2016年5月29日 星期日

belated, attempt, an attempted act/coup, low-key, plaque, inflammation, glasnost , perestroika

The cultural troupes of the People's Liberation Army were formed in the 1930s as a way to spread revolutionary propaganda. Now their future is uncertain, as Chinese President Xi Jinping attempts the biggest military restructuring since the 1950s.

Professionally Cleaned Teeth May Be Weapon Against Heart Disease
Teeth cleaning lowers bacteria in the mouth that can cause chronic inflammation, said study author Zu-Yin Chen, a cardiology fellow at the Veterans General Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. Inflammation is associated with the formation of plaque in the blood ...

Terror Attempt Seen as Man Tries to Ignite Device on Jet

A Nigerian man tried to ignite an explosive device as a jet landed in Detroit on Friday in what is believed to be “an attempted act of terrorism,” according to a White House official.

Gorbachev, Mikhail (1931-) Soviet statesman, and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91) and President (1988-91). His foreign policy brought about an end to the Cold War, while within the USSR he introduced major reforms known as glasnost and perestroika. He resigned following an attempted coup. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990.

be·lat·ed (bĭ-lā'tĭdpronunciation


Having been delayed; done or sent too late: a belated birthday card.


, -tempt·ed, -tempt·ing, -tempts.
  1. To try to perform, make, or achieve: attempted to read the novel in one sitting; attempted a difficult dive.
  2. Archaic. To tempt.
  3. Archaic. To attack with the intention of subduing.
  1. An effort or a try.
  2. An attack; an assault: an attempt on someone's life.
[Middle English attempten, from Old French attempter, from Latin attemptāre : ad-, ad- + temptāre, to test.]
attemptable at·tempta·ble adj.
attempter at·tempter n.


Pronunciation: /əˈtɛm(p)t/ 


1Make an effort to achieve or complete (something difficult):she attempted a comeback in 2001[WITH INFINITIVE]: troops shot civilians who attempted to flee
1.1Try to climb to the top of (a mountain):the expedition was the first to attempt Everest
1.2archaic Try to take (a life):he would not have attempted the life of a friend


1An effort to achieve or complete a difficult task or action:[WITH INFINITIVE]: an attempt to halt the bombings
1.1An effort to surpass a record or conquer a mountain:an attempt on the unclimbed north-east ridge
1.2A bid to kill someone:Karakozov made an attempt on the Tsar’s life
1.3A thing produced as a result of trying to make or achieve something:she picked her first attempt at a letter out of the wastebasket


Late Middle English: from Old French attempter, from Latin attemptare, from ad- 'to' +temptare 'to tempt'.

Police search London flat in US plane bomb probe

Mansion block at centre of UK inquiries
Forensic officers have been searching an apartment block in central London

Police are searching a number of properties in central London as a man is charged with trying to blow up a US airliner flying to Detroit.
Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, 23, from Nigeria, is alleged to have had an explosive device hidden in his clothes.
He is said to have been an engineering student at University College London.
The Metropolitan Police have been searching a flat at an apartment block in Mansfield Street, central London, and other properties in the capital.

Police have cordoned off Mansfield Street in front of the apartment block.
Went travelling
Nigerian former banker Alhaji Umaru Mutallab said he believed the man was his son.
Mr Mutallab said his son Umar had studied in London before going travelling.

The security of the public must always be our primary concern
Gordon Brown

His son had not lived in London for some time and he was not sure of his whereabouts, he added.
He said: "I believe he might have been to Yemen, but we are investigating to determine that."
Mr Mutallab has travelled from his home in northern Nigeria to meet officials in the capital Abuja.
A spokesperson for University College London (UCL) said a student called Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab was enrolled on a mechanical engineering course between September 2005 and June 2008.
It added: "It must be stressed that the university has no evidence that this is the same person currently being referred to in the media."
Security has been stepped up at UK airports for flights to the US, causing delays.
Prime Minister Gordon Brown has been in contact with Met Police Commissioner Sir Paul Stephenson because of the "serious potential threat".
Mr Brown said: "We will continue to take whatever action is necessary to protect passengers on airlines and the public."
Explosive device
A US federal judge formally charged Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab with attempting to destroy a Northwest Airlines aircraft on its final approach to Detroit Metropolitan Airport on Christmas Day.
The hearing took place in Mr Abdulmutallab's hospital room at the University of Michigan Medical Center where he is being treated for burns.
An affidavit filed in support of the charge stated: "As the flight was approaching Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Abdulmutallab set off the device, which resulted in a fire and what appears to have been an explosion.

Northwest Airlines Flight 253 plane
The plane was carrying 278 passengers

"Abdulmutallab was then subdued and restrained by the passengers and flight crew.
"The airplane landed shortly thereafter, and he was taken into custody by Customs and Border Patrol officers."
Passengers on the Northwest Airlines Flight 253 on Christmas Day say a man was overpowered after trying to ignite an explosive device as the Airbus 330 approached Detroit from Amsterdam.
According to ABC News in the US, the plot was organised by al-Qaeda leaders in Yemen after the suspect made contact with a radical imam in the country through the internet.
They reportedly sewed bomb materials into the suspect's underwear. But federal investigators told ABC the device failed because the detonator was either too small or was not in "proper contact" with the explosive material.
Increased searches
BBC security correspondent Gordon Corera said the device contained about 80g of a high explosive, which had been moulded around the suspect's body and was apparently able to pass undetected through airport checks.
He said it did appear the man may have been on the radar of American and UK intelligence agencies, but was not considered a serious target for investigation and was not on the US no-fly list.
Our correspondent added the British authorities were informed of a possible connection to the UK on Friday evening.
It is understood one of their key priorities will be to check whether the arrested man has cropped up in the course of any other investigations.
Transport Secretary Lord Adonis told the BBC that security had been tightened on transatlantic flights.
"We've agreed with the US authorities enhanced search regimes for passengers on flights to and from the United States," he said.
"Those have taken place immediately. They will lead to delays in flights to the US, which I'm sure passengers will understand in the circumstances."
UK airport operator BAA confirmed that passengers taking flights to the US would face increased searches before boarding.
In a statement, BAA said: "Passengers travelling to the United States should expect their airline to carry out additional security checks prior to boarding."
The British Airways website said Washington has revised its security arrangements for all travellers to the US and they would only be allowed one piece of hand luggage.
BA said the directive meant US-bound passengers on all airlines would be subjected to additional screening.
A spokesman said: "We apologise to passengers for any delays to their journeys. Safety and security are our top priorities and will not be compromised."
Exclusive flats
BBC News correspondent Richard Slee said there was fairly low-key police activity at the last known London address of Mr Abdulmutallab, a basement flat in the block near Harley Street.
Reporting from the scene, he said police forensic officers had been seen going into the building.
A blue English Heritage plaque states that philanthropist Sir Robert Mayer once lived in the block where properties have recently sold for between £1.5m and £2.5m.
The Metropolitan Police said its officers were liaising with the US authorities.
A Scotland Yard spokeswoman said: "Searches are being carried out at addresses in central London."


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[plǽk]

1 (壁などにつける)飾り額, 飾り板.
2 (特に名誉などを表す)小板状のブローチ[飾り];バッジ, 勲章.
3 《解剖学・病理学》斑(はん).
4 [U]《歯学》プラーク, 歯垢(しこう).