2017年3月5日 星期日

incontinence. dermis, derma, bedscores, fatality, placid, discharg



An area of skin breakdown that occurs when sustained pressure cuts off blood circulation — usually in patients confined to their beds in hospitals and nursing homes — a bedsore can result in a wound so deep and painful that some patients require narcotics. If a bedsore becomes infected, the complications can be fatal.
“They are not just little sores,” said Susan D. Horn, senior scientist at the Institute for Clinical Outcomes Research in Salt Lake City. “If you’ve ever seen a very bad one, frankly, it would make you sick. You see a very reddened outer area, then you see, depending on how deep it is, just this hole in the skin, and it goes right down to the bone.”
Experts estimate that two million Americans suffer from pressure ulcers each year, usually through some combination of immobility, poor nutrition, dehydration and incontinence. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not keep statistics on fatalities, but one prominent victim was the actor Christopher Reeve, who died of a bedsore infection in 2004 in the middle of a heroic battle against paralysis.
New research is suggesting that the battle against bedsores requires a team approach, enlisting everyone from nurses and nursing assistants to laundry workers, nutritionists, maintenance workers and even in-house beauticians.
In a study of a collaborative program involving 52 nursing homes around the country, The Journal of the American Geriatrics Society reported last August that team efforts had reduced the number of severe pressure ulcers acquired in-house by 69 percent.
On-the-Job Deaths Vex Steel Mills
The rise in fatalities at U.S. steel mills is raising questions about whether production demands are compromising safety.
CNN
The girl was playing with the gun when it discharged, police said; she was fatally wounded.


"As a youth I prayed, 'Give me chastity and continence, but not right now'."
--from THE CONFESSIONS by Augustine of Hippo




Continence refers to self control. It's the ability to hold it all in. The word continencecome from the Latin continentia which means "a holding back.” It hasn't changed much — continence means holding back bodily functions.


fatal
adjective
1 A fatal illness or accident, etc. causes death:
This illness is fatal in almost all cases.
the fatal shooting of an unarmed 15-year-old

2 very serious and having an important bad effect in the future:
He made the fatal mistake/error of believing what they told him.
It just shows how you should never say how well things are going for you - it's fatal (= it causes bad things to happen).

fatally
adverb
Several people were injured, two fatally (= they died as a result).

fatality Show phonetics
noun [C]
a death caused by an accident or by violence, or someone who has died in either of these ways:
Britain has thousands of road fatalities (= deaths on roads) every year.
The first fatalities of the war were civilians.

dermis

n.

The sensitive connective tissue layer of the skin located below the epidermis, containing nerve endings, sweat and sebaceous glands, and blood and lymph vessels. Also called corium, cutis; Also called derma.


placid
 
adjective
having a calm appearance or characteristics:
a slow-moving and placid river
the placid pace of village life
She was a very placid (= calm and not easily excited) child who slept all night and hardly ever cried.

der・ma



━━ n. 皮膚; 【解】真皮.
der・mal
 ━━ a. 皮膚の; 真皮の.
dermal bone 【解】皮骨.


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