2016年11月3日 星期四

extinguish, gone, go out, obscure, eclipse, infatuated, quench, unquenched, ferocity, invasive

 The Brexit Article 50 notification has been taken out of Theresa May’s hands.

The rights of citizens can only be extinguished by legislature
FT.COM

Gillian Flynn, whose novel "Gone Girl" enters the hardcover list at No. 2, has said, "Female violence is a specific brand of ferocity. It's invasive."
《Gone Girl》港譯作「失蹤罪」,當然是食了同一導演David Fincher的經典舊作《七宗罪》(Seven),雖然食字食得有點搞笑,不符合這電影的恐怖懸疑氣氛,但又總好過台名譯作《控制》。
這電影跟《七宗罪》又並非全無關係,也是講了許多關於人性的陰暗面,但這部更現實,描述愛情由浪漫激情至撕裂,令我想起同類電影《Blue Valentine》及《Before Midnight》,又是另一部反浪漫的戲,《Gone Girl》對婚姻的反諷,比以上兩部恐怖百倍,正如女主角最後說: 「這就是婚姻」,婚姻就是這樣虛偽吧。

8o年代,戴明博士經常說起 : "我點燃過許多處的火苗,可它們都熄滅了。" (Dr. Deming often said, "I lit many fires, but they all went out.)

Olympus Deals Reveal More Firms of Obscure Origin
Olympus in 2008 paid $177 million to Dynamic Dragons II SPC and another fund for stakes in money-losing, obscure companies Olympus was acquiring. But who was behind Dynamic Dragons isn't clear.


gone
(gôn, gŏn) pronunciation
v.
Past participle of go1.

adj.
  1. Being away from a place; absent or having departed.
  2. Past; bygone.
  3. Advanced beyond hope or recall.
  4. Dying or dead.
  5. Ruined; lost: a gone cause.
  6. Carried away; absorbed.
  7. Used up; exhausted.
  8. Slang. Infatuated: gone on his sweetheart.
  9. Slang. Pregnant: is five months gone.



gone

Line breaks: gone
Pronunciation: /ɡɒn
  
/

past participle of go1


ADJECTIVE

[PREDICATIVE]
1No longer presentdeparted:you were gone a long timethe bad old days are gone
1.1No longer in existencedead or extinct:an aunt of mine, long since gone
1.2No longer availableconsumed or used up:the food’s all gone, I’m afraid
1.3informal In a trance or stupor, especially throughexhaustiondrink, or drugs:she sat, half-gone, on a folding chair
1.4[ATTRIBUTIVE] informal , chiefly US Beyond help; in ahopeless state:spending time and effort on a gone sucker like Galindez
1.5US informal , dated Excellentinspired:bunch of real gone cats
2informal Having reached a specified time in apregnancy:she is now four months gone

PREPOSITION

BritishBack to top  
1(Of time) past:it’s gone half past eleven
1.1(Of age) older than:she was gone sixty by then



Phrases




be gone on

informal Be infatuated with:knew he was awfully gone on you



gone away!

huntsman’s cry, indicating that a fox has been started

infatuated[in・fat・u・at・ed]

  • 発音記号[infǽtʃuèitid | -tju-]
[形]理性を失った, (…に)夢中になった, のぼせ上がった((with ...))
He is infatuated with that girl.
あの娘に熱をあげている.
in・fat・u・at・ed・ly
[副]

extinguish
tr.v., -guished, -guish·ing, -guish·es.
  1. To put out (a fire, for example); quench.
  2. To put an end to (hopes, for example); destroy. See synonyms at abolish.
  3. To obscure; eclipse.
  4. Law.
    1. To settle or discharge (a debt).
    2. To nullify: extinguished their title to the property.
  5. Psychology. To bring about the extinction of (a conditioned response).
[Latin exstinguere : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + stinguere, to quench.]

unquenched

Syllabification: (un·quenched)
Pronunciation: /ˌənˈkwenCHt/

adjective

not quenched.

quench

Syllabification: (quench)
Pronunciation: /kwenCH/
Translate quench | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish



verb

[with object]
  • 1satisfy (one’s thirst) by drinking.
  • satisfy (a desire):he only pursued her to quench an aching need
  • 2extinguish (a fire):firemen hauled on hoses in a desperate bid to quench the flames
  • stifle or suppress (a feeling):fury rose in him, but he quenched it
  • rapidly cool (red-hot metal or other material), especially in cold water or oil.
  • Physics & Electronics suppress or damp (an effect such as luminescence, or an oscillation or discharge).

noun

  • an act of quenching something very hot.




Derivatives






quenchable

adjective





quencher

noun
(chiefly Physics & Metallurgy)





quenchless

adjective
( literary)

Origin:

Old English -cwencan (in acwencan 'put out, extinguish'), of Germanic origin

eclipse[e・clipse]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[iklíps]
[名]
1 《天文》食;(星の)掩蔽(えんぺい)
a solar [a lunar] eclipse
日[月]食
a partial [a total] eclipse (of the sun)
部分[皆既](日)食.
2 [C][U](一般に)光の消滅.
3 ((単数形))(地位・名声などの)失墜, (権勢などの)衰え
in eclipse
失墜[衰退]して
go into eclipse
失墜する.
━━[動](他)
1 〈天体が〉〈他の天体を〉食する.
2 …に影を投げる;…をおおい隠す, 〈特に燈台の光を〉さえぎる.
3 ((しばしば受身))〈名声などを〉かげらす, 〈他を〉しのぐ, 凌駕(りょうが)する;…の影を薄くさせる
Elizabethan playwrights were eclipsed by the genius of Shakespeare.
エリザベス朝時代の劇作家たちはシェークスピアの天才のために影が薄れてしまった.
[ラテン語←ギリシャ語ékleipsis光が現れない]


obscure
(ŏb-skyʊr', əb-) pronunciation
adj., -scur·er, -scur·est.
  1. Deficient in light; dark.
    1. So faintly perceptible as to lack clear delineation; indistinct. See synonyms at dark.
    2. Indistinctly heard; faint.
    3. Linguistics. Having the reduced, neutral sound represented by schwa (ə).
    1. Far from centers of human population: an obscure village.
    2. Out of sight; hidden: an obscure retreat.
  2. Not readily noticed or seen; inconspicuous: an obscure flaw.
  3. Of undistinguished or humble station or reputation: an obscure poet; an obscure family.
  4. Not clearly understood or expressed; ambiguous or vague: "an impulse to go off and fight certain obscure battles of his own spirit" (Anatole Broyard). See synonyms at ambiguous.
tr.v., -scured, -scur·ing, -scures.
  1. To make dim or indistinct: Smog obscured our view. See synonyms at block.
  2. To conceal in obscurity; hide: "Unlike the origins of most nations, America's origins are not obscured in the mists of time" (National Review).
  3. Linguistics. To reduce (a vowel) to the neutral sound represented by schwa (ə).
n.
Something obscure or unknown.

[Middle English, from Old French obscur, from Latin obscūrus.]
obscurely ob·scure'ly adv.
obscureness ob·scure'ness n.




go out
1. Be extinguished, as in All the lights went out. [c. 1400]
2. Die; also, faint. For example, I want to go out before I become senile, or At the sight of blood he went out like a light. The first usage dates from about 1700 and was at first put go out of the world. For the variant, see under out cold.
3. Take part in social life outside the home, as in We go out a lot during the holiday season. This usage dates from the second half of the 1700s and gave rise to go out with someone, meaning "to date someone."
4. Stop working, as in To show their support of the auto workers, the steel workers went out too. This expression is short for go out on strike. [Late 1800s]
5. Become unfashionable, as in Bell-bottom pants went out in the 1970s but made a comeback in the 1990s. This usage is sometimes amplified to go out of fashion or go out of style, as in This kind of film has gone out of fashion, or These boots are going out of style. [Late 1400s]
6. Cease to function as before. This sense appears in go out of print, said of a book that will no longer be printed. Also see the subsequent idioms beginning with go out.




Millions in Asia and the western United States watched as a rare "ring of fire" eclipse crossed their skies.
The annular eclipse, in which the moon passes in front of the sun leaving only a golden ring around its edges, was visible to wide areas across Asia early Monday. It then moved across the Pacific and was also seen in parts of the western United States Sunday afternoon.
Viewing parties were held in Reno, Nev., Oakland, Calif., and elsewhere. In some parts of the U.S., special camera filters for taking photographs have been sold out for weeks in anticipation of the big event.
People from Colorado, Oklahoma and as far away as Canada traveled to Albuquerque to enjoy one of the best vantage points.
Members of the crowd smiled and cheered and children yelled with excitement as the moon crossed the sun and the blazing halo of light began to form. Eventually, the moon centered and covered 96 percent of the sun.
"That's got to be the prettiest thing I've ever seen," said Brent Veltri of Salida, Colo.
Albuquerque city officials had urged residents to go to organized events or watch one of the many live webcasts to avoid damaging their eyes.
The eclipse cannot be viewed with the naked eye or even sunglasses. And solar glasses, which make the sun look like a huge orange disc, are a rare commodity in communities along the eclipse's path.
In Japan, "eclipse tours" were arranged at schools and parks, on pleasure boats and even private airplanes. Similar events were held in China and Taiwan as well, with skywatchers warned to protect their eyes.
AP
An annular solar eclipse is seen in the sky... View Full Caption
The eclipse was broadcast live on TV in Tokyo, where such an eclipse hasn't been visible since 1839. Japanese TV crews watched from the top of Mount Fuji and even staked out a zoo south of Tokyo to capture the reaction of the chimpanzees — who didn't seem to notice.
A light rain fell on Tokyo as the eclipse began, but the clouds thinned as it reached its peak, providing near perfect conditions.
"It was a very mysterious sight," said Kaori Sasaki, who joined a crowd in downtown Tokyo to watch event. "I've never seen anything like it."
At the Taipei Astronomical Museum in Taiwan, the spectacle emerged from dark clouds for only about 30 seconds. But the view was nearly perfect against Manila's orange skies.
"It's amazing. We do this for the awe (and) it has not disappointed. I am awed, literally floored," said astronomical hobbyist Garry Andreassen, whose long camera lenses were lined up with those of about 10 other gazers in a downtown Manila park.
Hong Kong skywatchers weren't so lucky.
Several hundred people gathered along the Kowloon waterfront on Hong Kong's famed Victoria Harbor, most of them students or commuters on their way to work. The eclipse was already underway as the sun began to rise, but heavy clouds obstructed the view.
The eclipse followed a narrow 8,500-mile path for 3 1/2 hours. The ring phenomenon lasted about five minutes, depending on location. People outside the narrow band for prime viewing saw a partial eclipse.
"Ring of Fire" eclipses are not as dramatic as a total eclipse, when the disk of the sun is entirely blocked by the moon. The moon is too far from Earth and appears too small in the sky to blot out the sun completely.
Doctors and education officials have warned of eye injuries from improper viewing. Before the event started, Japan's Education Minister Hirofumi Hirano demonstrated how to use eclipse glasses in a televised news conference.
Police also cautioned against traffic accidents — warning drivers to keep their eyes on the road.

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