2016年9月19日 星期一

pithy, proverbial, inquisitive, 'Jack' phrases, lantern, lantern-jawed

Physics does not lend itself to pithy introductions, yet Carlo Rovelli has written an elegant and startlingly illustrative distillation of centuries of science



A pithy, elegant explanation of life as we know it
ECON.ST


'Jack' phrases

The origin of the many phrases that contain the name Jack

If it is true, as I'm sure it is, that the phrases in a language define a culture's interests and preoccupations then the English-speaking world must be fascinated by people. English phrases frequently include names. Some of these refer to actual individuals, for example, 'Gordon Bennett!', 'Sweet Fanny Adams' and the numerous people referred to in Cockney rhyming slang, but more often than not the person referred to is imaginary. Examples of phrases that include invented names are 'the life of Riley', 'heavens to Betsy' and 'moaning Minnie'.
Jack appears in more phrases than does any other name. That might be expected as Jack is a colloquial form of John and, for the period in which the majority of these phrases were coined, John was the most common boy's name amongst English speakers. Jack was the generic name for the common man; a lad, a fellow, a chap, but also with the hint of knave or likeable rogue. 'John' appears in our phrases and sayings hardly at all and this is probably because 'Jack' was considered the more interesting character. The use of 'Jack' with the meaning of 'young rogue' dates back to the 16th century and examples are known from Nicholas Udall and others in Middle English. An early example in a form of English that is easily accessible to us now is found in Shakespeare's Taming of Shrew, circa 1616:
A mad-cap ruffian and a swearing Jacke.
Some well-known linguistic Jacks are:
- Jack the Lad - a self-assured young man who is a bit of a rogue. This is the archetypal Jack; young, roguish and male. See more about Jack the Lad...
- Jack Tar - sailors coated their clothes and the ropes of their ships to make them weatherproof. They even smeared their hair and beards to avoid stray wisps getting caught in the rigging. What better name for sailors than Jack Tar?
- Jack of all trades - the common man, who will turn his hand to any form of work. See more about Jack of all trades...
- Jack Robinson - in the phrase 'Before you can say Jack Robinson'. Possibly a rare example of a Jack that was a real person. See more about Jack Robinson...
- All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy - this proverbial expression has been known since 1670.
Jack was the name given to many of the sprites, imps and supernatural creatures that were imagined to have human form, for example, Jack Frost (an imp that nips our ears and toes with cold), Jack o' lantern (a fairy that lives in hedges), Jack-in-irons (a malevolent giant).
Jacks, being typically young and mischievous, feature strongly in nursery rhymes, for example, Little Jack Horner, Jack Sprat and Jack and Jill. The latter two of these pre-date their appearance in nursery rhyme. Jack Sprat was the name given to any dwarf from the 16th century onward and Jack and Jill was used as the name of any young couple as early as the 1450s.
Cockney Rhyming Slang has an association with roguish street trading and is another linguistic area where Jacks flourish. Examples are: Jack Palancing (dancing), On your Jack (Jones > alone), Jack-in-the box (pox), Jack Randle (candle).
I've not listed every man Jack as there are so many - the OED includes over hundred of them. Time to jack it in I think.


James Garner, a lantern-jawed actor who appeared in over 50 films and was nominated for an Oscar for 1985’s “Murphy’s Romance,” was perhaps best known for his TV roles in “Maverick” and “The Rockford Files.”


lantern-jawed

出典:『Wiktionary』 (2014/07/12 05:47 UTC 版)

別の表記

形容詞

  1. With a protruding or jutting lower jaw.


 新竹の2013台湾ランタン祭り
ランタン【lantern】
1 角灯(かくとう)。 2 ちょうちん。







lantern jaw

Line breaks: lan|tern jaw


A long, thin jaw and prominent chin.
lantern-jawed
ADJECTIVE


詞目戽斗 
音讀hòo-táu 
釋義1.農家用來舀水的器具,形狀略似斗狀。
2.下排齒比上排齒突出的嘴形。俗稱「地包天」。
圖片  


おなじみの客
familiar guests  - 日本語WordNet
おなじみであると認める
perceive as familiar  - 日本語WordNet
彼女のおなじみの遅刻
her proverbial lateness  - 日本語WordNet

Inquisitive frequently suggests excessive curiosity and the asking of many questions: “Remember, no revolvers. The police are, I believe, proverbially inquisitive” (Lord Dunsany).



proverb

Line breaks: prov|erb
Pronunciation: /ˈprɒvəːb/



NOUN

A short, well-known pithy saying, stating a general truth or piece of advice.
Origin
Middle English: from Old French proverbe, from Latinproverbium, from pro- '(put) forth' + verbum 'word'.
proverbial



Pronunciation: /prəˈvəːbɪəl/

Definition of proverbial
adjective


  •  (of a word or phrase) referred to in a proverb or idiom:I’m going to stick out like the proverbial sore thumb
  • well known, especially so as to be stereotypical:the Welsh people, whose hospitality is proverbial

noun

  • used to stand for a word or phrase that is normally part of a proverb or idiom but is not actually uttered:one word out of line, and the proverbial hits the fan

Derivatives

proverbiality

Pronunciation: /-bɪˈalɪti/
noun
proverbially
adverb





pithy

Line breaks: pithy
Pronunciation: /ˈpɪθiADJECTIVE (pithierpithiest)




1(Of a fruit or plant) containing much pith.
(Of language or style) terse and vigorously expressive:
his characteristically pithy comments
Derivatives
pithily

ADVERB


pithiness
NOUN


lantern

発音
lǽntərn
lanternの変化形
lanterns (複数形)
[名]
1 ランタン, ちょうちん, 角灯, カンテラ
a paper lantern
ちょうちん
light a lantern
ちょうちんをともす.
2 (灯台頂部の)灯火室.
4 《建築》(採光・通風のための)越し屋根;(排煙・換気用の)屋根側面の開口部;(円屋根などの)頂塔.

Lou Reed, who died on Saturday aged 71, proved that a career in rock music didn't have to mean a desperate striving after publicity and fashion. It didn't mean competing with your peers. It could mean being an inquisitive, nearly professorial fixture of the New York experimental arts scene. It could mean being dignified http://econ.st/19NfCLX


inquisitive
Syllabification: (in·quis·i·tive)
Pronunciation: /inˈkwizitiv, iNG-/
adjective


  • curious or inquiring:he was very chatty and inquisitive about everything
  • unduly curious about the affairs of others; prying:I didn’t want to seem inquisitive
Derivatives


inquisitively
adverb

inquisitiveness
noun

Origin:

late Middle English: from Old French inquisitif, -ive, from late Latin inquisitivus, from the verb inquirere (see inquire)

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