2018年5月20日 星期日

calque, dish, jape, À la carte,presidential impersonation, libertine, dish something up

From Vaughn Meader's President Kennedy to Jay Pharoah's President Obama, the history of presidential impersonations is long and not all were success stories.

8th grader kills it at graduation with impersonations of Trump, Clinton
We can’t wait to see what he does for h.s. graduation.

Christmas edition archive: What makes a jape great? Most would agree that the best pranks offer more than just deception, mischievousness or ridicule, and that much of the genre dished up on television falls well short of the mark. If the prank is one of the more elusive arrows in the comedic quiver, it is also one of the oldest http://econ.st/1jlY9l6

Beware of rumours, impersonations of regime officials and false news of defections, Syria's state-run newspapers have been warning their readers. Amid Syrian officials' bluster about how they have won the first round of a showdown with Barack Obama, forcing him to truckle to Congress before he can attack Syria, President Bashar Assad's regime is preparing for war


Syllabification: (jape)
Pronunciation: /jāp/
  • a practical joke:the childish jape of depositing a stink bomb in her locker


[no object]
  • say or do something in jest or mockery.


Pronunciation: /ˈjāp(ə)rē/


Middle English: apparently combining the form of Old French japer 'to yelp, yap' with the sense of Old French gaber 'to mock'

(dish something up) offer or present something, especially something regarded as substandard:is your ISP short-changing you by dishing up outdated and perhaps incorrect information?


Translate impersonation | into Italian


an act of pretending to be another person for the purpose of entertainment or fraud:he did an impersonation of Fred Astaire [mass noun]:he was tried on charges of impersonation and forgery

  1. an act of pretending to be another person for the purpose of entertainment or fraud.
    "he did an impersonation of Fred Astaire"

calque (noun) An expression introduced into one language by translating it from another language.
Synonyms:loan translation
Usage:"Superman" is a calque for the German "Ubermensch."


  • 発音記号[kǽlk]
[名]《言語学》翻訳借用(語句)(loan translation):例it goes without saying that ... はフランス語ça va sans dire que ... を直訳して英語に借入した句.

In linguistics, a calque /kælk/ or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation. Used as a verb, "to calque" means to borrow a word or phrase from another language while translating its components so as to create a new lexeme in the target language.

"Calque" itself is a loanword from the French noun calque ("tracing; imitation; close copy"); the verb calquermeans "to trace; to copy, to imitate closely"; papier calque is "tracing paper".[1] The word "loanword" is itself a calque of the German word Lehnwort, just as "loan translation" is a calque of Lehnübersetzung.[2]

(dĭsh) pronunciation

    1. An open, generally shallow concave container for holding, cooking, or serving food.
    2. dishes The containers and often the utensils used when eating: took out the dishes and silverware; washed the dishes.
    3. A shallow concave container used for purposes other than eating: an evaporating dish.
  1. The amount that a dish can hold.
    1. The food served or contained in a dish: a dish of ice cream.
    2. A particular variety or preparation of food: Sushi is a Japanese dish.
    1. A depression similar to that in a shallow concave container for food.
    2. The degree of concavity in such a depression.
  2. Electronics. A dish antenna.
  3. Slang. A good-looking person, especially an attractive woman.
  4. Informal. Idle talk; gossip: "plenty of dish about her tattoos, her plastic surgeries, and her ever-younger inamorati" (Louise Kennedy).

Out of Joint presents

A Dish of Tea with Dr Johnson

adapted by Russell Barr, Ian Redford and Max Stafford-Clark, from James Boswell's The Life of Samuel Johnson and The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides
Russell Barr, Ian Redford, Trudie Styler: photos by Robert Workman and Tristram KentonEdinburgh Festival SOLD OUT.
London: Arts Theatre West End 3 – 24 September only.
Another chance to see this acclaimed and popular play celebrating of Samuel Johnson’s unique take on life.
4 STARS “A rare treat” Michael Billington, The Guardian
4 STARS “One did not want the evening to end” Paul Taylor, The Independent
4 STARS “A joyous encounter” Charles Spencer, Daily Telegraph
4 STARS “Delightful… Johnson was a legendary wit. As such he makes a perfect subject.” Whatsonstage.com

  • Dates & booking
  • cast information.

  • Irritable, generous, seriously depressed yet a great wit: meet Samuel “Dictionary” Johnson – poet, essayist and lexicographer. This evening of stories and conversation brings to life some of the most colourful figures of the eighteenth century.
    Ian Redford reprises his much-praised performance as Johnson in a play that features a host of characters from biographer James Boswell and painter Joshua Reynolds to King George III, and Bonnie Prince Charlie’s saviour Flora Macdonald. Trudie Styler(read interview) plays Mrs Thrale, the society hostess who was Johnson’s final, unrequited love*.
    “Ian Redford is as close to the real Dr Johnson as one could ever hope to see onstage” Time Out, on A Laughing Matter
    Director Max Stafford-Clark says: “A Dish of Tea with Dr Johnson continue’s Out of Joint’s tradition of literary biography. The Libertine was about George Etherege and the Earl of Rochester; A Laughing Matter introduced us to the world of Dr Johnson, David Garrick, Oliver Goldsmith and Joshua Reynolds; and the recent Andersen’s English depicted the visit of Hans Christian Andersen to Charles Dickens.
    “With A Dish of Tea with Dr Johnson we return to the fascinating world of the great Dr Johnson. Until the middle of the 19th Century only the two patent houses, Drury Lane and Covent Garden, were permitted to present drama. So when Samuel Foote, Johnson’s contemporary, presented his evening of comic impersonations and vignettes it was billed as ‘An Invitation to a Dish of Chocolate with Samuel Foote’. From him we have purloined our title.”
    *Trudie Styler is not appearing on 10, 11, and 20-24 Sep

    Unicenter is now available a la carte. So corporations increasingly want to buy packages of hardware, software and services to solve business problems, like streamlining procurement or tracking customer behavior, instead of buying computer products la carte and then trying to figure them out.

    定製 點菜
    À la carte (pronounced /ælæˈkɑrt/)[1] is a French language loan phrase meaning "according to the menu", and used in restaurant terminology as:
    • A reference to a menu of items priced and ordered separately, rather than selected from a list of preset multi-course meals at fixed prices, in contrast to a table d'hôte, at which a menu with limited or no choice is served at a fixed price.
    • To designate an option to choose, at no extra charge, a side dish to accompany a main course item.
    The phrase was adopted into English in 1826, predating by a decade the common use of the French language loanword "menu".[2][3]


    Syllabification: (lib·er·tine)
    Pronunciation: /ˈlibərˌtēn/


    • 1 a person, especially a man, who behaves without moral principles or a sense of responsibility, especially in sexual matters.
    • a person who rejects accepted opinions in matters of religion; a freethinker.


    • 1 characterized by a disregard of morality, especially in sexual matters:his more libertine impulses
    • 2  freethinking in matters of religion.



    Pronunciation: /-ˌtēnij/


    Pronunciation: /-ˌnizəm/


    late Middle English (denoting a freed slave or the son of one): from Latin libertinus 'freedman', from liber 'free'. In the mid 16th century, imitating French libertin, the term denoted a member of any of various antinomian sects in France; hence sense 2 of the noun
    (adjective) Unrestrained by convention or morality.
    Synonyms:debauched, degenerate, degraded, dissipated, dissolute, profligate, riotous, fast
    Usage:Such an expression is often mistaken for manly frankness, when in truth it arises from the reckless indifference of a libertine disposition ... totally unconnected with personal merit.