2016年12月1日 星期四

relay, rail, politicizing, star, to torch, twinkling, tallow

英國新推出的膠鈔引發爭議,央行證實,剛推出的5鎊鈔票,以及稍後推出的10鎊及20鎊鈔票,都含有動物油脂,這引起一些素食者不滿,批評是不尊重他們,以至印度教等一些信仰的教徒

Vegans and vegetarians have pledged to boycott the notes, and a petition urging the Bank of England to remove the tallow has received more than…
DAILYMAIL.CO.UK


Martin Smith Studio
I've just been awarded the commission to build a twinkling weather station in Penarth, Wales. More details soon....

Japan woman sues yakuza boss over protection money
Fox News
TOKYO, Tokyo province (AFP) – A woman is suing the head of Japan's biggest yakuza organised crime group, seeking a refund of protection money paid to gangsters threatening to torch her bar, reports said Wednesday. The plaintiff is claiming Kenichi ...

 to torch 放把火



Greek Parliament Passes Austerity Plan as Riots Rage
By NIKI KITSANTONIS and RACHEL DONADIO

As demonstrators torched shops and battled police in the streets of Athens, lawmakers approved a tough austerity package that is expected to help the country avoid default.








Other big technology companies had already drawn criticism for accommodating the Chinese government. Cisco Systems Inc. was criticized for selling China equipment that helps government censors. Rights activists and U.S. politicians slammed Yahoo for helping Chinese police identify a Chinese journalist who allegedly used his Yahoo email account to relay the contents of a secret government order and was sentenced to 10 years in prison.

NASA's Star Is Fading, Its Chief Says

In Leaked E-Mail, He Rails About Budgetary Tensions and Feared Rise of China
(By Marc Kaufman, The Washington Post)
NASA Administrator Michael Griffin has clashed repeatedly with the White House in recent months -- a rift that escalated when budget officials heavily edited a statement he was submitting to Congress about China's space ambitions and spilled into the open last week in a leaked e-mail that accused...



China often rails against the Dalai Lama, but not at Olympic-related events. It has often denounced critics for politicizing the Games and the Olympic charter states that no kind of demonstration or political propaganda is permitted "in any Olympic sites or other areas".

IOC investigates anti-Dalai Lama torch relay speech





rail (COMPLAIN) Show phonetics
verb [I + preposition] FORMAL
to complain angrily:
He railed against/at the injustices of the system.rail (complain)
rail3 (rāl) pronunciation
intr.v., railed, rail·ing, rails.
To express objections or criticisms in bitter, harsh, or abusive language. See synonyms at scold.
[Middle English railen, from Old French railler, to tease, joke, from Old Provençal ralhar, to chat, joke, from Vulgar Latin *ragulāre, to bray, from Late Latin ragere.]

star
n.
    1. A self-luminous celestial body consisting of a mass of gas held together by its own gravity in which the energy generated by nuclear reactions in the interior is balanced by the outflow of energy to the surface, and the inward-directed gravitational forces are balanced by the outward-directed gas and radiation pressures.
    2. Any of the celestial bodies visible at night from Earth as relatively stationary, usually twinkling points of light.
    3. Something regarded as resembling such a celestial body.
  1. A graphic design having five or more radiating points, often used as a symbol of rank or merit.
    1. An artistic performer or athlete whose leading role or superior performance is acknowledged.
    2. One who is highly celebrated in a field or profession.
    1. An asterisk (*).
    2. The star key on a telephone: For customer service, press star.
  2. A white spot on the forehead of a horse.
  3. A planet or constellation of the zodiac believed in astrology to influence personal destiny.
  4. stars The future; destiny. Often used with the.
adj.
  1. Outstanding or famous, especially in performing something: a star researcher; a star figure skater.
  2. Of or relating to a star or stars.

relay
n.
  1. An act of passing something along from one person, group, or station to another.
  2. Sports.
    1. A relay race.
    2. A division of a relay race.
  3. Electronics. A device that responds to a small current or voltage change by activating switches or other devices in an electric circuit.
  4. A crew of workers who relieve another crew; a shift.
  5. A fresh team, as of horses or dogs, to relieve weary animals in a hunt, task, or journey.
tr.v., -layed, -lay·ing, -lays. ('lā, rĭ-lā')
  1. To pass along by or as if by relay: relayed the message to his boss.
  2. To supply with fresh relays.
  3. Electronics. To control or retransmit by means of a relay.
[Middle English relai, fresh team of dogs for a hunt, from Old French, from relaier, to relay : re-, re- + laier, to leave (of Germanic origin).]



  torch



noun

  • 1 chiefly historical a portable means of illumination such as a piece of wood or cloth soaked in tallow or an oil lamp on a pole, sometimes carried ceremonially.
  • (usually the torch) used to refer to a valuable quality, principle, or cause that needs to be protected and maintained:mountain warlords carried the torch of Greek independence
  • chiefly North American a blowtorch.
  • US informal an arsonist.

verb

[with object] informal
  • set fire to:the shops had been looted and torched



Phrases

carry a torch for

suffer from unrequited love for.




put to the torch (or put a torch to)

destroy by burning.

Origin:

Middle English: from Old French torche, from Latin torqua, variant of torques 'necklace, wreath', from torquere 'to twist'. The current verb sense was originally US slang and dates from the 1930s


tallow
ˈtaləʊ/
noun
  1. 1.
    a hard fatty substance made from rendered animal fat, used (especially formerly) in making candles and soap.
verb
archaic
  1. 1.
    smear (something, especially the bottom of a boat) with tallow.
    "I tallowed my boats with our candles"

twinkle

Syllabification: (twin·kle)
Pronunciation: /ˈtwiNGkəl/
verb

[no object]
  • (of a star or light, or a shiny object) shine with a gleam that varies repeatedly between bright and faint:the lights twinkled in the distance (as adjective twinkling)twinkling harbor lights
  • (of a person’s eyes) sparkle, especially with amusement.
  • smile so that one’s eyes sparkle:“Aha!” he said, twinkling at her (as adjective twinkling)a twinkling smile
  • (of a person’s feet) move lightly and rapidly:his sandaled feet twinkled over the ground

noun

  • a sparkle or gleam in a person’s eyes.
  • a light that appears continually to grow brighter and fainter:the distant twinkle of the lights


Phrases




in a twinkling (or the twinkling of an eye)

in an instant; very quickly.

Derivatives




twinkler


Pronunciation: /-k(ə)lər/
noun



twinkly


Pronunciation: /-k(ə)lē/
adjective

Origin:

Old English twinclian (verb), of Germanic origin

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