2008年9月2日 星期二

downgrade, prowess, upgrade

The Los Angeles Times, New York Times, USA Today, and the Wall Street Journal's world-wide newsbox lead with the sighs of relief coming out of New Orleans as the city appears to have been spared much of the devastation that many feared was going to be a replay of Hurricane Katrina. By the time Hurricane Gustav hit Louisiana's Gulf Coast early yesterday it had been downgraded to a Category 2 hurricane and had weakened to a tropical storm by Monday night. Rural areas were the most affected by Gustav, which flooded large areas of southern Louisiana. But the levees in New Orleans mostly held and seemed to have helped the city avoid any major flooding, although officials warned that continuing rainfall could still cause some damage.


應用例:
Downgraded Storm Hits Southeast China
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Typhoon Wipha slammed into the coast south of Shanghai Wednesday as authorities evacuated 2 million people.


The earnings downgrade reflects a series of troubles that have plagued Sony, and called into question its manufacturing prowess and reputation for quality.



As a consultant, a student of W. Edwards Deming, and a long-timer observer of Japanese manufacturing prowess, I am always on the lookout for ways to boost productivity and lower costs.

prowess
  1. Superior skill or ability.
  2. Superior strength, courage, or daring, especially in battle.

[Middle English prowesse, from Old French proesse, from prud, prou, brave. See proud.]


prow・ess


━━ n. 勇気, 勇敢な行為, あっぱれな腕前 ((at, in)).



New Zealand wants to upgrade Japan, South Korea trade links in ...
International Herald Tribune - France
AP WELLINGTON, New Zealand: New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark will visit Japan and South Korea this week seeking to upgrade trade relations with both ...

本blog還有近十應用例

downgrade Show phonetics
verb [T]
to reduce someone or something to a lower rank or position, or to make something less important or less valued:
My job's been downgraded to that of ordinary editor.
We mustn't let management downgrade the importance of safety at work.
Compare upgrade.


Definition

upgrade PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
verb [T]
to improve the quality or usefulness of something, such as a machine or a computer program, or give a person a more important job or state that their job is more important than it was in the past:
It's quite simple to upgrade the indexing software.
Congratulations, I hear you've been upgraded to divisional manager.
NOTE: The opposite is downgrade.

downgrade


upgrade PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
a hardware upgrade
The upgrade to version 5.0 costs $395.

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