2015年12月6日 星期日

take stock, piracy, conspiracy, sentencing commission, conspiratorial, conspiracy and fraud,'birthers' :conspiracy theories

JFK Assassination Conspiracy Theories Sell Lots of Books31

On June 21, 1964, three civil rights workers disappeared in Philadelphia, Miss. Their bodies were found buried in an earthen dam six weeks later. Eight members of the Ku Klux Klan went to prison on federal conspiracy charges; none served more than six years.

"As a result, hard-pressed New York cities, towns, schools and hospitals spent hundreds of millions of dollars on LCD screens affected by the illegal/unlawful conspiracy. My office is bringing this case to get those illegal overcharges back," he said.

Papers From Iraqi Archive Reveal Conspiratorial Mind-Set of Hussein
Transcripts and documents depict Saddam Hussein as a leader who harbored grand ambitions for his country but was prone to epic miscalculations.

European Union foreign and defense ministers have backed a plan to train up

The EU takes stock of the world's hotspots

European Union foreign and defense ministers have backed a plan to train up
to 2000 Somali troops, as part of wider efforts to tackle piracy in the

The DW-WORLD Article


More Than Half of GOP Voters Still Doubt Obama Born in U.S.

Just how big of a role will the 'birthers' play in the Republican primary?

Conspiracy theories about the citizenship of Barack Obama claim that Barack Obama is not a natural-born citizen of the United States and is therefore not eligible to be President of the United States under Article Two of the U.S. Constitution. Some of these conspiracy theories allege that Obama was born in Kenya, not Hawaii, or that his birth certificate is a forgery. Others allege that Obama became a citizen of Indonesia and lost his U.S. citizenship. Still others claim that because Obama's father was from Kenya, that meant he held dual citizenship at birth (British and American), and the supposed dual citizenship means Obama is not a natural-born citizen of the United States.
The claims have been promoted by a number of fringe theorists and political opponents, often referred to as birthers, some of whom filed unsuccessful lawsuits seeking to disqualify Obama from running for, or being sworn in as President, or to obtain additional proof that he is constitutionally qualified to hold the office of President.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/barack-obama-citizenship-conspiracy-theories#ixzz1M5sMgpOI


Brocade Communications Systems' former chief executive, Gregory L. Reyes, was found guilty of conspiracy and fraud Tuesday in the first criminal options-backdating case to go to trial. The conviction sent shockwaves through Silicon Valley and law offices around the country and raised the prospect that prosecutors may be emboldened to pursue similar cases.

Under federal sentencing guidelines, Mr. Reyes could face up to 20 years in prison for the most serious charges as well as pay millions of dollars in fines. Sentencing is scheduled for Nov. 21.

Go to Article from The New York Times»
Go to Article from The San Jose Mercury News»

The United States Sentencing Commission is an independent agency of the Judicial Branch of the United States Government and is responsible for the sentencing policy of the United States Federal Courts.
The commission was created by the Sentencing Reform Act provisions of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984. The Constitutionality of the commission was challenged as a congressional encroachment on the power of the executive branch but upheld in the U.S. Supreme Court case of Mistretta v. United States488 U.S. 1361 (1989).

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英国司法大臣斯特劳(Jack Straw)宣布,在现有的15亿英镑经费之外,又增加了12亿英镑的额外经费来进行扩大监狱容量的计划。英国监狱拥挤问题由来已久,因为受刑人太多,有些受刑人不能参加矫正课程,因此没有资格减刑,这使得问题恶性循环。此前由卡特勋爵(Lord Carter)的检讨报告提议,英国设立一个类似美国的永久判决委员会(sentencing commission),将受刑人与监狱资源配对。

sentence (PUNISHMENT) Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 a punishment given by a judge in court to a person or organization after they have been found guilty of doing something wrong:
He got a heavy/light sentence (= He was severely/not severely punished).
The offence carries a jail/prison/life/5-year sentence.
He was given a non-custodial/suspended sentence.

2 pronounce sentence (of a judge) to say officially what a punishment will be:
The judge will pronounce sentence on the defendant this afternoon.

pass sentence to state, as a judge, what a criminal's official punishment will be

sentence Show phonetics
verb [T] LEGAL
He was sentenced to life imprisonment.

conspiracy and fraud 法律意義是:

conspiracy 共謀/同謀 (某犯罪)--這本身就是犯罪
fraud 欺詐( 罪)


  • 発音記号[kənspirətɔ'ːriəl]

conspiratorial discussions
a conspiratorial grin [giggle, wink]

take stock
Make an estimate or appraisal, as in We have to take stock of our finances before we can undertake a new project, or The career counselor advised Mark to take stock before changing his plans. This expression transfers making an inventory of goods (stock) to other kinds of appraisal. [Early 1800s]

pi·ra·cy ('rə-sē) pronunciation
n., pl., -cies.
    1. Robbery committed at sea.
    2. A similar act of robbery, as the hijacking of an airplane.
  1. The unauthorized use or reproduction of copyrighted or patented material: software piracy.
  2. The operation of an unlicensed, illegal radio or television station.
[Medieval Latin pīrātia, from Late Greek peirāteia, from Greek peirātēs, pirate. See pirate.]

con·spir·a·cy (kən-spîr'ə-sē) pronunciation

, pl., -cies.
  1. An agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act.
  2. A group of conspirators.
  3. Law. An agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime or accomplish a legal purpose through illegal action.
  4. A joining or acting together, as if by sinister design: a conspiracy of wind and tide that devastated coastal areas.
[Middle English conspiracie, from Anglo-Norman, probably alteration of Old French conspiration, from Latin cōnspīrātiō, cōnspīrātiōn-, from cōnspīrātus, past participle of cōnspīrāre, to conspire. See conspire.]