2015年11月7日 星期六

perceptively, acolyte, laissez-faire, amplitude, orientation

Albert Camus is often found on the right side of many of the 20th century's great moral issues: he joined the French resistance to Nazism, campaigned against the death penalty, and wrote perceptively about the evils of Stalinism. He was born on this day in 1913



In “Chinese Shadows,” Mr. Ryckmans wrote that even though Mao and his acolytes would leave the scene, and there would be an inevitable relaxation of authoritarian rule, the fundamental characteristics of Communist rule would not change.
“Among various descriptions of Communist China made at different times, one may note differences,” he wrote, “yet if these descriptions have been made conscientiously and perceptively, they will show more than ephemeral journalistic truths, for modifications will be in quantity, never in quality — variations in amplitude, not changes in basic orientation.”

在《中國的陰影》一書中,李克曼寫道,儘管毛和他的扈從們終將離場,權威統治會出現一個不可避免的放鬆時期,但共產主義統治的基本特點不會改變。
「在不同時期對共產主義中國的各種描述中,人們可以發現區別,」他寫道。「如果這些描述都是發自良心,有洞察力的,它們呈現出來的東西要比短暫的新聞真實更多,各種改良都是量變,而不是質變——它們只是角度上的變化調整,而不是基本方向的改變。」



Both authors point to the tragedy of her career even though her book sales turned her into a multimillionaire and a cultural icon. She lived to see laissez-faire triumph over collectivism and one of her leading acolytes, Alan Greenspan, appointed to the president’s Council of Economic Advisers. But nothing was ever good enough for her and she felt surrounded by traitors. Ms Heller is particularly informative on the way that the “collective” fell apart when she fell out with Branden.

Sex and advertising



Retail therapy

How Ernest Dichter, an acolyte of Sigmund Freud, revolutionised marketing(14)


laissez-faire
  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[lèsei féər]
[U]
1 レッセフェール:経済上の自由放任主義.
2 無干渉[放任]主義.
[フランス語=let act]
làis・sez-fáire
[形]


An assistant or follower:she runs the department through a small group of acolytes
ac·o·lyte (ăk'ə-līt') pronunciation
n.
  1. One who assists the celebrant in the performance of liturgical rites.
  2. A devoted follower or attendant.
[Middle English acolit, from Old French, from Medieval Latin acolytus, from Greek akolouthos, attendant. See anacoluthon.]

acolyte[ac・o・lyte]

  • 発音記号[ǽkəlàit]
  • [名]
1 (礼拝儀式で)侍者(altar boy);《カトリック》(ミサ聖祭に奉仕する)侍祭.
2 ((形式))(要人の)従者, 助手;信奉者.
[中ラテン語←ギリシャ語akólouthos(a-共に+-kolouthos旅=旅の伴侶→従者)]



amplitude Line breaks: amp¦li|tude
Pronunciation: /ˈamplɪtjuːd /


NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
1Physics The maximum extent of a vibration or oscillation, measured from the position of equilibrium:the amplitude of alpha rhythms[COUNT NOUN]: waves with amplitudes greater than or equal to 20 mm

1.1The maximum difference of an alternating electric current or potential from the average value:the detection of signals only a few microvolts in amplitude

2Astronomy The angular distance of a celestial object from the true east or west point of the horizon at rising or setting.

3Breadth, range, or magnitude:the amplitude of the crime of manslaughter lies beneath murder


4Mathematics The angle between the real axis of an Argand diagram and a vector representing a complex number.

Origin

mid 16th century (in the senses 'physical extent' and 'grandeur'): from Latin amplitudo, from amplus 'large, abundant'.

[名][U]
1 広いこと,広さ,大きさ.
2 (…が)十分なこと((of ...))
That country has an amplitude of coal.
その国には豊富な石炭が埋蔵されている.
3 (知力などの)幅の広さ((of ...)).
4 物理学電気振幅
the amplitude of the wave
波の振幅.
5 天文出没方向角;数学偏角(argument).



perceptive

pəˈsɛptɪv/
adjective
  1. having or showing sensitive insight.
    "an extraordinarily perceptive account of their relationship"

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