckfast and Neddette fashions.



1.on Page 62:
" ... its picaresque or puritanical form, needs little emphasis. Sometimes, as in Richardson's jaundiced portrayal of rakish aristocrats in Pamela and 62"

jaundiced
adjective FORMAL
adj.━━ a. ひがんだ; 黄疸の[にかかった].
  1. Affected with jaundice.
  2. Yellow or yellowish.
  3. Affected by or exhibiting envy, prejudice, or hostility.


judging everything as bad because bad things have happened to you in the past:
He seems to have/take a very jaundiced view of life.
I'm afraid I look on all travel companies' claims with a rather jaundiced eye, having been disappointed by them so often in the past.


criminal
noun [C]
someone who commits a crime:
a dangerous/violent criminal

criminal
adjective
1 [before noun] relating to crime:
criminal activity
a criminal act/offence
criminal behaviour
a criminal investigation

2 very bad or morally wrong:
It's criminal to charge so much for a book.
The way we waste this planet's resources is criminal.

criminality noun [U]

criminally
adverb

criminalizeUK USUALLY criminalise 
verb [T]
The law has criminalized (= made illegal) prostitution but not got rid of it.


crim・i・nal


━━ a., n. 犯罪の, 刑事上の; 罪を犯した, 犯罪になる; 犯人, (常習)犯罪者; けしからん.
crim・i・nal・is・tics  n. 科学的犯罪捜査法.
crim・i・nal・i・ty  n. 犯罪性.
crim・i・nal・ize vt. (行為を)不法とする; (人を)有罪とする.
crim・i・nal・ly ad.
criminal action 刑事訴追[訴訟].
criminal code 刑法.
criminal conversation 【法】姦(かん)通.
criminal court 刑事裁判所.
criminal law 刑法.
crime

portrayal
pɔːˈtreɪəl/
noun
  1. a depiction of someone or something in a work of art or literature; a picture.
    "a realistic portrayal of war"
    • a description of someone or something in a particular way; a representation.
      "the media portrayal of immigration"
    • an instance of an actor playing a part in a film or play; a performance.
      "his portrayal of the title character"

chocolatier

(chô'kə-lĭ-tîr, chŏk'-) pronunciation
n.
  1. One who makes or sells chocolate.
  2. A place where chocolate is made or sold.
[French, from chocolat, chocolate, from Spanish chocolate. See chocolate.]

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