2016年6月6日 星期一

feisty, grit, grit one's teeth, gritty, kindly, plucky, lionize, leonine, pluck,constitutionalism, retrace

At West Point, an American military college, grit scores predict dropouts better than academic records. Grittier salespeople stay in their jobs, grittier swimmers win more medals and grittier pupils persevere with university




The feisty 90-year old, Mahathir openly campaigns to oust Najib.
http://s.nikkei.com/24FKACe

Some words, like "feisty", are often intended as a kind of compliment. But what is heard is something between condescension and insult


The secret meaning of “feisty”
ECON.ST

China's Bo mounts feisty defense, says was framed

 

City Kitchen: Cooking With Cauliflower, a Feisty Vegetable That Can Take a Punch




His massive leonine head, forest-like eyebrows, firmly set jaw, powerful voice and ever-present scowl thrilled his supporters, angered his enemies, and delighted cartoonists.

 

Jlewis-cph3c20320-cropped.jpg
Born February 12, 1880
Cleveland, Iowa, U.S.
Died June 11, 1969 (aged 89)
Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.
Nationality American
Occupation Miner; Labor leader
Known for President, United Mine Workers of America

Grandson Retraces Nixon’s Steps in China

Christopher Nixon Cox’s trip, 100 years after President Richard M. Nixon’s birth, was organized to lionize both the president’s and the Communist Party’s accomplishments. 




 In Texas Blast, Horseman Died Trying to Save Creatures He Loved

By MANNY FERNANDEZ

Buck Uptmor was a short, feisty man who spent nearly all his 45 years riding, racing and tending to horses, and died trying to rescue horses near the West fertilizer plant.

One of the new signs is a decision to water down a feisty new-year message in Southern Weekend, a newspaper based in the southern province of Guangdong. As originally drafted, the message would have appealed for the “realisation of the great dream of constitutionalism”. China Media Project (CMP), a Hong Kong-based website that monitors developments in the Chinese press, has translated part of it as follows:
"Only if constitutionalism is realized and power effectively checked can citizens voice their criticisms of power loudly and confidently, and only then can every person believe in their hearts that they are free to live their own lives. Only then can we build a truly free and strong nation..."

French rivals in feisty TV debateAn image grab taken from French TV France 2 shows the candidates for the 2012 French presidential election, 2 May 2012

France's Nicolas Sarkozy and Francois Hollande trade insults and accusations in a heated televised debate before Sunday's election.








The level-five leader, the Builder, strives not to reach a goal but to build an institution. Builders are legendary leaders such as IBM's, GM's, and 's. These people serve their institutions by managing for the long term and not allowing themselves to be seduced by the twin mirages of short-term profit or stock market valuations. They have a grand vision for the future of their organizations, and they infect others with their energy, enthusiasm, and integrity. These are the leaders we write books about, study, try to understand, and lionize.





The adjective kindly isn't on anyone's list of insulting words -- yet. But reader Areve Alexander has her suspicions about it. "Is the word kindly ever used to describe anyone under, say, 45?" she asks in an e-mail. Or, she wonders, is it like feisty -- a word that compliments and condescends in the same breath?

But at The Economist she was part of a generation of clever and powerful women. From her first incarnation as head of statistics (she had read maths at the University of London) through her time as finance editor and then mastermind of the newsletter Financial Report, she showed grit, feistiness, a disarming sense of humour and an affection for bone-dry La Ina sherry.



Ms. Devers, who pleaded not guilty in a court appearance on Friday, is being lionized for her stand in Britain's feisty tabloids. If convicted, she could be fined as much as $130,000.


Corazon Aquino

A plucky embodiment of people powerAug 6th 2009
plucky
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
Having or showing courage and spirit in trying circumstances. See synonyms at brave.
pluckily pluck'i·ly adv.
pluckiness pluck'i·ness n.




grit (STONES) Show phonetics
noun [U]
very small pieces of stone or sand:
The road had been covered with grit.

grit
verb [T] -tt-
to put small stones on a surface so that it is less smooth and therefore safer:
Council lorries had been out gritting the icy roads the night before.




grit one's teeth

1




Clench one’s teeth, especially when faced with something unpleasant:grit your teeth and splash yourself with cold water!

gritter UK
noun [C] (US sander)
a special vehicle that spreads grit on the roads when they are covered with ice

gritty
adjective
containing grit

Palm sugar 為jaggery 我兩月前從吳哥窟買一罐回來,上周用它配蓮藕粥宴 Alfred……
jag•ger•y n.
Unrefined sugar made from palm sap.
[Portuguese dialectal jágara, probably from Malayalam śarkkara, from
Sanskrit śarkarā, sugar, grit.]
-----這可能要查糖史說明;季羨林有考古書

True Grit is a 2010 American Western film written and directed by the Coen brothers.

grit (BRAVERY)
noun [U]
bravery and determination despite difficulty:
It takes true (= real) grit to stand up to a bully.She had hints of grit in her. ( E. M. Forster)
gritty
adjective
1 brave and determined:
He showed the gritty determination that we've come to expect from him.

2 showing unpleasant details about a situation in a way that is realistic:
a gritty portrayal of inner-city poverty
a gritty documentary


grit your teeth
1 to press your top and bottom teeth together, often in anger:
He gritted his teeth in silent fury.

2 to accept a difficult situation and deal with it in a determined way:
We had to grit our teeth and agree with their conditions because we wanted the contract.

grit (BRAVERY)
noun [U]
bravery and determination despite difficulty:
It takes true (= real) grit to stand up to a bully.

gritty 
adjective
1 brave and determined:
He showed the gritty determination that we've come to expect from him.

2 showing unpleasant details about a situation in a way that is realistic:
a gritty portrayal of inner-city poverty
a gritty documentary

adj., -ti·er, -ti·est.
  1. Containing, covered with, or resembling grit.
  2. Showing resolution and fortitude; plucky: a gritty decision.
grittily grit'ti·ly adv.
grittiness grit'ti·ness n.

lionize
('ə-nīz') pronunciation
tr.v., -ized, -iz·ing, -iz·es.
To look on or treat (a person) as a celebrity.

lionization li'on·i·za'tion ('ə-nĭ-zā'shən) n.
lionizer li'on·iz'er n.








leonine

Pronunciation: /ˈliːənʌɪn/

Definition of leonine
adjective


  • of or resembling a lion or lions:a handsome, leonine profile

Origin:

late Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin leoninus, from leo, leon- 'lion'



grit・ty

━━ a. 砂利の, 小砂の入っている; 〔話〕 意志の強い.

grit・ti・ness n.

grit

feisty

Pronunciation: /ˈfʌɪsti/
Translate feisty | into Italian

adjective (feistier, feistiest)

informal
  • (of a person, typically one who is relatively small) lively, determined, and courageous:a love story with a feisty heroine who’s more than a pretty face
  • touchy and aggressive:he got a bit feisty and tried to hit me
Derivatives


feistily
adverb






feistiness

noun

Origin:

late 19th century: from earlier feist, fist 'small dog', from fisting cur or hound, a derogatory term for a lapdog, from Middle English fist 'break wind', of West Germanic origin. Compare with fizzle

feisty[feist・y]


レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[fáisti]

[形](-i・er, -i・est)積極的な, 元気のよい, おこりっぽい, いらいらした.

adj., -i·er, -i·est.
  1. Touchy; quarrelsome.
  2. Full of spirit or pluck; frisky or spunky. See Regional Note at andiron, feist.
[From FEIST.]
feistiness feist'i·ness n.



Definition of feisty








adjective (feistier, feistiest)

informal
  • (of a person, typically one who is relatively small) lively, determined, and courageous:a love story with a feisty heroine who’s more than a pretty face
  • touchy and aggressive:he got a bit feisty and tried to hit me









Derivatives


feistily

adverb

feistiness

noun
kindly
adj., -li·er, -li·est.
  1. Of a sympathetic, helpful, or benevolent nature: a kindly interest; a gentle, kindly soul. See synonyms at kind1.
  2. Agreeable; pleasant: a kindly breeze.
    1. Archaic. Within the law; lawful.
    2. Obsolete. Natural to its kind.
adv.
  1. Out of kindness: She kindly overlooked their mistake.
  2. In a kind manner: He spoke kindly to us.
  3. Pleasantly; agreeably: The sun shone kindly.
  4. In an accommodating manner: Would you kindly fill in your name and address?
  5. Obsolete. In a way or course that is natural; fittingly.

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