2008年1月18日 星期五

continued, continual, continuous

英文是相當麻煩的
這連續(地)一 辭的說法
注意 其形容詞有三個字

過去20餘年 曾為了 "持續改善" 要採用
continuous improvement 或 continual improvement 爭議不休 後者為Ford公司所採用

continue
Show phonetics
verb
1 [I or T] to keep happening, existing or doing something, or to cause something or someone to do this:
[+ to infinitive] It's said that as the boat went down the band continued to play.
[+ ing form of verb] If she continues drinking like that, I'll have to carry her home.
Do you intend to continue (with) your studies?
If the rain continues, we'll have to cancel tonight's plans.
Sally Palmer will be continuing as chairperson this autumn.
The article continues/is continued on page ten.

2 [I] to start to do something again after a pause:
After stopping for a quick drink, they continued on their way.
[+ ing form of verb] He paused for a moment to listen and then continued eating.
The president continued by saying that his country was a free country and would always remain so.
[+ speech] "I don't like your weather!" she shouted, "and I don't, " she continued, "like your food."

continual Show phonetics
adjective
happening repeatedly, usually in an annoying or inconvenient way:
I've had continual problems with this car ever since I bought it.
I'm sorry - I can't work with these continual interruptions.

continually Show phonetics
adverb
They argue continually.

continuous Show phonetics
adjective
without a pause or interruption:
continuous pain
My computer makes a continuous low buzzing noise.
A continuous white line (= line without spaces) in the middle of the road means no overtaking.

continuously Show phonetics
adverb
You can't work continuously for six hours without a break!

continuation Show phonetics
noun [C or U] (FORMAL continuance)
The continuation of the strike caused a lot of poverty.
It's just a continuation of the bigger river, but called by a different name.

continued Show phonetics
adjective
1 [before noun] (ALSO continuing) still happening, existing or done:
Continued fighting in the city is causing great concern.

Lehman Brothers on Thursday said it would stop U.S. wholesale mortgage lending because of a continued slump in credit and housing markets, a move that will cut 1,300 jobs and result in a $40 million charge.


2 (WRITTEN ABBREVIATION cont.) often used at the bottom of a page to show that the story, article, etc., is not finished:
continued on page 7

continuity Show phonetics
noun [U]
1 when something continues for a long period of time without being changed or stopped:
There has been no continuity in that class - they've had a succession of different teachers.

2 SPECIALIZED the way in which film and television broadcasts are joined together so that the action happens without any pause or change

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)


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